[Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _statikos_, causing to stand.]
GEOTECTONIC, j[=e]-o-tek-ton'ik, _adj._ relating to the structure of the earth. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _tekt[=o]n_, a builder.]
GEOTHERMIC, j[=e]-o-ther'mik, _adj._ pertaining to the internal heat of the earth.--_n._ GEOTHERMOM'ETER, an instrument for measuring subterranean temperatures. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _thermos_, heat.]
GEOTROPISM, j[=e]-ot'ro-pizm, _n._ (_bot._) tendency to growth downward.--_adj._ GEOTROP'IC. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _tropos_, a turning.]
GERAH, g[=e]'ra, _n._ (_B._) the smallest Hebrew weight and coin, 1/20th of a shekel, worth about 1d. [Heb. _g[=e]r[=a]h_.]
GERANIUM, je-r[=a]'ni-um, _n._ a genus of plants with seed-vessels like a crane's bill. [L.,--Gr. _geranion_--_geranos_, a crane.]
GERATOLOGY, jer-at-ol'o-ji, _n._ the science of the phenomena of decadence.
[Gr. _g[=e]ras_, old age, _logia_, discourse.]
GERBE, jerb, _n._ something resembling a sheaf of wheat: a kind of firework. [Fr.]
GERENT, j[=e]'rent, _n._ one who holds an office, a manager, ruler.--_adj._
GERFALCON, GYRFALCON, j[.e]r'fawl-kon, -fawk'n, _n._ a large falcon, found in the northern regions of both the Old and New Worlds. [O. Fr.
_gerfaucon_--Low L. _gyrofalco_, most prob. Old High Ger. _gir_, a vulture (Ger. _geier_). See FALCON.]
GERM, j[.e]rm, _n._ a rudimentary form of a living thing, whether a plant or animal: (_bot._) the seed-bud of a plant: a shoot: that from which anything springs, the origin: a first principle.--_v.i._ to put forth buds, sprout.--_n._ GERM'ICIDE, that which destroys germs. [Fr. _germe_--L.
_germen_, a bud.]
GERMAN, j[.e]r'man, _adj._ of the first degree, as _cousins_ _german_: closely allied.--_n._ one from the same stock or closely allied.--_adj._ GERMANE', nearly related: relevant, appropriate. [O. Fr. _germain_--L.
_germanus_, prob. for _germinanus_--_germen_, _-inis_, origin.]
GERMAN, j[.e]r'man, _n._ a native of Germany; the German language:--_pl._ GER'MANS.--_adj._ of or from Germany.--_adjs._ GERMANESQUE', marked by German characteristics; GERMAN'IC, pertaining to Germany.--_adv._ GERMAN'ICALLY.--_v.i._ GER'MANISE, to show German qualities.--_adj._ GER'MANISH, somewhat German in qualities.--_ns._ GER'MANISM, an idiom of the German language; GER'MANIST.--_adj._ GERMANIS'TIC, pertaining to the study of German.--_n._ GER'MAN-SIL'VER, an alloy of copper, nickel, and zinc, white like silver, and first made in Germany.--HIGH GERMAN, the variety of Teutonic speech, originally confined to 'High' or Southern Germany, but now accepted as the literary language throughout the whole of Germany; LOW GERMAN, properly _Plattdeutsch_, the general name for the dialects of Germany which are not High German, but also applied by philologists to all the West Germanic dialects except High German (including English, Dutch, Frisian), and formerly in a still wider sense including also Gothic and Scandinavian. [L. _Germani_, 'shouters,' from Celt. _gairm_, a loud cry; or 'neighbours'--i.e. to the Gauls, from Celt.
(Old Ir.) _gair_, a neighbour.]
GERMANDER, j[.e]r'man-d[.e]r, _n._ a large genus of labiate herbs with aromatic, bitter, and stomachic properties. [Low L. _germandra_--Gr.
_chamandrya_, _chamaidrys_--_chamai_, on the ground, _drys_, oak.]
GERMANIUM, j[.e]r-m[=a]'ni-um, _n._ an element discovered in 1885 in argyrodite.
GERMEN, j[.e]rm'en, _n._ a disused botanical synonym for Ovary (q.v.)--(_Shak._) GERM'IN.--_adj._ GERM'INAL, pertaining to a germ. [See GERM.]
GERMINAL, zh[=a]r-m[=e]-nal', _n._ the seventh month of the French revolutionary calendar, March 21-April 19.
GERMINATE, j[.e]rm'in-[=a]t, _v.i._ to spring from a germ: to begin to grow.--_v.t._ to produce.--_adj._ GERM'INANT, sprouting: sending forth germs or buds.--_n._ GERMIN[=A]'TION.--_adj._ GERM'INATIVE. [L.
_germin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_germen_, a bud.]
GERN, j[.e]rn, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to grind or yawn.
GERONTOCRACY, jer-on-tok'ra-si, _n._ government by old men. [Gr.
_ger[=o]n_, an old man, _kratos_, power.]
GEROPIGIA, jer-o-pij'i-a, _n._ a mixture of grape-juice, brandy, &c., used to sophisticate port-wine. [Port.]
GERRYMANDER, jer-i-man'der, _v.t._ (_Amer._) to rearrange the voting districts in the interests of a particular party or candidate: to manipulate facts, arguments, &c. so as to reach undue conclusions.--_n._ an arrangement of the above nature. [Formed from the name of Governor Elbridge _Gerry_ (1744-1814) and _Salamander_, from the likeness to that animal of the gerrymandered map of Massachusetts in 1811.]
GERUND, jer'und, _n._ a part of the Latin verb which has the value of a verbal noun--e.g. _amandum_, loving.--_ns._ GER'UND-GRIND'ER, a teacher, tutor; GER'UND-GRIND'ING.--_adj._ GERUND'IAL.--_n._ GERUND'IVE, the future passive participle of a Latin verb. [L. _gerundium_--_ger[)e]re_, to bear.]
GERVAO, ger-va'o _n._ a small medicinal verbenaceous shrub of the West Indies, &c. [Braz.]
GESSO, jes'[=o], _n._ a plaster surface, prepared as a ground for painting.
GEST, jest, _n._ (_Shak._). Same as GIST.
GEST, jest, _n._ an exploit: demeanour, bearing: a tale of adventure, a romance.--GESTA ROMANORUM ('deeds of the Romans'), the title of a collection of short stories and legends in Latin, with moralisations appended, which probably took its present form in England about the beginning of the 14th century. [L. _gesta_, things done--_ger[)e]re_, _gestum_, to bear.]
GESTATION, jes-t[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of carrying the young in the womb, pregnancy.--_adjs._ GES'TANT, laden; GES'TATORY, pertaining to gestation.
[Fr.,--L. _gestation-em_--_gest[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to carry--_ger[)e]re_, to bear.]
GESTICULATE, jes-tik'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.i._ to make gestures when speaking: to play antic tricks.--_adj._ GES'TIC, pertaining to motion, esp.
dancing.--_ns._ GESTICUL[=A]'TION, act of making gestures in speaking: a gesture; GESTIC'UL[=A]TOR, one who makes gestures.--_adj._ GESTIC'UL[=A]TORY, representing or abounding in gesticulations. [L.
_gesticul[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_--_gesticulus_, dim. of _gestus_, gesture--_ger[)e]re_, to carry.]
GESTURE, jes't[=u]r, _n._ a posture, or movement of the body: an action expressive of sentiment or passion: (_Shak._) behaviour.--_adj._ GES'TURAL.
[Low L. _gestura_--L. _gestus_, from L. _ger[)e]re_, to carry.]
GET, get, _v.t._ to obtain: to seize: to procure or cause to be: to beget offspring: to learn: to persuade: (_B._) to betake, to carry.--_v.i._ to arrive or put one's self in any place, state, or condition: to become:--_pr.p._ get'ting; _pa.t._ got; _pa.p._ got, (_obs._) got'ten.--_ns._ GET'TER, one who gets or obtains: one who begets; GET'TING, a gaining: anything gained: procreation; GET'-UP, equipment: general appearance.--GET AHEAD, ALONG, to make progress, advance; GET AT, to reach, attain; GET OFF, to escape; GET ON, to proceed, advance; GET OUT, to produce: to go away; GET OVER, to surmount; GET ROUND, to circumvent: to persuade, talk over; GET THROUGH, to finish; GET UP, to arise, to ascend: to arrange, prepare. [A.S. _gitan_, to get.]
GEUM, j[=e]'um, _n._ a genus of perennial herbs, of order _Rosaceae_, contains the avens or herb-bennet, &c. [L.]
GEWGAW, g[=u]'gaw, _n._ a toy: a bauble.--_adj._ showy without value. [Acc.
to Skeat, a reduplicated form of A.S. _gifan_, to give; preserved also in Northern Eng., as _giff-gaff_, interchange of intercourse.]
GEY (_Scot._). See GAY.
GEYSER, g[=i]s[.e]r, _n._ a hot spring, as in Iceland, which spouts water into the air. [Ice., _geysa_, to gush.]
GHAST, gast, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to strike aghast: to affright.--_adj._ GHAST'FUL (_Spens._), dreary, dismal.--_adv._ GHAST'FULLY, frightfully.--_ns._ GHAST'LINESS, GHAST'NESS (_Shak._).--_adj._ GHAST'LY, death-like: hideous. [A.S. _g['ae]stlic_, terrible. See AGHAST.]
GHAT, GHAUT, gawt, _n._ in India, a mountain-pass: a chain of mountains: landing-stairs for bathers on the sides of a river or tank. [Hind.
GHAZAL, gaz'al, _n._ a form of Persian verse in which the first two lines rhyme, and for this rhyme a new one must be found in the second line of each succeeding couplet: a piece of music in which a simple theme is constantly recurring.--Also GAZ'EL, GHAZ'EL. [Pers. _arghazel_, a love-poem.]
GHAZEL. Same as GAZELLE.
GHAZI, ga'z[=e], _n._ a veteran Mohammedan soldier, one who has fought for the faith. [Ar., 'a warrior.']
GHEBER, GHEBRE, g[=e]'b[.e]r, _n._ Same as GUEBRE.
GHEE, g[=e], _n._ an Indian clarified butter, generally prepared from buffaloes' milk. [Hind. _gh[=i]_.]
GHERKIN, g[.e]r'kin, _n._ a small cucumber used for pickling. [Dut.