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GENIPAP, jen'i-pap, _n._ a large West Indian tree with excellent fruit.


GENISTA, j[=e]-nis'ta, _n._ a large genus of shrubby, leguminous plants, with simple leaves and yellow flowers. [L. _genista_, broom.]

GENITAL, jen'i-tal, _adj._ belonging to generation or the act of GEN'ITALS (also GENIT[=A]'LIA), the exterior organs of generation. [L. _genitalis_--_gign[)e]re_, _genitum_, to beget.]

GENITIVE, jen'i-tiv, _adj._ (_gram._) applied to a case properly denoting the class or kind to which a thing belongs, represented in modern English by the possessive case.--_adj._ GENIT[=I]'VAL. [L. _genitivus_ (_gign[)e]re_, _genitum_, to beget), as if indicating origin, a mistranslation of Gr. _genikos_--_genos_, a class.]

GENIUS, j[=e]n'yus, or j[=e]'ni-us, _n._ the special inborn faculty of any individual: special taste or disposition qualifying for a particular employment: a man having such power of mind: a good or evil spirit, supposed by the ancients to preside over every person, place, and thing, and esp. to preside over a man's destiny from his birth: prevailing spirit or tendency: type or generic exemplification--(_obs._) G[=E]N'IO:--_pl._ GENIUSES (j[=e]n'yus-ez).--GENIUS LOCI (L.), the presiding divinity of a place:--_pl._ GENII (j[=e]'ni-[=i]). [L. _genius_--_gign[)e]re_, _genitum_, to beget.]

GENOESE, je-n[=o]-[=e]z', _adj._ relating to _Genoa_--also GENOVESE'.--_n._ an inhabitant of Genoa.

GENOUILLeRE, zhe-n[=oo]-y[=a]r, _n._ the knee-piece in armour.

GENRE, zhangr, _n._ kind, style: a style of painting scenes from familiar or rustic life. [Fr. _genre_, kind--L. _genus_.]

GENS, jenz, _n._ in ancient Rome, a clan including several families descended from a common ancestor: a tribe:--_pl._ GEN'TES. [L.]

GENT, jent, _adj._ (_Spens._) noble. [O. Fr.,--L. _gentilis_, gentle.]

GENT, jent, _n._ familiar abbrev. of _gentleman_: one who apes the gentleman.

GENTEEL, jen-t[=e]l', _adj._ well-bred: graceful in manners or in form: fashionable.--_adj._ GENTEEL'ISH, somewhat genteel.--_adv._ GENTEEL'LY.--_n._ GENTEEL'NESS (same as GENTILITY).--THE GENTEEL, the manners and usages of genteel or well-bred society. [Fr. _gentil_--L.

_gentilis_, belonging to the same _gens_, or clan--later, well-bred.]

GENTIAN, jen'shan, _n._ a plant the root of which is used in medicine, said by Pliny to have been brought into use by _Gentius_, king of Illyria, conquered by the Romans in 167 B.C.--_ns._ GENTIANEL'LA, a name for several species of gentian, esp. _Gentiana acaulis_, with deep-blue flowers; GEN'TIANINE, a yellow crystalline bitter compound obtained from the yellow gentian.

GENTILE, jen't[=i]l, _n._ (_B._) any one not a Jew: any one not a Christian.--_adj._ of or belonging to a _gens_ or clan: belonging to any nation but the Jews: (_gram._) denoting a race or country.--_adjs._ GENTIL'IC, tribal; GEN'TILISH, heathenish.--_n._ GEN'TILISM, paganism.--_adjs._ GENTILI'TIAL, GENTILI'TIAN, GENTILI'TIOUS, pertaining to a gens. [L. _gentilis_--_gens_, a nation.]

GENTLE, jen'tl, _adj._ well-born: mild and refined in manners: mild in disposition: amiable: soothing: moderate: gradual.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to make gentle.--_n._ (_obs._) a person of good family: (_Shak._) a trained falcon: the larva of the flesh-fly, used as a bait in angling.--_n._ GENTILESSE', the quality of being gentle, courtesy.--_v.t._ GEN'TILISE, to raise to the class of gentleman.--_n._ GENTIL'ITY, good birth or extraction: good breeding: politeness of manners: genteel people: marks of GEN'TLEFOLK, people of good family.--_adj._ GEN'TLE-HEART'ED, having a gentle or kind disposition.--_n._ GEN'TLEHOOD, position or character attaching to gentle birth.--_n._ GEN'TLENESS.--_adv._ GENT'LY.--_n._ GEN'TRICE, gentle birth, courtesy.--GENTLE READER, courteous reader, an old-fashioned phrase common in the prefaces of books.--THE GENTLE CRAFT, a phrase used to specify shoe-making, also angling; THE GENTLE (or GENTLER) SEX, women in general as opposed to the _stern_ or _sterner sex_. [Fr.,--L. _gentilis_. See GENTEEL.]

GENTLEMAN, jen'tl-man, _n._ a man of good birth: one who without a title wears a coat of arms: more generally every man above the rank of yeoman, including the nobility: one above the trading classes: a man of refined manners: a polite term used for man in general: (_Shak._) a body-servant:--_pl._ GEN'TLEMEN--also a word of address:--_fem._ GEN'TLEWOMAN.--_ns._ GEN'TLEMAN-AT-ARMS, a member of the royal bodyguard, instituted in 1509, and now composed of military officers of service and distinction only; GEN'TLEMAN-COMM'ONER, a member of the higher class of commoners at Oxford University; GEN'TLEMANHOOD, GEN'TLEMANSHIP, the condition or character of a gentleman.--_adjs._ GEN'TLEMANLIKE, GEN'TLEMANLY, well-bred, refined, generous; GEN'TLEMANLINESS.--_adj._ GEN'TLEWOMANLY, like a refined and well-bred woman.--_n._ GEN'TLEWOMANLINESS.--GENTLEMAN FARMER, a landowner who resides on his estate and superintends the cultivation of his own soil; GENTLEMAN OF THE CHAPEL-ROYAL, a lay-singer who assists the priests in the choral service of the royal chapel; GENTLEMAN'S GENTLEMAN, a valet, or gentleman's body-servant; GENTLEMAN USHER, a gentleman who serves as an usher at court, or as an attendant on a person of rank.

GENTOO, jen-t[=oo]', _n._ a Hindu. [Port. _gentio_, a Gentile.]

GENTRY, jen'tri, _n._ the class of people below the rank of nobility: (_coll._) people of a particular, esp. an inferior, stamp: (_Shak._) noble birth. [Apparently an altered form of _gentrice_, from O. Fr. _genterise_, _gentelise_, formed from adj. _gentil_, gentle.]

GENTY, jen'ti, _adj._ (_Scot._) neat, pretty, graceful.

GENUFLECT, jen-[=u]-flekt', _v.i._ to bend the knee in worship or respect.--_ns._ GENUFLEC'TION, GENUFLEX'ION. [L. _genu_, the knee, _flect[)e]re_, to bend.]

GENUINE, jen'[=u]-in, _adj._ natural, not spurious or adulterated: real: pure: (_zool._) conformable to type.--_adv._ GEN'UINELY.--_n._ GEN'UINENESS. [L. _genuinus_--_gign[)e]re_, to beget.]

GENUS, j[=e]'nus, _n._ (_zool._) a group consisting of a number of species closely connected by common characters or natural affinity: (_log._) a class of objects comprehending several subordinate species:--_pl._ GENERA (jen'[.e]ra).--_adjs._ GENER'IC, -AL, pertaining to a genus: relating to gender: of a general nature, not special: distinctly characteristic.--_adv._ GENER'ICALLY. [L. _genus_, _generis_, birth; cog.

with Gr. _genos_--_gignesthai_.]

GEO, GIO, gy[=o], _n._ (_prov._) a gully, creek. [Ice. _gja_.]

GEOCENTRIC, -AL, j[=e]-o-sen'trik, -al, _adj._ having the earth for its centre: (_astron._) as seen or measured from the earth.--_adv._ GEOCEN'TRICALLY.--_n._ GEOCEN'TRICISM. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _kentron_, a centre.]

GEOCYCLIC, j[=e]-[=o]-sik'lik, _adj._ pertaining to the revolutions of the earth.

GEODE, j[=e]'[=o]d, _n._ (_min._) a rounded nodule of stone with a hollow interior.--_adj._ GEODIF'EROUS, bearing or producing geodes. [Fr.,--Gr.

_ge[=o]d[=e]s_, earth-like, earthen--_g[=e]_, earth, _eidos_, form.]

GEODESY, je-od'e-si, _n._ a science whose object is to measure the earth and its parts on a large scale.--_ns._ GEOD[=E]'SIAN, GEOD'ESIST, one skilled in geodesy.--_adjs._ GEODES'IC, -AL, GEODET'IC, -AL, pertaining to or determined by geodesy. [Fr. _geodesie_--Gr. _ge[=o]daisia_--_g[=e]_, the earth, _daiein_, to divide.]

GEOGNOSY, je-og'no-si, _n._ the study of the materials of the earth's substance, now frequently called _Petrography_--also GEOGN[=O]'SIS.--_n._ G[=E]'OGNOST.--_adjs._ GEOGNOST'IC, -AL.--_adv._ GEOGNOST'ICALLY. [Fr.

_geognosie_--Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _gn[=o]sis_, knowledge.]

GEOGONY, je-og'o-ni, _n._ the doctrine of the production or formation of the earth--also GEOG'ENY.--_adj._ GEOGON'IC. [Gr., _g[=e]_, the earth, _gon[=e]_, generation.]

GEOGRAPHY, je-og'ra-fi, _n._ the science which describes the surface of the earth and its inhabitants: a book containing a description of the earth.--_n._ GEOG'RAPHER.--_adjs._ GEOGRAPH'IC, -AL, relating to geography.--_adv._ GEOGRAPH'ICALLY.--GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION (see DISTRIBUTION).--DESCRIPTIVE GEOGRAPHY, that part of geography which consists in a statement of facts; HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY, that part of geography which investigates the changes which have occurred in the governmental control of territory; PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY (see PHYSICAL); POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY, geography that gives an account of the different communities of mankind. [Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _ge[=o]graphia_--_g[=e]_, the earth, _graph[=e]_, a description--_graphein_, to write.]

GEOLATRY, j[=e]-ol'a-tri, _n._ earth-worship. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _latreia_, worship.]

GEOLOGY, je-ol'o-ji, _n._ the science relating to the history and development of the earth's crust, together with the several floras and faunas which have successively clothed and peopled its surface.--_ns._ GEOLO'GIAN, GEOL'OGIST.--_adjs._ GEOLOG'IC, -AL, pertaining to geology.--_adv._ GEOLOG'ICALLY.--_v.i._ GEOL'OGISE.--DYNAMICAL GEOLOGY, the study of natural operations based on the belief that the effects of Nature's agents in the present will further interpret the records of such actions in the past; STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY, that geology which treats of the mode in which rocks are built up in the earth's crust. [Fr. _geologie_--Gr.

_g[=e]_, the earth, _logia_, a discourse.]

GEOMANCY, j[=e]'o-man-si, _n._ divination by figures or lines drawn on the earth.--_n._ G[=E]'OMANCER.--_adj._ GE'OMANTIC, pertaining to geomancy.

[Fr. _geomancie_--Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _manteia_, divination.]

GEOMETRY, je-om'e-tri, _n._ that branch of mathematics which treats of magnitude and its relations: a text-book of geometry.--_ns._ GEOM'ETER, GEOMETRI'CIAN, one skilled in geometry.--_adjs._ GEOMET'RIC, -AL.--_adv._ GEOMET'RICALLY.--_v.i._ GEOM'ETRISE, to study geometry.--_n._ GEOM'ETRIST.

[Fr. _geometrie_--L., Gr. _geometria_--_g[=e]_, the earth, _metron_, a measure.]

GEOMYS, j[=e]'[=o]-mis, _n._ the typical genus of _Geomyidae_, the pouched rats or pocket-gophers. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _mys_, mouse.]

GEONOMY, j[=e]-on'o-mi, _n._ the science of the physical laws relating to the earth.--_adj._ GEONOM'IC. [Gr. _g[=e]_, earth, _nomos_, law.]

GEOPHAGY, j[=e]-of'a-ji, _n._ the act or practice of eating earth--also GEOPH'AGISM.--_n._ GEOPH'AGIST.--_adj._ GEOPH'AGOUS. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _phagein_, to eat.]

GEOPONIC, -AL, j[=e]-o-pon'ik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to tilling the earth or to GEOPON'ICS, the science of agriculture. [Fr.

_geoponique_--Gr. _ge[=o]ponikos_--_g[=e]_, the earth, _ponos_, labour.]

GEORAMA, j[=e]-o-ra'ma, _n._ an apparatus for exhibiting the seas, lakes, rivers, and mountains on the earth's surface. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _horama_, a view--_horaein_, to see.]

GEORDIE, j[=o]r'di, _n._ a guinea, from the figure of St _George_ upon the back: a safety-lamp for miners invented by _George_ Stephenson: a coal-pitman, a collier-boat.

GEORGE, jorj, _n._ a jewelled figure of St _George_ slaying the dragon, worn by Knights of the Garter.

GEORGIAN, jorj'i-an, _adj._ relating to the reigns of the four _Georges_, kings of Great Britain: belonging to _Georgia_ in the Caucasus, its people, language, &c.: pertaining to the American State of _Georgia_.--Also _n._

GEORGIC, jorj'ik, _adj._ relating to agriculture or rustic affairs.--_n._ a poem on husbandry. [L. _georgicus_--Gr. _ge[=o]rgikos_--_ge[=o]rgia_, agriculture--_g[=e]_, the earth, _ergon_, a work.]

GEOSCOPY, j[=e]-os'k[=o]-pi, _n._ knowledge of the earth or its soil gained from observation. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _skopein_, to view.]

GEOSELENIC, j[=e]-o-se-len'ik, _adj._ relating to the earth and the moon in their mutual relations. [Gr. _g[=e]_, the earth, _sel[=e]n[=e]_, the moon.]

GEOSTATIC, j[=e]-o-stat'ik, _adj._ capable of sustaining the pressure of earth from all GEOSTAT'ICS, the statics of rigid bodies.

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