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GADSMAN, gadz'man, _n._ (_Scot._) one who drives horses at the plough.

[_Gad_ and _man_.]

GADWALL, gad'wawl, _n._ a northern fresh-water duck.

GAE, g[=a], a Scotch form of _go_.

GAEL, g[=a]l, _n._ a Scotch Highlander.--_adj._ GAELIC (g[=a]l'ik), pertaining to the Gaels.--_n._ the Scottish-Highland dialect.--_v.t._ GAEL'ICISE.--_n._ GAEL'ICISM. [Gael. _Gaidheal_.]

GAFF, gaf, _n._ a hook used esp. for landing large fish after they have been hooked on the line and spent by the skill of the angler: (_naut._) the spar to which the head of a fore-and-aft sail is bent.--_v.t._ to hook or bind by means of a gaff.--_n._ GAFF'-TOP-SAIL, a small sail, the head of which is extended on a small gaff which hoists on the top-mast, and the foot on the lower gaff. [Fr. _gaffe_.]

GAFF, gaf, _n._ (_slang_) a low theatre: a fair.

GAFF, gaf, _v.i._ (_slang_) to gamble.--_ns._ GAFF'ER; GAFF'ING.

GAFFER, gaf'[.e]r, _n._ originally a word of respect applied to an old man, now familiar: the foreman of a squad of workmen. [Corr. of _godfather_, as _gammer_ of _godmother_.]

GAG, gag, _v.t._ to forcibly stop the mouth: to silence: to choke up: to introduce gag into a piece:--_pr.p._ gag'ging; _pa.p._ gagged.--_n._ something thrust into the mouth or put over it to enforce silence, or distend the jaws during an operation: the closure applied in a debate: a mouthful which produces nausea, the fat of fresh beef boiled: (_slang_) an actor's interpolation: a joke or hoax.--_n._ GAG'GER, one who gags. [Prob.

imitative of sound made in choking.]

GAG, gag, _v.t._ (_slang_) to deceive.--v.i. to practise imposture.--n. a made-up story, lie: (_U.S._) a laughing-stock.

GAGE, g[=a]j, _n._ a pledge: something thrown down as a challenge, as a glove.--_v.t._ to bind by pledge or security: offer as a guarantee: to stake, wager. [O. Fr. _guage_, from Teut. See WED.]


GAGE, g[=a]j, _n._ name applied to several varieties of plum. [See GREENGAGE.]

GAGGLE, gag'l, _n._ a flock of geese, or of women.--_v.i._ to cackle.--_n._ GAGG'LING, cackling.--_adj._ garrulous.

GAG-TOOTH, gag'-t[=oo]th, _n._ a projecting tooth.--_adj._ GAG'-TOOTHED.


GAIKWAR, g[=i]k'war, _n._ name of the ruler of Baroda in India. [Marathi _g[=a]e_--Sans. _go_, a cow, bull.]

GAIN, g[=a]n, _v.t._ to obtain by effort: to earn: to be successful in: to draw to one's own party, bribe: to reach: to make advance: (_N. T._) to escape.--_n._ that which is gained: profit.--_adj._ GAIN'ABLE.--_n._ GAIN'ER.--_adj._ GAIN'FUL.--_adv._ GAIN'FULLY.--_n._ GAIN' GAIN'INGS.--_adj._ GAIN'LESS.--_n._ GAIN'LESSNESS.--GAIN GROUND (see GROUND); GAIN UPON, to overtake by degrees. [O. Fr. _gain_, _gaain_, _gaigner_, _gaaignier_, from Teut., as in _weidenen_, to graze, to seek forage, _weida_, pasture.]

GAIN, g[=a]n, _adj._ (_prov._) near, straight. [Ice. _gegn_.]

GAINGIVING, g[=a]n'giv-ing, _n._ (_Shak._) misgiving.

GAINLY, g[=a]n'li, _adj._ agile, handsome. See UNGAINLY.

GAINSAY, g[=a]n's[=a], _v.t._ to contradict: to deny: to dispute.--_ns._ GAIN'SAYER (_B._), an opposer; GAIN'SAYING.--_v.t._ GAIN'STRIVE (_Spens._), to strive against. [A.S. _gegn_, against, and _say_.]

GAINST, a poetic abbreviation of _against_.

GAIR, g[=a]r, _n._ (_Scot._) gore.



GAIT, g[=a]t, _n._ way or manner of walking, step, pace.--_adj._ GAIT'ED, having a particular gait. [A special use of _gate_.]

GAIT, g[=a]t, _n._ (_prov._) a sheaf of corn: charge for pasturage.

GAITER, g[=a]t'[.e]r, _n._ a covering of cloth, &c., for the ankle, fitting down upon the shoe. [Fr. _guetre_, _guietre_.]

GAL, gal, _n._ (_prov._) a girl.

GALA, g[=a]'la, _n._ festivity.--_n._ G[=A]'LA-DRESS, gay costume for a gala-day. [Fr. _gala_, show--It. _gala_, finery.]

GALACTIC, ga-lak'tik, _adj._ pertaining to or obtained from milk: (_astron._) pertaining to the Milky-Way.--_ns._ GALAC'TAGOGUE, a medicine which promotes the secretion of milk; GALAC'TIA, a morbid flow or deficiency of milk; GALAC'TIN, lactose; GALACTOM'ETER, an instrument for finding the quality of milk by indicating its specific gravity; GALACTOPH'AGIST, one who lives on milk.--_adjs._ GALACTOPH'AGOUS, living on milk; GALACTOPH'OROUS, milk-carrying; GALACTOPOIET'IC, milk-producing.--_n._ GALACTORRHOE'A, a too abundant flow of milk. [Gr.

_gala_, _galaktos_, milk.]

GALAGE, an obs. form of _galosh_.

GALAGO, ga-l[=a]'go, _n._ a genus of large-eared, long-tailed African lemurs, arboreal and nocturnal in habit, living on fruit and insects.


GALANTINE, gal'an-t[=i]n, _n._ a dish of poultry or veal, boned, tied up tight, cooked, and served cold. [Fr.,--Low L. _galatina_ for _gelatina_, jelly. See GELATINE.]

GALANTY SHOW, gal-an'ti sh[=o], _n._ a shadow pantomime produced by throwing shadows of miniature figures on a wall or screen. [Prob. It.

_galanti_, pl. of _galante_. See GALLANT.]

GALATIAN, ga-l[=a]'shi-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Galatia_ in Asia Minor--colonised by Gauls in the 3d century B.C.--_n._ a native of Galatia.

GALAXY, gal'ak-si, _n._ the Milky-Way, or the luminous band of stars stretching across the heavens: any splendid assemblage. [Through Fr. and L., from Gr. _galaxias_--_gala_, milk.]

GALBANUM, gal'ban-um, _n._ a resinous juice obtained from an Eastern plant, used in medicine and in the arts, and by the Jews in the preparation of the sacred incense.--Also GAL'BAN. [L.,--Gr. _chalban[=e]_, prob. an Eastern word.]

GALE, g[=a]l, _n._ a strong wind between a stiff breeze and a hurricane: (_coll._) a state of noisy excitement. [Prob. elliptical for _gale_ (or _gall_) _wind_. Mr Bradley disfavours the Scand. ety., which connects with Dan. _gal_, mad, Norw. _galen_, raging.]

GALE, g[=a]l, _n._ a shrub growing in marshy spots, usually called SWEET-GALE. [Prob. A.S. _gagel_; cf. Ger. _gagel_, a myrtle-bush.]

GALE, g[=a]l, _n._ a periodic payment of rent. [_Gavel._]

GALEATE, -D, g[=a]'le-[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ (_bot._, _ornith._, and _anat._) helmeted. [L. _gale[=a]tus_--_galea_, a helmet.]

GALENA, g[=a]-l[=e]'na, _n._ a mineral which is essentially a sulphide of lead--also GAL[=E]'NITE.--_adjs._ GAL[=E]'NIC, -AL, GAL[=E]'NOID. [L.

_galena_, lead-ore.]

GALENIC, -AL, g[=a]-len'ik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to _Galen_, the 2d-cent.

Greek physician, or to his methods and theories.--_ns._ G[=A]'LENISM; G[=A]'LENIST.

GALEOPITHECUS, g[=a]-li-o-pi-th[=e]'kus, _n._ a flying lemur.--_adjs._ GALEOPITH[=E]'CINE, GALEOPITH[=E]'COID.

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