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FUST, _v.i._ See FUSTY.

FUSTANELLE, fus-ta-nel', _n._ a white kilt worn by Greek men. [Mod. Gr.

_phoustani_, Albanian _fustan_--It. _fustagno_, fustian.]

FUSTET, fus'tet, _n._ the smoke-tree or Venetian sumach, or its wood.

[Fr.,--L. _fustis_, a stick.]

FUSTIAN, fust'yan, _n._ a kind of coarse, twilled cotton fabric, including moleskin, velveteen, corduroy, &c.: a pompous and unnatural style of writing or speaking: bombast: a liquor made of white wine with yolk of eggs, lemon, spices, &c.--adj. made of fustian: bombastic.--_v.i._ FUST'IANISE (_Holmes_), to write bombastically.--_n._ FUST'IANIST, one who writes bombast. [O. Fr. _fustaigne_ (Fr. _futaine_)--It. _fustagno_--Low L.

_fustaneum_, from Ar. _Fostat_ (a suburb of Cairo) in Egypt, where first made.]

FUSTIC, fus'tik, _n._ the wood of a West Indian tree, formerly much used as a dye.--Also FUS'TOC. [Fr. _fustoc_, yellow--Sp. _fustoc_--L. _fustis_.]

FUSTIGATION, fus-ti-g[=a]'shun, _n._ a beating with a stick.--_v.t._ FUS'TIGATE, to thrash with a stick. [L. _fustig[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to beat with a stick--_fustis_, a stick.]

FUSTILARIAN, fus-ti-l[=a]'ri-an, _n._ (_Shak._) a low fellow, a scoundrel.--_n._ FUS'TILUGS (_prov._), a frowzy woman.

FUSTY, fust'i, _adj._ smelling of the wood of the cask, as wine: ill-smelling.--_v.i._ Fust (_Shak._) to grow or smell mouldy.--_adj._ Fust'ed, mouldy.--_n._ Fust'iness. [O. Fr. _fust_, wood of a cask--L.


FUSUS, f[=u]'sus, _n._ a genus of Gasteropods, usually referred to the Murex family. [L.]

FUTCHEL, fuch'el, _n._ a piece of timber lengthwise of a carriage, supporting the splinter-bar and the pole.

FUTHORC, f[=u]'thork, _n._ the Runic alphabet. [From the first six letters, _f_, _u_, __, _o_ or _a_, _r_, _k_.]

FUTILE, f[=u]'t[=i]l, _adj._ useless: unavailing: trifling.--_adv._ F[=U]'TILELY.--_ns._ FUTILIT[=A]'RIAN, one who gives himself to profitless pursuits; FUTIL'ITY, uselessness. [Fr.,--L. _futilis_--_fund[)e]re_, to pour.]

FUTTOCK, fut'uk, _n._ one of the separate pieces of timber composing the frame of a ship.--_ns. pl._ FUTT'OCK-PLATES, iron plates with dead-eyes, crossing the sides of the top-rim perpendicularly; FUTT'OCK-SHROUDS, short pieces of rope or chain which secure the lower dead-eyes and futtock-plates of topmast rigging to a band round a lower mast. [Perh. corrupted from _foot-hooks_.]

FUTURE, f[=u]t'[=u]r, _adj._ about to be: that is to come: (_gram._) expressing what will be.--_n._ time to come.--_n._ FUT'URE-PER'FECT (_gram._), a tense expressing action viewed as past in reference to an assumed future time (L. _amavero_=I shall have loved).--_v.i._ FUT'URISE, to form the future tense.--_ns._ FUT'URIST, one whose chief interests are in what is to come; FUTURITION (-ish'un), future existence: accomplishment; FUTUR'ITY, time to come: an event or state of being yet to come. [Fr.,--L.

_futurus_, fut.p. of _esse_, to be.]

FUZE, f[=u]z, _n._ Same as FUSE.

FUZZ, fuz, _v.i._ to fly off in minute particles with a fizzing sound like water from hot iron.--_n._ fine light particles, as dust, down, &c.--_n._ FUZZ'BALL, a kind of fungus, whose head is full of a fine dust. [Ety. dub.]

FUZZLE, fuz'l, _v.t._ (_prov._) to intoxicate.

FUZZY, fuz'i, _adj._ covered with fuzz, fluffy.--_adv._ FUZZ'ILY.--_n._ FUZZ'INESS.

FY, f[=i], _interj._ Same as FIE.

FYKE, f[=i]k, _n._ a bag-net for catching fish. [Dut. _fuik_.]

FYLFOT, FILFOT, fil'fot, _n._ an ancient symbol in the form of a Greek cross, with each arm continued at right angles, called also _Gammadion_, _Gammation_, and _Svastika_. [Prob. _fill-foot_, meaning a device for filling the foot of a painted window.]

FYRD, fird, _n._ the military force of the whole nation, all males capable of bearing arms, in Anglo-Saxon times. [A.S. _fyrd_, army.]

FYTTE. See FIT (3).

G the seventh letter of our alphabet, and in the Roman not originally differentiated from C, but substituted there for the disused Z: (_mus._) the fifth note of the diatonic scale of C minor--also _sol_, the scale or key having that note for its tonic: (_nat. phil._) a symbol for acceleration of gravity, which is about 32 feet per second: in the medieval system of Roman numerals=400, or [=G]=400,000.

GAB, gab, _v.i._ (_coll._) to chatter, prate.--_n._ idle talk, prattling: a jest, a witticism: (_Scot._) the mouth.--_n._ GAB'BER, jabber.--_adj._ GAB'BY, garrulous.--GIFT OF THE GAB, a talent for talking.

GAB, gab, _v.i._ to brag. [O. Fr. _gabber_, to mock.]

GABBART, gab'art, _n._ a flat river vessel with a long hatchway.--Also GABB'ARD. [Fr. _gabare_--Prov. and It. _gabarra_.]

GABBATHA, gab'a-tha, _n._ the place where Pilate sat at the trial of Jesus, a tessellated pavement outside the praetorium. [Heb., 'platform.']

GABBLE, gab'l, _v.i._ to talk inarticulately: to chatter: to cackle like geese.--_ns._ GABB'LE; GABB'LER; GABB'LING, GABB'LEMENT. [Freq. of _gab_.]

GABBRO, gab'ro, _n._ a rock composed of feldspar and diallage--also _Euphotide_.--_n._ GABB'RONITE, a compact variety of scapolite, resembling gabbro. [It.]

GABELLE, gab-el', _n._ a tax, impost duty, formerly in France, esp. the tax on salt.--_n._ G[=A]'BELER. [Fr. _gabelle_--Low L. _gabella_, _gablum_--Teut.]

GABERDINE, gab-er-d[=e]n', _n._ a loose upper garment, formerly worn by Jews. [O. Fr. _gauvardine_; per. Mid. High Ger. _wallevart_, pilgrimage, whence also Sp. _gabardina_, &c.]

GABERLUNZIE, gab-er-lun'zi, -yi, _n._ (_Scot._) a pouch carried by Scottish beggars: a strolling beggar.

GABION, g[=a]'bi-un, _n._ (_fort._) a bottomless basket of wicker-work filled with earth, used for shelter from the enemy's fire while digging trenches, or in forming the foundation of a jetty.--_ns._ G[=A]'BIONADE, a work formed of gabions; G[=A]'BIONAGE, gabions collectively.--_adj._ G[=A]'BIONED, furnished with gabions. [Fr.,--It. _gabbione_, a large cage--_gabbia_--L. _cavea_, a cage.]

GABLE, g[=a]'bl, _n._ (_archit._) the triangular part of an exterior wall of a building between the top of the side-walls and the slopes on the roof--(_Scot._) G[=A]'VEL.--_adj._ G[=A]'BLED.--ns. G[=A]'BLE-END, the end-wall of a building on the side where there is a gable; G[=A]'BLET (_dim._), a small gable, as an ornament on buttresses, &c.; G[=A]'BLE-WIN'DOW, a window in the gable-end of a building, or a window with its upper part shaped like a gable. [The northern form _gavel_ is prob. Ice. _gafl_; Sw. _gafvel_, Dan. _gavl_. The southern form gable is prob. through O. Fr. _gable_, _jable_ from Ice. _gafl_.]


GABY, g[=a]'bi, _n._ a simpleton. [Hardly related to _gape_.]

GAD, gad, _n._ a pointed bar of steel: a tool used in mining: a graver: a rod or stick, a goad: the bar across a Scotch condemned cell, on which the iron ring ran which fastened the shackles--also GADE, GAID.--_n._ GAD'LING, one of the spikes on the knuckles of a gauntlet.--UPON THE GAD (_Shak._), upon the spur of the moment. [Ice. _gadd-r_, a spike.]

GAD, gad, _interj._ a minced form of God.--_interjs._ GAD'SO, an exclamation of surprise; GAD'ZOOKS, an obsolete minced oath.

GAD, gad, _v.i._ to rove about restlessly: to wander or ramble in speech, &c., to straggle in growth:--_pr.p._ gad'ding; _pa.p._ gad'ded.--_ns._ GAD, GAD'ABOUT, one who walks idly about; GAD'DER.--_adv._ GAD'DINGLY--_n._ GAD'DISHNESS. [Prob. conn. with _gad_ in _gadfly_; or obsolete _gadling_, vagabond.]

GADFLY, gad'fl[=i], _n._ a fly which pierces the skin of cattle in order to deposit its eggs: a mischievous gadabout. [From _gad_, n., _fly_.]

GADGE, gaj, _n._ an instrument of torture (_Browning_).

GADHELIC, gad-el'ik, _adj._ of or belonging to that branch of the Celtic race which comprises the Erse of Ireland, the Gaels of Scotland, and the Manx of the Isle of Man, as distinguished from the _Cymric_. [Ir.

_Gaedheal_ (pl. _Gaedhil_), a Gael.]

GADOID, g[=a]'doid, _adj._ pertaining to the _Gadidae_, or cod-fishes.--_n._ a fish of this family.--_n._ G[=A]'DEAN, a fish of this family.--_adj._ G[=A]'DINE.--_n._ G[=A]'DUS, the typical genus of the same. [Gr. _gados_.]

GADOLINITE, gad'[=o]-lin-[=i]t, _n._ a silicate of the yttrium and cerium metals, containing also beryllium and iron. [From the Finnish chemist _Gadolin_ (1760-1852).]

GADROON, gad-r[=oo]n', _n._ one of a set of convex curves or arcs joined at their extremities to form a decorative pattern--in plate, &c.--_adj._ GADROONED'.--_n._ GADROON'ING. [Fr. _godron_.]

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