_frater_, a brother.]
FRIBBLE, frib'l, _v.i._ to trifle.--_n._ a trifler.--_ns._ FRIBB'LEDOM; FRIBB'LEISM; FRIBB'LER.--_adj._ FRIBB'LISH, trifling. [Onomatopoeic; prob.
influenced by _frivol_.]
FRICANDEAU, frik-an-d[=o]', _n._ a thick slice of veal, &c., larded. [Fr., perh. from _friand_, dainty, nice, and perh. ult. conn. with _fricassee_.]
FRICASSEE, frik-as-s[=e]', _n._ a dish made of fowl, rabbit, &c. cut into pieces and cooked in sauce.--_v.t._ to dress as a fricassee:--_pr.p._ fricassee'ing; _pa.p._ fricasseed'. [Fr. _fricassee_; origin unknown.]
FRICTION, frik'shun, _n._ the act of rubbing: (_statics_) a force acting in the tangent plane of two bodies, when one slides or rolls upon another, and always in a direction opposite to that in which the moving body tends: difficulty, unpleasantness.--_adjs._ FRIC'ATIVE, produced by friction, used of those consonants which are produced by the breath being forced through a narrow opening; FRIC'TIONAL, relating to, moved by, or produced by friction.--_n._ FRIC'TION-GEAR'ING, a method of imparting the motion of one wheel or pulley to another by mere contact.--_adj._ FRIC'TIONLESS, having no friction.--_n.pl._ FRIC'TION-WHEELS, wheels that lessen friction.
[Fr.,--L. _frictionem_--_fric[=a]re_, _frictum_, to rub.]
FRIDAY, fr[=i]'d[=a], _n._ the sixth day of the week.--BLACK FRIDAY, Good Friday, from the black vestments of the clergy and altar in the Western Church: any Friday marked by a great calamity; GOOD FRIDAY, the Friday before Easter, kept in commemoration of the Crucifixion; HOLY FRIDAY, Friday in an ember-week--also GOLDEN FRIDAY, sometimes put for Good Friday itself. [A.S. _Frigedaeg_, day of (the goddess) _Frig_--Latinised _Frigga_--wife of Odin.]
FRIDGE, frij, _v.t._ (_Sterne_) to rub or fray.
FRIED, fr[=i]d, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _fry_.
FRIEND, frend, _n._ one loving or attached to another: an intimate acquaintance: a favourer: one of a society so called: (_Scot._) a relative.--_v.t._ (_obs._) to befriend.--_adj._ FRIEND'ED, supplied with friends.--_n._ FRIEND'ING (_Shak._), friendliness.--_adj._ FRIEND'LESS, without friends: destitute.--_n._ FRIEND'LESSNESS.--_adv._ FRIEND'LILY.--_n._ FRIEND'LINESS.--_adj._ FRIEND'LY, like a friend: having the disposition of a friend: favourable: pertaining to the Friends or Quakers.--_n._ FRIEND'SHIP, attachment from mutual esteem: friendly assistance.--FRIENDLY SOCIETIES, or _Benefit societies_, associations, chiefly among mechanics, &c., for relief during sickness, old age, widowhood, by provident insurance.--BE FRIENDS WITH, to be on intimate or friendly relations with; HAVE A FRIEND AT COURT, to have a friend in a position where his influence is likely to prove useful; SOCIETY OF FRIENDS, the designation proper of a sect of Christians better known as Quakers.
[A.S. _freond_, pr.p. of _freon_, to love; Ger. _freund_.]
FRIER, fr[=i]'[.e]r, _n._ (_Milt._) a friar.
FRIEZE, fr[=e]z, _n._ a coarse woollen cloth with a nap on one side.--_adj._ FRIEZED, napped. [Fr. _frise_.]
FRIEZE, fr[=e]z, _n._ (_archit._) the part of the entablature between the architrave and cornice, often ornamented with figures.--_v.t._ to put a frieze on. [O. Fr. _frize_; It. _fregio_; perh. L. _Phrygium_, Phrygian.]
FRIGATE, frig'[=a]t, _n._ in the Royal Navy, formerly a vessel in the class next to ships of the line, carrying 28 to 60 guns on the maindeck and a raised quarter-deck and forecastle--not now denoting a distinct class of vessels.--_ns._ FRIG'ATE-BIRD, a large tropical sea-bird, with very long wings; FRIGATOON', a small Venetian vessel with square stern and two masts.
[O. Fr. _fregate_--It. _fregata_; ety. dub.]
FRIGHT, fr[=i]t, _n._ sudden fear: terror: anything inspiring terror or alarm, a figure of grotesque or ridiculous appearance.--_vs.t._ FRIGHT, FRIGHT'EN, to make afraid: to alarm.--_adjs._ FRIGHT'ABLE, FRIGHT'ENABLE, timid; FRIGHT'FUL, terrible: shocking.--_adv._ FRIGHT'FULLY.--_n._ FRIGHT'FULNESS.--_adj._ FRIGHT'SOME, frightful: feeling fright. [A.S.
_fyrhto_; cf. Ger. _furcht_, fear.]
FRIGID, frij'id, _adj._ frozen or stiffened with cold: cold: without spirit or feeling: unanimated.--_n._ FRIGID'ITY, coldness: coldness of affection: want of animation.--_adv._ FRIG'IDLY.--_n._ FRIG'IDNESS.--_adj._ FRIGORIF'IC, causing cold.--FRIGID ZONES, the parts of the earth's surface within the circle drawn with the poles as centre, and a radius of 23 degrees. [L. _frigidus_--_frig[=e]re_, to be cold--_frigus_, cold.]
FRIGOT, frig'ot, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as FRIGATE.
FRIJOLE, fr[=e]-h[=o]l', _n._ the common Mexican bean. [Sp.]
FRILL, fril, _v.i._ to ruffle, as a hawk its feathers, when shivering.--_v.t._ to furnish with a frill.--_n._ a ruffle: a ruffled or crimped edging of linen.--_ns._ FRILLED'-LIZ'ARD, a lizard with an extraordinary frilled membrane attached to the hinder part of the head, neck, and chest, and covering its shoulders; FRILL'ING, frilled edging.
[Usually conn. with O. Fr. _friller_, to shiver; but prob. related to _furl_.]
FRIMAIRE, fr[=e]-m[=a]r', _n._ the third month of the French revolutionary calendar, Nov. 21-Dec. 20. [Fr. _frimas_, frost.]
FRINGE, frinj, _n._ loose threads forming an ornamental border: anything like a fringe, even a girl's hair cut in front and falling over the brow: the extremity.--_v.t._ to adorn with fringe: to border.--_adjs._ FRINGED; FRINGE'LESS; FRING'ENT, fringing.--_n._ FRINGE'-TREE, in the United States, a large shrub with very numerous snow-white flowers in panicled racemes.--_adj._ FRING'Y, ornamented with fringes. [O. Fr. _frenge_--L.
_fimbria_, threads, fibres, akin to _fibra_, a fibre.]
FRINGILLACEOUS, frin-ji-l[=a]'shi-us, _adj._ pertaining to the finches or _Fringillidae_.--Also FRINGIL'LIFORM, FRINGIL'LINE. [L. _fringilla_.]
FRIPPERY, frip'[.e]r-i, _n._ worn-out clothes: the place where old clothes are sold: useless trifles.--_adj._ useless: trifling.--_n._ FRIPP'ER, one who deals in old clothes. [O. Fr. _freperie_, _frepe_, a rag.]
FRISETTE. See FRIZZLE.
FRISEUR, fris-[.e]r', _n._ a hair-dresser.--_n._ FRIS'URE, mode of curling the hair. [Fr. _friser_, to curl.]
FRISIAN, friz'i-an, _adj._ and _n._ pertaining to the people of _Friesland_, or to their language.--Also FRIES'IAN, FRIES'IC, FRIES'ISH.
FRISK, frisk, _v.i._ to gambol: to leap playfully.--_n._ a frolic.--_n._ FRISK'ER.--_adj._ FRISK'FUL, brisk, lively.--_adv._ FRISK'ILY.--_n._ FRISK'INESS.--_adj._ FRISK'ING.--_adv._ FRISK'INGLY.--_adj._ FRISK'Y, lively: jumping with gaiety: frolicsome. [O. Fr. _frisque_; acc. to Skeat, from Ice. _friskr_, Sw. and Dan. _frisk_.]
FRISKET, frisk'[.e]t, _n._ (_print._) the light frame between the tympan and the form, to hold in place the sheet to be printed. [Fr. _frisquette_.]
FRIT, frit, _n._ the mixed materials of which glass is made, after being heated until they fuse partially without melting.--_v.t._ to fuse partially without melting:--_pr.p._ _frit'ting_; _pa.p._ frit'ted. [Fr. _fritte_--It.
_fritta_.--L. _frig[)e]re_, _frictum_, to roast.]
FRIT, frit, _n._ a small fly destructive to wheat.
FRITH, frith, FIRTH, f[.e]rth, _n._ a narrow inlet of the sea, esp. at a river-mouth. [Ice. _fiorr_; Norw. _fiord_.]
FRITH, frith, _n._ peace.--_ns._ FRITH'BORG (_A.S. law_), one of the tithings or groups of ten men into which the hundred was divided, the members of each being accountable for a fellow-member's misdeeds; FRITH'GILD, a union of neighbours pledged to one another for the preservation of peace; FRITH'SOKEN, the jurisdiction to punish for breaches of the peace; FRITH'STOOL, a chair of sanctuary, placed near the altar in a church--as at Hexham and Beverley. [A.S. _frith_, peace; Ger. _friede_.]
FRITH, frith, _n._ forest. [A.S. _(ge)fyrhe_.]
FRITILLARY, frit'il-lar-i, _n._ a genus of plants of the order _Liliaceae_, with drooping purple flowers: a species of butterfly. [L. _fritillus_, a dice-box.]
FRITTER, frit'[.e]r, _n._ a piece of meat fried: a kind of pancake, a slice of some fruit sweetened, fried, and served hot: a fragment.--_v.t._ to break into fragments.--_n._ FRITT'ERER, one who wastes time. [O. Fr.
_friture_--L. _frig[)e]re_, _frictum_, to fry.]
FRIVOLOUS, friv'ol-us, _adj._ trifling: silly.--_n._ FRIVOL'ITY, act or habit of trifling: levity.--_adv._ FRIV'OLOUSLY.--_n._ FRIV'OLOUSNESS. [Fr.
FRIZZ, FRIZ, friz, _v.t._ to curl: to render rough and tangled.--_n._ a curl, a wig.--_adjs._ FRIZZED, having the hair curled or crisped into frizzes; FRIZZ'Y. [O. Fr. _friser_, to curl; perh. conn. with _frieze_, cloth.]
FRIZZLE, friz'l, _v.t._ to form in small short curls.--_v.i._ to go into curls.--_n._ a curl.--_ns._ FRIZETTE', FRISETTE', a cluster of small curls worn over the forehead.--_adj._ FRIZZ'LY. [Related to _frizz_ and _frieze_.]
FRO, fr[=o], _adv._ from: back or backward.--_prep._ (_obs._) from. [A shortened form of _from_; but perh. directly derived from Ice. _fra_, from.]
FROCK, frok, _n._ a wide-sleeved garment worn by monks: a loose upper garment worn by men: a sailor's jersey: a gown worn by females: an undress regimental coat.--_v.t._ to furnish with a frock: to invest with priestly office.--_n._ FROCK'-COAT, a double-breasted full-skirted coat for men.--_adj._ FROCKED, clothed in a frock.--_n._ FROCK'ING, cloth suitable for frocks, coarse jean.--_adj._ FROCK'LESS, wanting a frock. [O. Fr.
_froc_, a monk's frock--Low L. _frocus_--L. _floccus_, a flock of wool; or more prob. (acc. to Brachet and Littre) from Low L. _hrocus_--Old High Ger.
_hroch_ (Ger. _rock_), a coat.]
FROG, frog, _n._ a genus of tailless amphibians, with webbed feet, remarkable for its rapid swimming and leaping: a soft, horny substance in the middle of the sole of a horse's foot, forking towards the heel: a section of a rail or rails at a point where two lines cross, or of a switch from one line to another.--_ns._ FROG'-BIT, a small aquatic plant, allied to the water-soldier, but with floating leaves; FROG'-EAT'ER, one who eats frogs, a Frenchman; FROG'-FISH, a name for various fishes, esp. the angler; FROG'GERY, frogs collectively: a place where frogs abound.--_adj._ FROG'GY, having or abounding in frogs.--_ns._ FROG'-HOP'PER, FROG'-SPIT (see FROTH-FLY); FROG'LING, a little frog.--FROG MARCH, a method of carrying a refractory or drunken prisoner face downwards between four men, each holding a limb. [A.S. _frogga_, _frox_; cog. with Ice. _froskr_; Ger.
FROG, frog, _n._ an ornamental fastening or tasselled button for a frock or cloak.--_adj._ FROGGED, in uniforms, of ornamental stripes or workings of braid or lace, mostly on the breast of a coat.
FROISE, froiz, _n._ a kind of pancake or omelette, often with slices of bacon.--Also _Fraise_. [Fr.]
FROLIC, frol'ik, _adj._ merry: pranky.--_n._ gaiety: a wild prank: a merry-making.--_v.i._ to play wild pranks or merry tricks: to gambol:--_pr.p._ frol'icking; _pa.p._ frol'icked.--_adj._ FROL'ICSOME, gay: sportive.--_adv._ FROL'ICSOMELY.--_n._ FROL'ICSOMENESS. [Dut. _vrolijk_, merry; cf. Ger. _frohlich_, joyful, gay.]
FROM, from, _prep._ forth: out of, as from a source: away: at a distance: springing out of: by reason of. [A.S. _fram_, _from_; akin to Goth. _fram_, Ice. _fra_.]