FOUR, f[=o]r, _adj._ and _n._ two and two, a cardinal number.--_adjs._ FOUR'FOLD, folded four times: multiplied four times; FOUR'-FOOT'ED, having four feet; FOUR'-HAND'ED, having four hands: of a game, played by four people; FOUR'-INCHED (_Shak._), four inches broad.--_ns._ FOUR'-IN-HAND, a vehicle drawn by four horses, driven by one person: a team of four horses drawing a carriage--also _adj._; FOUR'PENNY, a small silver coin worth fourpence formerly coined in England.--_adj._ worth fourpence.--_n._ FOUR'-POST'ER, a large bed with four posts on which to hang curtains.--_adjs._ FOUR'SCORE, four times a score--80; FOUR'SOME, by fours: anything in which four act together--also _n._; FOUR'SQUARE, having four equal sides and angles: square.--_adjs._ and _ns._ FOUR'TEEN, four and ten; FOUR'TEENTH, four or the fourth after the tenth.--_adj._ FOURTH, next after the third.--_n._ one of four equal parts.--_adv._ FOURTH'LY.--_adj._ FOURTH'-RATE, of the fourth class or order.--_n._ FOUR'-WHEEL'ER, a carriage or cab with four wheels.--GO ON ALL FOURS, to go on hands and knees. [A.S. _feower_; Ger. _vier_, L. _quatuor_, Gr. _tessares_.]
FOURCHETTE, f[=oo]r-shet', _n._ a small forked instrument used for supporting the tongue in the operation of cutting the frenum: a forked piece between glove fingers, uniting the front and back parts. [Fr.]
FOURCROYA, f[=oo]r-kr[=o]'ya, _n._ a neotropical genus of _Amaryllidaceae_, nearly allied to Agave (q.v.), and yielding a similar fibre. [Named from A.
F. de _Fourcroy_, a French chemist (1755-1809).]
FOURGON, f[=oo]r-gong', _n._ a baggage-wagon. [Fr.]
FOURIERISM, f[=oo]'ri-[.e]r-izm, _n._ the socialistic system of F. M.
Charles _Fourier_ (1772-1837), based on the harmony educed by the free-play of his twelve radical passions.
FOUTRE, f[=oo]'t[.e]r, _n._ (_Shak._) a gross term of contempt, used interjectionally.--Also FOU'TER. [O. Fr. _foutre_--L. _futuere_, to lecher.]
FOUTH, footh, _n._ (_Scot._) abundance.--Also FOWTH.
FOVEA, f[=o]'v[=e]-a, _n._ (_anat._) a depression or pit.--_adjs._ F[=O]'VEAL; F[=O]'VEATE, pitted.--_n._ FOV[=E]'OLA, a small depression--also FOV[=E]'OLE. [L.]
FOVILLA, f[=o]-vil'a, _n._ (_bot._) the contents of a pollen-grain.
FOWL, fowl, _n._ a bird: a bird of the barn-door or poultry kind, a cock or hen: the flesh of fowl:--_pl._ FOWLS, FOWL.--_v.i._ to kill fowls by shooting or snaring.--_ns._ FOWL'ER, a sportsman who takes wild-fowl; FOWL'ING; FOWL'ING-NET, a net for catching birds; FOWL'ING-PIECE, a light gun for small-shot, used in fowling. [A.S. _fugol_; Ger. _vogel_.]
FOX, foks, _n._ an animal of the family _Canidae_, genus _Vulpes_, of proverbial cunning:--_fem._ VIX'EN: any one notorious for cunning.--_ns._ FOX'-BAT, a flying-fox, a fruit-bat; FOX'-BRUSH, the tail of a fox; FOX'-EARTH, a fox's burrow.--_adj._ FOXED, discoloured, spotted.--_ns._ FOX'-[=E]'VIL, alopecia; FOX'GLOVE, a plant with glove-like flowers, whose leaves are used as a soothing medicine; FOX'HOUND, a hound used for chasing foxes; FOX'-HUNT; FOX'-HUNT'ER; FOX'-HUNT'ING; FOX'INESS, decay: having a harsh, sour taste: state of being spotted, as books; FOX'-SHARK, a large shark of over 12 feet, occasionally seen off British coasts; FOX'SHIP (_Shak._), the character of a fox, craftiness; FOX'-TAIL, a genus of grasses, generally characterised by a bushy head; FOX'-TERR'IER, a kind of terrier trained to unearth foxes; FOX'-TRAP, a trap for catching foxes; FOX'-TROT, a pace with short steps, as in changing from trotting to walking.--_adj._ FOX'Y, of foxes: cunning, suspicious, causing suspicion: (_paint._) having too much of the reddish-brown or fox-colour.--FOX AND GEESE, a game played with pieces on a board, where the object is for certain pieces called the geese to surround or corner one called the fox.
[A.S. _fox_; Ger. _fuchs_.]
FOY, foi, _n._ (_Spens._) allegiance. [Fr. _foi_, faith.]
FOY, foi, _n._ (_prov._) a parting entertainment.
FOYER, fwo-y[=a]', _n._ in theatres, a public room opening on the lobby.
[Fr.,--L. _focus_, hearth.]
FOZY, f[=o]z'i, _adj._ (_Scot._) spongy.--_n._ FOZ'INESS, softness, want of spirit. [Cf. Dut. _voos_, spongy.]
FRAB, frab, _v.t._ to worry.--_adj._ FRAB'BIT, peevish.
FRACAS, fra-ka', _n._ uproar: a noisy quarrel. [Fr.,--It.
_fracasso_--_fracassare_, to make an uproar.]
FRACTION, frak'shun, _n._ a fragment or very small piece: (_arith._) any part of a unit: a technical term to indicate the breaking of the bread in the sacrifice of the Eucharist.--_v.t._ FRACT (_Shak._), to break, to violate.--_adjs._ FRACT'ED (_her._), having a part displaced, as if broken; FRAC'TIONAL, belonging to or containing a fraction or fractions; FRAC'TIONARY, fractional: unimportant.--_v.t._ FRAC'TIONATE, to separate the elements of a mixture by distillation or otherwise.--_n._ FRACTION[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ FRAC'TIONISE, to break up into fractions.--_n._ FRAC'TIONLET, a small fraction.--_adj._ FRAC'TIOUS, ready to quarrel: cross.--_adv._ FRAC'TIOUSLY.--_ns._ FRAC'TIOUSNESS; FRAC'TURE, the breaking of any hard body: the breach or part broken: the breaking of a bone.--_v.t._ to break through.--COMPOUND, COMMINUTED, COMPLICATED FRACTURE (see the respective adjectives); GREENSTICK FRACTURE, a fracture where the bone is partly broken, partly bent, occurring in the limbs of children; SIMPLE FRACTURE, a fracture when the bone only is divided. [O. Fr.
_fraccion_--L. _fraction-em_--_frang[)e]re_, _fractum_, to break.]
FRAGARIA, fr[=a]-g[=a]'ri-a, _n._ a genus of perennial plants with creeping stolons, the fruit the strawberry. [L. _fragum_, the strawberry.]
FRAGILE, fraj'il, _adj._ easily broken: frail: delicate.--_n._ FRAGIL'ITY, the state of being fragile. [Fr.,--L. _fragilis_, _frang[)e]re_, to break.]
FRAGMENT, frag'ment, _n._ a piece broken off: an unfinished portion.--_adj._ FRAG'MENTAL (also -ment').--_adv._ FRAG'MENTARILY.--_n._ FRAG'MENTARINESS.--_adjs._ FRAG'MENTARY, FRAG'MENTED, consisting of fragments or pieces: broken. [Fr.,--L. _fragmentum_, _frang[)e]re_, to break.]
FRAGOR, fr[=a]'gor, _n._ a crash. [L.]
FRAGRANT, fr[=a]'grant, _adj._ sweet-scented.--_ns._ FR[=A]'GRANCE, FR[=A]'GRANCY, pleasantness of smell or perfume: sweet or grateful influence.--_adv._ FR[=A]'GRANTLY.--_n._ FR[=A]'GRANTNESS. [Fr.,--L.
_fragrans_, _-antis_, pr.p. of _fragr[=a]re_, to smell.]
FRAIL, fr[=a]l, _adj._ wanting in strength or firmness: weak: unchaste.--_adj._ FRAIL'ISH, somewhat frail.--_adv._ FRAIL'LY.--_ns._ FRAIL'NESS, FRAIL'TY, weakness: infirmity. [O. Fr. _fraile_--L. _fragilis_, fragile.]
FRAIL, fr[=a]l, _n._ a rush: a basket made of rushes. [O. Fr. _frayel_; of dubious origin.]
FRAISE, fr[=a]z, _n._ (_fort._) a palisade of pointed stakes planted in the rampart horizontally or in an inclined position: a tool used for enlarging a drill-hole: a 16th-cent. ruff.--_v.t._ to fence with a fraise. [Fr.]
FRAISE, fr[=a]z, _n._ (_prov._) commotion.
FRAMBOESIA, fram-b[=e]'zi-a, _n._ the yaws (q.v.). [Fr. _framboise_, a raspberry.]
FRAME, fr[=a]m, _v.t._ to form: to shape: to construct by fitting the parts to each other: to plan, adjust, or adapt to an end: to contrive or devise: to constitute: to put a frame or border round, as a picture: to put into a frame: (_Spens._) to support.--_v.i._ (_dial._) to move: (_B._) to contrive.--_n._ the form: a putting together of parts: a case made to enclose or support anything: the skeleton of anything: state of mind: in gardening, a movable structure used for the cultivation or the sheltering of plants, as a 'forcing-frame,' 'cucumber-frame,' &c.: (_Shak._) the act of devising.--_ns._ FRAME'-BRIDGE, a bridge constructed of pieces of timber framed together; FRAME'-HOUSE, a house consisting of a skeleton of timber, with boards or shingles laid on; FRAME'-MAK'ER, a maker of frames for pictures; FRAM'ER, he who forms or constructs: one who makes frames for pictures, &c.; FRAME'-SAW, a thin saw stretched in a frame for greater rigidity; FRAME'WORK, the work that forms the frame: the skeleton or outline of anything; FRAM'ING, the act of constructing: a frame or setting.
[A.S. _framian_, to be helpful, _fram_, forward.]
FRAMPOLD, fram'p[=o]ld, _adj._ (_Shak._) peevish, cross-grained: quarrelsome.--Also FRAM'PEL. [Prob. _fram_, from, _poll_, head.]
FRANC, frangk, _n._ a French silver coin, forming since 1795 the unit of the French monetary system, and now also used in Belgium, Switzerland, equal to fully 9d. sterling, the equivalent of the Italian _lira_, the Greek _drachma_. [O. Fr. _franc_, from the legend _Francorum rex_ on the first coins.]
FRANCHISE, fran'chiz, or -ch[=i]z, _n._ liberty: a privilege or exemption belonging to a subject by prescription or conferred by grant: the right of voting for a member of Parliament.--_v.t._ to enfranchise: to give one the franchise.--_ns._ FRAN'CHISEMENT (_Spens._), freedom, release; FRAN'CHISER, one who has the franchise. [O. Fr., from _franc_, free.]
FRANCISCAN, fran-sis'kan, _adj._ belonging to the order of mendicant friars in the R.C. Church founded by St _Francis_ of Assisi (1182-1226).--_n._ a monk of this order. [L. _Franciscus_, Francis.]
FRANCO-, frangk'[=o], French, in combinations as _Franco-German_, _Franco-Russian_, &c.
FRANCOLIN, frang'k[=o]-lin, _n._ a genus of birds of the grouse family, closely allied to partridges. [Fr.]
FRANC-TIREUR, frang-t[=e]-r[.e]r', _n._ a French sharp-shooter, one of an armed band of French peasants and others prominent in the later stages of the Franco-Prussian war. [Fr. _franc_, free, _tireur_, a shooter.]
FRANGIBLE, fran'ji-bl, _adj._ easily broken.--_n._ FRANGIBIL'ITY. [See FRACTION.]
FRANGIPANE, fran'ji-p[=a]n, _n._ a kind of pastry-cake, filled with cream, almonds, and sugar: a perfume from the flower of the red jasmine, or in imitation of it.--Also FRAN'GIPANI. [Fr., from a personal name.]
FRANION, fran'yun, _n._ (_Spens._) a paramour: a boon-companion. [Origin uncertain.]
FRANK, frangk, _adj._ free, open: (_obs._) liberal: open or candid in expression: (_Spens._) unrestrained.--_v.t._ to send free of expense, as a letter.--_n._ the signature of a person who had the right to frank a letter.--_n._ FRANK'-FEE, a species of tenure in fee-simple, the opposite of copyhold.--_adv._ FRANK'LY, candidly: (_obs._) gratuitously.--_ns._ FRANK'NESS; FRANK'-PLEDGE, a system of mutual suretyship by which the members of a tithing were made responsible for one another; FRANK'-TEN'EMENT, freehold. [O. Fr. _franc_--Low L. _francus_--Old High Ger. _Franko_, one of the tribe called Franks, a free man.]
FRANK, frangk, _n._ one of the German tribes from _Franconia_ who conquered Gaul in the 5th century, and founded France: the name given in the East to a native of Western Europe.--_adj._ FRANK'ISH.
FRANK, frangk, _n._ (_Shak._) a pig-sty.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to shut up in a sty, to cram, to fatten. [O. Fr. _franc_.]
FRANKALMOIGN, frangk'al-moin, _n._ (_Eng. law_) a form of land-tenure in which no obligations were enforced except religious ones, as praying, &c.
[O. Fr. _franc_, free, _almoigne_, alms.]
FRANKENSTEIN, frangk'en-st[=i]n, _n._ any creation which brings anxiety or disaster to its author--from the _Frankenstein_ in Mrs Shelley's romance so named, who by his skill forms an animate creature like a man, only to his own torment.
FRANKINCENSE, frangk'in-sens, _n._ a sweet-smelling vegetable resin from Arabia, used in sacrifices. [O. Fr. _franc encens_, pure incense.]
FRANKLIN, frangk'lin, _n._ an old English freeholder, free from feudal servitude to a subject-superior. [Low L. _francus_, frank.]