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and Gr. _pro_, Sans. _pra_, before in place or time.]

FOR, for, _conj._ the word by which a reason is introduced: because: on the account that.--FOR BECAUSE and FOR THAT=because; FOR WHY=why.

FORAGE, for'aj, _n._ fodder, or food for horses and cattle: provisions: the act of foraging.--_v.i._ to go about and forcibly carry off food for horses and cattle, as soldiers.--_v.t._ to plunder.--_ns._ FOR'AGE-CAP, the undress cap worn by infantry soldiers; FOR'AGER. [Fr. _fourrage_, O. Fr.

_feurre_, fodder, of Teut. origin.]

FORAMEN, fo-r[=a]'men, _n._ a small opening:--_pl._ FORAM'INA.--_adjs._ FORAM'INATED, FORAM'INOUS, pierced with small holes: FORAMINIF'ERA, an order of _Rhizopoda_, furnished with a shell or test, usually perforated by pores (_foramina_).--_n._ FORAMIN'IFER, one of such.--_adjs._ FORAMINIF'ERAL, FORAMINIF'EROUS.--FOR[=A]MEN MAGNUM, the great hole in the occipital bone for the passage of the medulla oblongata and its membranes. [L.,--_for[=a]re_, to pierce.]

FORASMUCH, for'az-much, _conj._ because that.

FORAY, for'[=a], _n._ a sudden incursion into an enemy's country.--_v.t._ to ravage.--_n._ FOR'AYER. [Ety. obscure, but ult. identical with _forage_ (q.v.).]

FORBADE, for-bad', _pa.t._ of _forbid_.

FORBEAR, for-b[=a]r', _v.i._ to keep one's self in check: to abstain.--_v.t._ to abstain from: to avoid voluntarily: to spare, to withhold.--_n._ FORBEAR'ANCE, exercise of patience: command of temper: clemency.--_adjs._ FORBEAR'ANT, FORBEAR'ING, long-suffering: patient.--_adv._ FORBEAR'INGLY. [A.S. _forberan_, pa.t. _forbaer_, pa.p.

_forboren_. See pfx. _for-_ and _bear_.]

FORBID, for-bid', _v.t._ to prohibit: to command not to do: (_Shak._) to restrain.--_n._ FORBID'DANCE, prohibition: command or edict against a thing.--_adj._ FORBID'DEN, prohibited: unlawful.--_adv._ FORBID'DENLY (_Shak._), in a forbidden or unlawful manner.--_adj._ FORBID'DING, repulsive: raising dislike: unpleasant.--_adv._ FORBID'DINGLY.--_n._ FORBID'DINGNESS.--FORBIDDEN, or PROHIBITED, DEGREES, degrees of consanguinity within which marriage is not allowed; FORBIDDEN FRUIT, or _Adam's apple_, a name fancifully given to the fruit of various species of Citrus, esp. to one having tooth-marks on its rind. [A.S. _forbeodan_, pa.t. _forbead_, pa.p. _forboden_. See pfx. _for-_, and _bid_; cf. Ger.


FORBORE, for-b[=o]r', _pa.t._ of _forbear_.--_pa.p._ FORBORNE'.

FORBY, for-b[=i]', _prep._ (_Spens._) near, past: (_Scot._) besides.

FORcAT, for-sa', _n._ in France, a convict condemned to hard labour. [Fr.]


FORCE, f[=o]rs, _n._ strength, power, energy: efficacy: validity: influence: vehemence: violence: coercion or compulsion: military or naval strength (often in _pl._): an armament: (_mech._) any cause which changes the direction or speed of the motion of a portion of matter.--_v.t._ to draw or push by main strength: to compel: to constrain: to compel by strength of evidence: to take by violence: to ravish: (_hort._) to cause to grow or ripen rapidly: to compel one's partner at whist to trump a trick by leading a card of a suit of which he has none: to make a player play so as to reveal the strength of his hand.--_v.i._ to strive: to hesitate.--_p._ and _adj._ FORCED, accomplished by great effort, as a forced march: strained, excessive, unnatural.--_n._ FORC'EDNESS, the state of being forced: distortion.--_adj._ FORCE'FUL, full of force or might: driven or acting with power: impetuous.--_adv._ FORCE'FULLY.--_adj._ FORCE'LESS, weak.--_ns._ FORCE'-PUMP, FORC'ING-PUMP, a pump which delivers the water under pressure through a side-pipe; FORC'ER, the person or thing that forces, esp. the piston of a force-pump.--_adj._ FORC'IBLE, active: impetuous: done by force: efficacious: impressive.--_adj._ and _n._ FORC'IBLE-FEE'BLE, striving to look strong while really weak.--_n._ FORC'IBLENESS.--_adv._ FORC'IBLY.--_ns._ FORC'ING (_hort._), the art of hastening the growth of plants; FORC'ING-HOUSE, a hothouse for forcing plants; FORC'ING-PIT, a frame sunk in the ground over a hotbed for forcing plants.--FORCE AND FEAR (_Scot._), that amount of constraint or compulsion which is enough to annul an engagement or obligation entered into under its influence; FORCE THE PACE, to keep the speed up to a high pitch by emulation with one not competing for a place: to hasten unduly, or by any expedient; FORCIBLE DETAINER, and ENTRY, detaining property or forcing an entry into it by violence or intimidation. [Fr.,--Low L., _fortia_--L.

_fortis_, strong.]

FORCE, f[=o]rs, FOSS, fos, _n._ a waterfall. [Ice. _foss_, _fors_.]

FORCE, f[=o]rs, _v.t._ (_cook._) to stuff, as a fowl.--_n._ FORCE'MEAT, meat chopped fine and highly seasoned, used as a stuffing or alone. [A corr. of _farce_.]

FORCEPS, for'seps, _n._ a pair of tongs, pincers, or pliers for holding anything difficult to be held with the hand.--_adj._ FOR'CIP[=A]TED, formed and opening like a forceps.--_n._ FORCIP[=A]'TION, torture by pinching with forceps. [L., from _formus_, hot, and _cap[)e]re_, to hold.]

FORD, f[=o]rd, _n._ a place where water may be crossed on foot: a stream where it may be crossed.--_v.t._ to cross water on foot.--_adj._ FORD'ABLE.

[A.S. _ford_--_faran_, to go; Ger. _furt_--_fahren_, to go on foot; akin to Gr. _poros_, and to Eng. _fare_, _ferry_, and _far_.]

FORDO, for-d[=oo]', _v.t._ (_arch._) to ruin: to overcome, to exhaust:--_pr.p._ fordo'ing; _pa.t._ fordid'; _pa.p._ fordone'. [A.S.

_f[=o]rdon_; Ger. _verthun_, to consume.]

FORE, f[=o]r, _adj._ in front of: advanced in position: coming first.--_adv._ at the front: in the first part: previously: (_golf_) a warning cry to any person in the way of the ball to be played.--FORE AND AFT, lengthwise of a ship.--AT THE FORE, displayed on the foremast (of a flag); TO THE FORE, forthcoming: (_Scot._) in being, alive. [A.S. _fore_, radically the same as _for_, prep.--to be distinguished from pfx. _for-_ (Ger. _ver-_ in _vergessen_, L. _per_).]

FORE-ADMONISH, f[=o]r-ad-mon'ish, _v.t._ to admonish beforehand.

FORE-ADVISE, f[=o]r-ad-v[=i]z', _v.t._ to advise beforehand.

FOREANENT, f[=o]r-a-nent', _prep._ (_Scot._), opposite to.

FOREARM, f[=o]r'arm, _n._ the part of the arm between the elbow and the wrist.

FOREARM, f[=o]r-arm', _v.t._ to arm or prepare beforehand.

FOREBEAR, f[=o]r-b[=a]r', _n._ (_Scot._) an ancestor, esp. in _pl._

FOREBODE, f[=o]r-b[=o]d', _v.t._ to feel a secret sense of something future, esp. of evil.--_ns._ FOREBODE'MENT, feeling of coming evil; FOREBOD'ER; FOREBOD'ING, a boding or perception beforehand; apprehension of coming evil.--_adv._ FOREBOD'INGLY.

FORE-BODY, f[=o]r'-bod'i, _n._ the part of a ship in front of the mainmast.

FORE-BRACE, f[=o]r'-br[=a]s, _n._ a rope attached to the fore yard-arm, for changing the position of the foresail.

FORE-BY, f[=o]r-b[=i]' (_Spens._). Same as FORBY.

FORECABIN, f[=o]r-kab'in, _n._ a cabin in the forepart of the vessel.

FORECAST, f[=o]r-kast', _v.t._ to contrive or reckon beforehand: to foresee: to predict.--_v.i._ to form schemes beforehand.--_ns._ FORE'CAST, a previous contrivance: foresight: a prediction; FORECAST'ER.

FORECASTLE, f[=o]r'kas-l, FO'C'SLE, f[=o]k'sl, _n._ a short raised deck at the fore-end of a vessel: the forepart of the ship under the maindeck, the quarters of the crew.

FORECHOSEN, f[=o]r-ch[=o]z'n, _p.adj._ chosen beforehand.

FORE-CITED, f[=o]r-s[=i]t'ed, _p.adj._ quoted before or above.

FORECLOSE, f[=o]r-kl[=o]z', _v.t._ to preclude: to prevent: to stop.--_n._ FORECLOS'URE, a foreclosing: (_law_) the process by which a mortgager, failing to repay the money lent on the security of an estate, is compelled to forfeit his right to redeem the estate. [O. Fr. _forclos_, pa.p. of _forclore_, to exclude--L. _foris_, outside, and _claud[)e]re_, _clausum_, to shut.]

FOREDAMNED, f[=o]r-damd', _p.adj._ (_Spens._) utterly damned.

FOREDATE, f[=o]r-d[=a]t', _v.t._ to date before the true time.

FOREDAY, f[=o]r'd[=a], _n._ (_Scot._) forenoon.

FOREDECK, f[=o]r'dek, _n._ the forepart of a deck or ship.

FOREDOOM, f[=o]r-d[=oo]m', _v.t._ to doom beforehand.

FORE-END, f[=o]r'-end, _n._ the early or fore part of anything.

FOREFATHER, f[=o]r'fa-th[.e]r, _n._ an ancestor.

FOREFEEL, f[=o]r-f[=e]l', _v.t._ to feel beforehand.--_adv._ FOREFEEL'INGLY.--_adj._ FOREFELT'.

FOREFINGER, f[=o]r'fing-g[.e]r, _n._ the finger next the thumb.

FOREFOOT, f[=o]r'foot, _n._ one of the anterior feet of a quadruped.

FOREFRONT, f[=o]r'frunt, _n._ the front or foremost part.

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