_vrijbueter_, _vrijbuiter_ (cf. Eng. _freebooter_, Ger. _freibeuter_), from _vrij_, free, _buit_, booty.]
FILICES, fil'i-sez, _n.pl._ the ferns.--_adjs._ FIL'ICAL; FILIC'IFORM; FIL'ICOID.
FILIFORM, fil'i-form, _adj._ having the form of a filament: long and slender. [L. _filum_, thread, _forma_, form.]
FILIGREE, fil'i-gr[=e], _n._ a kind of ornamental metallic lacework of gold and silver, twisted into convoluted forms, united and partly consolidated by soldering--earlier forms, FIL'IGRAIN, FIL'IGRANE.--_adj._ FIL'IGREED, ornamented with filigree. [Fr. _filigrane_--It. _filigrana_--L. _filum_, thread, _granum_, a grain.]
FILIOQUE, fil-i-[=o]'kwe, _n._ the clause inserted into the Nicene Creed at Toledo in 589, which asserts that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Son, as well as from the Father--not accepted by the Eastern Church. [L., 'and from the son.']
FILL, fil, _v.t._ to make full: to put into until all the space is occupied: to supply abundantly: to satisfy: to glut: to perform the duties of: to supply a vacant office.--_v.i._ to become full: to become satiated.--_n._ as much as fills or satisfies: a full supply: a single charge of anything.--_ns._ FILL'ER, he who, or that which, fills: a vessel for conveying a liquid into a bottle; FILL'ING, anything used to fill up, stop a hole, to complete, &c., as the woof, in weaving: supply. [A.S.
_fyllan_, _fullian_--_ful_, full.]
FILL, fil, _n._ (_Shak._) the thill or shaft of a cart or carriage. [See THILL.]
FILLET, fil'et, _n._ a little string or band, esp. to tie round the head: meat or fish boned and rolled, roasted or baked: a piece of meat composed of muscle, esp. the fleshy part of the thigh: (_archit._) a small space or band used along with mouldings.--_v.t._ to bind or adorn with a fillet:--_pr.p._ fill'eting; _pa.p._ fill'eted. [Fr. _filet_, dim. of _fil_, from L. _filum_, a thread.]
FILLIBEG, PHILIBEG, fil'i-beg, _n._ the kilt, the dress or petticoat reaching nearly to the knees, worn by the Highlanders of Scotland. [Gael.
_feileadhbeag_--_feileadh_, plait, fold, _beag_, little.]
FILLIP, fil'ip, _v.t._ to strike with the nail of the finger, forced from the ball of the thumb with a sudden jerk: to incite, drive:--_pr.p._ fill'iping; _pa.p._ fill'iped.--_n._ a jerk of the finger from the thumb: anything which excites. [A form of _flip_.]
FILLISTER, fil'is-ter, _n._ a rabbeting plane used in making window-sashes.
FILLY, fil'i, _n._ a young mare: a lively, wanton girl. [Dim. of _foal_.]
FILM, film, _n._ a thin skin or membrane: a very slender thread: the coating on a plate prepared to act as a medium for taking a picture.--_v.t._ to cover with a film, or thin skin.--_n._ FILM'INESS.--_adj._ FILM'Y, composed of film or membranes. [A.S. _filmen_, extended from _fell_, a skin.]
FILOPLUME, f[=i]'lo-pl[=oo]m, _n._ a long slender feather. [Formed from L.
_filum_, thread, _pluma_, a feather.]
FILOSE, f[=i]'l[=o]s, _adj._ ending in a thread-like process.--_n._ FILOSELLE', ferret or floss silk. [L. _filum_, thread.]
FILTER, fil'ter, _n._ a contrivance arranged for purifying a liquid of solid insoluble matter by passing it through some porous substance which does not allow the solid particles to pass through.--_v.t._ to purify liquor by a filter.--_v.i._ to pass through a filter: to percolate.--_ns._ FIL'TER-P[=A]'PER, porous paper for use in filtering; FIL'TER-PUMP, a contrivance devised by the chemist Bunsen for accelerating the filtering process. [O. Fr. _filtre_--Low L. _filtrum_, felt.]
FILTH, filth, _n._ foul matter: anything that defiles, physically or morally.--_adv._ FILTH'ILY.--_n._ FILTH'INESS.--_adj._ FILTH'Y, foul: unclean: impure. [A.S. _fldh_--_ful_, foul.]
FILTRATE, fil'tr[=a]t, _v.t._ to filter or percolate.--_n._ FILTR[=A]'TION, act or process of filtering.
FIMBLE, fim'bl, _n._ the male plant of hemp, yielding a weaker and shorter fibre than the _Carl hemp_ or female plant. [Dut. _femel_.]
FIMBRIATE, -D, fim'bri-[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ fringed.--_n._ FIM'BRIA, a fringing filament.--_v.t._ FIM'BRIATE, to fringe: to hem.--_adj._ FIM'BRICATE, fimbriate. [L. _fimbri[=a]tus_--_fimbriae_, fibres.]
FIMETARIOUS, fim-[=e]-t[=a]'ri-us, _adj._ growing on dung.
FIN, fin, _n._ the organ by which a fish balances itself and swims.--_n._ FIN'-BACK, a finner or fin-whale.--_adjs._ FIN'-FOOT'ED, having feet with toes connected by a membrane; FINNED, having fins; FIN'NY, furnished with fins.--_n._ FIN'-RAY, one of the rods or rays supporting a fish's fin.--_adj._ FIN'-TOED, having feet with membranes connecting the toes, as aquatic birds. [A.S. _finn_; L. _pinna_, a fin.]
FINABLE, f[=i]n'a-bl, _adj._ liable to a fine.
FINAL, f[=i]'nal, _adj._ last: decisive, conclusive: respecting the end or motive: of a judgment ready for execution.--_ns._ F[=I]'NALISM; F[=I]'NALIST; FINAL'ITY, state of being final: completeness or conclusiveness.--_adv._ F[=I]'NALLY.--FINAL CAUSE (see CAUSE). [Fr.,--L.
_finalis_--_finis_, an end.]
FINALE, fi-na'l[=a], _n._ the end: the last passage in a piece of music: the concluding piece in a concert. [It. _finale_, final--L. _finis_.]
FINANCE, fi-nans', _n._ money affairs or revenue, esp. of a ruler or state: public money: the art of managing or administering the public money.--_v.t._ to manage financially, to furnish with sums of money.--_adj._ FINAN'CIAL, pertaining to finance.--_n._ FINAN'CIALIST, a financier.--_adv._ FINAN'CIALLY.--_n._ FINANCIER', one skilled in finance: an officer who administers the public revenue.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ to finance. [Fr.,--Low L. _financia_--Low L. _fin[=a]re_, to pay a fine--_finis_. See FINE (2).]
FINCH, finsh, _n._ a name applied to many Passerine birds, esp. to those of the genus _Fringilla_ or family _Fringillidae_--_bullfinch_, _chaffinch_, _goldfinch_, &c.--_adjs._ FINCH'-BACKED, FINCHED, striped or spotted on the back. [A.S. _finc_; Ger. _fink_.]
FIND, f[=i]nd, _v.t._ to come upon or meet with: to discover or arrive at: to perceive: to experience: to supply: to determine after judicial inquiry:--_pr.p._ f[=i]nd'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ found.--_ns._ FIND'ER; FIND'-FAULT (_Shak._), one who finds fault with another; FIND'ING, act of one who finds: that which is found: a judicial verdict: (_pl._) the appliances which some workmen have to supply, esp. of shoemakers--everything save leather.--FIND ONE IN (something), to supply one with something; FIND ONE'S ACCOUNT (in anything), to find satisfactory profit or advantage in it; FIND ONE'S LEGS, to rise, or to recover the use of one's legs, as after being drunk, &c.; FIND ONE'S SELF, to feel, as regards health, happiness, &c.; FIND OUT, to discover. [A.S. _findan_; Ger.
FINDON-HADDOCK. See FINNAN-HADDOCK.
FINE, f[=i]n, _adj._ excellent: beautiful: not coarse or heavy: subtle: thin: slender: exquisite: nice: delicate: overdone: showy: splendid: striking or remarkable (often _ironically_): pure, refined: consisting of small particles; sharp, keen.--_v.t._ to make fine: to refine: to purify: to change by imperceptible degrees.--_adv._ (_Scot._) for finely, well.--_v.t._ FINE'-DRAW, to draw or sew up a rent so finely that it is not seen.--_p.adj._ FINE'-DRAWN, drawn out too finely.--_adj._ FINE'ISH, somewhat fine.--_adv._ FINE'LY.--_ns._ FINE'NESS; FIN'ER (same as REFINER); FIN'ERY, splendour, fine or showy things: a place where anything is fined or refined: a furnace for making iron malleable.--_adjs._ FINE'-SPOK'EN, using fine phrases; FINE'-SPUN, finely spun out: artfully contrived.--FINE ARTS, as painting, sculpture, music, those chiefly concerned with the beautiful--opp. to the _Useful_ or _Industrial arts_. [Fr.,--L. _finitus_, finished, from _fin[=i]re_, to finish, _finis_, an end.]
FINE, f[=i]n, _n._ a composition: a sum of money imposed as a punishment.--_v.t._ to impose a fine on: to punish by fine: (_Shak._) to pledge or pawn.--_adj._ FINE'LESS (_Shak._), endless.--IN FINE, in conclusion. [Low L. _finis_, a fine--L. _finis_, an end.]
FINEER, fi-n[=e]r', _v.i._ to get goods on credit by fraudulent artifice.
[Prob. Dut.; cog. with FINANCE.]
FINESSE, fi-nes', _n._ subtlety of contrivance: artifice: an endeavour by a player holding (say) queen and ace to take the trick with the lower card.--_v.i._ to use artifice.--_ns._ FINES'SER; FINES'SING. [Fr.]
FINGER, fing'g[.e]r, _n._ one of the five terminal parts of the hand: a finger-breadth: skill in the use of the hand or fingers: execution in music.--_v.t._ to handle or perform with the fingers: to pilfer: to toy or meddle with.--_v.i._ to use lightly with the fingers, as a musical instrument.--_ns._ FING'ER-AL'PHABET, a deaf and dumb alphabet; FING'ER-BOARD, the board, or part of a musical instrument, on which the keys for the fingers are placed; FING'ER-BOWL, -GLASS, a bowl for holding the water used to cleanse the fingers after a meal; FING'ER-BREADTH, the breadth of a finger, the fourth part of a palm, forming 1/16 of a foot.--_adj._ FING'ERED, having fingers, or anything like fingers.--_ns._ FING'ER-GRASS, grass of genus _Digitaria_; FING'ER-HOLE, a hole in the side of the tube of a flute, &c., capable of being closed by the player's finger to modify the pitch of tone; FING'ERING, act or manner of touching with the fingers, esp. a musical instrument: a thick woollen yarn for stockings; FING'ERLING, a very diminutive being: the parr; FING'ER-MARK, a mark, esp.
a soil made by the finger; FING'ER-PLATE, a thin plate of metal or porcelain laid along the edge of a door at the handle, to prevent soiling by the hand; FING'ER-POST, a post with a finger pointing, for directing passengers to the road; FING'ER-STALL, a covering of leather for protecting the finger.--FINGER-AND-TOE (see ANBURY).--A FINGER IN THE PIE, a share in the doing of anything, often of vexatious meddling; HAVE AT ONE'S FINGER-ENDS, to be perfect master of a subject; HAVE ONE'S FINGERS ALL THUMBS, to have awkward fingers. [A.S. _finger_; Ger. _finger_.]
FINIAL, fin'i-al, _n._ the bunch of foliage, &c., at the termination of the pinnacles, gables, spires, &c., in Gothic architecture. [From L.
FINICAL, fin'i-kal, _adj._ affectedly fine or precise in trifles: nice: foppish.--_n._ FINICAL'ITY, state of being finical: something finical.--_adv._ FIN'ICALLY.--_ns._ FIN'ICALNESS, the quality of being finical: foppery; FIN'ICKING, fussiness and fastidiousness.--_adjs._ FIN'ICKING, FIN'IKIN, particular about trifles.
FINING, f[=i]n'ing, _n._ process of refining or purifying.--_n._ FIN'ING-POT, a pot or vessel used in refining.
FINIS, f[=i]'nis, _n._ the end: conclusion. [L.]
FINISH, fin'ish, _v.t._ to end or complete the making of anything: to perfect: to give the last touches to: to put an end to, to destroy.--_n._ that which finishes or completes: the end of a race, hunt, &c.: last touch, careful elaboration, polish: the last coat of plaster to a wall.--_p.adj._ FIN'ISHED, brought to an end or to completion: complete: perfect.--_n._ FIN'ISHER, one who finishes, completes, or perfects: in bookbinding, the one who puts the last touches to the book in the way of gilding and decoration. [Fr. _finir_, _finissant_--L. _fin[=i]re_--_finis_, an end.]
FINITE, f[=i]'n[=i]t, _adj._ having an end or limit: subject to limitations or conditions, as time, space--opp. to _Infinite_ (q.v.).--_adj._ F[=I]'N[=I]TELESS, without end or limit.--_adv._ F[=I]'N[=I]TELY.--_ns._ F[=I]'N[=I]TENESS, FIN'IT[=U]DE. [L. _fin[=i]tus_, pa.p. of _fin[=i]re_.]
FINN, fin, _n._ a native of _Finland_ in the north-west of Russia.--_adjs._ FIN'NIC, FIN'NISH, pertaining to the Finns in the widest sense.
FINNAN-HADDOCK, fin'an-had'uk, _n._ a kind of smoked haddock, esp. that prepared at _Findon_, near Aberdeen.--Also FIN'DON-HADD'OCK.
FIORD, FJORD, fyord, _n._ name given in Scandinavia to a long, narrow, rock-bound inlet. [Norw.]
FIORIN, f[=i]'o-rin, _n._ a species of creeping bent-grass.