FACINOROUS, fa-sin'o-rus, _adj._ atrociously wicked.--_n._ FACIN'OROUSNESS.
[L. _facinorosus_--_facinus_, a crime--_fac[)e]re_, to do.]
FAC-SIMILE, fak-sim'i-l[=e], _n._ an exact copy, as of handwriting, a coin, &c.--_adj._ exactly corresponding.--_v.t._ to make a fac-simile of, to reproduce.--_n._ FAC-SIM'ILIST. [L. _fac_, imper. of _fac[)e]re_, to make, _simile_, neut. of _similis_, like.]
FACT, fakt, _n._ a deed or anything done: anything that comes to pass: reality, or a real state of things, as distinguished from a mere statement or belief, a datum of experience: truth: the assertion of a thing done: an evil deed, a sense now surviving only in 'to confess the fact,' 'after' or 'before the fact.'--_adj._ FACT'UAL, pertaining to facts: actual.--_ns._ FACTUAL'ITY; FACT'UM, a thing done, a deed.--AS A MATTER OF FACT, in reality.--THE FACT OF THE MATTER, the plain truth about the subject in question. [L. _factum_--_fac[)e]re_, to make.]
FACTION, fak'shun, _n._ a company of persons associated or acting together, mostly used in a bad sense: a contentious party in a state or society: dissension.--_adj._ FAC'TIONAL.--_ns._ FAC'TIONARY, a member of a faction; FAC'TIONIST.--_adj._ FAC'TIOUS, turbulent: disloyal.--_adv._ FAC'TIOUSLY.--_n._ FAC'TIOUSNESS. [L. _factionem_--_fac[)e]re_, to do.]
FACTITIOUS, fak-tish'us, _adj._ made by art, in opposition to what is natural or spontaneous: conventional.--_adv._ FACTI'TIOUSLY.--_n._ FACTI'TIOUSNESS.--_adjs._ FAC'TITIVE, causative; FAC'TIVE (_obs._), making.
[L. _factitius_--_fac[)e]re_, to make.]
FACTOR, fak'tor, _n._ a doer or transactor of business for another: one who buys and sells goods for others, on commission: (_Scot._) an agent managing heritable estates for another: (_math._) one of two or more parts, which, when multiplied together, result in a given number--e.g. 6 and 4 are factors of 24: an element in the composition of anything, or in bringing about a certain result.--_ns._ FAC'TORAGE, the fees or commission of a factor.--_adj._ FACT[=O]'RIAL, of or pertaining to a factor.--_v.t._ FAC'TORISE (_U.S._), to warn not to pay or give up goods: to attach the effects of a debtor in the hands of a third person.--_ns._ FAC'TORSHIP; FAC'TORY, a manufactory: a trading settlement in a distant country.--JUDICIAL FACTOR, a person appointed by the Court to manage the estate of a person under some incapacity. [L.,--_fac[)e]re_.]
FACTOTUM, fak-t[=o]'tum, _n._ a person employed to do all kinds of work for another. [Low L.,--L. _fac_, imper. of _fac[)e]re_, to do, _totum_, all.]
FACTURE, fak't[=u]r, _n._ the act or the result of making, workmanship.
FACULA, fak'[=u]-la, _n._ a spot brighter than the rest of the surface, sometimes seen on the sun's disc:--_pl._ FAC'ULae. [L., 'a torch,' dim. of _fax_, torch.]
FACULTY, fak'ul-ti, _n._ facility or power to act: any particular ability or aptitude: an original power of the mind: any physical capability or function: personal quality or endowment: right, authority, or privilege to act: license: a department of learning at a university, or the professors constituting it: the members of a profession: executive ability.--_adj._ FAC'ULT[=A]TIVE, optional: of or pertaining to a faculty.--COURT OF FACULTIES, a court established by Henry VIII., whereby authority is given to the Archbishop of Canterbury to grant dispensations and faculties.
[Fr.,--L. _facultatem_--_facilis_, easy.]
FACUNDITY, fa-kun'di-ti, _n._ (_obs._) eloquence.
FAD, fad, _n._ a weak or transient hobby, crotchet, or craze: any unimportant belief or practice intemperately urged.--_adjs._ FAD'DISH, given to fads--also FAD'DY.--_ns._ FAD'DISNNESS; FAD'DISM; FAD'DIST, one who is a slave to some fad. [Ety. dub.]
FADAISE, fa-d[=a]z', _n._ a trifling thought or expression. [Fr.]
FADDLE, fad'l, _v.i._ (_prov._) to trifle.--_n._ nonsense, trifling--usually in _fiddle-faddle_.
FADE, f[=a]d, _v.i._ to lose strength, freshness, or colour gradually: to vanish.--_adj._ insipid: weak.--_adv._ F[=A]'DEDLY.--_adj._ FADE'LESS.--_adv._ FADE'LESSLY.--_n._ F[=A]'DING (_Shak._), the burden of a song.--_adj._ F[=A]'DY, wearing away. [O. Fr. _fader_--_fade_--L.
_vapidum_, acc. to Gaston Paris.]
FADGE, faj, _v.i._ to agree: to succeed, turn out well. [Ety. dub.; not conn. with A.S. _fegan_, to join.]
FaeCES, FECES, f[=e]'s[=e]z, _n.pl._ sediment after infusion or distillation: dregs: the solid excrements.--_adj._ Fae'CAL, of or pertaining to faeces. [L., pl. of _faex_, _faecis_, grounds.]
FAERIE, FAERY, f[=a]'[.e]r-i, _n._ (_arch._) the world of fairies, fairyland: (_obs._) a fairy. [A variant of _fairy_.]
FAG, fag, _v.i._ to become weary or tired out: to work hard: to be a fag.--_v.t._ to weary: to use as a fag:--_pr.p._ fag'ging; _pa.p._ fagged.--_n._ at Eton, Winchester, &c., a schoolboy forced to do menial offices for one older, who in turn protects him: a tiresome piece of work: drudgery.--_ns._ FAG'GERY, drudgery: fagging; FAG'GING, laborious drudgery: a usage in virtue of which senior boys are authorised to exact a variety of services from the junior boys.--TO FAG OUT, to field, as a fag, in cricket.
[Ety. dub.; perh. a corr. of _flag_, to droop, which see.]
FAG-END, fag'-end, _n._ the end of a web of cloth that hangs loose: the untwisted end of a rope: the refuse or meaner part of a thing.
FAGGOT, FAGOT, fag'ut, _n._ a bundle of sticks for fuel, fascines, &c.: a stick: anything like a faggot: a bundle of pieces of iron or steel cut off into suitable lengths for welding: a soldier numbered on the muster-roll, but not really existing: a voter who has obtained his vote expressly for party purposes, on a spurious or sham qualification.--_adj._ got up for a purpose, as in 'Faggot vote.'--_v.t._ to tie together.--_ns._ FAGG'OTING, FAG'OTING, a kind of embroidery in which some of the cross-threads are drawn together in the middle. [Fr. _fagot_, a bundle of sticks, perh. from L. _fax_, a torch.]
FAGOTTO, fag-ot'o, _n._ a bassoon.--_n._ FAGOTT'IST, one who plays on the bassoon. [It.]
FAHLERZ, fal'erts, _n._ gray copper, or gray copper ore. [Ger.]
FAHRENHEIT, fa'ren-h[=i]t, or far'en-[=i]t, _n._ the name applied to a thermometer, the freezing-point of which is marked at 32, and the boiling-point at 212 degrees (see THERMOMETER for the relations between the two scales). [Named from the inventor, Gabriel D. _Fahrenheit_ (1686-1736).]
FAIENCE, f[=a]'yans, _n._ a fine kind of pottery, glazed and painted. [Fr.; prob. from _Faenza_ in Italy.]
FAIK, f[=a]k, _v.i._ and _v.t._ (_Scot._) to abate: to excuse.
FAIL, f[=a]l, _n._ a turf, sod.--_n._ FAIL'-DIKE (_Scot._), a turf-wall.
[Perh. from Gael. _fal_, a sod.]
FAIL, f[=a]l, _v.i._ to fall short or be wanting (with _in_): to fall away: to decay: to die: to prove deficient under trial, examination, pressure, &c.: to miss: to be disappointed or baffled: to be unable to pay one's debts.--_v.t._ to be wanting to: not to be sufficient for: to leave undone, omit: to disappoint or desert any one:--_pr.p._ fail'ing; _pa.p._ failed.--_n._ (_Shak._) failure.--_p.adj._ FAILED, decayed, worn out: bankrupt.--_n._ FAIL'ING, a fault, weakness: a foible.--_prep._ in default of.--_n._ FAIL'URE, a falling short, or cessation: omission: decay: bankruptcy.--FAIL OF, to come short of accomplishing any purpose; WITHOUT FAIL, infallibly. [O. Fr. _faillir_--L. _fall[)e]re_, to deceive; cf. Dut.
_feilen_, Ger. _fehlen_, Ice. _feila_.]
FAIN, f[=a]n, _adj._ glad or joyful: inclined (with _to_): content to accept, for want of better: compelled: (_Spens._) wont.--_v.i._ (_Spens._) to delight.--_adv._ gladly.--_adv._ FAIN'LY, gladly.--_n._ FAIN'NESS, eagerness. [A.S. _faegen_, joyful: cf. Ice. _feginn_, glad.]
FAIN, f[=a]n, _v.i._ (_Spens._). Same as FEIGN.
FAINeANT, f[=a]-nyang', _adj._ and _n._ do-nothing, applied esp. to the later Merovingian kings of France, mere puppets, under whom the mayors of the Palace really governed the country.--_ns._ FAI'NEANCE (_Kingsley_), FAI'NEANCY, FAINEANT'ISE. [Fr., _faire_, to do, _neant_, nothing.]
FAINT, f[=a]nt, _adj._ wanting in strength: fading: lacking distinctness: not bright or forcible: weak in spirit: lacking courage: depressed: done in a feeble way.--_v.i._ to become feeble or weak: to lose strength, colour, &c.: to swoon: to fade or decay: to vanish: to lose courage or spirit: to become depressed.--_v.t._ (_rare_) to render faint.--_n._ a swoon.--_p.adj._ FAINT'ED (_Milt._), exhausted.--_adjs._ FAINT'-HEART, FAINT'-HEART'ED, cowardly: timorous.--_adv._ FAINT'-HEART'EDLY.--_ns._ FAINT'-HEART'EDNESS; FAINT'ING.--_adj._ FAINT'ISH, slightly faint.--_n._ FAINT'ISHNESS.--_adv._ FAINT'LY.--_n._ FAINT'NESS, want of strength: feebleness of colour, light, &c.: dejection.--_adj._ FAINT'Y, faintish. [O.
Fr. _feint_ (Fr. _feindre_), feigned--L. _fing[)e]re_, to feign.]
FAIR, f[=a]r, _adj._ bright: clear: free from blemish: pure: pleasing to the eye: beautiful: free from a dark hue: of a light shade: free from clouds or rain: favourable: unobstructed: open: prosperous: frank: impartial: just: pleasing: plausible: hopeful: moderate: pretty good.--_n._ that which is fair: (_arch._) a woman.--_v.t._ to make fair.--_v.i._ to clear up, as the weather from rain.--_adv._ kindly, honestly, clearly: straight: (_Shak._) favourably.--_adjs._ FAIR'-AND-SQUARE, honest--also used adverbially; FAIR'-BOD'ING (_Shak._), auspicious.--_n._ FAIR'-COP'Y, the state of a document copied after final correction.--_adjs._ FAIR'-FACED, with a light complexion: beautiful: specious; FAIR'-HAIRED, having fair or light-coloured hair; FAIR'-HAND, having a fair appearance; FAIR'ISH, somewhat fair: pretty well, pretty drunk.--_adv._ FAIR'LY.--_adj._ FAIR'-MIND'ED, judging fairly.--_ns._ FAIR'NESS; FAIR'-PLAY, honest dealing: justice.--_adjs._ FAIR'-SEEM'ING, appearing fair; FAIR'-SPOK'EN, bland and civil in language and address.--_ns._ FAIR'-TRADE, free-trade: a euphemism for smuggling: a mild form of the protective system, in which the basis of economic policy is supposed to be reciprocity or free-trade only with such nations as grant similar privileges--also used adverbially; FAIR'-WAY, the part of a river, roadstead, &c. by which vessels enter or leave.--_adj._ FAIR'-WEATH'ER, suitable only for fair weather or favourable circumstances.--BE IN A FAIR WAY TO, to be likely to succeed in; KEEP FAIR WITH, to keep on amiable terms with; STAND FAIR WITH, to be in the good graces of.--THE FAIR, THE FAIR SEX, the female sex. [A.S. _faeger_.]
FAIR, f[=a]r, _n._ a great periodical market for one kind of merchandise, or for the general sales and purchases of a district: a collection of miscellaneous goods for sale on behoof of charity at a bazaar, &c.--_n._ FAIR'ING, a present given at a fair, any complimentary gift.--A DAY AFTER THE FAIR, too late; GET ONE'S FAIRING (_Scot._), to get one's deserts. [O.
Fr. _feire_--L. _feria_, holiday.]
FAIRY, f[=a]r'i, _n._ an imaginary being, generally of diminutive and graceful human form, capable of kindly or unkindly acts towards man: fairy-folk collectively: an enchantress, or creature of overpowering charm.--_adj._ like a fairy, fanciful, whimsical, delicate.--_adv._ FAIR'ILY.--_n.pl._ FAIR'Y-BEADS, the separate joints of the stems of fossil crinoids found in carboniferous limestone.--_ns._ FAIR'Y-BUTT'ER, a name applied in northern England to certain gelatinous fungi; FAIR'YDOM; FAIR'YHOOD, FAIR'YISM; FAIR'YLAND, the country of the fairies.--_adj._ FAIR'Y-LIKE, like or acting like fairies.--_n._ FAIR'Y-MON'EY, money given by fairies, which quickly changes into withered leaves, &c.: money found.--_ns.pl._ FAIR'Y-RINGS, -CIR'CLES, spots or circles in pastures, either barer than the rest of the field, or greener--due to the outwardly spreading growth of various fungi.--_ns._ FAIR'Y-STONE, a fossil echinite found abundantly in chalk-pits; FAIR'Y-TALE, a story about fairies: an incredible tale. [O. Fr. _faerie_, enchantment--_fae_ (mod. _fee_). See FAY.]
FAITH, f[=a]th, _n._ trust or confidence in any person: belief in the statement of another: belief in the truth of revealed religion: confidence and trust in God: the living reception by the heart of the truth as it is in Christ: that which is believed: any system of religious belief, esp. the religion one considers true--'the faith;' fidelity to promises: honesty: word or honour pledged.--_adjs._ FAITHED (_Shak._), credited; FAITH'FUL, full of faith, believing: firm in adherence to promises, duty, allegiance, &c.: loyal: conformable to truth: worthy of belief: true.--_adv._ FAITH'FULLY, sincerely, truthfully, exactly.--_ns._ FAITH'FULNESS; FAITH'-HEAL'ING, a system of belief based on James, v. 14, that sickness may be treated without any medical advice or appliances, if the prayer of Christians be accompanied in the sufferer by true faith.--_adj._ FAITH'LESS, without faith or belief: not believing, esp. in God or Christianity: not adhering to promises, allegiance, or duty: delusive.--_adv._ FAITH'LESSLY.--_ns._ FAITH'LESSNESS; FAITH'WORTHINESS, trustworthiness.--_adj._ FAITH'WORTHY, worthy of faith or belief.--BAD FAITH, treachery.--FATHER OF THE FAITHFUL, Abraham: the caliph.--IN GOOD FAITH, with sincerity.--THE FAITHFUL, believers. [M. E. _feith_, _feyth_--O. Fr. _feid_--L. _fides_--_fid[)e]re_, to trust.]
FAITOR, f[=a]'tor, _n._ an impostor: an evil-doer, a scoundrel.--Often FAI'TOUR. [O. Fr. _faitor_--L. _factor_.]
FAKE, f[=a]k, _v.t._ to fold, coil.--_n._ a coil of rope, &c.
FAKE, f[=a]k, _v.t._ to steal: to make up an article so as to hide its defects.--_n._ FAKE'MENT, any swindling device. [Prof. Skeat thinks it merely the Mid. Dut. _facken_, to catch; Mr Bradley suggests the earlier _feak_, _feague_, Ger. _fegen_, to furbish up.]
FAKIR, fa-k[=e]r', or f[=a]'k[.e]r, _n._ a member of a religious order of mendicants or penitents in India, &c.--_n._ FAKIR'ISM, religious mendicancy. [Ar. _faqir_, a poor man, _fakr_, _faqr_, poverty.]
FA-LA, fa-la, _n._ an old kind of madrigal.
FALBALA, fal'ba-la, _n._ a trimming for women's petticoats: a furbelow.
[Ety. dub.; cf. _furbelow_.]
FALCADE, fal'k[=a]d', _n._ the motion of a horse when he throws himself on his haunches in a very quick curvet. [Fr.,--L. _fulcatus_, bent.]
FALCATE, -D, fal'k[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ (_astron._, _bot._) bent like a sickle, as the crescent moon, and certain leaves.--_ns._ FALC[=A]'TION; FAL'CULA, a falcate or falciform claw.--_adj._ FAL'CULATE. [L. _falx_, a sickle.]
FALCHION, fawl'shun, _n._ a short, broad sword, bent somewhat like a sickle.--_adj._ FAL'CIFORM, sickle-shaped. [O. Fr. _fauchon_, through Low L., from L. _falx_, a sickle.]