EXCLAVE, eks'kl[=a]v, _n._ a part of a country, province, &c. disjoined from the main part--opp. to _Enclave_.
EXCLUDE, eks-kl[=oo]d', _v.t._ to close or shut out: to thrust out: to hinder from entrance: to hinder from participation: to except.--_ns._ EXCLU'SION, a shutting or putting out: ejection: exception; EXCLU'SIONISM; EXCLU'SIONIST, one who excludes, or would exclude, another from a privilege.--_adj._ EXCLU'SIVE, able or tending to exclude: debarring from participation: sole: not taking into account.--_n._ one of a number who exclude others from their society.--_adv._ EXCLU'SIVELY.--_ns._ EXCLU'SIVENESS; EXCLU'SIVISM.--_adj._ EXCLU'SORY, exclusive.--EXCLUSIVE DEALING, the act of abstaining deliberately from any business or other transactions with persons of opposite political or other convictions to one's own--a euphemism for _boycotting_ (q.v.). [L. _exclud[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _claud[)e]re_, to shut.]
EXCOGITATE, eks-koj'i-t[=a]t, _v.t._ to discover by thinking: to think earnestly or laboriously.--_n._ EXCOGIT[=A]'TION, laborious thinking: invention: contrivance. [L. _excogit[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ex_, out, _cogit[=a]re_, to think.]
EXCOMMUNICATE, eks-kom-[=u]n'i-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to put out of or expel from the communion of the church: to deprive of church privileges.--_adj._ EXCOMMUN'ICABLE.--_ns._ EXCOMMUNIC[=A]'TION, act of expelling from the communion of a church--(_Milt._) EXCOMMUN'ION.--_adj._ EXCOMMUN'ICATORY, of or pertaining to excommunication. [From Late L. _excommunic[=a]re_--L.
_ex_, out, _communis_, common.]
EXCORIATE, eks-k[=o]'ri-[=a]t, _v.t._ to strip the skin from.--_n._ EXCORI[=A]'TION, the act of excoriating: the state of being excoriated. [L.
_excori[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ex_, from, _corium_, the skin.]
EXCORTICATE, eks-kor'ti-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to strip the bark off.--_n._ EXCORTIC[=A]'TION.
EXCREMENT, eks'kre-ment, _n._ useless matter discharged from the animal system: dung.--_adjs._ EXCREMENT'AL, EXCREMENTI'TIAL, EXCREMENTI'TIOUS, pertaining to or containing excrement. [L.
_excrementum_--_excern[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _cern[)e]re_, to sift.]
EXCRESCENCE, eks-kres'ens, _n._ that which grows out unnaturally from anything else: an outbreak: a wart or tumour: a superfluous part.--_ns._ EX'CREMENT, an outgrowth; EXCRES'CENCY, state of being excrescent: excrescence.--_adjs._ EXCRES'CENT, growing out: superfluous; EXCRESCEN'TIAL. [Fr.,--L.,--_excresc[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _cresc[)e]re_, to grow.]
EXCRETE, eks-kr[=e]t', _v.t._ to separate from: to eject.--_ns.pl._ EXCR[=E]'TA, EXCR[=E]TES', matters discharged from the animal body.--_n._ EXCR[=E]'TION, act of excreting matter from the animal system: that which is excreted.--_adjs._ EXCR[=E]'TIVE, able to excrete; EXCR[=E]'TORY, having the quality of excreting.--_n._ a duct that helps to receive and excrete matter. [L. _ex_, from, _cern[)e]re_, _cretum_, to separate.]
EXCRUCIATE, eks-kr[=oo]'shi-[=a]t, _v.t._ to torture: to rack: to pain, grieve.--_p.adj._ EXCRU'CI[=A]TING, extremely painful: racking: torturing: agonising.--_adv._ EXCRU'CIATINGLY.--_n._ EXCRUCI[=A]'TION, torture: vexation. [L. _ex_, out, _cruci[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to crucify--_crux_, _crucis_, a cross.]
EXCULPATE, eks-kul'p[=a]t, _v.t._ to clear from the charge of a fault or crime: to absolve: to vindicate.--_n._ EXCULP[=A]'TION.--_adj._ EXCUL'PATORY, tending to free from the charge of fault or crime. [L. _ex_, from, _culpa_, a fault.]
EXCURSION, eks-kur'shun, _n._ a going forth: an expedition: a trip for pleasure or health: a wandering from the main subject: a digression.--_adj._ EXCUR'RENT (_bot._), projecting beyond the edge or point.--_vs.i._ EXCURSE', to digress; EXCUR'SIONISE, to go on an excursion.--_n._ EXCUR'SIONIST, one who goes on a pleasure-trip.--_adj._ EXCUR'SIVE, rambling: deviating.--_adv._ EXCUR'SIVELY.--_ns._ EXCUR'SIVENESS; EXCUR'SUS, a dissertation on some particular point appended to a book or chapter.--EXCURSION TRAIN, a special train, usually with reduced fares, for persons making an excursion. [L. _excursio_--_ex_, out, _curr[)e]re_, _cursum_, to run.]
EXCUSE, eks-k[=u]z', _v.t._ to free from blame or guilt: to forgive: to free from an obligation: to release, dispense with: to make an apology or ask pardon for.--_n._ (eks-k[=u]s') a plea offered in extenuation of a fault: indulgence.--_adj._ EXCUS'ABLE, admitting of justification.--_n._ EXCUS'ABLENESS.--_adv._ EXCUS'ABLY.--_adj._ EXCUS'ATORY, making or containing excuse: apologetic.--EXCUSE ME, an expression used as an apology for any slight impropriety, or for controverting a statement that has been made. [L. _excus[=a]re_--_ex_, from, _causa_, a cause, accusation.]
EXEAT, eks'[=e]-at, _n._ formal leave, as for a student to be out of college for more than one night. [L., 'let him go out.']
EXECRATE, eks'e-kr[=a]t, _v.t._ to curse: to denounce evil against: to detest utterly.--_adj._ EX'ECRABLE, deserving execration: detestable: accursed.--_adv._ EX'ECRABLY.--_n._ EXECR[=A]'TION, act of execrating: a curse pronounced: that which is execrated.--_adj._ EX'ECR[=A]TIVE, of or belonging to execration.--_adv._ EX'ECR[=A]TIVELY.--_adj._ EX'ECR[=A]TORY.
[L. _exsecr[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_, to curse--_ex_, from, _sacer_, sacred.]
EXECUTE, eks'e-k[=u]t, _v.t._ to perform: to give effect to: to carry into effect the sentence of the law: to put to death by law.--_adj._ EXEC'UTABLE, that can be executed.--_ns._ EXEC'UTANT, one who executes or performs; EX'ECUTER; EXEC[=U]'TION, act of executing or performing: accomplishment: completion: carrying into effect the sentence of a court of law: the warrant for so doing: the infliction of capital punishment; EXEC[=U]'TIONER, one who executes, esp. one who inflicts capital punishment.--_adj._ EXEC'UTIVE, designed or fitted to execute: active: qualifying for or pertaining to the execution of the law.--_n._ the power or authority in government that carries the laws into effect: the persons who administer the government.--_adv._ EXEC'UTIVELY.--_n._ EXEC'UTOR, one who executes or performs: the person appointed to see a will carried into effect:--_fem._ EXEC'UTRESS, EXEC'UTRIX.--_adj._ EXECUT[=O]'RIAL.--_n._ EXEC'UTORSHIP.--_adj._ EXEC'UTORY, executing official duties: designed to be carried into effect. [Fr. _executer_--L. _exsequi_, _exsecutus_--_ex_, out, _sequi_, to follow.]
EXEDRA, eks'e-dra, _n._ a raised platform with steps, in the open air: an apse, recess, niche--also EX'HEDRA:--_pl._ EX'EDRae. [L.]
EXEGESIS, eks-e-j[=e]'sis, _n._ the science of interpretation, esp. of the Scriptures.--_ns._ EX'EGETE, EXEGET'IST, one who interprets the Scriptures.--_adjs._ EXEGET'IC, -AL, pertaining to exegesis: explanatory.--_adv._ EXEGET'ICALLY.--_n.pl._ EXEGET'ICS, the science of exegesis. [Gr. _ex[=e]gesis_--_ex[=e]geesthai_, to explain--_ex_, out, _h[=e]geesthai_, to guide.]
EXEME, eks-[=e]m', _v.t._ (_Scot._) to release, exempt. [L.
_exim[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _em[)e]re_, to take.]
EXEMPLAR, egz-em'plar, _n._ a person or thing to be imitated: the ideal model of an artist: a type: an example.--_adv._ EX'EMPLARILY.--_ns._ EXEM'PLARINESS, the state or quality of being exemplary; EXEMPLAR'ITY, exemplariness: exemplary conduct.--_adj._ EXEMPLARY (egz-em'plar-i, or egz'em-plar-i), worthy of imitation or notice. [O. Fr. _exemplaire_--Low L.
EXEMPLIFY, egz-em'pli-f[=i], _v.t._ to illustrate by example: to make an attested copy of: to prove by an attested copy:--_pr.p._ exem'plifying; _pa.p._ exem'plified.--_adj._ EXEM'PLIF[=I]ABLE.--_n._ EXEMPLIFIC[=A]'TION, act of exemplifying: that which exemplifies: a copy or transcript. [L.
_exemplum_, example, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]
EXEMPT, egz-emt', _v.t._ to free, or grant immunity (with _from_).--_adj._ taken out: not liable to: released: unaffected by.--_n._ EXEMP'TION, act of exempting: state of being exempt: freedom from any service, duty, &c.: immunity. [Fr.,--L. _exim[)e]re_, _exemptum_--_ex_, out, _em[)e]re_, to buy.]
EXENTERATE, eks-en't[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.t._ to disembowel.--_p.adj._ disembowelled.--_n._ EXENTER[=A]'TION. [L. _exenter[=a]re_--Gr. _ex_, out, _enteron_, intestine.]
EXEQUATUR, eks-e-kw[=a]'tur, _n._ an official recognition of a consul or commercial agent given by the government of the country in which he is to be. [L. _exequatur_='let him execute'--the opening word.]
EXEQUY, eks'e-kwi (only in _pl._ EXEQUIES, eks'e-kwiz), _n._ a funeral procession: funeral rites.--_adj._ EX[=E]'QUIAL. [L. _exequiae_--_ex_, out, _sequi_, to follow.]
EXERCISE, eks'[.e]r-s[=i]z, _n._ a putting in practice: exertion of the body for health or amusement: discipline: a lesson, task, academical disputation, &c.: (_Shak._) skill: (_pl._) military drill: an act of worship or devotion: a discourse, the discussion of a passage of Scripture, giving the coherence of text and context, &c.--the _addition_, giving the doctrinal propositions, &c.: the Presbytery itself.--_v.t._ to train by use: to improve by practice: to afflict: to put in practice: to use: to wield.--_adj._ EX'ERCISABLE. [O. Fr. _exercice_--L. _exercitium_--L.
_exerc[=e]re_, _-citum_--_ex_, out, _arc[=e]re_, to shut up.]
EXERCITATION, egz-er-sit-[=a]'shun, _n._ the putting into practice: employment: exercise: a discourse. [L. _exercit[=a]re_--_exerc[=e]re_, to exercise.]
EXERGUE, eks'erg, or egz-erg', _n._ the part on the reverse of a coin, below the main device, often filled up by the date, &c.--_adj._ EXER'GUAL.
[Fr.,--Gr. _ex_, out, _ergon_, work.]
EXERT, egz-[.e]rt', _v.t._ to bring into active operation: to do or perform.--_n._ EXER'TION, a bringing into active operation: effort: attempt.--_adj._ EXERT'IVE, having the power or tendency to exert: using exertion. [L. _exser[)e]re_, _exsertum_--_ex_, out, _ser[)e]re_, to put together.]
EXEUNT, eks'[=e]-unt. See EXIT.
EXFOLIATE, eks-f[=o]'li-[=a]t, _v.i._ and _v.t._ to come off, or send off, in scales.--_n._ EXFOLI[=A]'TION.--_adj._ EXF[=O]'LIATIVE. [L.
_exfoli[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ex_, off, _folium_, a leaf.]
EXHALE, egz-h[=a]l', _v.t._ to emit or send out as vapour: to evaporate.--_v.i._ to rise or be given off as vapour.--_adjs._ EXHAL'ABLE, that can be exhaled; EXHAL'ANT, having the quality of exhaling.--_n._ EXHAL[=A]'TION, act or process of exhaling: evaporation: that which is exhaled: vapour: steam. [Fr. _exhaler_--L. _exhal[=a]re_--_ex_, out, _hal[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to breathe.]
EXHALE, egz-h[=a]l', _v.t._ to draw out: (_Shak._) to cause to flow. [Pfx.
_ex-_, and _hale_, to draw.]
EXHAUST, egz-awst', _v.t._ to draw out the whole of: to use the whole strength of: to wear or tire out: to treat of or develop completely.--_n._ the exit of steam from the cylinder when it has done its work in propelling the piston--escaping by the _exhaust-pipe_ and regulated by the _exhaust-valve_.--_p.adj._ EXHAUST'ED, drawn out: emptied: consumed: tired out.--_n._ EXHAUST'ER, he who or that which exhausts.--_adj._ EXHAUST'IBLE, that may be exhausted.--_n._ EXHAUST'ION, act of exhausting or consuming: state of being exhausted: extreme fatigue.--_adjs._ EXHAUST'IVE, tending to exhaust; EXHAUST'LESS, that cannot be exhausted. [L. _exhaur[=i]re_, _exhaustum_--_ex_, out, _haur[=i]re_, to draw.]
EXHEREDATE, eks-her'i-d[=a]t, _v.t._ (_rare_) to disinherit.--_n._ EXHERED[=A]'TION. [L. _exhered[=a]re_--_ex_, out, _heres_, _-edis_, heir.]
EXHIBIT, egz-ib'it, _v.t._ to hold forth or present to view: to present formally or publicly.--_n._ (_law_) a document produced in court to be used as evidence: something exhibited: an article at an exhibition.--_ns._ EXHIB'ITER, EXHIB'ITOR; EXHIBI'TION, presentation to view: display: a public show, esp. of works of art, manufactures, &c.: that which is exhibited: an allowance or bounty to scholars in a university; EXHIBI'TIONER, one who enjoys an exhibition at a university; EXHIBI'TIONIST.--_adjs._ EXHIB'ITIVE, serving for exhibition: representative; EXHIB'ITORY, exhibiting.--MAKE AN EXHIBITION OF ONE'S SELF, to behave foolishly, exciting ridicule. [L. _exhib[=e]re_, _-itum_--_ex_, out, _hab[=e]re_, _-itum_, to have.]
EXHILARATE, egz-il'a-r[=a]t, _v.t._ to make hilarious or merry: to enliven: to cheer.--_adj._ EXHIL'ARANT, exhilarating: exciting joy, mirth, or pleasure.--_n._ an exhilarating medicine.--_p.adj._ EXHIL'AR[=A]TING, cheering: gladdening.--_adv._ EXHIL'AR[=A]TINGLY.--_n._ EXHILAR[=A]'TION, state of being exhilarated: joyousness.--_adjs._ EXHIL'AR[=A]TIVE, EXHIL'AR[=A]TORY. [L. _exhilar[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ex_, inten., _hilaris_, cheerful.]
EXHORT, egz-hort', or egz-[=o]rt', _v.t._ to urge strongly to good deeds, esp. by words or advice: to animate: to advise or warn.--_n._ EXHORT[=A]'TION, act of exhorting: language intended to exhort: counsel: a religious discourse.--_adjs._ EXHORT'ATIVE, EXHORT'ATORY, tending to exhort or advise. [L. _exhort[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_--_ex_, inten., _hort[=a]ri_, to urge.]
EXHUME, eks-h[=u]m', _v.t._ to take out of the ground or place of burial: to disinter: to bring to light--also EX'HUMATE.--_ns._ EXHUM[=A]'TION, act of exhuming: disinterment; EXHUM'ER, one who exhumes. [L. _ex_, out of, _humus_, the ground.]
EXIES, ek'siz, _n.pl._ (_Scot._) ecstasy: hysterics. [Perh. from _access_, an attack, a fit.]
EXIGENT, eks'i-jent, _adj._ pressing: demanding immediate attention or action.--_n._ end, extremity: (_Browning_) a needed amount.--_adj._ EXIGEANT', exacting.--_n.fem._ EXIGEANTE'.--_ns._ EX'IGENCE, EX'IGENCY, pressing necessity: emergency: distress.--_adj._ EX'IGIBLE, capable of being exacted.--_ns._ EXIG[=U]'ITY, EXIG'UOUSNESS.--_adj._ EXIG'UOUS, small: slender. [L. _exigens_, _-entis_--_exig[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _ag[)e]re_, to drive.]
EXILE, eks'[=i]l, or egz'[=i]l, _n._ state of being sent out of one's native country: expulsion from home: banishment: one away from his native country.--_v.t._ to expel from one's native country, to banish.--_n._ EX'[=I]LEMENT, banishment.--_adj._ EXIL'IC, pertaining to exile, esp. that of the Jews in Babylon. [O. Fr. _exil_--L. _exsilium_, banishment--_ex_, out of, and root of _sal[=i]re_, to leap.]
EXILITY, eks-il'i-ti, _n._ slenderness, smallness: refinement. [L.
_exilis_, slender, contraction for _exigilis_.]
EXIMIOUS, eg-zim'i-us, _adj._ excellent, distinguished. [L.
_eximius_--_exim[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _em[)e]re_, to take.]