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MUSHED, musht, _adj._ (_prov._) worn out, exhausted.

MUSHROOM, mush'r[=oo]m, _n._ the common name of certain fungi, esp. such as are edible: (_fig._) one who rises suddenly from a low condition: an upstart.--_n._ Mush'ROOM-SPAWN, the substance in which the reproductive mycelium of the mushroom is embodied. [O. Fr. _mousseron_, through _mousse_, moss--Old High Ger. _mos_ (Ger. _moos_, moss).]

MUSIC, m[=u]'zik, _n._ a connected series of sweet sounds: melody or harmony: the science which treats of harmony: the art of combining sounds so as to please the ear: a musical composition: (_U.S._) heated argument, also amusement.--_adj._ M[=U]'SICAL, pertaining to, or producing, music: pleasing to the ear: melodious.--_adv._ M[=U]'SICALLLY.--_ns._ M[=U]'SICALNESS; M[=U]'SIC-CASE, -F[=O]'LIO, -HOLD'ER, &c., a roll, cabinet, &c. for carrying sheet music; M[=U]'SIC-DEMY', a size of writing-paper, 20 in. 14-3/8 in.; M[=U]'SIC-HALL, a public hall for musical entertainments, esp. when varied by dancing, variety performances, &c., often with concomitant smoking and drinking; M[=U]'SIC-HOUSE, a place for public musical entertainments: a firm dealing in music or musical instruments; MUSI'CIAN, one skilled in music: a performer of music--(_obs._) MUSI'CIANER.--_adv._ MUSI'CIANLY.--_ns._ MUSI'CIANSHIP; M[=U]'SIC-MAS'TER, or -MIS'TRESS, a man or a woman who teaches music; M[=U]'SIC-OF-THE-SPHERES (see HARMONY); M[=U]'SIC-P[=A]'PER, paper ruled with staffs for writing music in; M[=U]'SIC-PEN, a pen marking at once a series of fine parallel lines for music; M[=U]'SIC-RACK, a rack attached to a musical instrument for holding the player's music; M[=U]'SIC-RECORD'ER, a device for recording music as played on an organ, pianoforte, &c.; M[=U]'SIC-SCHOOL, a place where music is regularly taught, a conservatory; M[=U]'SIC-SHELL, a Gasteropod of the Caribbean Sea, marked with figures like printed music; M[=U]'SIC-STAND, a music-rack: a raised platform for a musical band; M[=U]'SIC-STOOL, a stool or chair, generally adjustable in height, for the performer on the pianoforte, &c.; M[=U]'SIC-WIRE, wire such as the strings of musical instruments are made of.--MUSIC (-AL) BOX, a case containing a mechanism contrived, when the spring is wound up, to reproduce melodies; MUSIC CLUB, a meeting for practising music.--MUSICAL DIRECTOR, the conductor of an orchestra, &c.; MUSICAL GLASSES (see HARMONICA, under HARMONIUM). [Fr. _musique_--L. _musica_--Gr. _mousik[=e]_ (_techn[=e]_, art), _mousa_, a muse.]

MUSIMON, m[=u]'si-mon, _n._ the moufflon.--Also MUS'MON.

MUSING, m[=u]z'ing, _n._ the act of one who muses: contemplation: meditation.--_adj._ meditative, preoccupied.--_adv._ MUS'INGLY.

MUSIVE, m[=u]'siv, _adj._ Same as MOSAIC.

MUSK, musk, _n._ a strong perfume, obtained from the male musk-deer, or the odour thereof: a hornless deer, in Tibet and Nepaul, yielding musk.--_v.t._ to perfume with musk.--_ns._ MUSK (_bot._), a name given to a number of plants which smell more or less strongly of musk; MUSK'-BAG, -BALL, a bag, ball, containing musk as a perfuming sachet; MUSK'-CAT, a civet-cat: a scented effeminate dandy; MUSK'-C[=A]V'Y, a West Indian echimyine rat-like rodent; MUSK'-DEER, a hornless deer, native of Central Asia, which produces the perfume called musk; MUSK'-DUCK, the Muscovy-duck, so called from its musky odour; MUSK'-GLAND, a skin-pit in mammals producing a secretion with a musky odour, esp. in the male musk-deer and male beaver.--_adv._ MUSK'ILY.--_ns._ MUSK'INESS; MUSK'-MALL'OW, an ornamental species of mallow, with faint odour of musk; MUSK'-MELON, the juicy edible fruit of a trailing herb (_Cucumis melo_), or the plant; MUSK'-OX, a ruminant of arctic America, with long smooth hair, its horns meeting in a shield over the forehead, exhaling a strong musky smell; MUSK'-PEAR, a fragrant variety of pear; MUSK'-PLUM, a fragrant kind of plum; MUSK'-RAT, a North American aquatic, arvicoline, rat-like rodent, yielding a valuable fur, and secreting in its gland a substance with a musky smell--also MUS'QUASH; MUSK'-ROSE, a fragrant species of rose.--_adj._ MUSK'Y, having the odour of musk. [Fr. _musc_--L. _muscus_, Gr. _moschos_--Pers. _musk_--Sans.

_mushka_, a testicle.]

MUSKET, mus'ket, _n._ any kind of smooth-bore military hand-gun: a male sparrow-hawk.--_ns._ MUSKETEER', a soldier armed with a musket; MUSKETOON', MUSQUETOON', a short musket: one armed with a musketoon.--_adj._ MUS'KET-PROOF, capable of resisting the force of a musket-ball.--_ns._ MUS'KET-REST, a fork used as a support for the heavy 16th-century musket--also _Croc_; MUS'KETRY, muskets in general; practice with muskets: a body of troops armed with muskets; MUS'KET-SHOT, the discharge of a musket, the reach of a musket. [O. Fr. _mousquet_, a musket, formerly a hawk--It. _mosquetto_--L. _musca_, a fly.]

MUSLIM, mus'lim, _n._ and _adj._ Same as MOSLEM.

MUSLIN, muz'lin, _n._ a fine soft cotton fabric resembling gauze in appearance, but woven plain without any looping of the warp threads on the weft--generally uncoloured: a coarser fabric than Indian muslin, printed with coloured patterns, &c.: (_U.S._) cotton cloth for shirts, bedding, &c.: a collector's name for several different moths.--_adj._ made of muslin.--_adj._ MUS'LINED, clothed with muslin.--_ns._ MUS'LINET, a coarse kind of muslin; MUS'LIN-KALE (_Scot._), thin broth made without meat. [Fr.

_mousseline_--It. _mussolino_, from _Mosul_ in Mesopotamia.]

MUSQUASH, mus'kwosh, _n._ the musk-rat. [Am. Ind.]

MUSROLE, muz'r[=o]l, _n._ the nose-band of a horse's bridle.

MUSS, mus, _n._ (_Shak._) a scramble: confusion, disorder.--_v.t._ (_U.S._) to throw into confusion. [O. Fr. _mousche_, a fly--L. _musca_, a fly.]

MUSSEL, MUSCLE, mus'l, _n._ a. marine bivalve shellfish, used for food.--_n._ MUS'C[=U]LITE, a petrified mussel or shell. [A.S. _muxle_; Ger.

_muschel_, Fr. _moule_; all from L. _musculus_.]

MUSSITATION, mus-i-t[=a]'shun, _n._ the movement of the tongue or lips as if in speech, without producing articulate sounds, muttering.--_v.t._ MUSS'ITATE, to mutter.

MUSSULMAN, mus'ul-man, _n._ a Moslem or Mohammedan:--_pl._ MUSS'ULMANS (-manz). [Turk. _musulm[=a]n_--Ar. _muslim_, _moslim_, Moslem.]

MUSSY, mus'i, _adj._ disordered.--_n._ MUSS'INESS.

MUST, must, _v.i._ to be obliged physically or morally. [A.S. _mot_, _moste_; Ger. _mussen_.]

MUST, must, _n._ wine pressed from the grape, but not fermented: potato-pulp prepared for fermentation. [A.S. _must_--L. _mustus_, new, fresh.]

MUST, must, _n._ an occasional state of dangerous frenzy in adult male elephants.


MUSTANG, mus'tang, _n._ the wild horse of the American prairies: (_U.S._) a naval officer from the merchant service in the Civil War.

MUSTARD, mus'tard, _n._ a plant of the genus Brassica, formerly classed as Sinapis, having a pungent taste: the seed thereof ground and used as a seasoning for meat, as a plaster, &c.--FRENCH MUSTARD, mustard prepared for table by adding salt, sugar, vinegar, &c.; WILD MUSTARD, the charlock. [O.

Fr. _mostarde_ (Fr. _moutarde_)--L. _mustum_, must.]

MUSTELA, mus-t[=e]'la, _n._ the typical genus of _Mustelidae_, the martens and sables.--_adj._ MUS'TELINE, like a marten or weasel: tawny in colour.--_n._ a musteline mammal.--_adj._ MUS'TELOID, like a weasel. [L.]

MUSTER, mus't[.e]r, _v.t._ to assemble, as troops for duty or inspection: to gather, summon (with _up_).--_v.i._ to be gathered together, as troops.--_n._ an assembling of troops: a register of troops mustered: assemblage: collected show.--_ns._ MUS'TER-BOOK (_Shak._), a book in which military forces are registered; MUS'TER-FILE (_Shak._), a muster-roll; MUS'TER-MAS'TER, the master of the muster, or who takes an account of troops, their arms, &c.; MUS'TER-ROLL, a register of the officers and men in each company, troop, or regiment present at the time of muster.--PASS MUSTER, to pass inspection uncensured. [O. Fr. _mostre_, _monstre_--L.

_monstrum_--_mon[=e]re_, to warn.]

MUSTY, must'i, _adj._ mouldy: spoiled by damp: sour: foul.--_adv._ MUST'ILY.--_n._ MUST'INESS. [Doublet of _moisty_--L. _musteus_, new.]

MUTABLE, m[=u]'ta-bl, _adj._ that may be changed: subject to change: inconstant.--_ns._ MUTABIL'ITY, M[=U]'TABLENESS, state or quality of being mutable.--_adv._ M[=U]'TABLY.--_n._ MUTAN'DUM, something to be altered:--_pl._ MUTAN'DA.--_v.t._ M[=U]'TATE, to change a vowel-sound by the influence of a vowel in the following syllable.--_n._ MUT[=A]'TION, act or process of changing a vowel through the influence of one in the next syllable--the German _umlaut_: change: succession.--_adjs._ M[=U]'TATIVE, M[=U]'T[=A]TORY, changing, mutable. [Fr.,--L. _mutabilis_--_mut[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to change--_mov[=e]re_, _motum_, to move.]

MUTAGE, m[=u]'t[=a]j, _n._ a process for arresting fermentation in the must of grapes. [Fr.]

MUTCH, much, _n._ (_Scot._) a woman's cap. [Old Dut. _mutse_; Dut. _muts_, Ger. _mutze_.]

MUTCHKIN, much'kin, _n._ a Scottish liquid measure of four gills, or forming one-fourth of a Scottish pint. [Scot. _mutch_, a cap, _kin_, little.]

MUTE, m[=u]t, _adj._ incapable of speaking: dumb: silent: unpronounced.--_n._ one dumb, or remaining silent: a person stationed by undertakers at the door of a house at a funeral: a stopped sound, formed by the shutting of the mouth-organs, esp. the surds _t_, _p_, _k_, but also applied to the sonant or voiced consonants _d_, _b_, _g_, and even the nasals _n_, _m_, _ng_: (_law_) one who refuses to plead.--_v.t._ to deaden sound.--_adv._ MUTE'LY.--_n._ MUTE'NESS. [Fr.,--L. _mutus_.]

MUTE, m[=u]t, _v.i._ to dung, as birds. [O. Fr. _mutir_, _esmeutir_--Old Dut. _smelten_, to smelt.]

MUTILATE, m[=u]'ti-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to maim: to cut off: to remove a material part of.--_ns._ MUTIL[=A]'TION, act of mutilating: deprivation of a limb or essential part; M[=U]'TILATOR, one who mutilates. [L.

_mutil[=a]re_--_mutilus_--Gr. _mutilos_, _mitulos_, curtailed.]

MUTINEER, m[=u]-ti-n[=e]r', _n._ one guilty of mutiny.--_v.i._ to mutiny.--_n._ and _v.i._ M[=U]'TINE (_Shak._).

MUTINY, m[=u]'ti-ni, _v.i._ to rise against authority in military or naval service: to revolt against rightful authority:--_pr.p._ m[=u]'tinying; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ m[=u]'tinied.--_n._ insurrection against constituted authority, esp. naval or military: revolt, tumult, strife.--_adj._ M[=U]'TINOUS, disposed to mutiny: seditious.--_adv._ M[=U]'TINOUSLY.--_n._ M[=U]'TINOUSNESS.--MUTINY ACT, an act passed by the British parliament from year to year, to regulate the government of the army, from 1689 down to 1879, when it was superseded by the Army Discipline and Regulation Act, modified by the Army Act of 1881. [O. Fr. _mutiner_, _mutin_, riotous, _meute_, a sedition--L. _motus_, rising--_mov[=e]re_, _motum_, to move.]

MUTISM, m[=u]t'izm, _n._ the state or habit of being mute.

MUTTER, mut'[.e]r, _v.i._ to utter words in a low voice: to murmur: to sound with a low, rumbling noise.--_v.t._ to utter indistinctly.--_ns._ MUTT'ER (_Milt._), a murmuring; MUTTER[=A]'TION, act of muttering or complaining; MUTT'ERER; MUTT'ERING.--_adv._ MUTT'ERINGLY, in a muttering or grumbling manner: with indistinct articulation. [Prob. imit., like prov.

Ger. _mustern_; L. _mutt[=i]re_.]

MUTTON, mut'n, _n._ the flesh of sheep: an old Anglo-French gold coin impressed with a lamb: (_slang_) a loose woman, hence illicit commerce: a sheep.--_n._ MUTT'ON-CHOP, a rib of mutton chopped at the small end for broiling or frying.--_adj._ like a mutton-chop (of whiskers cut round at the ends).--_ns._ MUTT'ON-CUT'LET, a steak cut usually from a leg of mutton for broiling or frying; MUTT'ON-FIST, a coarse, big hand; MUTT'ON-HAM, a salted leg of mutton; MUTT'ON-HEAD, a heavy, stupid person.--_adj._ MUTT'ON-HEAD'ED, stupid.--_ns._ MUTT'ON-S[=U]'ET, the fat about the kidneys and loins of sheep; MUTT'ON-THUMP'ER, a clumsy bookbinder.--_adj._ MUTT'ONY.--Laced mutton (_Shak._), a loose woman; RETURN TO ONE'S MUTTONS (_coll._), to return to the subject of discussion--a humorous mistranslation of the Fr. proverb, 'Revenons a nos moutons.' [O. Fr.

_moton_ (Fr. _mouton_), a sheep--Low L. _multo_, acc. to Diez, from L.

_mutilus_, mutilated.]

MUTUAL, m[=u]'t[=u]-al, _adj._ interchanged: in return: given and received, equally affecting two or more: common, conjoint, shared alike, as in 'mutual friend.'--_ns._ M[=U]'TUALISM, MUTUAL'ITY.--_adv._ M[=U]'TUALLY.--MUTUAL ACCOUNTS, accounts in which each of two have charges against the other; MUTUAL INSURANCE, a reciprocal contract among several persons to indemnify each other against certain designated losses, the system of a company in which policy-holders receive a certain share of the profits, &c.; MUTUAL WALL, a wall equally belonging to each of two houses.

[Fr. _mutuel_--L. _mutuus_--_mut[=a]re_, to change.]

MUTULE, m[=u]t'[=u]l, _n._ a kind of square, flat bracket used in the Doric order of architecture, above each triglyph and each metope, having round projections like nail-heads on the lower surface.

MUTUUM, m[=u]'t[=u]-um, _n._ a bailment consisting of a loan of goods for consumption, as corn, coal, &c., to be returned in goods of the same amount.

MUX, muks, _v.t._ to spoil, botch.--_n._ a mess.

MUZHIK, m[=oo]-zhik', _n._ a Russian peasant.

MUZZLE, muz'l, _n._ the projecting jaws and nose of an animal: a fastening for the mouth to prevent biting, by a strap or a cage: the extreme end of a gun, &c.--_v.t._ to put a muzzle on: to restrain from biting: to keep from hurting: to gag or silence.--_ns._ MUZZ'LE-BAG, a canvas bag fixed to the muzzle of a gun at sea, to keep out water; MUZZ'LE-LOAD'ER, a firearm loaded through the muzzle--opp. to _Breech-loader_.--_adj._ MUZZ'LE-LOAD'ING.--_n._ MUZZ'LE-VELOC'ITY, the velocity of a projectile the moment it leaves the muzzle of a gun. [O. Fr. _musel_ (Fr. _museau_), prob.

from L. _morsus_--_mord[=e]re_, to bite.]

MUZZY, muz'i, _adj._ dazed, bewildered, tipsy.--_n._ MUZZ'INESS.

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