MOUGHT, mowt (_Bacon_), obsolete _pa.t._ of _may_.
MOUILLE, m[=oo]l-ly[=a]', _adj._ sounded in a liquid manner, as certain consonants in many French words. [Fr.]
MOULD, m[=o]ld, _n._ dust: soil rich in decayed matter: the matter of which anything is composed: a minute fungus which grows on bodies in a damp atmosphere, so named from often growing on mould: the earth, the ground, the grave, esp. in _pl._ MOOLS (_Scot._).--_v.t._ to cover with mould or soil: to cause to become mouldy.--_v.i._ to become mouldy.--_n._ MOULD'-BOARD, the curved plate in a plough which turns over the furrow.--_v.i._ MOULD'ER, to crumble to mould: to turn to dust: to waste away gradually.--_v.t._ to turn to dust.--_ns._ MOULD'INESS; MOULD'WARP, the mole, which casts up little heaps of mould.--_adj._ MOULD'Y, overgrown with mould. [A.S. _molde_; Ger. _mull_, Goth. _mulda_.]
MOULD, m[=o]ld, _n._ a hollow form in which anything is cast: a pattern; the form received from a mould, a former or matrix for jellies, &c., also a dish shaped in such: character.--_v.t._ to form in a mould: to knead, as dough.--_adj._ MOULD'ABLE, that may be moulded.--_ns._ MOULD'-BOX, a box in which molten steel is hydraulically compressed; MOULD'ER; MOULD'-FAC'ING, a fine powder or wash applied to the face of a mould to ensure a smooth casting; MOULD'ING, the process of shaping, esp. any soft substance: anything formed by or in a mould: an ornamental edging on a picture-frame, &c., or (_archit._) raised above or sunk below the surface of a wall, on cornices, jambs, lintels, &c.--the _fillet_ or _list_, _astragal_ or _bead_, _ogee_, _cyma_, &c.; MOULDING-T[=A]'BLE, a table on which a potter moulds his ware; MOULD'-LOFT, a large room in a shipbuilding yard in which the several parts of a ship's hull are laid off to full size from the construction drawings.--MOULDING MACHINE, a machine for making wood-mouldings; MOULDING PLANE, a plane used in forming mouldings, a match-plane; MOULDING SAND, a mixture of sand and loam used by founders in making sand-moulds. [Fr. _moule_--L. _modulus_, a measure.]
MOULIN, m[=oo]-lang', _n._ a cavity formed in a glacier by the running down of surface water, sometimes allowing a cascade to be formed. [Fr.]
MOULINAGE, m[=oo]'lin[=a]j, _n._ the operation of reeling-off, twisting, and doubling raw silk.
MOULINET, m[=oo]'li-net, _n._ the drum of a windlass, &c., on which the rope is wound: a machine for bending a crossbow. [Fr., 'a little mill.']
MOULT, m[=o]lt, _v.i._ to change or cast the feathers, &c., as birds, &c.--_n._ MOULT'ING, the act or process of moulting or casting feathers, skin, &c. [L. _mut[=a]re_, to change, with intrusive _l_.]
MOUND, mownd, _n._ an artificial mount: a natural hillock, appearing as if thrown up by man's work: (_fort._) a bank of earth or stone raised as a protection.--_v.t._ to fortify with a mound.--_n.pl._ MOUND'-BIRDS, a family of Australasian gallinaceous birds which build large mounds as incubators for their eggs.--_n._ MOUND'-BUILD'ER, one of the primitive race which built the vast so-called _Indian mounds_ found in the United States, esp. east of the Mississippi River. [A.S. _mund_, a defence; cf. Old High Ger. _munt_, defence, and perh. L. _mons_, a mount.]
MOUND, mownd, _n._ (_her._) the representation of a globe encircled with bands, and surmounted by a cross.--Also MONDE. [Fr. _monde_--L. _mundus_, the world.]
MOUNT, mownt, _n._ ground rising above the level of the surrounding country: a hill: an ornamental mound: that on which anything is mounted for more convenient use or exhibition: a saddle-horse for riding: a step, &c., to give aid in mounting a horse, also a signal for mounting: (_her._) a green hillock in the base of a shield: (_fort._) a cavalier or raised hillock commanding the surrounding country: one of the seven fleshy cushions in the palm of the hand: (_B._) a bulwark for offence or defence.--_v.i._ to project or rise up: to be of great elevation.--_v.t._ to raise aloft: to climb: to get upon, as a horse: to put on horseback: to put upon something: to arrange or set in fitting order.--_adjs._ MOUNT'ABLE, that may be mounted or ascended; MOUNT'ED, raised, esp. set on horseback: (_her._) raised on steps, generally three, as a cross: furnished, supplied.--_ns._ MOUNT'ER; MOUNT'ING, the act of rising or getting higher: the act of mounting or embellishing, as the setting of a gem, &c.: that which mounts; MOUNT'ING-BLOCK, a block or stone to enable one to mount a horse.--MOUNT GUARD (see GUARD). [A.S. _munt_--L. _mons_, _montis_, a mountain.]
MOUNTAIN, mownt'[=a]n, or -'in, _n._ a high hill: anything very large: a wine made from mountain grapes: the extreme party in the French Revolution (see MONTAGNARD).--_adj._ of or relating to a mountain: growing or dwelling on a mountain.--_ns._ MOUNT'AIN-ASH, the rowan-tree, with bunches of red berries, common on mountains; MOUNT'AIN-BLUE, blue carbonate of copper; MOUNT'AIN-BRAM'BLE, the cloudberry; MOUNT'AIN-CAT, a catamount, a wild-cat; MOUNT'AIN-CHAIN, a number of mountains connected together in one line; MOUNT'AIN-CORK, MOUNT'AIN-LEATH'ER, a very light and whitish variety of asbestos; MOUNT'AIN-DEER, the chamois; MOUNT'AIN-DEW, whisky.--_adj._ MOUNT'AINED.--_ns._ MOUNTAINEER', an inhabitant of a mountain: a climber of mountains: a rustic; MOUNTAINEER'ING, the practice of climbing mountains; MOUNT'AIN-FLAX, a fibrous asbestos; MOUNT'AIN-LIME'STONE (_geol._), a series of limestone strata separating the Old Red Sandstone from the coal-measures; MOUNT'AIN-L[=I]ON, the cougar; MOUNT'AIN-MILK, a spongy carbonate of lime.--_adj._ MOUNT'AINOUS, full of mountains: large as a mountain: huge.--_ns._ MOUNT'AIN-RICE, an awnless rice grown without irrigation on the Himalayas, &c.; MOUNT'AIN-SHEEP, the bighorn of the Rocky Mountains; MOUNT'AIN-SOAP, a greasy clay-like mineral, a kind of halloysite--also _Rock-soap_; MOUNT'AIN-TALL'OW, a mineral substance, called also _Hatchettite_; MOUNT'AIN-TEA, the American evergreen, _Gaultheria procumbens_.--OLD MAN OF THE MOUNTAIN, a popular name for the chief of the 11th century _Hashsh[=a]sh[=i]n_ (see ASSASSIN). [O. Fr.
_montaine_--Low L. _montana_, a mountain--L. _montanus_--_mons_, _montis_.]
MOUNTANT, mownt'ant, _adj._ (_Shak._) rising on high. [Fr. _montant_, pr.p.
of _monter_, to mount.]
MOUNTEBANK, mown'te-bangk, _n._ a quack-doctor who boasts of his skill and his medicines: a boastful pretender.--_adj._ pertaining to such, sham.--_v.t._ to cheat by false pretences, to humbug.--_v.i._ to play the mountebank.--_ns._ MOUN'TEBANKERY, MOUN'TEBANKING, MOUN'TEBANKISM. [It.
_montambanco_--_montare_, to mount, _in_, on, _banco_, a bench.]
MOURN, m[=o]rn, _v.i._ to grieve: to be sorrowful: to wear mourning.--_v.t._ to grieve for: to utter in a sorrowful manner.--_n._ MOURN'ER, one who mourns, one who attends a funeral in mourning-dress, esp.
one of those related to the deceased.--_adj._ MOURN'FUL, mourning: causing or expressing sorrow: feeling grief.--_adv._ MOURN'FULLY.--_n._ MOURN'FULNESS.--_adj._ MOURN'ING, grieving: lamenting.--_n._ the act of expressing grief: the dress of mourners, or other tokens of mourning.--_ns._ MOURN'ING-BRIDE, the sweet scabious; MOURN'ING-CLOAK, an undertaker's cloak, formerly worn at a funeral; MOURN'ING-COACH, a closed carriage for carrying mourners to a funeral; MOURN'ING-DOVE, the common American turtle-dove.--_adv._ MOURN'INGLY.--_ns._ MOURN'ING-PIECE, a picture intended to be a memorial of the dead; MOURN'ING-RING, a ring worn in memorial of a dead person; MOURN'ING-STUFF, a lustreless black dress fabric, as crape, cashmere, &c., for making mourning clothes. [A.S.
_murnan_, _meornan_; Old High Ger. _morn[=e]n_, to grieve.]
MOUSE, mows, _n._ a little rodent animal found in houses and in the fields:--_pl._ MICE (m[=i]s): one of various animals like the mouse, the _flitter_-mouse, _shrew_-mouse: part of a hind-leg of beef, next the round--also MOUSE'-BUTT'OCK and MOUSE'-PIECE: a match for firing a cannon or mine: a small cushion for a woman's hair: (_slang_) a black eye, or discoloured swelling: a term of endearment.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ (mowz), to hunt for mice: to pursue slyly: to prowl: to tear as a cat tears a mouse: (_naut._) to pass a turn or two of rope yarn round the point of a tackle-hook to prevent its unhooking.--_ns._ MOUSE'-EAR, a name of several plants with soft leaves shaped like a mouse's ear; MOUSE'-HOLE, a hole for mice: a small hole or opening; MOUSE'-HUNT (_Shak._), a mouser; MOUSE'KIN, MOUS'IE, a young mouse; MOUS'ER, a catcher of mice; MOUS'ERY, a resort of mice; MOUSE'-SIGHT, myopia; MOUSE'TAIL, a small plant with a spike of seed-vessels very like the tail of a mouse; MOUSE'-TRAP, a trap for catching mice; MOUS'ING, act of catching mice.--_adj._ given to catching mice.--_adj._ MOUS'Y, like a mouse in colour or smell: abounding with mice.
[A.S. _mus_, pl. _ms_; Ger. _maus_, L. and Gr. _mus_.]
MOUSQUETAIRE, m[=oo]s-ke-t[=a]r', _n._ a musketeer: a woman's cloak trimmed with ribbons, with large buttons, fashionable about 1855: a broad turnover linen collar worn a few years earlier.--MOUSQUETAIRE GLOVE, a woman's glove, long-armed, loose at top, without slit lengthwise. [Fr.]
MOUSSELINE, m[=oo]-se-l[=e]n', _n._ fine French muslin: a very thin glass for claret-glasses.--_n._ MOUSSELINE'-DE-LAINE, an untwilled woollen cloth, in many colours and varied patterns. [Fr.]
MOUSTACHE, MUSTACHE, mus-tash', _n._ the hair upon the upper lip of men: a soldier--also MUSTACH'IO.--_n._ MOUSTACHE'-CUP, a cup for drinking tea, &c., having the top partly covered to keep the moustache from being wet.--_adjs._ MOUSTACHED', MUSTACH'IOED. [Fr. _moustache_--It.
_mostaccio_--Gr. _mastax_, _mastakos_, the upper lip.]
MOUTH, mowth, _n._ the opening in the head of an animal by which it eats and utters sound: opening or entrance, as of a bottle, river, &c.: the instrument of speaking: a speaker: cry, voice, utterance: taste or flavour in the mouth: a wry face, a grimace:--_pl._ MOUTHS (mowthz).--_ns._ MOUTH'-FRIEND (_Shak._), one who only professes friendship: MOUTH'FUL, as much as fills the mouth: a small quantity:--_pl._ MOUTH'FULS; MOUTH'-HON'OUR (_Shak._), honour or civility insincerely expressed.--_adjs._ MOUTH'LESS, without a mouth; MOUTH'-MADE (_Shak._), expressed by the mouth, insincere.--_n._ MOUTH'PIECE, the piece of a musical instrument, or tobacco-pipe, held in the mouth: one who speaks for others.--BY WORD OF MOUTH, by means of spoken words; DOWN IN THE MOUTH, out of spirits: despondent; FROM HAND TO MOUTH (see HAND); HAVE ONE'S HEART IN ONE'S MOUTH (see HEART); MAKE A MOUTH, or MOUTHS, to distort the face in mockery, to pout; MAKE THE MOUTH WATER (see WATER); STOP THE MOUTH, to cause to be silent. [A.S. _muth_; Ger. _mund_, Dut. _mond_.]
MOUTH, mowth, _v.t._ to utter with a voice over loud or swelling.--_adjs._ MOUTH'ABLE, sounding well; MOUTHED, having a mouth.--_ns._ MOUTH'ER, an affected speaker; MOUTH'ING, rant.--_adj._ MOUTH'Y, ranting, affected.
MOUTON, m[=oo]'ton, _n._ a sheep: a 14th-cent. French gold coin, weighing about 70 grains. [Fr.]
MOVABLE, m[=oo]v'a-bl, _adj._ that may be moved, lifted, changed, &c.: not fixed: changing from one time to another.--_n._ an article of furniture.--_ns._ MOVABIL'ITY, MOV'ABLENESS.--_n.pl._ MO'VABLES (_law_), such articles of property as may be moved, as furniture, &c., in opposition to _lands_ and _houses_.--_adv._ MOV'ABLY.
MOVE, m[=oo]v, _v.t._ to cause to change place or posture: to set in motion: to impel: to excite to action: to persuade: to instigate: to arouse: to provoke: to touch the feelings of: to propose or bring before an assembly: to recommend.--_v.i._ to go from one place to another: to change place or posture: to walk, to carry one's self: to change residence: to make a motion as in an assembly: to bow or salute on meeting.--_n._ the act of moving: a proceeding or step: a movement, esp. at chess.--_adj._ MOVE'LESS, immovable.--_ns._ MOVE'MENT, act or manner of moving: change of position: motion of the mind, emotion: a series of incidents moving continuously towards one end: particular arrangement of the moving parts in a mechanism, esp. the wheelwork of a clock or watch: (_mil._) a strategic change of position: (_mus._) melodic progression, accentual character, tempo or pace; MOV'ER.--_adj._ MOV'ING, causing motion: changing position: affecting the feelings: pathetic.--_adv._ MOV'INGLY.--KNOW A MOVE OR TWO, to be sharp or knowing; ON THE MOVE, changing or about to change one's place. [O. Fr. _movoir_ (Fr. _mouvoir_)--L. _mov[=e]re_, to move.]
MOW, mow, _n._ a wry face.--_v.i._ to make grimaces. [Fr. _moue_, a grimace.]
MOW, mow, _n._ a pile of hay or corn in sheaves laid up in a barn.--_v.t._ to lay hay or sheaves of grain in a heap:--_pr.p._ mow'ing; _pa.t._ mowed; _pa.p._ mowed or mown.--_v.i._ MOW'BURN, to heat and ferment in the mow.
[A.S. _muga_, heap; Ice. _muga_, swath.]
MOW, m[=o], _v.t._ to cut down with a scythe: to cut down in great numbers:--_pr.p._ mow'ing; _pa.t._ mowed; _pa.p._ mowed or mown.--_adjs._ MOWED, MOWN, cut down with a scythe: cleared of grass with a scythe, as land.--_ns._ MOW'ER, one who mows grass, &c.: a machine for mowing grass; MOW'ING, the act of cutting down with a scythe: land from which grass is cut; MOW'ING-MACHINE', a machine with revolving cutters for mowing lawns.
[A.S. _mawan_; Ger. _mahen_; L. _met[)e]re_, to reap.]
MOXA, mok'sa, _n._ a cottony material for cauterising, prepared in China and Japan from _Artemisia Moxa_, &c.: a cone of cotton-wool placed on the skin and fired at the top for cauterisation.--_n._ MOXIBUS'TION, cauterisation by this method.
MOYA, moi'ya, _n._ volcanic mud.
MOYENAGE, moi'en-azh, _n._ the Middle Ages. [Fr.]
MOZARABIC, m[=o]-zar'a-bik, _adj._ pertaining to the _Mozarabes_ or _Muzarabes_, the Christian Spaniards who lived in the parts of Spain under Moorish rule, retaining their ancient liturgy.--_n._ MOZAR'AB, one of these.
MOZETTA, m[=o]-tset'ta, _n._ a short cape to which a hood may be attached, worn by popes, cardinals, bishops, abbots. [It., _mozzo_, cut short.]
MOZING, m[=o]'zing, _n._ the raising of nap on cloth, as in a gig-mill.
M ROOF. See under letter M.
MUCEDINOUS, m[=u]-sed'i-nus, _adj._ like mould or mildew.
MUCH, much, _adj._ great in size, quantity, or extent: long in duration.--_adv._ to a great degree: by far: often or long: almost.--_n._ a great quantity: a strange thing.--_adj._ MUCH'EL (_Spens._), much.--_n._ MUCH'NESS, state of being much.--MUCH ABOUT IT, something like what it usually is; MUCH OF A MUCHNESS=just about the same value or amount.--MAKE MUCH OF (see MAKE); NOT SO MUCH AS, not even; TOO MUCH FOR, more than a match for. [M. E. _muche_, _moche_, _muchel_, _mochel_--A.S. _mic-el_; cf.
MUCIC, m[=u]'sik, _adj._ derived from gums.--_n._ M[=U]'CATE, a salt of mucic acid and a base.
MUCID, m[=u]'sid, _adj._ slimy, mouldy--also M[=U]'CIDOUS.--_ns._ M[=U]'CIDNESS, M[=U]'COR.
MUCK, muk, _n._ dung: a mass of decayed vegetable matter: anything low and filthy.--_v.t._ to manure with muck.--_v.i._ MUCK'ER, to make a muddle of anything, to fail.--_n._ a heavy fall in the mire: a coarse, dirty fellow.--_ns._ MUCK'-HEAP, a dung-hill; MUCK'INESS; MUCK'-RAKE, a rake for scraping filth; MUCK'-SWEAT, profuse sweat; MUCK'-WORM, a worm that lives in muck: one who acquires money by mean devices: a miser.--_adj._ MUCK'Y, nasty, filthy. [Scand., Ice. _myki_, Dan. _mog_, dung.]
MUCK, mistaken form of _amuck_.
MUCKER, muk'[.e]r, _n._ a canting person, a hypocrite, esp. a follower of the sect of J. W. Ebel of Konigsberg, suspected of dirty practices. [Ger.]
MUCKLE, a Scotch form of _mickle_.
MUCRONATE, -D, m[=u]'kro-n[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ (_bot._) terminating in a short and sharp point.--_n._ M[=U]'CRO, a spine-like process.--_adj._ MUCRON'[=U]LATE, very mucronate. [L. _mucron[=a]tus_--_mucro_, _mucronis_, a sharp point.]
MUCUS, m[=u]'kus, _n._ the slimy fluid from the nose: the viscous fluid secreted by the mucous membrane of animals.--_adjs._ M[=U]CIF'EROUS; M[=U]CIF'IC; M[=U]'CIFORM.--_n._ M[=U]'CIGEN, a substance secreted by the cells of mucous membrane, converted into mucin.--_adjs._ M[=U]CIG'ENOUS, M[=U]CIP'AROUS, secreting mucus.--_n._ M[=U]'CILAGE, the solution of a gum in water: the gum extracted from plants.--_adj._ MUCILAG'INOUS, pertaining to, or secreting, mucilage: slimy.--_n._ M[=U]'CIN, an alkaline glutinous fluid forming the chief constituent of mucus.--_adjs._ M[=U]CIV'OROUS, feeding on the juices of plants; M[=U]'COID, like mucus; M[=U]COP[=U]'RULENT, pertaining to mucus and pus.--_n._ MUCOS'ITY.--_adjs._ MUCO'SO-SAC'CHARINE, partaking of the properties of mucilage and sugar; M[=U]'COUS, like mucus: slimy: viscous; M[=U]'CULENT, like mucus.--MUCOUS MEMBRANE (see MEMBRANE). [L., cf. L. _mung[)e]re_, wipe away.]