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EROTESIS, er-[=o]-t[=e]'sis, _n._ (_rhet._) a figure consisting of an oratorical question.--_adj._ EROTET'IC. [Gr.]

EROTIC, er-ot'ik, _adj._ pertaining to love: amatory.--_n._ an amatory poem.--_ns._ EROTOM[=A]'NIA, morbid sexual passion; EROTOM[=A]'NIAC, one affected with this. [Gr. _er[=o]tikos_--_er[=o]s_, _er[=o]tos_, love.]

ERR, er, _v.i._ to wander from the right way: to go astray: to mistake: to sin.--_adj._ ERR'ABLE, capable of erring.--_n._ ERRAT'IC, a wanderer: an erratic boulder.--_adjs._ ERRAT'IC, -AL, wandering: having no certain course: not stationary: irregular.--_adv._ ERRAT'ICALLY.--_n._ ERR[=A]'TUM, an error in writing or printing, esp. one noted in a list at the end of a book:--_pl._ ERR[=A]'TA.--_adj._ ERR[=O]'NEOUS, erring: full of error: wrong: mistaken: (_obs._) wandering.--_adv._ ERR[=O]'NEOUSLY.--_ns._ ERR[=O]'NEOUSNESS; ERR'OR, a deviation from truth, right, &c.: a blunder or mistake: a fault: sin; ERR'ORIST. [Fr. _errer_--L. _err[=a]re_, to stray; cog. with Ger. _irren_, and _irre_, astray.]

ERRAND, er'and, _n._ a message: a commission to say or do something.--A FOOL'S ERRAND, a useless undertaking; GO AN ERRAND, to go with messages; MAKE AN ERRAND, to invent a reason for going. [A.S. _['ae]rende_; Ice.

_eyrindi_; prob. conn. with Goth. _airus_, Ice. _arr_, a messenger.]

ERRANT, er'ant, _adj._ wandering: roving: wild: (_obs._) thorough (cf.

ARRANT).--_n._ a knight-errant.--_adv._ ERR'ANTLY.--_n._ ERR'ANTRY, an errant or wandering state: a rambling about like a knight-errant. [Fr.,--L.

_errans_, _errantis_, pr.p. of _err[=a]re_.]

ERRHINE, er'in, _adj._ affecting the nose.--_n._ a sternutatory. [Gr., _en_, in, _rhis_, _rhinos_, the nose.]

ERSE, [.e]rs, _n._ the name given by the Lowland Scotch to the language of the people of the West Highlands, as being of Irish origin--now sometimes used for Irish, as opposed to Scotch, Gaelic. [_Irish_.]

ERST, [.e]rst, _adv._ at first: formerly.--_adv._ ERST'WHILE, formerly.

[A.S. _['ae]rest_, superl. of _['ae]r_. See ERE.]

ERUBESCENT, er-[=oo]-bes'ent, _adj._ growing red: blushing.--_ns._ ERUBES'CENCE, ERUBES'CENCY. [L. _erubescens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _erubesc[)e]re_, to grow red--_e_, out, and _rubesc[)e]re_--_rub[=e]re_, to be red. See RUBY.]

ERUCTATE, e-ruk't[=a]t, _v.t._ to belch out, as wind from the stomach.--_n._ ERUCT[=A]'TION, the act of belching: a violent ejection of wind or other matter from the earth, as a volcano, &c. [L. _eruct[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_e_, out, _ruct[=a]re_, to belch forth.]

ERUDITE, er'[=oo]-d[=i]t, _adj._ learned.--_n._ a learned person.--_adv._ ER'UDITELY.--_n._ ERUDI'TION, state of being erudite or learned: knowledge gained by study: learning, esp. in literature. [L. _erud[=i]re_, _erud[=i]tum_, to free from rudeness--_e_, from, _rudis_, rude.]

ERUPT, e-rupt', _v.i._ to break out or through, as a volcano.--_n._ ERUP'TION, a breaking or bursting forth: that which bursts forth: a breaking out of spots on the skin.--_adjs._ ERUP'TIONAL; ERUPT'IVE, breaking forth: attended by or producing eruption: produced by eruption.--_n._ ERUPT'IVENESS. [L. _erump[)e]re_, _eruptum_.--_e_, out, _rump[)e]re_, to break.]

ERYNGO, e-ring'go, _n._ a genus of evergreen plants resembling thistles, the young leaves of _E. maritimum_ (sea-holly) being sometimes eaten as a salad. [L. _eryngion_--Gr. _[=e]ryngos_.]

ERYSIMUM, er-is'i-mum, _n._ a genus of _Cruciferae_, allied to Hedge-mustard and Dame's Violet. [Formed through L. from Gr. _erysimon_.]

ERYSIPELAS, er-i-sip'e-las, _n._ an inflammatory disease, generally in the face, marked by a bright redness of the skin.--_adj._ ERYSIPEL'ATOUS. [Gr.; prob. from the root of _erythros_, red, _pella_, skin.]

ERYTHEMA, er-i-th[=e]'ma, _n._ a name applied to certain skin diseases, but scarcely used by any two writers in exactly the same sense.--_adjs._ ERYTHEMAT'IC, ERYTHEM'ATOUS. [Gr.,--_erythainein_, to redden--_erythros_, red.]

ERYTHRITE, e-rith'r[=i]t, _n._ a reddish hydrous arseniate of cobalt.--_adj._ ERYTHRIT'IC.

ESCALADE, es-ka-l[=a]d', _n._ the scaling of the walls of a fortress by means of ladders.--_v.t._ to scale: to mount and enter by means of ladders--sometimes written ESCAL[=A]'DO. [Fr.,--Sp. _escalada_--_escala_, a ladder--L. _scala_.]

ESCALLOP, es-kal'up, _n._ a variant of _scallop_.--_adj._ ESCALL'OPED.

(_her._), covered with scallop-shells.


ESCAPE, es-k[=a]p', _v.t._ to free from: to pass unobserved: to evade: to issue.--_v.i._ to flee and become safe from danger: to be passed without harm.--_n._ act of escaping: flight from danger or from prison.--_adj._ ESCAP'ABLE.--_ns._ ESCAP[=A]DE', an escape: a mischievous freak; ESC[=A]PE'MENT, act of escaping: means of escape: part of a timepiece connecting the wheelwork with the pendulum or balance, and allowing a tooth to escape at each vibration; ESCAPE'-VALVE, a valve on a boiler so as to let the steam escape when wanted. [O. Fr. _escaper_ (Fr. _echapper_)--L.

_ex cappa_, (lit.) 'out of one's cape or cloak.']

ESCARMOUCHE, e-skar'moosh, _n._ (_obs._) a skirmish. [Fr.]

ESCARP, es-karp', _v.t._ to make into a scarp or sudden slope.--_n._ a scarp or steep slope: (_fort._) the side of the ditch next the rampart.--_n._ ESCARP'MENT, the precipitous side of any hill or rock: escarp. [Fr. _escarper_, to cut down steep, from root of _scarp_.]

ESCHALOT, esh-a-lot'. See SHALLOT.

ESCHAR, es'kar, _n._ a slough or portion of dead or disorganised tissue, gen. of artificial sloughs produced by the application of caustics.--_adj._ ESCHAROT'IC, tending to form an eschar: caustic.--_n._ a caustic substance.

[L.,--Gr. _eschara_, a hearth.]

ESCHATOLOGY, es-ka-tol'o-ji, _n._ (_theol._) the doctrine of the last or final things, as death, judgment, the state after death.--_adjs._ ESCHATOLOG'IC, -AL.--_n._ ESCHATOL'OGIST. [Gr. _eschatos_, last, _logia_, a discourse.]

ESCHEAT, es-ch[=e]t', _n._ property which falls to the state for want of an heir, or by forfeiture: (_Spens._) plunder.--_v.t._ to confiscate.--_v.i._ to fall to the lord of the manor or the state.--_adj._ ESCHEAT'ABLE.--_ns._ ESCHEAT'AGE; ESCHEAT'OR. [O. Fr. _eschete_--_escheoir_ (Fr. _echoir_)--Low L.,--L. _ex_, out, _cad[)e]re_, to fall.]

ESCHEW, es-ch[=oo]', _v.t._ to shun: to flee from: to abstain from. [O. Fr.

_eschever_; cog. with Ger. _scheuen_, to shun.]

ESCLANDRE, e-sklang'dr, _n._ notoriety: any unpleasantness. [Fr.,--L.


ESCORT, es'kort, _n._ a body of men, or a single man, accompanying any one on a journey, for protection, guidance, or merely courtesy: attendance.--_v.t._ ESC[=O]RT', to attend as guide or guard. [Fr.

_escorte_--It. _scorta_--_scorgere_, to guide--L. _ex_, out, _corrig[)e]re_, to set right.]

ESCOT, es-kot', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to pay a reckoning for, to maintain. [O.

Fr. _escoter_, _escot_=_scot_, a tax.]

ESCRITOIRE, es-kri-twor', _n._ a writing-desk.--_adj._ ESCRIT[=O]'RIAL.

[Fr. _escritoire_--Low L. _scriptorium_--L. _scrib[)e]re_, _scriptum_, to write.]

ESCROLL, es-kr[=o]l', _n._ (_her._). Same as SCROLL.

ESCUAGE, es'k[=u]-[=a]j, _n._ scutage.

ESCULAPIAN, es-k[=u]-l[=a]'pi-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Esculapius_, and hence to the art of healing.--Also aeSCUL[=A]'PIAN. [_aesculapius_, god of medicine.]

ESCULENT, es'k[=u]-lent, _adj._ eatable: fit to be used for food by man.--_n._ something that is eatable. [L. _esculentus_, eatable--_esca_, food--_ed[)e]re_, to eat.]

ESCUTCHEON, es-kuch'un, _n._ a shield on which a coat of arms is represented: a family shield: the part of a vessel's stern bearing her name.--_adj._ ESCUTCH'EONED ('und), having an escutcheon.--ESCUTCHEON OF PRETENCE, an escutcheon placed with the arms of an heiress in the centre of her husband's coat.--A BLOT ON THE ESCUTCHEON, a stain on one's good name.

[O. Fr. _escuchon_--L. _scutum_, a shield.]

ESEMPLASTIC, es-em-plas'tik, _adj._ shaping into one.

ESKAR, ESKER. Same as ASAR (q.v.).

ESKIMO, es'ki-m[=o], _n._ and _adj._ one of a nation constituting the aboriginal inhabitants of the whole northern coast of America, and spread over the Arctic islands, Greenland, and the nearest Asiatic coast.--_n._ ESKIMO DOG, a half-tamed variety, widely distributed in the Arctic regions, and indispensable for drawing the sledges. [Said by Dr Rink to be from an Indian word=eaters of raw flesh.]

ESLOIN, es-loin'. See ELOIN.

ESNECY, es'ne-si, _n._ the right of first choice belonging to the eldest.


ESOTERIC, es-o-ter'ik, _adj._ inner: secret: mysterious: (_phil._) taught to a select few--opp. to _Exoteric_.--_adv._ ESOTER'ICALLY.--_ns._ ESOTER'ICISM, ESOT'ERISM, the holding of esoteric opinions.--ESOTERIC BUDDHISM (see THEOSOPHY). [Gr. _es[=o]terikos_--_es[=o]ter[=o]_, inner, a comp. form from _es[=o]_, within.]

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