ECTOPIA, ek-t[=o]'pi-a, _n._ (_path._) morbid displacement of parts.--_adj._ ECTOP'IC.
ECTOPLASM, ek'to-plasm, _n._ the exterior protoplasm or sarcode of a cell.--_adjs._ ECTOPLAS'MIC, ECTOPLAS'TIC.
ECTOZOA, ek-t[=o]-z[=o]'a, _n.pl._ external parasites generally--opp. to _Entozoa_.--_n._ ECTOZ[=O]'AN, one of the Ectozoa.
ECTROPION, -UM, ek-tr[=o]p'i-on, -um, _n._ eversion of the margin of the eyelid, so that the red inner surface is exposed.--_adj._ ECTROP'IC. [Gr.
_ek_, out, and _trepein_, to turn.]
ECTYPE, ek't[=i]p, _n._ a reproduction or copy.--_adj._ EC'TYPAL.--_n._ ECTYPOG'RAPHY. [Gr. _ek_, out, and _typos_, a figure.]
eCU, [=a]'ku, or [=a]-k[=u]', _n._ a French silver coin, usually considered as equivalent to the English crown--there were also gold _ecus_ weighing about 60 grains: a common name for the five-franc piece. [Fr.,--L.
_scutum_, a shield.]
ECUMENIC, -AL, ek-[=u]-men'ik, -al, _adj._ general, universal, belonging to the entire Christian Church.--Also OECUMEN'IC, -AL.
ECZEMA, ek'ze-ma, _n._ a common skin disease, in which the affected portion of the skin is red, and is covered with numerous small papules, which speedily turn into vesicles.--_adj._ ECZEM'ATOUS. [Gr., from _ekzein_--_ek_, out, _zeein_, to boil.]
EDACIOUS, e-d[=a]'shus, _adj._ given to eating: gluttonous.--_adv._ ED[=A]'CIOUSLY.--_ns._ ED[=A]'CIOUSNESS; EDAC'ITY. [L. _edax_, _ed[=a]cis_--_ed[)e]re_, to eat.]
EDDA, ed'a, _n._ the name of two Scandinavian books--the 'Elder' Edda, a collection of ancient mythological and heroic songs (9th-11th century); and the 'Younger' or prose Edda, by Snorri Sturluson (_c._ 1230), mythological stories, poetics, and prosody. [Ice., 'great-grandmother.']
EDDISH, ed'dish, _n._ pasturage, or the eatable growth of grass after mowing. [Dubiously referred to A.S. _edisc_, a park.]
EDDY, ed'i, _n._ a current of water or air running back, contrary to the main stream, thus causing a circular motion: a whirlpool: a whirlwind.--_v.i._ to move round and round:--_pr.p._ edd'ying; _pa.p._ edd'ied.--_n._ EDD'YING, the action of the verb _eddy_. [Prob. from A.S.
_ed_, back; cf. Ice. _ida_--_id_, back.]
EDELWEISS, [=a]'del-v[=i]s, _n._ a small white composite, with pretty white flower, found growing in damp places at considerable altitudes (5000-7000 feet) throughout the Alps. [Ger. _edel_, noble, _weiss_, white.]
EDEMATOSE, -OUS. Same as OEDEMATOSE, -OUS (q.v. under OEDEMA).
EDEN, [=e]'den, _n._ the garden where Adam and Eve lived: a paradise.--_adj._ EDEN'IC. [Heb. _[=e]den_, delight, pleasure.]
EDENTATE, -D, e-den't[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ without teeth: wanting front teeth--also EDEN'TAL.--_ns._ EDENT[=A]'TA, a Cuvierian order of mammals, having no teeth or very imperfect ones; EDENT[=A]'TION, toothlessness.--_adj._ EDEN'TULOUS, edentate. [L. _edent[=a]tus_, toothless--_e_, out of, _dens_, _dentis_, a tooth.]
EDGE, ej, _n._ the border of anything: the brink: the cutting side of an instrument: something that wounds or cuts: sharpness of mind or appetite: keenness.--_v.t._ to put an edge on: to place a border on: to exasperate: to urge on: to move by little and little.--_v.i._ to move sideways.--_n._ EDGE'-BONE, the haunch-bone.--_adjs._ EDGED; EDGE'LESS, without an edge: blunt.--_ns._ EDGE'-RAIL, a rail of such form that the carriage-wheels roll on its edges, being held there by flanges; EDGE'-TOOL, EDGED TOOL, a tool with a sharp edge.--_advs._ EDGE'WAYS, EDGE'WISE, in the direction of the edge: sideways.--_ns._ EDG'INESS, angularity, over-sharpness of outline; EDG'ING, any border or fringe round a garment: a border of box, &c., round a flower-bed.--_adj._ EDG'Y, with edges, sharp, hard in outline.--EDGE IN A WORD, to get a word in with difficulty; EDGE OF THE SWORD, a rhetorical phrase for the sword as the symbol of slaughter.--OUTSIDE EDGE, figure in skating, made on the outer edge of the skate.--PLAY WITH EDGE-TOOLS, to deal carelessly with dangerous matters.--SET ON EDGE, to excite; SET THE TEETH ON EDGE, to cause a strange grating feeling in the teeth; to rouse an instinctive dislike. [A.S. _ecg_; cf. Ger. _ecke_, L. _acies_.]
EDIBLE, ed'i-bl, _adj._ fit to be eaten.--_n._ something for food.--_ns._ EDIBIL'ITY, ED'IBLENESS, fitness for being eaten. [L.
_edibilis_--_ed[)e]re_, to eat.]
EDICT, [=e]'dikt, _n._ something proclaimed by authority: an order issued by a king or lawgiver.--_adj._ EDICT'AL.--_adv._ EDICT'ALLY. [L.
_edictum_--_e_, out, _dic[)e]re_, _dictum_, to say.]
EDIFY, ed'i-f[=i], _v.t._ to build: to build up the faith of: to strengthen spiritually towards faith and holiness: to comfort: to improve the mind:--_pr.p._ ed'ifying; _pa.p._ ed'ified.--_n._ EDIFIC[=A]'TION, instruction: progress in knowledge or in goodness.--_adj._ ED'IFICATORY, tending to edification.--_n._ ED'IFICE, a large building or house.--_adj._ EDIFIC'IAL, structural.--_n._ ED'IFIER, one who edifies.--_adj._ ED'IFYING, instructive: improving.--_adv._ ED'IFYINGLY. [Fr. _edifier_--L.
_aedific[=a]re_--_aedes_, a house, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]
EDILE. See aeDILE.
EDIT, ed'it, _v.t._ to prepare the work of an author for publication: to superintend the publication of (a newspaper, &c.): to compile, garble, or cook up materials into literary shape.--_ns._ EDI'TION, the publication of a book: the number of copies of a book printed at a time; ED'ITOR, one who edits a book: one who conducts a newspaper or journal:--_fem._ ED'ITRESS.--_adj._ EDIT[=O]'RIAL, of or belonging to an editor.--_n._ an article in a newspaper written by the editor, a leading article.--_adv._ EDIT[=O]'RIALLY.--_n._ ED'ITORSHIP. [L. _ed[)e]re_, _ed[)i]tum_--_e_, out, _d[)a]re_, to give.]
EDUCATE, ed'[=u]-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to bring up children: to train: to teach: to cultivate any power.--_adj._ ED'UCABLE.--_n._ EDUC[=A]'TION, the bringing up or training, as of a child: instruction: strengthening of the powers of body or mind.--_adj._ EDUC[=A]'TIONAL.--_adv._ EDUC[=A]'TIONALLY.--_n._ EDUC[=A]'TIONIST, one skilled in methods of educating or teaching: one who promotes education.--_adj._ ED'UCATIVE, of or pertaining to education: calculated to teach.--_n._ ED'UCATOR. [L.
_educ[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_educ[)e]re_--_e_, out, _duc[)e]re_, to lead.]
EDUCE, [=e]-d[=u]s', _v.t._ to draw out: to extract: to cause to appear.--_n._ inference.--_adj._ EDUC'IBLE, that may be educed or brought out and shown.--_ns._ E'DUCT, what is educed; EDUC'TION, the act of educing; EDUC'TION-PIPE, the pipe by which the exhaust steam is led from the cylinder of a steam-engine into the condenser or the atmosphere; EDUC'TOR, he who, or that which, educes. [L. _educ[)e]re_, _eductum_--_e_, out, and _duc[)e]re_, to lead.]
EDULCORATE, [=e]-dul'k[=o]-r[=a]t, _v.t._ to sweeten: to free from acids, &c.--_adj._ EDUL'CORANT.--_n._ EDULCOR[=A]'TION.--_adj._ EDUL'COR[=A]TIVE.--_n._ EDUL'COR[=A]TOR.
EE, [=e], Scotch form of _eye_:--_pl._ EEN.
EEL, _n._ a name widely applied in popular usage, but justifiably extended to all the members of the family _Muraenidae_--the body is much elongated, cylindrical or ribbon-shaped.--_ns._ EEL'-BAS'KET, a basket for catching eels; EEL'-POUT, in England, a Burbot (q.v.); in parts of Scotland, a Blenny (q.v.): a well-known fish, with a slimy body, living chiefly in mud; EEL'-SPEAR, an instrument with broad prongs for catching eels. [A.S.
_['ae]l_; Ger., Dut. _aal_.]
E'EN, [=e]n, a contraction of _even_.
E'ER, [=a]r, a contraction of _ever_.
EERIE, EERY, [=e]'ri, _adj._ exciting fear: weird: affected with fear: timorous.--_adv._ EE'RILY.--_n._ EE'RINESS (_Scot._). [M. E. _arh_, _eri_--A.S. _earg_, timid.]
EFFABLE, ef'a-bl, _adj._ capable of being expressed. [Fr.,--L.
_eff[=a]ri_--_ex_, out, _f[=a]ri_, to speak.]
EFFACE, ef-f[=a]s', _v.t._ to destroy the surface of a thing: to rub out: to obliterate, wear away.--_adj._ EFFACE'ABLE, that can be rubbed out.--_n._ EFFACE'MENT. [Fr. _effacer_--L. _ex_, out, _facies_, face.]
EFFECT, ef-fekt', _n._ the result of an action: impression produced: reality: the consequence intended: (_pl._) goods: property.--_v.t._ to produce: to accomplish.--_ns._ EFFEC'TER, EFFEC'TOR.--_adjs._ EFFEC'TIBLE, that may be effected; EFFEC'TIVE, having power to effect: causing something: powerful: serviceable.--_adv._ EFFEC'TIVELY.--_n._ EFFEC'TIVENESS.--_adjs._ EFFECT'LESS, without effect, useless; EFFEC'TUAL, successful in producing the desired effect: (_Shak._) decisive.--_n._ EFFECTUAL'ITY.--_adv._ EFFEC'TUALLY.--_v.t._ EFFEC'TUATE, to accomplish.--_n._ EFFECTUA'TION.--EFFECTUAL CALLING (_theol._), the invitation to come to Christ which the elect receive.--FOR EFFECT, so as to make a telling impression; GENERAL EFFECT, the effect produced by a picture, &c., as a whole; GIVE EFFECT TO, to accomplish, perform; IN EFFECT, in truth, really: substantially.--LEAVE NO EFFECTS, to die without property to bequeath.--TAKE EFFECT, to begin to operate: to come into force. [Fr.,--L. _effic[)e]re_, _effectum_, to accomplish--_ex_, out, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]
EFFEIR, EFFERE, e-f[=e]r', _n._ Scotch form of _affair_.
EFFEMINATE, ef-fem'in-[=a]t, _adj._ womanish: unmanly: weak: cowardly: voluptuous.--_n._ an effeminate person.--_v.t._ to make womanish: to unman: to weaken.--_v.i._ to become effeminate.--_n._ EFFEM'INACY, womanish softness or weakness: indulgence in unmanly pleasures.--_adv._ EFFEM'INATELY.--_n._ EFFEM'INATENESS. [L. _effemin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to make womanish--_ex_, out, and _femina_, a woman.]
EFFENDI, ef-fen'di, _n._ a Turkish title for civil officials and educated persons generally. [Turk.; from Gr. _authent[=e]s_, an absolute master.]
EFFERENT, ef'e-rent, _adj._ conveying outward or away.
EFFERVESCE, ef-f[.e]r-ves', _v.i._ to boil up: to bubble and hiss: to froth up.--_ns._ EFFERVES'CENCE; EFFERVES'CENCY.--_adjs._ EFFERVES'CENT, boiling or bubbling from the disengagement of gas; EFFERVES'CIBLE. [L.
_effervesc[)e]re_--_ex_, inten., and _ferv[=e]re_, to boil.]
EFFETE, ef-f[=e]t', _adj._ exhausted: worn out with age. [L. _eff[=e]tus_, weakened by having brought forth young--_ex_, out, _fetus_, a bringing forth young.]
EFFICACIOUS, ef-fi-k[=a]'shus, _adj._ able to produce the result intended.--_adv._ EFFIC[=A]'CIOUSLY.--_ns._ EFFIC[=A]'CIOUSNESS; EFFICAC'ITY; EF'FICACY, virtue: energy. [Fr.,--L. _efficax_, _efficacis_--_effic[)e]re_.]
EFFICIENT, ef-fish'ent, _adj._ capable of producing the desired result: effective.--_n._ the person or thing that effects.--_ns._ EFFI'CIENCE, EFFI'CIENCY, power to produce the result intended, adequate fitness.--_adv._ EFFI'CIENTLY. [Fr.,--L. _efficiens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _effic[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]
EFFIERCE, ef-f[=e]rs', _v.t._ (_Spens._) to make fierce.
EFFIGY, ef'fi-ji, _n._ a likeness or figure of a person: the head or impression on a coin: resemblance--(_arch._) EFFIG'IES.--BURN IN EFFIGY, to burn a figure of a person, expressing dislike or contempt. [Fr.,--L.
_effigies_--_effing[)e]re_--_ex_, inten., _fing[)e]re_, to form.]
EFFLORESCE, ef-flo-res', _v.i._ to blossom forth: (_chem._) to become covered with a white dust: to form minute crystals.--_ns._ EFFLORES'CENCE, EFFLORES'CENCY, production of flowers: the time of flowering: a redness of the skin: the formation of a white powder on the surface of bodies, or of minute crystals.--_adj._ EFFLORES'CENT, forming a white dust on the surface: shooting into white threads. [L. _effloresc[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _floresc[)e]re_, to blossom--_flos_, _floris_, a flower.]
EFFLUENT, ef'floo-ent, _adj._ flowing out.--_n._ a stream that flows out of another stream or lake.--_n._ EF'FLUENCE, a flowing out: that which flows from any body: issue. [L. _effluens_, _-entis_, _pr.p._ of _efflu[)e]re_--_ex_, out, _flu[)e]re_, to flow.]