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MARRY, mar'i, _v.t._ to take for husband or wife: to give in marriage: to unite in matrimony.--_v.i._ to enter into the married state: to take a husband or a wife:--_pr.p._ marr'ying; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ marr'ied. [Fr.

_marier_--L. _marit[=a]re_, to marry, _maritus_, a husband--_mas_, _maris_, a male.]

MARRY, mar'i, _interj._ indeed! forsooth! [By _Mary_.]

MARS, marz, _n._ the Roman god of war: the planet next to the earth in the order of distance from the sun. [L. _Mars_, _Martis_.]

MARSALA, mar'sa-la, _n._ a light wine resembling sherry, from _Marsala_ in Sicily.

MARSEILLAISE, mar-se-ly[=a]z', or mar-se-l[=a]z', _n._ the French revolutionary hymn composed by Rouget de Lisle in 1792, sung by the volunteers of _Marseilles_ as they entered Paris, 30th July, and when they marched to the storming of the Tuileries.

MARSH, marsh, _n._ a tract of low wet land: a morass, swamp, or fen.--_adj._ pertaining to wet or boggy places.--_ns._ MARSH'-GAS, fire-damp; MARSH'-HARR'IER, a harrier of genus _Circus_ frequenting marshes; MARSH'INESS; MARSH'-MALL'OW, a species of mallow common in meadows and marshes; MARSH'-MAR'IGOLD, a genus of plants of the _Ranunculus_ order, having large yellow flowers like those of a buttercup.--_adj._ MARSH'Y, pertaining to, or produced in, marshes: abounding in marshes. [A.S.

_mersc_, for _mer-isc_, as if 'mere-ish,' full of _meres_. Cf. _mere_, a pool.]

MARSHAL, mar'shal, _n._ an officer charged with the regulation of ceremonies, preservation of order, points of etiquette, &c.: the chief officer who regulated combats in the lists: a pursuivant or harbinger: a herald: in France, an officer of the highest military rank: (_U.S._) the civil officer of a district, corresponding to the sheriff of a county in England.--_v.t._ to arrange in order: to lead, as a herald:--_pr.p._ mar'shalling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ mar'shalled.--_ns._ MAR'SHALLER, one who marshals; MAR'SHALLING, act of arranging in due order; MAR'SHALSEA, till 1842 a prison in Southwark, under the marshal of the royal household; MAR'SHALSHIP, office of marshal. [O. Fr. _mareschal_ (Fr. _marechal_); from Old High Ger. _marah_, a horse, _schalh_ (Ger. _schalk_), a servant.]

MARSIPOBRANCHIATE, mar-si-po-brang'ki-[=a]t, _adj._ having pursed gills, as lampreys, hags, &c.--Also MAR'SIPOBRANCH.

MARSUPIAL, mar-s[=u]'pi-al, _adj._ carrying young in a pouch.--_n._ a marsupial animal, as the opossum or the kangaroo.--_n._ MARS[=U]'PIUM, a brood-pouch. [L. _marsupium_--Gr. _marsipion_, a pouch.]

MART, mart, _n._ a place of trade. [Contr. of _market_.]

MARTAGON, mar'ta-gon, _n._ the Turk's-cap lily.

MARTEL, mar'tel, _v.t._ (_Spens_.) to hammer, to strike. [Fr. _marteler_, It. _martello_. See MARTELLO.]

MARTELLO, mar-tel'o, _n._ a circular fort erected to protect a coast. [It.

_martello_, a hammer--L. _martulus_, _marculus_, dim. of _marcus_, a hammer; or from _Mortella_ Point in Corsica, where a tower of this kind withstood an English cannonade in 1794.]

MARTEN, mar'ten, _n._ a destructive kind of weasel valued for its fur. [Fr.

_martre_, also _marte_--Low L. _marturis_, from a Teut. root seen in Ger.

_marder_, and A.S. _mear_, a marten.]

MAR-TEXT, mar'-tekst, _n._ an ignorant preacher.

MARTIAL, mar'shal, _adj._ belonging to Mars, the god of war, or to the planet Mars: of or belonging to war, or to the army and navy: warlike: brave.--_ns._ MAR'TIALISM; MAR'TIALIST.--_adv._ MAR'TIALLY.--MARTIAL LAW, law enforced during a state of war for the proper government of armies, and for the punishment of those who break the laws of war. [Fr.,--L.

_martialis_--_Mars_, _Martis_.]

MARTIN, mar'tin, _n._ a bird of the swallow kind.--Also MAR'TINET. [The name _Martin_; cf. _robin_, &c.]

MARTINET, mar'tin-et, _n._ a strict disciplinarian.--_n._ MARTINET'ISM.

[From _Martinet_, a very strict officer in the army of Louis XIV. of France.]

MARTINGALE, mar'tin-g[=a]l, _n._ a strap passing between a horse's forelegs, fastened to the girth and to the bit, to keep his head down: in ships, a short spar under the bowsprit.--Also MAR'TINGAL. [Fr., from a kind of breeches worn at _Martigues_ in Provence.]

MARTINMAS, mar'tin-mas, _n._ the mass or feast of St _Martin_: 11th Nov., a term-day in Scotland.

MARTLET, mart'let, _n._ the martin, the name of a bird: (_her._) a martin or swallow without feet, used as a bearing, a crest, or a mark of cadency to designate the fourth son. [From Fr. _martinet_, dim. of _martin_.]

MARTYR, mar't[.e]r, _n._ one who by his death bears witness to the truth: one who suffers for his belief: one who suffers greatly from any cause.--_v.t._ to put to death for one's belief.--_n._ MAR'TYRDOM, state of being a martyr: the sufferings or death of a martyr: torment generally.--_v.t._ MAR'TYRISE (_Browning_), to offer as a sacrifice: to cause to suffer martyrdom.--_adj._ MARTYROLOG'ICAL.--_ns._ MARTYROL'OGIST; MARTYROL'OGY, a history of martyrs: a discourse on martyrdom.

[A.S.,--L.,--Gr., a witness.]

MARVEL, mar'vel, _n._ a wonder: anything astonishing or wonderful: astonishment.--_v.i._ to wonder: to feel astonishment:--_pr.p._ mar'velling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ mar'velled.--_adj._ MAR'VELLOUS, astonishing: almost or altogether beyond belief: improbable.--_adv._ MAR'VELLOUSLY.--_n._ MAR'VELLOUSNESS. [Fr. _merveille_--L. _mirabilis_, wonderful--_mir[=a]ri_, to wonder.]

MARYBUD, m[=a]'ri-bud, _n._ the marigold.

MASCLE, mas'kl, _n._ (_her._) a bearing, lozenge-shaped and perforated: a plate of steel in the form of a lozenge, used in making scale-armour.--_adjs._ MAS'CLED, MASCULE', MAS'CULY. [Fr. _macle_--L.

_macula_, the mesh of a net.]

MASCOT, mas'kot, _n._ a luck-penny or talisman: a person whose presence brings good luck. [Fr. _mascotte_.]

MASCULINE, mas'k[=u]-lin, _adj._ of the male sex: having the qualities of a man: resembling a man, or suitable to a man: robust: of a woman, bold, forward, unwomanly: denoting nouns which are names of males.--_n._ (_gram._) the masculine gender.--_adv._ MAS'CULINELY.--_ns._ MAS'CULINENESS, MASCULIN'ITY. [Fr.,--L. _masculinus_--_masculus_, male--_mas_, a male.]

MASH, mash, _v.t._ to beat into a mixed mass: to bruise: in brewing, to mix malt and hot water together.--_v.i._ to act violently.--_n._ a mixture of ingredients beaten or stirred together, as of bran, meal, &c., or bran and boiled turnips, &c., for feeding cattle or horses: in brewing, a mixture of crushed malt and hot water.--_ns._ MASH'ING; MASH'-TUB, MASH'ING-TUB, a tub in which the mash in breweries is mixed.--_adj._ MASH'Y, produced by mashing; of the nature of a mash. [The noun is older than the verb, and seems to be connected with _mix_ (A.S. _miscian_); cf. _Mish-mash_.]

MASHER, mash'[.e]r, _n._ a fellow who dresses showily to attract the attention of silly young women, a fop.--_v.t._ MASH, to gain the affections of one of the opposite sex, to treat as a sweetheart.--BE MASHED ON (_slang_), to be struck with love for another.

MASHIE, MASHY, mash'i, _n._ a kind of golf-club.

MASJID, mas'jid, _n._ a Mohammedan mosque.

MASK, MASQUE, mask, _n._ anything disguising or concealing the face: anything that disguises: a pretence: a masquerade: a former kind of dramatic spectacle, in which actors personified mythological deities, shepherdesses, &c.: a representation or impression of a face in any material, as in marble, plaster, &c.: a fox's head.--_v.t._ to cover the face with a mask: to hide.--_v.i._ to join in a mask or masquerade: to be disguised in any way: to revel.--_n._ MAS'CARON (_archit._), a grotesque face on door-knockers, spouts, &c.--_adj._ MASKED, wearing a mask, concealed.--_ns._ MASKED'-BALL, a ball in which the dancers wear masks; MASK'ER, one who wears a mask.--MASKED BATTERY (see BATTERY). [Fr.

_masque_--Sp. _mascara_--Ar. _maskharat_, a jester, man in masquerade.]

MASK, mask, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to steep, infuse.--_v.i._ to be infusing. [A form of _mash_.]

MASLIN, mas'lin, _n._ mixed grain, esp. rye and wheat.--Also MASH'LIN, MASH'LIM, MASH'LUM.

MASON, m[=a]'sn, _n._ one who cuts, prepares, and lays stones: a builder in stone: a member of the society of freemasons.--_v.t._ to build.--_adjs._ MASON'IC, relating to freemasonry; M[=A]'SONRIED, constructed of masonry.--_n._ M[=A]'SONRY, the skill or practice of a mason: the work of a mason: the art of building in stone: freemasonry.--_adj._ consisting of mason-work.--_n._ MAS'TER-M[=A]'SON (see under MASTER). [O. Fr. _masson_ (Fr. _macon_)--Low L. _macion-em_; prob. Teut.; cf. Mid. High Ger. _mezzo_, a mason, whence _steinmetz_, a stone-mason, cog. with Old High Ger.

_meizan_, to hew, whence Ger. _meissel_, a chisel.]

MASOOLAH-BOAT, ma-s[=oo]'la-b[=o]t, _n._ a high many-oared East Indian surf-boat.--Also MASU'LA-BOAT.


MASQUERADE, mask-[.e]r-[=a]d', _n._ an assembly of persons wearing masks, generally at a ball: disguise.--_v.i._ to wear a mask: to join in a masquerade: to go in disguise.--_n._ MASQUERAD'ER, a person wearing a mask: a person or thing disguised in any manner. [Fr. _mascarade_. See MASK.]

MASS, mas, _n._ a lump of matter: a quantity: a collected body: the main body: magnitude: the principal part or main body: quantity of matter in any body, weight being proportional to mass: (_pl._) the lower classes of the people.--_v.t._ to form into a mass: to bring together in masses.--_v.i._ to assemble in masses.--_adj._ MASS'IVE, bulky: weighty: not separated into parts or elements: without crystalline form, geologically homogeneous.--_adv._ MASS'IVELY.--_ns._ MASS'IVENESS, MASS'INESS; MASS'-MEETING, a public meeting of persons of all classes to discuss some matter of general interest.--_adj._ MASS'Y, massive, made up of masses.

[Fr. _masse_--L. _massa_--Gr. _maza_--_massein_, to squeeze together.]

MASS, mas, _n._ the celebration of the Lord's Supper or Eucharist in R.C.

churches, also the office for the same: a musical setting of certain parts of the R.C. liturgy: a church festival or feast-day, as in _Candlemas_, _Christmas_, _Martinmas_, &c.--_ns._ MASS'-BELL, or _Sacring-bell_, a bell rung during the celebration of mass, at the elevation of the host; MASS'-BOOK, the R.C. missal or service-book; MASS'-PRIEST, formerly a R.C.

secular priest, as distinct from those living under a rule--later, a priest retained in chantries, &c., to say masses for the dead: a R.C. priest generally.--MASS FOR THE DEAD, a funeral mass for the faithful in Christ, to hasten their release from purgatory; CONVENTUAL MASS, a mass for the general community of a religious house: a mass at which special remembrance is made of pious founders and benefactors; DRY MASS, or SERVICE, a rite in which there is neither consecration nor communion; HIGH MASS, a mass celebrated with music, ritual, ceremonies, and incense; LOW MASS, the ordinary mass celebrated without music and incense; MIDNIGHT MASS, that mass which is said at midnight on Christmas-eve; PRIVATE MASS, any mass where only the priest communicates, esp. in a private oratory; SOLEMN MASS, a mass resembling a high mass, but without some of its special ceremonies; VOTIVE MASS, a special mass over and above those ordinarily said for the day, for some particular grace or purpose, and provided by some individual.

[A.S. _maesse_--Low L. _missa_--L. _missus_, _mitt[)e]re_, to send away, from the phrase at the close of service, _Ite, missa est (ecclesia)_, 'Go, the congregation is dismissed.']

MASSA, mas'a, _n._ a negro corruption of _master_.

MASSACRE, mas'a-k[.e]r, _n._ indiscriminate slaughter, esp. with cruelty: carnage.--_v.t._ to kill with violence and cruelty: to slaughter. [Fr.; from the Teut., as in Low Ger. _matsken_, to cut; cf. Ger. _metz-ger_, a butcher.]

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