[Old Dut. _Lollaerd_, from their peculiar hum in singing--_lollen_, to sing softly; but confused with M. E. _loller_, an idler; cf. _Loll_.]
LOLLY, lol'i, _n._ a lump.--_n._ LOLL'YPOP, a sweetmeat made with sugar and treacle: (_pl._) sweets.
LOMA, l[=o]'ma, _n._ a lobe, flap, or fringe bordering the toe of a bird.
LOMBARD, lom'bard, _n._ an inhabitant of _Lombardy_ in Italy: one of the Lombards or Langobardi, a Germanic tribe, which founded a kingdom in Lombardy (568), overthrown by Charlemagne (774): (_obs._) a banker or money-lender, so called from the number of Lombard bankers in London.--_adjs._ LOM'BARD, LOMBAR'DIC.--LOMBARD ARCHITECTURE, the style used by the Lombards, derived from the base Roman style they found in the country, superseded by the Pointed Style imported from France (13th century); LOMBARD STREET, the chief centre of the banking interest in London. [O. Fr.,--L. _Langobardus_, from Old Teut. _lang_, long, _bart_, beard.]
LOMENT, l[=o]'ment, _n._ (_bot._) an indehiscent legume, with constrictions or transverse articulations between the seeds--also LOMEN'TUM.--_adj._ LOMENT[=A]'CEOUS.
LONDONER, lun'dun-[.e]r, _n._ a native or citizen of London.--_adj._ LONDONESE', pertaining to London: cockney.--_n._ English as spoken in London: cockney speech.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ LON'DONISE.--_n._ LON'DONISM, a mode of speech, &c., peculiar to London.--LONDON CLAY, a geological formation in south-eastern England, belonging to the lower division of the Eocene Tertiary; LONDON PRIDE, a hardy perennial cultivated in cottage-gardens--also _None-so-pretty_ and _St Patrick's cabbage_.
LONE, l[=o]n, LONELY, l[=o]n'li, _adj._ alone: solitary: retired: standing by itself.--_ns._ LONE'LINESS, LONE'NESS.--_adj._ LONE'SOME, solitary: dismal.--_adv._ LONE'SOMELY.--_n._ LONE'SOMENESS. [_Alone_.]
LONG, long, _conj._ by means (of), owing (to). [_Along_.]
LONG, long, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to belong.
LONG, long, _adj._ (_comp._ LONG'ER; _superl._ LONG'EST) extended: not short: extended in time: slow in coming: tedious: far-reaching.--_n._ (_prosody_) a long time or syllable: (_coll._) the long summer vacation at the English universities, termed 'the Long.'--_adv._ to a great extent in space or time: through the whole: all along.--_v.i._ to desire earnestly.--_adv._ LONG'-AG[=O]', in the far past.--_n._ the far past.--_n._ LONGANIM'ITY, long-suffering, endurance.--_adj._ LONGAN'IMOUS.--_ns._ LONG'BOAT, the largest and strongest boat of a ship; LONG'-BOW, a bow bent by the hand in shooting, called long as distinguished from the cross-bow.--_adj._ LONG'-BREATHED, able to continue violent exercise of the lungs for a long time.--_n.pl._ LONG'-COATS, long clothes, worn by infants.--_adj._ LONG'-DESCEND'ED, of ancient lineage.--_n._ LONG'-DOZ'EN, thirteen.--_adjs._ LONG'-DRAWN, prolonged; LONGEVAL, LONGEVOUS (-j[=e]'-), of long or great age.--_ns._ LONGEVITY (-jev'-); LONG'-FIELD (_cricket_), a fielder placed near the boundary on the bowler's side; LONG'-FIRM, the name given to a company of swindlers who obtain goods on pretence of being established in business, and then decamp without payment to do the like elsewhere; LONG'HAND, writing of the ordinary kind.--_adj._ LONG'-HEAD'ED, having good intellectual powers: sagacious.--_ns._ LONG'-HEAD'EDNESS; LONG'-HUN'DRED, a hundred and twenty.--_adjs._ LON'GICORN (-ji-), having long antennae; LONGIMANOUS (-jim'-), long-handed; LONGIMET'RIC.--_ns._ LONGIMETRY (-jim'-), the art of measuring distances; LONG'ING, an eager desire, craving, esp. of the whimsical desires sometimes felt in pregnancy.--_adv._ LONG'INGLY.--_n._ LONGINQUITY (-jinq'-), greatness of distance.--_adj._ LONGIPEN'NATE (-ji-), long-winged, as gulls.--_n._ LONGIROS'TER (-ji-), one of a family of birds having a long, slender bill, as the snipe.--_adjs._ LONGIROS'TRAL, LONGIROS'TRATE (-ji-), having a long bill or beak; LONG'ISH.--_n._ LON'GITUDE (-ji-), distance of a place east or west of a given meridian: distance in degrees from the vernal equinox, on the ecliptic--_adj._ LONGITUD'INAL, pertaining to longitude or length: extending lengthwise.--_adv._ LONGITUD'INALLY.--_n._ LONG'-LEG (_cricket_), see LEG.--_adj._ LONG'-LEGGED, having long legs.--_n._ LONG'LEGS, an insect with long legs, as the common crane-fly.--_adj._ LONG'-LIVED, having a long life.--_adv._ LONG'LY (_Shak._), longingly.--_ns._ LONG'-MEAS'URE, lineal measure; LONG'-OFF, LONG'-ON (_cricket_), the fielders in the long-field to the left and right of the bowler respectively; LONG'-PRIM'ER, a size of type intermediate between small pica and bourgeois; LONG'-PUR'PLES, the manorchis.--_adj._ LONG'-RANGE, able to reach or hit from a considerable distance.--_n.pl._ LONGS'-AND-SHORTS', verses.--_adj._ LONG'SHORE, existing or employed along the shore.--_n._ LONG'SHOREMAN, a stevedore: one who makes a living along shores by oyster-fishing, &c.--_adj._ LONG'-SIGHT'ED, able to see far but not close at hand: sagacious.--_ns._ LONG'-SIGHT'EDNESS; LONG'-SLIP (_cricket_), a fielder some distance behind on the right of the batsman.--_adjs._ LONG'SOME, long and tedious; LONG'-SPUN, long-drawn, tedious; LONG'-ST[=A]'PLE, having a long fibre.--_n._ LONG'-STOP (_cricket_), one who stands behind the wicket-keeper and stops balls missed by him.--_v.i._ to field at long-stop.--_adj._ LONG'-SUFF'ERING, enduring long.--_n._ long endurance or patience.--_n._ LONG'-TAIL, an animal, esp. a dog, with uncut tail--also _adj._--_adjs._ LONG'-TONGUED, talkative, babbling; LONG'-VIS'AGED, having a long face, of rueful countenance; LONG'-WAIST'ED, having a long waist, long from the armpits to the hips; LONG'-WIND'ED, long-breathed: tedious.--_n._ LONG'-WIND'EDNESS.--_adv._ LONG'WISE, lengthwise.--LONG HOME, the grave; LONG TOM (see TOM).--A LONG FIGURE (_slang_), a high price or rate; BEFORE LONG, ERE LONG, soon; DRAW THE LONG-BOW, to exaggerate, to tell incredible stories; FOR LONG, for a considerable period of time; IN THE LONG-RUN (see RUN); MAKE A LONG ARM (_prov._), to help one's self liberally at table; THE LONG AND THE SHORT, the sum of the matter in a few words. [A.S. _lang_; Ger. _lang_, Ice. _langr_.]
LOO, l[=oo], _n._ a game at cards.--_v.t._ to beat in the game of loo:--_pr.p._ l[=oo]'ing; _pa.p._ l[=oo]ed.--_n._ LOO'-T[=A]'BLE, a table for loo. [Formerly _lanterloo_--Dut. _lanterlu_. Cf. Dut. _lanterfant_, an idler.]
LOOBY, l[=oo]b'i, _n._ a clumsy, clownish fellow.--_adv._ LOOB'ILY. [From root of _lob_.]
LOOF, l[=oo]f, _n._ the after-part of a ship's bow where the planks begin to curve in towards the cut-water. [Dut. _loef_, the weather-gauge, luff, orig. a paddle for steering; perh. conn. with _loof_, palm.]
LOOF, l[=oo]f, _n._ (Scot) the palm of the hand. [Ice. _lofi_.]
LOOFA. See LUFFA.
LOOK, l[=oo]k, _v.i._ to turn the eye toward so as to see; to direct the attention to: to watch: to seem: to face, as a house: (_B._) to expect.--_v.t._ to express by a look: to influence by look.--_n._ the act of looking or seeing: sight: air of the face: appearance.--_imp._ or _interj._ see: behold.--_ns._ LOOK'ER, one who looks; LOOK'ER-ON, one that looks on, a mere spectator; LOOK'ING, seeing: search or searching; LOOK'ING-FOR (_B._), expectation; LOOK'ING-GLASS, a glass which reflects the image of the person looking into it, a mirror; LOOK'OUT, a careful watching for: an elevated place from which to observe: one engaged in watching.--LOOK ABOUT, to be on the watch; LOOK AFTER, to attend to or take care of: (_B._) to expect; LOOK ALIVE (_coll._), to bestir one's self; LOOK DOWN ON, to treat with indifference, to despise; LOOK FOR, to search for, to expect; LOOK INTO, to inspect closely; LOOK ON, to regard, view, think; LOOK OUT, to watch: to select; LOOK OVER, to examine cursorily: to overlook or pass over anything; LOOK THROUGH, to penetrate with the eye or the understanding; LOOK TO, to take care of: to depend on; LOOK UP, to search for: (_coll._) to call upon, visit.--HAVE A LOOK IN (_slang_), to have a chance. [A.S. _locian_, to look.]
LOOM, l[=oo]m, _n._ a machine in which yarn or thread is woven into a fabric, by the crossing of threads called _chain_ or _warp_, running lengthwise, with others called _weft_, _woof_, or _filling_; the handle of an oar, or the part within the rowlock.--_n._ JAC'QUARD-LOOM, a famous apparatus devised by Joseph Marie _Jacquard_ (1752-1834), invaluable in weaving the finer kinds of figured silk fabrics. [A.S. _geloma_, a tool.]
LOOM, l[=oo]m, _v.i._ to appear above the horizon, or larger than the real size: to show large in darkness, &c.: to stand out prominently in the future.--_n._ LOOM'ING, a mirage. [O. Fr. _lumer_--L. _lumin[=a]re_.]
LOON, l[=oo]n, _n._ a low fellow: a rascal: (_Scot._) a lad. [Old Dut.
_loen_, a stupid fellow, _lome_, slow.]
LOON, l[=oo]n, _n._ a genus of web-footed aquatic birds, the Divers, with short wings, and legs placed very far back--also LOOM.--_n._ LOON'ING, the cry of a loon, like the howl of a wolf, ominous of evil. [Ice. _lomr_, prob. influenced by _loon_, as above, from their awkward walk on land.]
LOOP, l[=oo]p, _n._ a doubling of a cord, chain, &c., through which another may pass: an ornamental doubling in fringes.--_v.t._ to fasten or ornament with loops.--_n.pl._ LOOP'ERS, the caterpillars of certain moths, which move by drawing up the hindpart of their body to the head.--_n._ LOOP'-LINE, a branch from a main line of railway, returning to it after making a detour. [Prob. Celt.; Gael. _lub_, a bend.]
LOOP, l[=oo]p, LOOPHOLE, l[=oo]p'h[=o]l, _n._ a small hole in a wall, &c., through which small-arms may be fired: a means of escape.--_adjs._ LOOPED (_Shak._), full of small openings; LOOP'HOLED.--_n._ LOOP'-LIGHT, a small narrow window. [O. Fr. _loup_.]
LOORD, l[=oo]rd, _n._ (_Spens._) a lout. [Fr. _lourd_, heavy.]
LOOS, l[=oo]s, _n._ (_Spens._) praise. [L. _laus_, praise.]
LOOSE, l[=oo]s, _adj._ slack, free: unbound: not confined: not compact: indefinite: vague: not strict: unrestrained: lax in principle: licentious: inattentive.--_adj._ LOOSE'-BOD'IED, flowing.--_n._ LOOSE'-KIR'TLE, a wanton.--_adv._ LOOSE'LY.--_ns._ LOOS'ENER, a laxative; LOOSE'NESS, the state of being loose: diarrhoea.--LOOSE BOX, a part of a stable where horses are kept untied.--BREAK LOOSE, to escape from confinement; GIVE A LOOSE TO, to give free vent to; LET LOOSE, to set at liberty. [A.S. _leas_, loose; from the same root as _loose_ (_v.t._) and _lose_, seen also in Goth. _laus_, Ger. _los_; more prob. due to Ice. _lauss_.]
LOOSE, l[=oo]s, _v.t._ to free from any fastening: to release: to relax: (_Spens._) to solve.--_v.i._ (_B._) to set sail.--_v.t._ LOOS'EN, to make loose: to relax anything tied or rigid: to make less dense; to open, as the bowels.--_v.i._ to become loose: to become less tight. [A.S. _losian_; Ger.
_losen_, Goth. _lausjan_, to loose.]
LOOSESTRIFE, l[=oo]s'str[=i]f, _n._ the popular name for a plant of the natural order _Lythraceae_ (q.v.).
LOOT, l[=oo]t, _n._ act of plundering, esp. in a conquered city: plunder.--_v.t._ or _v.i._ to plunder, ransack. [Hindi _l[=u]t_--Sans.
_lotra_, _loptra_, stolen goods.]
LOP, lop, _v.i._ to hang down loosely.--_adjs._ LOP'-EARED, having ears which hang downwards; LOP'SIDED, heavier on one side than the other, as a ship.
LOP, lop, _v.t._ to cut off the top or ends of, esp. of a tree: to curtail by cutting away superfluous parts:--_pr.p._ lop'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ lopped.--_n._ twigs of trees cut off--_ns._ LOP'PER; LOP'PING, a cutting off: that which is cut off. [Cf. Dut. _lubben_, to cut; perh. conn. with _leaf_.]
LOPE, l[=o]p, _v.i._ to leap: to run with a long stride.
LOPHOBRANCH, l[=o]'f[=o]-brangk, _adj._ having tufted gills.--Also LOPHOBRAN'CHIATE. [Gr. _lophos_, a crest, _brachia_, gills.]
LOQUACIOUS, lo-kw[=a]'shus, _adj._ talkative.--_adv._ LOQU[=A]'CIOUSLY.--_ns._ LOQU[=A]'CIOUSNESS, LOQUAC'ITY, talkativeness. [L.
_loquax_, _-acis_--_loqui_, to speak.]
LOQUAT, l[=o]'kwat, _n._ an esteemed Chinese and Japanese fruit, yellowish, flavouring tarts. [Chinese.]
LORATE, l[=o]r'[=a]t, _adj._ (_bot._) resembling a thong or strap. [L.
_loratus_--_lorum_, a thong.]
LORCHA, lor'cha, _n._ a light vessel of European build, but rigged like a Chinese junk.
LORD, lawrd, _n._ a master: a superior: a husband: a ruler: the proprietor of a manor: a baron: a peer of the realm: the son of a duke or marquis, or the eldest son of an earl: a bishop, esp. if a member of parliament: (_B._) the Supreme Being, Jehovah (when printed in capitals): a name also applied to Christ.--_v.t._ to raise to the peerage.--_v.i._ to act the lord: to tyrannise.--_ns._ LORD'LINESS; LORD'LING, a little lord: a would-be lord--also LORD'ING, LORD'KIN.--_adj._ LORD'LY, like, becoming, or pertaining to a lord: dignified: haughty: tyrannical--also _adv._--_ns._ LORDOL'ATRY, excessive worship of nobility; LORDS'-AND-L[=A]'DIES, a popular name for the common arum (q.v.); LORD'S'-DAY, the first day of the week; LORD'SHIP, state or condition of being a lord: the territory belonging to a lord: dominion: authority; LORD'S'-SUP'PER, the sacrament of the communion, instituted at our Lord's last supper.--LORD-LIEUTENANT OF A COUNTY (see LIEUTENANT); LORD-LIEUTENANT OF IRELAND, a viceroy or deputy of the sovereign to whom the government of Ireland is nominally committed; LORD OF MISRULE (see MISRULE); LORDS OF SESSION, the judges of the Scotch Court of Session; LORDS ORDINARY, the five judges forming the outer house of the Court of Session; LORDS SPIRITUAL, the archbishops and bishops in the House of Lords--opp. to LORDS TEMPORAL, the peers proper.--HOUSE OF LORDS, the upper house in the two branches of the British parliament, consisting of the lords spiritual and temporal. [M. E. _loverd_, _laverd_--A.S. _hlaford_--_hlaf_, a loaf, bread, _weard_, warder.]
LORDOSIS, lor-d[=o]'sis, _n._ abnormal curvature of the spinal column, the convexity towards the front.
LORE, l[=o]r, _n._ that which is learned: doctrine: learning.--_n._ LOR'ING (_Spens._), learning. [A.S. _lar_.]
LORE, l[=o]r, _n._ (_Spens._) something like a thong: (_ornith._) the side of the head between the eye and the base of the upper mandible.
LOREL, lor'el, _n._ (_Spens._) an idle fellow. [_Losel_.]
LORETTE, l[=o]-ret', _n._ a showy strumpet. [Fr.]
LORGNETTE, l[=o]r-nyet', _n._ an opera-glass.--_n._ LOR'GNON, an eye-glass with a handle. [Fr.]
LORICA, lo-r[=i]'ka, _n._ in ancient Rome, a cuirass made of thongs--also LOR'IC (_Browning_).--_v.t._ LOR'IC[=A]TE, to furnish with a coat-of-mail: to plate or coat over.--_adj._ covered with defensive armour: imbricated.--_n._ LORIC[=A]'TION, a coating or crusting over, as with plates of mail. [L.,--_lorum_, a thong.]
LORIKEET, lor-i-k[=e]t', _n._ a small parrot, a kind of lory.
LORIMER, lor'i-m[.e]r, _n._ a maker of horse-furniture.--Also LOR'INER.
[Fr. _lormier_--L. _lorum_, a thong.]
LORIOT, l[=o]'ri-ut, _n._ the oriole. [Fr. _le_, the, _oriol_--L.
_aureolus_, dim. of _aureus_, golden--_aurum_, gold.]