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EPANODOS, e-pan'[=o]-dos, _n._ recapitulation of the chief points in a discourse. [Gr.]

EPANORTHOSIS, ep-an-or-th[=o]'sis, _n._ (_rhet._) the retracting of a statement in order to correct or intensify it, as 'For Britain's guid! for her destruction!' [Gr.]

EPANTHOUS, ep-an'thus, _adj._ growing upon flowers. [Gr. _epi_, upon, _anthos_, a flower.]

EPARCH, ep'ark, _n._ the governor of a Greek province.--_n._ EP'ARCHY, the province or territory ruled over by an eparch. [Gr. _eparchos_--_epi_, upon, _arch[=e]_, dominion.]

EPAULEMENT, e-pawl'ment, _n._ a side-work of a battery or earthwork to protect it from a flanking fire.--_n._ EPAULE', the shoulder of a bastion.

[Fr.,--_epauler_, to protect--_epaule_, shoulder.]

EPAULET, EPAULETTE, ep'ol-et, _n._ a shoulder-piece: a badge of a military or naval officer (now disused in the British army): an ornament on the shoulder of a lady's dress. [Fr. _epaulette_--_epaule_, the shoulder.]

EPEIRA, ep-[=i]r'a, _n._ a genus of spiders, the type of the _Epeiridae_, including the common garden spider. [Gr. _epi_, on, _eiros_, wool.]

EPENCEPHALON, ep-en-sef'a-lon, _n._ the hindmost of the divisions of the brain.--_adj._ EPENCEPHAL'IC.

EPENTHESIS, e-pen'the-sis, _n._ the insertion of a letter or syllable within a word.--_adj._ EPENTHET'IC. [Gr.]

EPEOLATRY, ep-e-ol'a-tri, _n._ worship of words. [Gr. _epos_, word, _latreia_, worship.]

EPERGNE, e-p[.e]rn', _n._ an ornamental stand for a large dish for the centre of a table. [Perh. from Fr. _epargne_, saving--_epargner_, to save.]

EPEXEGESIS, ep-eks-e-j[=e]'sis, _n._ the addition of words to make the sentence more clear.--_adjs._ EPEXEGET'IC, -AL.--_adv._ EPEXEGET'ICALLY.

[Gr. _epi_, in addition, _ex[=e]geisthai_, to explain.]

EPHA, EPHAH, [=e]'fa, _n._ a Hebrew measure for dry goods. [Heb.; prob. of Egyptian origin.]

EPHEBE, ef-[=e]b', _n._ (_Greek antiquities_) a young citizen from 18 to 20 years of age. [L. _eph[=e]bus_--Gr. _eph[=e]bos_--_epi_, upon, _h[=e]b[=e]_, early manhood.]

EPHEMERA, ef-em'er-a, _n._ the Mayfly, a genus of short-lived insects: that which lasts a short time.--_adj._ EPHEM'ERAL, existing only for a day: daily: short-lived.--_n._ anything lasting a short time.--_ns._ EPHEMERAL'ITY; EPHEM'ERID, an insect belonging to the group _Ephemeridae_.--_adj._ EPHEMERID'IAN.--_ns._ EPHEM'ERIS, an account of daily transactions: a journal: an astronomical almanac:--_pl._ EPHEMERIDES (ef-e-mer'i-d[=e]z); EPHEM'ERIST, one who studies the daily motions of the planets; EPHEM'ERON, an insect that lives but a day.--_adj._ EPHEM'EROUS.

[Through L.,--Gr. _eph[=e]meros_, living a day--_epi_, for, _h[=e]mera_, a day.]

EPHESIAN, ef-[=e]'zi-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to _Ephesus_.--_n._ an inhabitant of Ephesus: (_Shak._) 'a jolly companion.'

EPHOD, ef'od, _n._ a kind of linen surplice worn by the Jewish priests: a surplice, generally. [Heb. _aphad_, to put on.]

EPHOR, ef'or, _n._ a class of magistrates whose office apparently originated at Sparta, being peculiar to the Doric states.--_n._ EPH'ORALTY.

[Gr. _epi_, upon, and root of _horaein_, to see.]

EPIBLAST, ep'i-blast, _n._ Same as ECTODERM.

EPIC, ep'ik, _adj._ applied to a poem which recounts a great event in an elevated style: lofty: grand.--_n._ an epic or heroic poem: a story comparable to those in epic poems.--_ns._ EP'ICISM; EP'ICIST.--EPIC DIALECT, the Greek in which the books of Homer are written. [L.

_epicus_--Gr. _epikos_--_epos_, a word.]

EPICALYX, ep-i-k[=a]'liks, _n._ an external or accessory calyx outside of the true calyx, as in _Potentilla_.

EPICARP, ep'i-karp, _n._ (_bot._) the outermost layer of the pericarp or fruit. [Gr. _epi_, upon, _karpos_, fruit.]

EPICEDIUM, ep-i-s[=e]'di-um, _n._ a funeral ode.--_adjs._ EPIC[=E]'DIAL, EPIC[=E]'DIAN, elegiac. [L.,--Gr. _epik[=e]deion_--_epi_, upon, _k[=e]dos_, care.]

EPICENE, ep'i-s[=e]n, _adj._ and _n._ common to both sexes: (_gram._) of either gender. [Through L.,--Gr. _epikoinos_--_epi_, upon, _koinos_, common.]

EPICHEIREMA, ep-i-k[=i]-r[=e]'ma, _n._ a syllogism confirmed in its major or minor premise, or in both, by an incidental proposition. [Gr.

_epicheir[=e]ma_, attempt--_epi_, upon, _cheir_, the hand.]

EPICLINAL, ep-i-kl[=i]'nal, _adj._ (_bot._) placed on the torus or receptacle of a flower.

EPICURE, ep'i-k[=u]r, _n._ a follower of _Epicurus_ (341-270 B.C.), a Greek philosopher, who taught that pleasure was the chief good: one given to sensual enjoyment: one devoted to the luxuries of the table.--_adj._ EPICUR[=E]'AN, pertaining to Epicurus: given to luxury.--_n._ a follower of Epicurus: one given to the luxuries of the table.--_n._ EPICUR[=E]'ANISM, the doctrine of Epicurus: attachment to these doctrines.--_v.i._ EP'ICURISE, to play the epicure, to feast, riot: to profess the philosophy of Epicurus.--_n._ EP'ICURISM, the doctrines of Epicurus: luxury: sensual enjoyment.

EPICYCLE, ep'i-s[=i]-kl, _n._ a circle having its centre on the circumference of a greater circle on which it moves.--_adj._ EPICY'CLIC.--_n._ EPICY'CLOID, a curve described by every point in the plane of a circle moving on the convex circumference of another circle.--_adj._ EPICYCLOI'DAL. [Gr. _epi_, upon, _kyklos_, a circle.]

EPIDEICTIC, -AL, ep-i-d[=i]k'tik, -al, _adj._ done for show or display.

[Gr. _epi_, upon, _deiknynai_, to show.]

EPIDEMIC, -AL, ep-i-dem'ik, -al, _adj._ affecting a community at a certain time: general.--_n._ EPIDEM'IC, a disease falling on great numbers in one place, simultaneously or in succession.--_adv._ EPIDEM'ICALLY.--_n._ EPIDEMIOL'OGY, the science of epidemics. [Gr. _epid[=e]mos_, general--_epi_, among, _d[=e]mos_, the people.]

EPIDERMIS, ep-i-d[.e]r'mis, _n._ scarf-skin or cuticle, forming an external covering of a protective nature for the true skin or corium.--_adjs._ EPIDER'MATOID; EPIDER'MIC, EPIDER'MAL, EPIDER'MIDAL. [Gr.

_epidermis_--_epi_, upon, _derma_, the skin.]

EPIDOTE, ep'i-d[=o]t, _n._ a silicate of aluminium, iron, and calcium.

EPIGASTRIUM, ep-i-gas'tri-um, _n._ the part of the abdomen which chiefly corresponds to the situation of the stomach, extending from the sternum towards the navel.--_adj._ EPIGAS'TRIC. [Gr. _epi_, upon, _gast[=e]r_, the stomach.]

EPIGENE, ep'i-j[=e]n, _adj._ applied to the geological agents of change which affect chiefly the superficial position of the earth's crust, as the atmosphere, water, &c.--_adjs._ EPIG'ENOUS, growing on the surface of a part; EPIG[=E]'OUS, growing on the earth--also EPIG[=E]'AL. [Gr. _epi_, upon, _gennaein_, to produce.]

EPIGENESIS, ep-i-jen'e-sis, _n._ the development of the organism by the growth and differentiation of a single germ--i.e. by the division or segmentation of a fertilised egg-cell.--_n._ EPIGEN'ESIST.--_adj._ EPIGENET'IC. [Gr. _epi_, upon, _genesis_, genesis.]

EPIGLOTTIS, ep-i-glot'is, _n._ the cartilage at the root of the tongue that partly closes the aperture of the larynx.--_adj._ EPIGLOTT'IC. [Gr. _epi_, upon, _gl[=o]tta_ (_gl[=o]ssa_), the tongue.]

EPIGRAM, ep'i-gram, _n._ any concise and pointed or sarcastic saying: a short poem on one subject ending with an ingenious thought.--_adjs._ EPIGRAMMAT'IC, -AL, relating to or dealing in epigrams: like an epigram: concise and pointed.--_adv._ EPIGRAMMAT'ICALLY.--_v.t._ EPIGRAM'MATISE, to make an epigram on.--_n._ EPIGRAM'MATIST, one who writes epigrams. [Through Fr. and L., from Gr. _epigramma_--_epi_, upon, _gramma_, a writing--_graphein_, to write.]

EPIGRAPH, ep'i-graf, _n._ an inscription, esp. on a building: a citation or motto at the commencement of a book or its parts.--_v.t._ to provide with an epigraph.--_ns._ EPIG'RAPHER, EPIG'RAPHIST.--_adj._ EPIGRAPH'IC.--_n._ EPIG'RAPHY. [Gr. _epi-graph[=e]_--_epi_, upon, _graphein_, to write.]

EPIGYNOUS, e-pij'i-nus, _adj._ (_bot._) growing upon the top of the ovary.

EPILEPSY, ep'i-lep-si, _n._ a chronic functional disease of the nervous system, manifested by recurring attacks of sudden insensibility or impairment of consciousness, commonly accompanied by peculiar convulsive seizures.--_n._ EPILEP'TIC, an epileptic patient.--_adjs._ EPILEP'TIC, -AL; EPILEP'TOID. [Gr. _epilepsia_--_epi_, upon, _lambanein_, _l[=e]psesthai_, to seize.]

EPILOGUE, ep'i-log, _n._ the conclusion of a book: a speech or short poem at the end of a play.--_adjs._ EPILOG'IC (-loj'ik), EPILOGIS'TIC.--_v.i._ EPIL'OGISE ('o-j[=i]z), to write an epilogue. [Fr.--L.--Gr. _epilogos_, conclusion--_epi_, upon, _legein_, to speak.]

EPINASTY, ep'i-nas-ti, _n._ (_bot._) curvature of an organ, caused by a more active growth on its upper side.--_adj._ EPINAS'TIC.--_adv._ EPINAS'TICALLY.

EPIPERIPHERAL, ep-i-pe-rif'e-ral, _adj._ situated on the periphery or outer surface of the body.

EPIPETALOUS, ep-i-pet'a-lus, _adj._ (_bot._) inserted or growing on a petal.

EPIPHANY, e-pif'an-i, _n._ a church festival celebrated on Jan. 6, in commemoration of the manifestation of Christ to the wise men of the East: the manifestation of a god. [Gr. _epiphaneia_, appearance--_epi_, to, _phainein_, to show.]

EPIPHLOEUM, ep-i-fl[=e]'um, _n._ (_bot._) the corky envelope of the bark next the epidermis.

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