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LINOTYPE, lin'[=o]-t[=i]p, _n._ a machine for producing stereotyped lines or bars of words, &c., as a substitute for type-setting: a line of printing-type cast in one piece. [L. _linea_, a line, and _type_.]

LINSEED, lin's[=e]d, _n._ lint or flax seed--also LINT'SEED.--_ns._ LIN'SEED-CAKE, the cake remaining when the oil is pressed out of lint or flax seed, used as a food for sheep and cattle; LIN'SEED-MEAL, the meal of linseed, used for poultices and as a cattle-food; LIN'SEED-OIL, oil from flax-seed.

LINSEY, lin'si, _n._ cloth made of linen and wool: a peculiar kind of clayey rock.--_adj._ LIN'SEY-WOOL'SEY, made of linen and wool mixed: mean: of unsuitable parts.--_n._ a thin coarse stuff of linen and wool mixed: inferior stuffs of doubtful composition: (_Shak._) a mixture of nonsense, gibberish. [Obs. _linsel_, and _wool_.]

LINSTOCK, lin'stok, _n._ a staff to hold a lighted match for firing cannon.--Also LINT'STOCK. [Dut. _lontstok_--_lont_, a match, _stok_, a stick.]

LINT, lint, _n._ linen scraped into a soft woolly substance for dressing wounds: raw cotton ready for baling. [L. _linteus_--_linum_, linen.]

LINTEL, lin'tel, _n._ the piece of timber or stone over a doorway: the headpiece of a door or casement. [O. Fr. _lintel_ (Fr. _linteau_)--Low L.

_lintellus_ for _limitellus_, dim. of L. _limes_, border.]

LINTIE, lin'ti, LINTWHITE, lint'hw[=i]t=LINNET.

LION, l[=i]'un, _n._ a fierce quadruped of immense strength, the largest of all carnivorous animals, tawny-coloured, the male with a shaggy mane, springing on his prey with a terrific roar: a man of unusual courage: (_astron._) Leo, a sign of the zodiac: any object of interest, esp. a famous or conspicuous person much sought after: an old Scotch coin, with a lion on the obverse, worth 74 shillings Scotch (James VI.): (_her._) representation of a lion used as a bearing:--_fem._ L[=I]'ONESS.--_ns._ L[=I]'ONCEL, L[=I]'ONCELLE (_her._), a small lion used as a bearing; L[=I]'ONEL, L[=I]'ONET, a young lion; L[=I]'ON-HEART, one with great courage.--_adj._ L[=I]ON-HEART'ED.--_n._ L[=I]'ON-HUNT'ER, a hunter of lions: one who runs after celebrities with foolish adulation, or to get reflected glory from their company.--_v.t._ L[=I]'ONISE, to treat as a lion or object of interest.--_n._ L[=I]'ONISM.--_adj._ L[=I]'ON-LIKE.--LION'S PROVIDER, a popular name for the jackal, supposed to attend upon the lion: any humble friend or follower; LION'S SHARE, the largest share.--A LION IN THE WAY, a danger to be met and overcome; BRITISH LION, the lion as the British national emblem; PUT ONE'S HEAD INTO THE LION'S MOUTH, to get into a position of great danger. [O. Fr. _lion_--L. _leon-em_--Gr. _le[=o]n_; Ger. _lowe_.]

LIP, lip, _n._ the muscular border in front of the teeth by which things are taken into the mouth; the edge of anything: (_slang_) impudent talk, insolence: (_pl._) speech as passing through the lips.--_v.t._ to touch with the lips: to utter with the lips.--_v.i._ to apply the lips to the mouthpiece of an instrument.--_adj._ LIP'BORN, from the lips only: not genuine.--_ns._ LIP'-DEV[=O]'TION, prayer of the lips without devotion in the heart; LIP'-HOM'AGE, insincere homage; LIP'-L[=A]'BOUR, empty speech; LIP'-LANG'UAGE, oral or articulate language, communicated by motions of the lips, as opposed to the fingers, in teaching or conversing with the deaf and dumb; LIP'LET, a little lip; LIP'-OR'NAMENT, an object inserted as an ornament in the lip, common among savage tribes.--_adj._ LIPPED, having lips, or edges like lips, labiate.--_ns._ LIP'-READ'ING, reading what a person says from the movement of the lips, in the instruction of the deaf and dumb; LIP'-SERV'ICE, service with the lips only: insincere devotion or worship; LIP'-WIS'DOM, wisdom in words only, not in deeds.--BITE THE LIP, to press the lips between the teeth to keep one's self from betraying vexation, anger, &c.; CURL OF THE LIP, the causing the lip to curl as an indication of scorn; HANG THE LIP, to be sullen or sulky; MAKE A LIP (_Shak._), to pout in sullenness or contempt. [A.S. _lippa_; Dut. _lip_, Ger. _lippe_, L. _labium_, not conn. with L. _lamb[)e]re_, Eng. _lap_.]

LIPaeMIA, li-p[=e]'mi-a, _n._ excessive fat in the blood.

LIPHaeMIA, li-f[=e]'mi-a, _n._ deficiency or poverty of blood.

LIPOGRAM, l[=i]'p[=o]-gram, _n._ the name given to a writing, esp. a poem from which all words are omitted which contain a particular letter.--_adj._ LIPOGRAMMAT'IC.--_ns._ LIPOGRAM'MATISM; LIPOGRAM'MATIST. [Gr. _leipein_, to leave, _gramma_, a letter.]

LIPOMA, li-p[=o]'ma, _n._ a tumour formed of fatty tissue--also LIP'AROCELE.--_n._ LIPOMAT[=O]'SIS, the excessive growth of fatty tissue.--_adj._ LIPOM'ATOUS.

LIPPEN, lip'n, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to trust, rely, depend (with _to_, _on_).--_adj._ LIPPE'NING, occasional, accidental.

LIPPITUDE, lip'i-t[=u]d, _n._ soreness of the eyes. [L.,--_lippus_, blear-eyed.]

LIPPY, LIPPIE, lip'i, _n._ an old Scottish dry measure, the fourth of a peck. [Dim. from. A.S. _leap_, a basket; Ice. _laupr_.]

LIQUATE, lik'w[=a]t, _v.t._ to melt: to separate one metal from another which is less fusible, by applying sufficient heat.--_adj._ LIQ'UABLE.--_n._ LIQU[=A]'TION. [L. _liqu[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_liqu[=e]re_, to be fluid.]

LIQUEFY, lik'we-f[=i], _v.t._ to make liquid: to dissolve.--_v.i._ to become liquid:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ liq'uef[=i]ed.--_adj._ LIQUEF[=A]'CIENT.--_n._ LIQUEFAC'TION, the act or process of making liquid: the state of being melted.--_adj._ LIQ'UEFIABLE.--_ns._ LIQ'UEFIER; LIQUESC'ENCY.--_adj._ LIQUESC'ENT, melting. [L.

_liquefac[)e]re_--_liqu[=e]re_, to be fluid or liquid, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

LIQUEUR, li-k[.e]r', _n._ the name given to the many alcoholic preparations which are flavoured or perfumed and sweetened to be more agreeable to the taste--chartreuse, cherry brandy, curacao, benedictine, kummel, maraschino, &c.--_ns._ LIQUEUR'-GLASS, a very small drinking-glass intended for liqueurs or cordials; LIQUEUR'ING, the process of qualifying wine by means of liqueur. [Fr.]

LIQUID, lik'wid, _adj._ flowing: fluid: soft: smooth: clear.--_n._ a flowing substance: a letter of a smooth flowing sound, coalescing easily with a preceding mute, _l_, _m_, _n_, _r_.--_adj._ LIQ'UIDABLE.--_v.t._ LIQ'UIDATE, to make clear, esp. to clear or settle an account: to arrange or wind up the affairs of a bankrupt estate.--_ns._ LIQUID[=A]'TION, the clearing up of the money affairs, esp. the adjustment of the affairs of a bankrupt estate; LIQUID[=A]T'OR, one engaged in a liquidation.--_v.t._ LIQ'UIDISE, to render liquid.--_n._ LIQUID'ITY.--_adv._ LIQ'UIDLY.--_n._ LIQ'UIDNESS. [Fr.,--L. _liquidus_, fluid--_liqu[=e]re_, to be fluid.]

LIQUIDAMBAR, lik'wid-am-bar, _n._ a genus of balsamiferous trees of the witch-hazel family (_Hamamelidaceae_), native to Mexico and the United States. [L. _liquidus_, liquid, Low L. _ambar_, amber.]

LIQUOR, lik'ur, _n._ anything liquid: strong drink: a strong solution of a particular substance: any prepared solution.--_v.t._ to apply liquor or a solution to: (_Shak._) to rub with oil or grease.--_v.i._ (_slang_) to drink (esp. with _up_).--_n._ LIQ'UOR-GAUGE, a rod used by excisemen for measuring the depth of liquid in a cask.--LIQUOR LAWS, restrictive legislation with regard to the sale of intoxicating drink.--IN LIQUOR, drunk; MALT LIQUORS, liquors brewed from malt. [O. Fr. _liqeur_--L.


LIQUORICE, lik'ur-is, _n._ a plant with a sweet root which is used for medicinal purposes. [Through an O. Fr. form, from Low L. _liquiritia_, a corr. of Gr. _glykyrrhiza_--_glykys_, sweet, _rhiza_, root.]

LIQUORISH, lik'ur-ish, _adj._ obsolete spelling of _lickerish_.

LIRA, l[=e]'ra, _n._ an Italian coin, worth a franc, and divisible into 100 centesimi:--_pl._ LIRE (l[=e]'r[=a]). [It.]

LIRIODENDRON, lir-i-[=o]-den'dron, _n._ a North American tree, sometimes above 100 feet in height, having close bark, large four-lobed leaves, and greenish-yellow flowers, something like a tulip.--Also TULIP-TREE. [Gr.

_leirion_, a lily, _dendron_, a tree.]

LIRIPOOP, lir'i-poop, _n._ (_obs._) a graduate's hood: smartness: a silly person.--Also LIRIPIP'IUM.

LIRK, lirk, _n._ (_Scot._) a fold.--_v.i._ to hang in creases.

LIS, lis, _n._ a controversy, litigation. [L.]

LIS, l[=e]s, _n._ (_her._) same as _Fleur-de-lis_:--_pl._ LISSES.

LISBON, liz'bon, _n._ a light-coloured wine from Estremadura in Portugal.


LISP, lisp, _v.i._ to speak with the tongue against the upper teeth or gums, as in pronouncing _th_ for _s_ or _z_: to articulate as a child: to utter imperfectly.--_v.t._ to pronounce with a lisp.--_n._ the act or habit of lisping.--_n._ LISP'ER.--_adj._ LISP'ING, pronouncing with a lisp.--_n._ the act of speaking with a lisp.--_adv._ LISP'INGLY. [A.S. _wlispian_ (a conjectural form)--_wlisp_, stammering; Dut. _lispen_, Ger. _lispeln_; from the sound.]

LISSE, l[=e]s, _n._ in tapestry, the threads of the warp taken together.

[Fr., also _lice_--L. _licium_.]

LISSENCEPHALOUS, lis-en-sef'a-lus, _adj._ having a brain smooth or slightly convoluted.

LISSOME, LISSOM, lis'um, _adj._ lithesome, nimble, flexible.--_n._ LISS'OMENESS.

LISSOTRICHOUS, li-sot'ri-kus, _adj._ smooth-haired.

LIST, list, _n._ the selvage on woven textile fabrics: a stripe of any kind: (_Shak._) a border.--_adj._ made of strips of woollen selvage. [A.S.

_list_; Ger. _leiste_.]

LIST, list, _n._ a catalogue, roll, or enumeration: a book, &c., containing a series of names of persons or things.--_v.t._ to place in a list or catalogue: to engage for the public service, as soldiers.--_v.i._ to enter the public service by enrolling one's name, to enlist.--ACTIVE LIST, the roll of soldiers on active service; CIVIL LIST (see CIVIL); FREE LIST (see FREE). [O. Fr. _liste_--Mid. High Ger. _liste_ (Ger. _leiste_), border; A.S. _list_, orig. same word as above.]

LIST, list, _n._ a line enclosing a piece of ground, esp. for combat: (_pl._) the ground enclosed for a contest.--_v.t._ to enclose for a tournament.--ENTER THE LISTS, to engage in contest. [O. Fr. _lisse_ (Fr.

_lice_, It. _lizza_)--Low L. _liciae_, barrier, perh. from L. _licium_, a thrum.]

LIST, list, _v.i._ to have pleasure in: to desire: to like or please: to choose: (_naut._) to incline or heel over to one side.--_v.t._ to cause to careen or heel over.--_n._ such an inclination. [A.S. _lystan_, impers., please--_lust_, pleasure.]

LIST, list, _v.t._ and _v.i._ original form of listen: now poetical.--_v.t._ LISTEN (lis'n), to hear or attend to.--_v.i._ to give ear or hearken: to follow advice.--_n._ LIST'ENER, one who listens or hearkens.--_adjs._ LIST'FUL, attentive; LIST'LESS, having no desire or wish: careless: uninterested: weary: indolent.--_adv._ LIST'LESSLY.--_n._ LIST'LESSNESS. [A.S. _hlystan_--_hlyst_, hearing; Ice. _hlusta_.]

LISTEL, lis'tel, _n._ (_archit._) a narrow fillet.

LISTER, lis't[.e]r, _n._ a form of plough for throwing up ridges.--_n._ LIST'ING.

LISTERISM, lis't[.e]r-izm, _n._ an antiseptic method of operating introduced by the English surgeon, Lord _Lister_, born 1827.--_v.t._ LIS'TERISE, to treat by Listerism.

LIT, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of light, lighten, light, to alight.

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