LAV, lav, _n._ word--in _lavengro_, word-master. [Gypsy.]
LAVA, la'va, _n._ the melted matter discharged from a burning mountain, that flows down its sides. [It. _lava_, a stream--L. _lav[=a]re_, to wash.]
LAVE, l[=a]v, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to wash: to bathe.--_ns._ L[=A]'VABO, the ritual act of washing the celebrant's fingers after the offertory, before proceeding with the eucharistic service--from _Lavabo manus meas in innocentia_ (Ps. xxvi. 6): a stone basin in monasteries for washing in before meals or religious exercises: a modern convenience or lavatory of similar kind; L[=A]'VAGE, a washing out; LAV[=A]'TION, a washing or cleansing; LAV'ATORY, a place for washing: a medieval stone table in monasteries, &c., on which bodies were washed before burial: (_med._) a lotion for a diseased part; L[=A]'VER, a large vessel for laving or washing. [Fr. _laver_--L. _lav[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_; Gr. _louein_, to wash.]
LAVE, l[=a]v, _n._ (_Scot._) what is left, the remainder. [A.S. _laf_; Ice.
_leif_. See LEAVE.]
LAVE, l[=a]v, _v.t._ to lade or throw out (as water from a boat). [A.S.
_lafian_, pour out water; Ger. _laben_, refresh. Conn. with L. _lav[=a]re_, to wash, dub.]
LAVENDER, lav'en-d[.e]r, _n._ an odoriferous plant, probably so called from its being laid with newly washed clothes: a pale-lilac colour, the colour of lavender blossoms.--_v.t._ to sprinkle with lavender.--_n._ LAV'ENDER-WA'TER, a perfume composed of spirits of wine, essential oil of lavender, and ambergris.--LAY IN LAVENDER, to lay by carefully, as clothes, with sprigs of lavender in them; OIL OF LAVENDER, an aromatic oil distilled from lavender flowers and stems, used as a stimulant and tonic. [M. E.
_lavendre_--Fr. _lavande_--L. _lav[=a]re_, to wash.]
LAVER. See LAVE (1).
LAVER, l[=a]v'[.e]r, _n._ the fronds of certain marine plants, sometimes used as food. [L. _laver_.]
LAVEROCK, lav'[.e]r-ock, _n._ (_prov._) a lark. [Cf. _Lark_.]
LAVISH, lav'ish, _v.t._ to expend profusely: to waste.--_adj._ bestowing profusely: prodigal: extravagant: unrestrained.--_adv._ LAV'ISHLY.--_ns._ LAV'ISHMENT, LAV'ISHNESS. [From LAVE (3).]
LAVOLT, la-volt', LAVOLTA, la-vol'ta, _n._ (_Shak._) an old dance in which there were much turning and high leaping. [It. _la volta_, the turn.]
LAW, law, _n._ a rule of action established by authority: statute: the rules of a community or state: a rule or principle of science or art: the whole jurisprudence or the science of law: established usage: that which is lawful: the whole body of persons connected professionally with the law: litigation: a theoretical principle educed from practice or observation: a statement or formula expressing the constant order of certain phenomena: (_theol._) the Mosaic code or the books containing it.--_v.t._ (_coll._) to give law to, determine.--_v.i._ (_obs._) to go to law.--_adj._ LAW'-ABID'ING, obedient to the law.--_ns._ LAW-BIND'ING; LAW'-BOOK, a book treating of law or law cases; LAW'-BREAK'ER, one who violates a law; LAW'-BURR'OWS (_Scots law_), a writ requiring a person to give security against doing violence to another; LAW'-CALF, a book-binding in smooth, pale-brown calf; LAW'-DAY, a day of open court.--_adj._ LAW'FUL, allowed by law: rightful.--_adv._ LAW'FULLY.--_ns._ LAW'FULNESS; LAW'GIVER, one who enacts laws: a legislator.--_adj._ LAW'GIVING, legislating.--_n._ LAW'ING, going to law: litigation: (_obs._) the practice of cutting off the claws and balls of a dog's forefeet to hinder it from hunting: (_Scot._) a reckoning at a public-house, a tavern bill.--_adj._ LAW'LESS.--_adv._ LAW'LESSLY.--_ns._ LAW'LESSNESS; LAW'-LIST, an annual publication containing all information regarding the administration of law and the legal profession; LAW'-LORD, a peer in parliament who holds or has held high legal office: in Scotland, a judge of the Court of Session; LAW'-MAK'ER, a lawgiver; LAW'-MAN, one of a select body with magisterial powers in some of the Danish towns of early England; LAW'-MER'CHANT, a term applied to the customs which have grown up among merchants in reference to mercantile documents and business; LAW'-MONG'ER, a low pettifogging lawyer; LAW'-ST[=A]'TIONER, a stationer who sells parchment and other articles needed by lawyers; LAW'SUIT, a suit or process in law; LAW'-WRIT'ER, a writer on law: a copier or engrosser of legal papers; LAW'YER, a practitioner in the law: (_N.T._) an interpreter of the Mosaic Law: the stem of a brier.--LAW LATIN, Latin as used in law and legal documents, being a mixture of Latin with Old French and Latinised English words; LAW OF NATIONS, now international law, originally applied to those ethical principles regarded as obligatory on all communities; LAW OF NATURE (see NATURE); LAW OF THE LAND, the established law of a country; LAWS OF ASSOCIATION (see ASSOCIATION); LAWS OF MOTION (see MOTION); LAWFUL DAY, one on which business may be legally done--not a Sunday or a public holiday.--BOYLE'S (erroneously called MARIOTTE'S) LAW (_physics_), in gases, the law that, for a given quantity at a given temperature, the pressure varies inversely as the volume--discovered by Robert _Boyle_ in 1662, and treated in a book by Mariotte in 1679; BREHON LAW (see BREHON); CANON LAW (see CANON); CASE LAW, law established by judicial decision in particular cases, in contradistinction to _statute law_; COMMON LAW (see COMMON); CRIMINAL LAW, the law which relates to crimes and their punishment; CROWN LAW, that part of the common law of England which is applicable to criminal matters; CUSTOMARY LAW (see CONSUETUDINARY); EMPIRICAL LAW, a law induced from observation or experiment, and though valid for the particular instances observed, not to be relied on beyond the conditions on which it rests; FEDERAL LAW, law prescribed by the supreme power of the United States, as opposed to _state_ law; FOREST LAW, the code of law which was drawn up to preserve the forests, &c., forming the special property of the English kings; GRESHAM'S LAW (_polit. econ._), the law that of two forms of currency the inferior or more depreciated tends to drive the other from circulation, owing to the hoarding and exportation of the better form; GRIMM'S LAW (_philol._), the law formulating certain changes or differences which the mute consonants exhibit in corresponding words in the Teutonic branches of the Aryan family of languages--stated by Jacob _Grimm_ (1785-1863); INTERNATIONAL LAW (see INTERNATIONAL); JUDICIARY LAW, that part of the law which has its source in the decisions and adjudications of the courts; KEPLER'S LAWS, three laws of planetary motion discovered by Johann _Kepler_ (1571-1630)--viz. (1) the orbits of the planets are ellipses with the sun at one focus; (2) the areas described by their _radii vectores_ in equal times are equal; (3) the squares of their periodic times vary as the cubes of their mean distances from the sun; LYNCH LAW (see LYNCH); MAINE LAW, a prohibitory liquor law passed by the legislature of _Maine_ State, U.S.A., in 1851; MARITIME, MARTIAL, MERCANTILE, MILITARY LAW (see the _adjs._); MAY LAWS, several Prussian enactments (1873-74) directed to control the action of the Church, and limit its interference in civil matters, largely modified in 1887--often called FALK LAWS, from the introducer; MORAL LAW, that portion of the Old Testament which relates to moral principles, especially the ten commandments; MOSAIC, MUNICIPAL, NATURAL LAW (see the _adjs._); OHM'S LAW, the basis of electrical measurements, established in 1827 by _Ohm_ (1787-1854), that the resistance of a conductor is measured by the ratio of the electromotive force between its two ends to the current flowing through it; POOR-LAW, -LAWS, laws providing for the support of paupers at the public expense; POSITIVE LAW, law owing its force to human sanction as opposed to divine law; PRIVATE LAW (see PRIVATE); ROMAN LAW, the system of law developed by the ancient Romans, and often termed the _civil law_ (q.v.); SALIC LAW (see SALIAN); STATUTE LAW (see STATUTE); SUMPTUARY LAW (see SUMPTUARY); VERNER'S LAW (_philol._), a law stated by Karl _Verner_ in 1875, showing the effect of the position of accent in the shifting of the original Aryan mute consonants, and _s_, into Low German, and explaining the most important anomalies in the application of Grimm's law; WRITTEN LAW, statute law as distinguished from the common law.--HAVE THE LAW OF (_coll._), to enforce the law against; LAY DOWN THE LAW, to state authoritatively or dictatorially. [M. E. _lawe_--A.S. _lagu_, from _licgan_, to lie; Ice. _l[=o]g_.]
LAWK, lawk, _interj._ implying surprise. [For _Lord!_]
LAWN, lawn, _n._ a sort of fine linen or cambric.--_adj._ made of lawn.--_adj._ LAWN'Y.--LAWN SLEEVES, wide sleeves of lawn worn by Anglican bishops. [Prob. from Fr. _Laon_, a town near Rheims.]
LAWN, lawn, _n._ an open space between woods: a space of ground covered with grass, generally in front of or around a house or mansion.--_ns._ LAWN'-MOW'ER, a machine for cutting the grass on a lawn; LAWN'-SPRINK'LER, a machine for watering a lawn by sprinkling from a hose with perforated swivel-collar; LAWN'-TENN'IS, a game played with a ball and rackets on an open lawn or other smooth surface by two, three, or four persons.--_adj._ LAWN'Y. [A corr. of _laund_, _lawnd_.]
LAX, laks, _adj._ slack: loose: soft, flabby: not strict in discipline or morals: loose in the bowels.--_adj._ LAX'ATIVE, having the power of loosening the bowels.--_n._ a purgative or aperient medicine.--_ns._ LAX'ATIVENESS, LAX'ITY, LAX'NESS, state or quality of being lax; LAX[=A]'TOR, a muscle that relaxes an organ or part; LAX'IST, one holding loose notions of moral laws, or of their application.--_adv._ LAX'LY. [L.
LAY, _pa.t._ of _lie_, to lay one's self down.
LAY, l[=a], _v.t._ to cause to lie down: to place or set down: to beat down: to spread on a surface: to conjoin: to spread the proper thing on: to calm: to appease: to wager: to bring forth: to impose: to charge: to present.--_v.i._ to produce eggs: to wager, bet:--_pr.p._ lay'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ laid.--_n._ situation: (_Shak._) a bet: a share of profit, esp.
in whaling enterprises: (_slang_) a field or method of operations, esp. of thieves: a measure in thread manufacture, about 800 yards.--_ns._ LAY'ER, that which lays--e.g. a hen, a bricklayer: a bed or stratum: a shoot laid for propagation; LAY'ERING, the propagation of plants by layers; LAY'ING, the first coat of plaster: the act or time of laying eggs: the eggs laid; LAY'-OUT, that which is laid out, a spread, for dining, gaming, &c.; LAY'-STALL, a place for laying dung, rubbish, &c.--LAY ABOUT ONE, to deal blows vigorously or on all sides; LAY ASIDE, AWAY, to discard: to put apart for future use; LAY AT, to endeavour to strike; LAY BARE, to make bare, disclose; LAY BEFORE, to submit to, as of plans; LAY BY, to keep for future use, to dismiss, to put off; LAY BY THE HEELS (see HEEL); LAY DOWN, to give up: to deposit, as a pledge: to apply, as embroidery: to delineate, describe: to affirm, assert: (_rare_) to store for future use; LAY HEADS TOGETHER, to consult together, to deliberate; LAY HOLD OF, or ON, to seize, apprehend; LAY IN, to get in a supply of; LAY INTO, to chastise thoroughly; LAY IT ON, to charge exorbitantly, to do anything with profuseness; LAY OFF, to cast aside: to mark off; LAY ON, to apply with force, to strike, to act with vigour; LAY ONE'S SELF OUT TO, to put forth one's best efforts for anything; LAY ON LOAD (_Spens._), to belabour; LAY ON THE TABLE (see TABLE); LAY OPEN, to make bare, to show, expose; LAY OUT, to expand, to display: to expend, to plan, to exert: to dress in grave-clothes: to take measures, seek; LAY SIEGE TO, to besiege: to importune; LAY THE LAND, to cause the land to disappear below the horizon by sailing away from it; LAY TO, to apply with vigour: to bring a ship to rest; LAY TO HEART (see HEART); LAY UNDER, to subject to; LAY UP, to store up, preserve: to confine to one's bed or room for a time: to put a ship in dock after dismantling; LAY UPON, to wager upon; LAY WAIT, to lie in wait, or in ambush; LAY WASTE, to devastate, to destroy.--LAYING ON OF HANDS (see HAND).--LAID EMBROIDERY, gimped or raised embroidery.--ON A LAY, on shares, as when a crew is shipped 'on a lay' instead of receiving wages. [_Lay_ is the causal to _lie_, from A.S. _lecgan_; Ice. _leggja_, Ger. _legen_.]
LAY, l[=a], _n._ a song: a lyric or narrative poem. [O. Fr. _lai_, from Celt.; cf. Gael. _laoidh_, a hymn.]
LAY, l[=a], LAIC, -AL, l[=a]'ik, -al, _adjs._ pertaining to the people: not clerical: unprofessional: (_cards_) not trumps.--_v.t._ L[=A]'ICISE, to deprive of a clerical character.--_ns._ L[=A]'ITY, the people as distinguished from any particular profession, esp. the clerical; LAY'-BAP'TISM, baptism administered by a layman; LAY'-BROTH'ER, a layman: a man under vows of celibacy and obedience, who serves a monastery, but is exempt from the studies and religious services required of the monks; LAY'-COMMUN'ION, the state of being in the communion of the church as a layman; LAY'-IMPR[=O]'PRIATOR, an impropriator who is a layman (see IMPROPRIATOR); LAY'-LORD, a civil lord of the Admiralty; LAY'MAN, one of the laity: a non-professional man; LAY'-READ'ER, in the Anglican Church, a layman who receives authority to read the lessons or a part of the service, and who may in certain cases preach or read the sermons of others. [O. Fr.
_lai_--L. _laicus_--Gr. _laikos_--_laos_, the people.]
LAY-DAY, l[=a]'-d[=a], _n._ one of a number of days allowed a charter-party for shipping or unshipping cargo.
LAYER, l[=a]'[.e]r, _n._ a stratum--better LAIR (q.v.). See LAY.
LAYETTE, l[=a]-yet', _n._ a baby's complete outfit: a tray for carrying powder in powder-mills. [Fr.]
LAY-FIGURE, l[=a]'-fig'[=u]r, _n._ a jointed figure used by painters in imitation of the human body, as a model for drapery: a living person or a fictitious character wanting in individuality.--Also LAY'-MAN.
LAZAR, l[=a]'zar, _n._ one afflicted with a loathsome and pestilential disease like Lazarus, the beggar.--_ns._ L[=A]'ZAR-HOUSE, a lazaretto; LAZ'ARIST, a member of a R.C. order, the Congregation of the Priests of the Mission, founded by St Vincent de Paul in 1624.--_adj._ L[=A]'ZAR-LIKE, like a lazar: full of sores: leprous. [Fr. _lazare_--L.,--Gr. _Lazaros_, in the parable in Luke xvi.--Heb. _El'[=a]z[=a]r_, 'he whom God helps.']
LAZARETTO, laz-a-ret'[=o], _n._ a public hospital for diseased persons, esp. for such as have infectious disorders: a prison hospital: a place where persons are kept during quarantine.--Also LAZ'ARET. [It.
LAZARONI, laz-a-r[=o]'ni, _n._ Same as LAZZARONI.
LAZULI, laz'[=u]-l[=i]. See LAPIS-LAZULI, under LAPIDARY.
LAZULITE, laz'[=u]-l[=i]t, _n._ a mineral of a light, indigo-blue colour, occurring in quartz and in clay-slate.
LAZY, l[=a]'zi, _adj._ disinclined to exertion: averse to labour: sluggish: tedious.--_v.i._ LAZE, to be lazy.--_adv._ L[=A]'ZILY.--_ns._ L[=A]'ZINESS, state or quality of being lazy; L[=A]'ZY-BED, a bed for growing potatoes, the seed being laid on the surface and covered with earth dug out of trenches along both sides; L[=A]'ZYBONES (_coll._), a lazy person, an idler; L[=A]'ZY-JACK, a jack constructed of compound levers pivoted together; L[=A]'ZY-PIN'ION (see IDLE-WHEEL).--_n.pl._ L[=A]'ZY-TONGS, tongs consisting of a series of diagonal levers pivoted together at the middle and ends, capable of being extended by a movement of the scissors-like handles so as to pick up objects at a distance. [M. E. _lasche_--O. Fr.
_lasche_ (Fr. _lache_), slack, weak, base--L. _laxus_, loose.]
LAZZARONI, laz-a-r[=o]'ni, _n._ name given to the lowest classes in Naples, idle beggars, with no fixed habitation or regular occupation:--_sing._ LAZZARONE. [It.]
LEA, l[=e], _n._ a meadow: grass-land, pasturage.--Older forms, LAY, LEE, LEY. [A.S. _leah_; cf. prov. Ger. _lohe_, _loh_, found also in place-names, as Water_loo_.]
LEACH, l[=e]ch, _v.t._ to wash or drain away by percolation of water, esp.
to make lye by leaching ashes--also LETCH.--_ns._ LEACH'-TROUGH, -TUB, a trough or tub in which ashes are leached.--_adj._ LEACH'Y, liable to be leached, letting water percolate through. [A.S. _leccan_, to moisten.]
LEACH, l[=e]ch, _n._ Same as LEECH.
LEAD, l[=e]d, _v.t._ to show the way by going first: to guide by the hand: to direct: to precede: to transport or carry: to allure.--_v.i._ to go before and show the way: to have a tendency: to exercise dominion:--_pr.p._ lead'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ led.--_n._ first place: precedence: direction: (_naut._) the course of a running rope from end to end: the right of playing the first card in a round or trick: a main conductor in electrical distribution.--_ns._ LEAD'ER, one who leads or goes first: a chief: the leading editorial article in a newspaper (also LEADING ARTICLE): principal wheel in any machinery; LEADERETTE', a brief newspaper leader; LEAD'ERSHIP, state or condition of a leader or conductor; LEAD'ING-BUS'INESS, the acting of the principal parts or roles in plays; LEAD'ING-M[=O]'TIVE (Ger. _leit-motif_), in dramatic music, a principal theme: a theme, usually of but few tones, by which any personage or particular emotion is indicated by suggestion as often as it occurs; LEAD'ING-QUES'TION, a legal term for a question so put to a witness as to suggest the answer that is wished or expected.--_n.pl._ LEAD'ING-STRINGS, strings used to lead children when beginning to walk: vexatious care or custody.--LEAD APES IN HELL (see APE); LEAD ASTRAY, to draw into a wrong course, to seduce from right conduct; LEAD BY THE NOSE, to make one follow submissively; LEAD IN PRAYER, to offer up prayer in an assembly, uniting the prayers of others; LEAD OFF, to begin or take the start in anything; LEAD ON, to persuade to go on, to draw on; LEAD ONE A DANCE (see DANCE); LEAD UP TO, to bring about by degrees, to prepare for anything by steps or stages. [A.S. _l['ae]dan_, to lead, _lad_, a way; Ger. _leiten_, to lead.]
LEAD, led, _n._ a well-known metal of a bluish-white colour: the plummet for sounding at sea: a thin plate of lead separating lines of type: (_pl._) sheets of lead for covering roofs, a flat roof so covered.--_v.t._ to cover or fit with lead: (_print._) to separate lines with leads.--_n._ LEAD'-ARM'ING, tallow, &c., placed in the hollow of a sounding-lead, to ascertain the nature of the bottom.--_adjs._ LEAD'ED, fitted with or set in lead: (_print._) separated by leads, as the lines of a book, &c.; LEAD'EN, made of lead: heavy: dull; LEAD'EN-HEART'ED, having an unfeeling heart; LEAD'EN-STEP'PING (_Milt._), moving slowly.--_ns._ LEAD'-GLANCE, lead ore, galena; LEAD'-MILL, a mill for grinding white-lead: a leaden disc charged with emery for grinding gems; LEAD'-PEN'CIL, a pencil or instrument for drawing, &c., made of blacklead; LEAD'-POI'SONING, or _Plumbism_, poisoning by the absorption and diffusion of lead in the system, its commonest form, _Lead_ or _Painter's Colic_; LEADS'MAN, a seaman who heaves the lead.--_adj._ LEAD'Y, like lead. [A.S. _lead_; Ger. _loth_.]
LEAF, l[=e]f, _n._ one of the lateral organs developed from the stem or axis of the plant below its growing-point: anything beaten thin like a leaf: two pages of a book: one side of a window-shutter, &c.:--_pl._ LEAVES (l[=e]vz).--_v.i._ to shoot out or produce leaves:--_pr.p._ leaf'ing; _pa.p._ leafed.--_ns._ LEAF'AGE, leaves collectively: abundance of leaves: season of leaves or leafing; LEAF'-BRIDGE, a form of drawbridge in which the rising leaf or leaves swing vertically on hinges; LEAF'-BUD, a bud producing a stem with leaves only; LEAF'INESS; LEAF'-IN'SECT, an orthopterous insect of family _Phasmidae_, the wing-covers like leaves.--_adj._ LEAF'LESS, destitute of leaves.--_ns._ LEAF'LET, a little leaf, a tract; LEAF'-MET'AL, metal, especially alloys imitating gold and silver, in very thin leaves, for decoration; LEAF'-MOULD, earth formed from decayed leaves, used as a soil for plants; LEAF'-STALK, the petiole supporting the leaf.--_adj._ LEAF'Y, full of leaves.--TAKE A LEAF OUT OF ONE'S BOOK (see BOOK); TURN OVER A NEW LEAF, to take up a new and better course of conduct. [A.S. _leaf_; Ger. _laub_, Dut. _loof_, a leaf.]
LEAGUE, l[=e]g, _n._ a nautical measure, 1/20th of a degree, 3 geographical miles, 3.456 statute miles: an old measure of length, varying from the Roman league, 1.376 mod. Eng. miles, to the French, 2.764 miles, and the Spanish, 4.214 miles. [O. Fr. _legue_ (Fr. _lieue_)--L. _leuca_, a Gallic mile of 1500 Roman paces; from the Celt., as in Bret. _leo_.]
LEAGUE, l[=e]g, _n._ a bond or alliance: union for mutual advantage.--_v.i._ to form a league: to unite for mutual interest:--_pr.p._ leag'uing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ leagued.--_n._ LEAG'UER, one connected with a league. [Fr. _ligue_--Low L. _liga_--L. _lig[=a]re_, to bind.]
LEAGUER, l[=e]g'[.e]r, _n._ a camp, esp. of a besieging army: siege or besiegement. [Dut. _leger_, a lair.]
LEAK, l[=e]k, _n._ a crack or hole in a vessel through which liquid may pass: the oozing of any fluid through an opening.--_v.i._ to let any fluid into or out of a vessel through a leak.--_ns._ LEAK'AGE, a leaking: that which enters or escapes by leaking: an allowance for leaking; LEAK'INESS.--_adj._ LEAK'Y, having leaks: letting any liquid in or out.--LEAK OUT, to find vent, to get to the public ears; SPRING A LEAK, to begin to let in water. [Ice. _leka_; Dut. _lekken_, to drip.]
LEAL, l[=e]l, _adj._ true-hearted, faithful.--LAND O' THE LEAL, the home of the blessed after death--Paradise, not Scotland. [Norm. Fr. _leal_, same as _loyal_.]
LEAM, l[=e]m, _n._ (_obs._) a gleam of light, a glow.--_v.i._ to shine.
LEAN, l[=e]n, _v.i._ to incline or bend: to turn from a straight line: to rest against: to incline towards:--_pr.p._ lean'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ leaned or leant (lent).--_n._ LEAN'-TO, a shed or penthouse whose supports lean upon another building or wall. [A.S. _hlinian_, and causal form _hl['ae]nan_; Dut. _leunen_.]
LEAN, l[=e]n, _adj._ thin, wanting flesh: not fat: unprofitable, taking extra time--a printer's phrase.--_n._ flesh without fat.--_adj._ LEAN'-FACED, having a thin face: (_print._) slender and narrow, as letters.--_adv._ LEAN'LY.--_n._ LEAN'NESS.--_adj._ LEAN'-WIT'TED, of little sense. [A.S. _hl['ae]ne_; Low Ger. _leen_; according to Skeat, from _hl['ae]nan_, to lean (above).]