LAPUTAN, la-p[=u]'tan, _adj._ pertaining to _Laputa_, a flying island described in Swift's _Gulliver's Travels_ as inhabited by all sorts of ridiculous projectors: absurd: chimerical.
LAPWING, lap'wing, _n._ the name of a bird of the plover family, also called _peewit_, from its peculiar cry. [M. E. _lappewinke_--A.S.
_hleapewince_--_hleapan_, to leap or run, and root of _wink_, to turn.]
LAR, lar, _n._ one of a class of local deities, originally Etruscan, but in Roman usage usually regarded as the tutelary deities of a house:--_pl._ LARES (l[=a]'r[=e]z). [L.]
LAR, lar, _n._ an Etruscan title, really peculiar to the eldest son, but often mistaken for an integral part of the name.--Also LARS. [L.,--Etruscan _larth_, lord.]
LARBOARD, lar'b[=o]rd (by sailors, lab'erd), _n._ an obsolete naval term for the left side of a ship looking from the stern, now, by command of the Admiralty, replaced by the term _port_, to prevent the mistakes caused by its resemblance in sound to starboard.--_adj._ pertaining to the port or left side. [Perh. for a conjectural _lade-bord_, the lading-side--_lade_, a load, _bord_, board, side.]
LARCENY, lar'sen-i, _n._ the legal term in England and Ireland for stealing: theft.--_n._ LAR'CENIST, one who commits larceny: a thief.--_adj._ LAR'CENOUS.--_adv._ LAR'CENOUSLY.--GRAND LARCENY, in England, larceny of property of the value of one shilling or more; PETTY LARCENY, larceny of property less in value than one shilling; SIMPLE LARCENY, as opposed to _Compound larceny_, is larceny uncombined with aggravating circumstances. [O. Fr. _larrecin_ (Fr. _larcin_)--L.
_latrocinium_--_latro_, a robber.]
LARCH, larch, _n._ a genus (_Larix_) of coniferous trees, distinct from firs (_Abies_), with perfectly erect and regularly tapering stem, small branches, numerous small leaves deciduous and clustered, growing rapidly, and yielding good timber. [L.,--Gr. _larix_.]
LARD, lard, _n._ the melted fat of the hog.--_v.t._ to smear with lard: to stuff with bacon or pork: to fatten: to mix with anything.--_adj._ LARD[=A]'CEOUS.--_ns._ LARD'-OIL, a lubricating and illuminating oil expressed from lard; LAR'DON, LAR'DOON, a strip of bacon used for larding.--_adj._ LAR'DY. [O. Fr.,--L. _laridum_, _lardum_; cf. Gr.
_larinos_, fat, _laros_, sweet.]
LARDER, lard'[.e]r, _n._ a room or place where meat, &c., is kept: stock of provisions.--_n._ LARD'ERER, one who has charge of a larder. [O. Fr.
_lardier_, a bacon-tub--L. _lardum_.]
LARE, l[=a]r, _n._ obsolete form of _lore_, and of _lair_.
LARGE, larj, _adj._ great in size: extensive: bulky: wide: long: abundant: liberal: diffuse: (_Shak._, of language) free, licentious.--_adv._ (_naut._) before the wind.--_adjs._ LARGE'-[=A]'CRED, possessing much land; LARGE'-HAND'ED, having large hands: grasping, greedy: profuse; LARGE'-HEART'ED, having a large heart or liberal disposition: generous.--_adv._ LARGE'LY.--_adj._ LARGE'-MIND'ED, characterised by breadth of view.--_ns._ LARGE'NESS; LAR'GET, a length of iron cut from a bar and of proper size to roll into a sheet.--AT LARGE, without restraint or confinement: fully: as a whole, altogether. [Fr.,--L. _largus_.]
LARGESS, LARGESSE, larj'es, _n._ a present or donation: (_arch._) liberality.--_n._ LARGIT'ION, giving of largess. [Fr.,--L.
_largitio_--_larg[=i]ri_, to give freely--_largus_.]
LARGO, lar'g[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) slow in time.--_n._ a movement to be performed in such style.--_adj._ LARGHET'TO, somewhat slow: not so slow as largo.--_n._ a movement in somewhat slow time.--_adj._ LARGHIS'SIMO, extremely slow. [It.,--L. _largus_.]
LARIAT, lar'i-at, _n._ a rope for picketing horses while grazing: a lasso.
[Sp. _la reata_--_la_, the, _reata_, a rope for tying animals together.]
LARK, lark, _n._ a well-known singing-bird.--_v.i._ to catch larks.--_ns._ LARK'S'-HEEL, the Indian cress; LARK'SPUR, a plant with showy flowers, so called from the spur-shaped formation of calyx and petals. [M. E.
_laverock_--A.S. _lawerce_; Ger. _lerche_.]
LARK, lark, _n._ a game, frolic.--_v.i._ to frolic, make sport.--_adj._ LAR'KY (_coll._), frolicsome, sportive. [A.S. _lac_, play--_lacan_, to swing, wave, play.]
LARMIER, lar'mi-[.e]r, _n._ (_archit._) another name for the corona (q.v.): a horizontal string-course for preventing rain from trickling down the wall: (_zool._) a tear-bag. [Fr. _larme_, a tear--L. _lacrima_, a tear.]
LARRIKIN, lar'i-kin, _adj._ (_Australian_) rowdy, disorderly.--_n._ a rough or rowdy.--_n._ LARR'IKINISM.
LARRUP, lar'up, _v.t._ (_coll._) to flog, thrash. [Prob. from Dut.
_larpen_, thresh with flails.]
LARRY, lar'i, _n._ Same as LORRY.
LARUM, lar'um, _n._ alarm: a noise giving notice of danger.--_v.t._ (_obs._) to alarm. [_Alarm_.]
LARUS, l[=a]'rus, _n._ a genus of _Laridae_, the gulls proper.
LARVA, lar'va, _n._ an insect in its first stage after issuing from the egg--i.e. in the caterpillar state: a ghost, spectre:--_pl._ LARVae (lar'v[=e]).--_adjs._ LAR'VAL; LAR'VATE, -D, clothed as with a mask; LAR'VIFORM; LARVIP'AROUS, producing young in a larva-form. [L. _larva_, a spectre, a mask.]
LARYNX, l[=a]r'ingks, _n._ the upper part of the windpipe: the throat:--_pl._ LAR'YNGES, LAR'YNXES (_rare_).--_adjs._ LARYN'GEAL, LARYN'GEAN.--_n._ LARYNGIS'MUS, spasm of the glottis.--_adj._ LARYNGIT'IC.--_n._ LARYNG[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the larynx.--_adj._ LARYNGOLOG'ICAL.--_ns._ LARYNGOL'OGIST; LARYNGOL'OGY, the science of the larynx; LARYNGOPH'ONY, the sound of the voice as heard through the stethoscope applied over the larynx; LARYNG'OSCOPE, a mirror for examining the larynx and trachea.--_adj._ LARYNGOSCOP'IC.--_ns._ LARYNGOS'COPIST; LARYNGOS'COPY; LARYNGOT'OMY, the operation of cutting into the windpipe to remove obstructions and assist respiration; LARYNGOTRACHEOT'OMY, the operation of cutting into the windpipe through the cricoid cartilage, the cricothyroid membrane, and the upper rings of the trachea. [L.,--Gr.
LASCAR, las'kar, _n._ a native East Indian sailor or camp-follower.
[Hind.,--Pers. _lashkari_, a soldier.]
LASCIVIOUS, las-siv'i-us, _adj._ lustful: tending to produce lustful emotions.--_adv._ LASCIV'IOUSLY.--_n._ LASCIV'IOUSNESS. [L. _lascivus_; perh. from the same root as _laxus_, loose.]
LASER, l[=a]'ser, _n._ a gum-resin from North Africa, esteemed by the ancients as a deobstruent and diuretic. [L. _laser_, juice of laserpitium.]
LASERPITIUM, las-er-pish'i-um, _n._ a genus of perennial herbs of the parsley family--LAS'ERWORT or herb frankincense.--Also _Silphium_. [L.
_laserpicium_, a plant yielding laser.]
LASH, lash, _n._ a thong or cord: the flexible part of a whip: a stroke with a whip or anything pliant: a stroke of satire, a sharp retort: a beating or dashing: an eyelash.--_v.t._ to strike with a lash: to dash against: to fasten or secure with a rope or cord: to censure severely: to scourge with sarcasm or satire.--_v.i._ to use the whip.--_n._ LASH'ER, one who lashes or whips: a rope for binding one thing to another; LASH'ING, act of whipping: a rope for making things fast: a great plenty of anything--esp. in _pl._--LASH OUT, to kick out, as a horse: to break out recklessly. [M. E. _lasshe_; Dut. _lasch_, Ger. _lasche_, a joint.]
LASH, lash, _adj._ (_obs._) slow, slack: soft: insipid.--_n._ LASH'ER, the slack water collected above a weir in a river. [M. E. _lasche_, slack--O.
Fr. _lasche_ (Fr. _lache_, cowardly)--L. _laxus_, lax.]
LASKET, las'ket, _n._ a loop of line at the foot of a sail, to which to fasten an extra sail.
LASS, las, _n._ (_fem._ of LAD) a girl, esp. a country girl: a sweetheart: (_Scot._) a maid-servant.--(Diminutives) LASS'IE, LASS'OCK.--_adj._ LASS'LORN (_Shak._), forsaken by one's mistress. [Prob. a contr. of _laddess_, formed from _lad_; or directly from W. _llodes_, fem. of _llawd_, a lad. Mr H. Bradley thinks the association with _lad_ merely accidental, the word first appearing about 1300 in northern writings as _lasce_, evidently representing a Scand. _laskw_, the fem. of an adj.
meaning unmarried; cf. Middle Sw. _losk kona_, unmarried woman.]
LASSITUDE, las'i-t[=u]d, _n._ faintness: weakness: weariness: languor.
[Fr.,--L. _lassitudo_--_lassus_, faint.]
LASSO, las'[=o], _n._ a long rope with a running noose for catching wild horses, &c.:--_pl._ LASS'OS, LASS'OES.--_v.t._ to catch with the lasso:--_pr.p._ lass'[=o]ing; _pa.p._ lass'[=o]ed. [Port. _laco_, Sp.
_lazo_--L. _laqueus_, a noose.]
LAST, last, _n._ a wooden mould of the foot on which boots and shoes are made.--_v.t._ to fit with a last.--_n._ LAST'ER, one who fits the parts of shoes to lasts: a tool for doing so. [A.S. _last_, a trace.]
LAST, last, _v.i._ to continue, endure: to escape failure: remain fresh, unimpaired.--_adj._ LAST'ING, permanent, durable.--_n._ endurance.--_adv._ LAST'INGLY.--_n._ LAST'INGNESS. [A.S. _l['ae]stan_, to keep a track. See foregoing word.]
LAST, last, _n._ a load, cargo, a weight generally estimated at 4000 lb., but varying in different articles.--_n._ LAST'AGE, the lading of a ship: room for stowing goods in a ship: a duty formerly paid for the right of carrying goods, &c. [A.S. _hlaest_--_hladan_, to load; Ger. _last_, Ice.
LAST, last, _adj._ latest: coming after all the others: final: next before the present: utmost: meanest: most improbable or unlikely--also _adv._--_n._ LAST'-COURT, a court held by the jurats in the marshes of Kent to fix rates chargeable for the preservation of these--also LAST.--_adv._ LAST'LY.--LAST DAY (_Scot._), yesterday; LAST HEIR (_Eng. law_), he to whom lands come by escheat for want of lawful heirs.--AT LAST, in conclusion (this from A.S. _on last_, therefore not from _late_ at all, but from _last_ (1), which is the A.S. _last_, a trace); BREATHE ONE'S LAST, to die; DIE IN THE LAST DITCH, to fight to the bitter end; FIRST AND LAST, altogether; ON ONE'S LAST LEGS, on the verge of utter failure or exhaustion; PUT THE LAST HAND TO, to finish, put the finishing touch to; THE LAST CAST (see CAST); THE LAST DAY, the Day of Judgment; THE LAST DAYS, TIMES (_B._), the period when the end of the world draws near; TO THE LAST, to the end: till death. [A contr. of _latest_.]
LASTERY, last'[.e]r-i, _n._ (_Spens._) a red colour.
LAT, lat, _n._ in Indian architecture, an isolated pillar.
LATAKIA, lat-a-k[=e]'a, _n._ a fine kind of tobacco produced at _Latakia_ (_Laodicea ad Mare_) in Syria.
LATCH, lach, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to moisten. [_Leach_.]