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KEEL, k[=e]l, _n._ (_Scot._) red chalk, ruddle.--_v.t._ to mark with ruddle. [Prob. Gael. _cil_, ruddle.]

KEELIE, k[=e]'li, _n._ (_Scot._) the kestrel: a street Arab or young rough.


KEELING, k[=e]'ling, _n._ (_Scot._) a codfish.

KEELIVINE, k[=e]'li-v[=i]n, _n._ (_Scot._) a lead pencil.--Also KEE'LYVINE.

[See _keel_, ruddle; ety. dub.]


KEELSON, KELSON, kel'sun, _n._ an inner keel placed right over the outer keel of a ship, and securely fastened thereto. [Sw. _kolsvin_, Norw.

_kjolsvill_, the latter syllable=Ger. _schwelle_, Eng. _sill_.]

KEEN, k[=e]n, _adj._ eager: sharp, having a fine edge: piercing: acute of mind: penetrating: intense.--_adv._ KEEN'LY.--_n._ KEEN'NESS. [A.S. _cene_; Ger. _kuhn_, bold; Ice. _kaenn_, wise. Cog. with _ken_ and _can_.]

KEEN, k[=e]n, _n._ a lamentation over the dead.--_v.i._ to wail over the dead.--_n._ KEEN'ER, a professional mourner. [Ir. _caoine_.]

KEEP, k[=e]p, _v.t._ to have the care of: to guard: to maintain: to manage: to have in one's service: to hold for one's own use or enjoyment: to remain in: to adhere to: to practise: not to lose: to maintain hold upon: to restrain from departure: to preserve in a certain state: to maintain: to fulfill.--_v.i._ to remain in any position or state: to remain fresh: to last or endure: to continue: to adhere: to have rooms at college (Cambridge):---_pr.p._ keep'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ kept.--_n._ that which keeps or protects: subsistence: food: the innermost and strongest part of a castle, the donjon: a stronghold.--_ns._ KEEP'ER, an attendant, manager, owner: a gamekeeper: socket, guard-ring; KEEP'ERSHIP, office of a keeper; KEEP'ING, care: custody: charge: (_Shak._) maintenance, support: just proportion, harmony: (_paint._) due proportion of light and shade; KEEP'ING-ROOM, a sitting-room, parlour; KEEP'SAKE, something given to be kept for the sake of the giver--the name used often to be applied to the annuals or sumptuous gift-books so much in vogue about 1830.--KEEP AN ACT, to hold an academical disputation; KEEP AN EYE ON, KEEP COMPANY, CHAPEL, COUNSEL, DISTANCE, HOURS, HOUSE, THE PEACE, &c. (see the nouns); KEEP A TERM (see TERM); KEEP AT IT, to persist in anything; KEEP BACK, to withhold: keep down, to repress (see also DARK); KEEP BODY AND SOUL TOGETHER, to maintain life; KEEP DOWN, to restrain; KEEP FROM, to abstain from: to remain away from; KEEP GOING IN a thing, to keep one supplied with it; KEEP IN, to prevent from escaping: to confine a pupil in the schoolroom after school hours: to conceal: to restrain; KEEP IN WITH, to maintain the confidence or friendship of some one; KEEP OFF, to hinder from approaching or making an attack; KEEP ONE'S COUNTENANCE, to preserve a calm appearance, hiding one's emotions; KEEP ONE'S HAND IN, to retain one's skill by means of constant practice; KEEP THE BREATH TO COOL ONE'S PORRIDGE, to confine attention to one's own affairs; KEEP THE POWDER DRY, to keep one's energies ready for action; KEEP TO, to stick closely to: to confine one's self to; KEEP UNDER, to hold down in restraint; KEEP UP, to retain one's strength or spirit: to support, prevent from falling: to continue, to prevent from ceasing: to maintain in good condition. [A.S. _cepan_, orig. to traffic, hence to store up, keep--_ceap_, price.]

KEEVE, k[=e]v, _n._ a large tub. [A.S. _cfe_, vat.]

KEG, keg, _n._ a small cask or barrel. [Ice. _kaggi_.]

KEIR, k[=e]r, _n._ a bleaching-vat.

KELK, kelk, _v.t._ (_prov._) to beat.--_n._ a blow.

KELL, kel, _n._ (_prov._) a film, network.

KELP, kelp, _n._ the calcined ashes of seaweed, once used in making glass.--Also KILP. [Ety. unknown.]

KELPIE, KELPY, kel'pi, _n._ (_Scot._) a malignant water-sprite haunting fords in the form of a horse.


KELT, kelt, _n._ a salmon that has just spawned.

KELT, kelt, _n._ (_Scot._) cloth made of black and white wool mixed and not dyed.--_adj._ KEL'TER, made of such.


KELTIE, KELTY, kel'ti, _n._ (_Scot._) a bumper imposed as a penalty on one who does not drink fair.

KEMB, kem, _v.t._ to comb. [A.S. _cemban_, to comb.]

KEMP, kemp, _n._ the coarse rough hairs of wool: (_pl._) knotty hair which will not felt.

KEMP, kemp, _n._ (_arch._) a champion: (_Scot._) a contest in work, &c.--_v.i._ to strive for mastery.--_ns._ KEM'PER, KEM'PERY-MAN, a champion, a knight-errant. [A.S. _cempa_, a warrior. Cf. _champion_.]

KEN, ken, _v.t._ to know: (_arch._) to see and recognise at a distance.--_n._ range of knowledge or sight.--_n._ KEN'NING (_Bacon_), range of vision: (_Scot._) a small portion.--_adj._ KEN'SPECKLE (_Scot._), conspicuous--also KEN'SPECK. [Ice. _kenna_, orig. to cause to know. Cf.

_can_ and _know_.]

KEN, ken, _n._ (_slang_) a house. [Perh. Pers. _kh[=a]n_, a caravansary; not conn. with _kennel_.]

KENDAL-GREEN, ken'dal-gr[=e]n, _n._ green cloth for foresters made at _Kendal_ in Westmorland.

KENNEL, ken'el, _n._ a house for dogs: a pack of hounds: the hole of a fox, &c.: a haunt.--_v.t._ to keep in a kennel.--_v.i._ to live in a kennel:--_pr.p._ kenn'elling; _pa.p._ kenn'elled. [Norm. Fr. _kenil_ (Fr.

_chenil_)--L. _can[=i]le_--_canis_, a dog.]

KENNEL, ken'el, _n._ the water-course of a street: a gutter. [A form of _canal_.]


KENNICK, ken'ik, _n._ the jargon of tramping tinkers.

KENOSIS, ken-[=o]'sis, _n._ the self-limitation on the part of the Logos in the act of incarnation, his emptying of himself, or his laying aside not only his divine attributes, but even his divine self-consciousness, only to be fully recovered at the ascension.--_adj._ KENOT'IC.--_n._ KENOT'ICIST.

[Gr., from the phrase in Phil. ii. 6, 7, 'who, being in the form of God ...

_emptied himself_ ([Greek: heauton ekenose]), taking the form of a servant.']

KENT, kent, _n._ (_Scot._) a pole, pike.--_v.i._ to propel a boat by a pole. [Prob. a variant of the verb _cant_.]

KENTISH, kent'ish, _adj._ pertaining to _Kent_.--_ns._ KENT'ISH-FIRE, rounds of noisy applause at political meetings--from the anti-Catholic demonstrations in _Kent_, 1828-29; KENT'ISH-RAG, a rough fossiliferous limestone found in _Kent_.

KENTLEDGE, kent'lej, _n._ pig-iron laid in a ship's hold for ballast.--Also KINT'LEDGE.

KEP, kep, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to catch. [_Keep_.]


KEPI, kep'i, _n._ a flat-topped forage-cap with a straight peak. [Fr.


KEPLERIAN, kep-l[=e]'ri-an, _adj._ pertaining to the great German astronomer, Johann _Kepler_ (1571-1630).--For KEPLER'S LAWS, see LAW.

KEPT, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _keep_.


KERASINE, ker'a-sin, _adj._ like or made of horn.--_ns._ KERAT[=I]'ASIS, a morbid condition characterised by warty or horny growths; KER'ATIN, a nitrogenous compound, the essential ingredient of horny tissue, as of horns, nails, &c. [Gr. _keras_, a horn.]

KERATITIS, ker-a-t[=i]'tis, _n._ inflammation of the cornea, either acute or chronic.--_n._ KERATAL'GIA, pain in the cornea.

KERBSTONE, k[.e]rb'st[=o]n, _n._ a form of curbstone.

KERCHIEF, k[.e]r'chif, _n._ any loose cloth used in dress: (_orig._) a square piece of cloth worn by women to cover the head.--_v.t._ to cover or dress with a kerchief.--_adjs._ KER'CHIEFED, KER'CHIEFT. [M. E.

_couerchef_--O. Fr. _covrechef_ (Fr. _couvrechef_)--_covrir_, to cover, _chef_, the head.]

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