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JIBBINGS, jib'ingz, the last milk drawn from a cow.

JIBE. Same as GIBE.

JIFFY, jif'fi, _n._ (_coll._) an instant.

JIG, jig, _n._ a quick, lively tune: a quick dance suited to the tune.--_v.i._ to dance a jig:--_pr.p._ jig'ging; _pa.p._ jigged.--_adj._ JIG'GISH. [O. Fr. _gige_, _gigue_, a stringed instrument--Teut.; Ger.

_geige_; cf. _gig_.]

JIGAMAREE, jig-a-ma-r[=e]', _n._ anything the name of which one forgets, a thingumbob.--Also JIG'GUMBOB.

JIGGER, jig'g[.e]r, _n._ a corruption of _chigoe_.

JIGGER, jig'g[.e]r, _n._ anything that jigs: one of many kinds of subsidiary appliances, as an apparatus for separating ores by jolting in sieves in water, a simple potter's wheel or a template or profile used with it, a warehouse crane, the bridge or rest for the cue in billiards: an old-fashioned sloop-rigged boat: a one-horse street car: a machine for exhibiting on a dial at once the prices at which sales are made, controlled by electric mechanism with a key-board: (_slang_) a drink of whisky.--_v.t._ to jerk or shake.

JIGGERED, jig'[.e]rd, _p.adj._ a meaningless and needless substitute for a profane oath.

JIGGING, jig'ing, _n._ in mining, the process of separating ore by means of a wire-bottomed sieve moved up and down in water.

JIGJOG, jig'jog, _n._ a jolting motion, a jog.--Also JICK'AJOG, JIG'AJOG.

[Reduplicated form of jog.]

JIGOT, jig'ot, _n._ a leg of mutton. See GIGOT.

JILL, jil, _n._ Same as GILL.

JILL, jil, _n._ a young woman, often associated with Jack. [Short for _Gillian_--i.e. _Juliana_.]

JILT, jilt, _n._ a woman who encourages a lover and then rejects him.--_v.t._ to encourage and then discard a lover. [Formerly _jillet_, dim. of _Jill_.]


JIM CROW, jim kr[=o], _n._ one of the earliest negro-minstrel songs: a kind of generic name for the negro.

JIM-CROW, jim'-kr[=o], _n._ a tool for bending or straightening iron rails or bars.

JIMMY, jim'i, _n._ (_U.S._) a coal-car.

JIMP, jimp, _adj._ (_Scot._) slender, elegant.--_adv._ JIMP, JIMP'LY, neatly, hardly.--_adj._ JIMP'Y, neat.


JINGAL, jing'gal, _n._ a large Chinese swivel-musket.

JINGLE, jing'l, _n._ a clinking sound: that which makes a rattling sound: a correspondence of sounds: a covered two-wheeled car.--_v.i._ to sound with a jingle.--_ns._ JING'LE-JANG'LE, a jingling sound; JING'LET, a ball serving as the clapper of a sleigh-bell; J[=I]NG'LING, a game in which blindfolded players within a ring try to catch a player with a bell tied to him. [Imit.]

JINGO, jing'g[=o], _n._ a name used in the expletives, 'By Jingo!' 'By the living Jingo!' From its occurrence in a music-hall song of 1878 that conveyed a threat against Russia, Jingo has come to mean a British Chauvinist.--_adjs._ JING'O, JING'OISH.--_n._ JING'OISM. [Often fearlessly derived from Basque _Jinkoa_, _Jainko_, God; no doubt conn. somehow with St _Gengulphus_ (died May 11, 760).]

JINK, jingk, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to move nimbly, to dodge.--_v.t._ to elude: to cheat.--_n._ a quick, illusory turn.

JINN, jin, (sing. JIN'NEE) a class of spirits in Mohammedan mythology, formed of fire, living chiefly on the mountains of Kaf which encircle the world, assuming various shapes, sometimes as men of enormous size and portentous hideousness.--Also DJINN, GINN. The _jinn_ are often called _genii_ by a confusion. A plural JINNS is sometimes erroneously used. [Ar. _jinn_, pl. _jinn[=i]y_.]

JINRIKISHA, jin-rik'i-sha, _n._ a small, two-wheeled hooded carriage drawn by men. [Jap. _jin_, man, _riki_, power, _sha_, carriage.]

JOB, job, _n._ a sudden stroke or stab with a pointed instrument like a beak.--_v.t._ to strike or stab suddenly:--_pr.p._ job'bing; _pa.p._ jobbed. [Gael. _gob_, W. _gwp_, a bird's beak; conn. with _gobble_, _job_.]

JOB, job, _n._ any piece of work, esp. of a trifling or temporary nature: miscellaneous printing-work: any undertaking with a view to profit: a mean transaction, in which private gain is sought under pretence of public service.--_adj._ of a particular job or transaction, assigned to a special use: bought or sold lumped together.--_v.i._ to work at jobs: to buy and sell as a broker: to hire or let out by the week or month, esp.

horses.--_ns._ JOB'BER, one who jobs: one who buys and sells, as a broker or middleman: one who turns official actions to private advantage: one who engages in a mean lucrative affair; JOB'BERY, jobbing: unfair means employed to procure some private end; JOB'-MAS'TER, a livery-stable keeper who jobs out horses and carriages.--A BAD JOB, an unfortunate affair; ODD JOBS, occasional pieces of work. [Formerly _gob_--O. Fr. _gob_, a mouthful; from the same Celtic root as _gobble_.]

JOB, j[=o]b, _n._ a monument of patience--from _Job_ in Scripture.--_n._ JOB[=A]'TION, a tedious scolding.--JOB'S COMFORTER, one who aggravates the distress of an unfortunate man he has come to comfort; JOB'S NEWS, bad news; JOB'S POST, the bearer of bad news.

JOCKEY, jok'i, _n._ a man (orig. a boy) who rides horses in a race: a horse-dealer: one who takes undue advantage in business.--_v.t._ to jostle by riding against: to cheat.--_ns._ JOCK'EYISM, JOCK'EYSHIP, the art or practice of a jockey.--JOCKEY CLUB, an association for the promotion and ordering of horse-racing. [Dim. of _Jock_, northern Eng. for _Jack_.]

JOCKTELEG, jok'te-leg, _n._ (_Scot._) a large clasp-knife. [Cf.


JOCOSE, jo-k[=o]s', _adj._ full of jokes: humorous: merry.--_adv._ JOCOSE'LY.--_ns._ JOCOSE'NESS, JOCOS'ITY, the quality of being jocose.--_adj._ JOCO-S[=E]'RIOUS, half in jest, half in earnest. [L.

_jocosus_--_jocus_, a joke.]

JOCULAR, jok'[=u]-lar, _adj._ given to jokes: humorous: droll: laughable.--_n._ JOCULAR'ITY.--_adv._ JOC'ULARLY.--_n._ JOCUL[=A]'TOR, a professional jester or minstrel.--_adj._ JOC'UL[=A]TORY. [L.


JOCUND, jok'und, _adj._ in a jocose humour: merry: cheerful: pleasant.--_ns._ JOCUND'ITY, JOCUND'NESS.--_adv._ JOC'UNDLY. [Fr.,--L.


JODEL, j[=o]'del, _v.i._ to sing with the falsetto voice in harmonic progressions.--Also _n._ [Swiss.]

JOE, j[=o], JOEY, j[=o]'i, _n._ (_slang_) a fourpenny-bit--from _Joseph_ Hume, M.P., their author, 1836.--JOE MILLER, an old or stale jest, a jest-book; JOE MILLERISM, the habit of retailing stale jests--from _Joe Miller_ (1684-1738), a comedian but notoriously dull fellow, whose name was attached to a collection in 1739.

JOE, or JO, j[=o], _n._ (_Scot._) a sweetheart.

JOG, jog, _v.t._ to shake: to push with the elbow or hand, to stimulate, stir up, as the memory.--_v.i._ to move by jogs: to travel slowly:--_pr.p._ jog'ging; _pa.p._ jogged.--_n._ a slight shake: a push.--_ns._ JOG'GER (_Dryden_), one who moves slowly and heavily; JOG'TROT, a slow jogging trot.--BE JOGGING, to move on, to depart. [A weakened form of _shock_.]

JOGGLE, jog'l, _n._ a notch in joints adapted in fitting stones or pieces of timber together to keep them from sliding. [Dim. of _jog_, to push.]

JOGGLE, jog'l, _v.t._ to jog or shake slightly: to jostle.--_v.i._ to shake:--_pr.p._ jogg'ling; _pa.p._ jogg'led. [Dim. of _jog_.]

JOHANNES, j[=o]-han'[=e]z, _n._ an old Portuguese gold coin.--Also JOANN'ES.

JOHANNINE, j[=o]-an'n[=i]n, _adj._ pertaining to St John.--Also JOHAN'N[=E]AN. [L. _Joannes_.]

JOHANNISBERGER, j[=o]-han'nis-b[.e]r-g[.e]r, _n._ a white Rhenish wine grown at _Johannisberg_ ('St John's Mountain'), near Wiesbaden.

JOHN, jon, _n._ a proper name, one of whose diminutives, JOHN'NY, is sometimes used in slang for a simpleton or a fellow generally.--_ns._ JOHN'-A-DREAMS' (_Shak._), a dreamy fellow; JOHN'IAN, a member of St John's College, Cambridge; JOHN'NY-CAKE, a cake of Indian meal toasted; JOHN'NY-RAW, a beginner.--JOHN BULL, a generic name for an Englishman from Arbuthnott's _History of John Bull_, 1712; JOHN BULLISM, the typical English character, or any act or word expressive of it; JOHN CHINAMAN, a Chinaman, the Chinese collectively; JOHN COMPANY, an old colloquial name for the Honourable East India Company; JOHN DORY (see DORY); JOHN THOMAS, a generic name for a flunkey.

JOHNSONIANISM, jon-s[=o]'ni-an-izm, _n._ a peculiarity of Dr _Johnson_, the lexicographer (1709-83)--also JOHN'SONISM.--_n._ JOHN'SONESE, the Johnsonian style, or an imitation of it--ponderous English, full of words of classical origin.

JOIN, join, _v.t._ to connect: to unite: to associate: to add or annex.--_v.i._ to be connected with: to grow together: to be in close contact: to unite (_with_).--_ns._ JOIND'ER, joining; JOIN'ER, one who joins or unites: a carpenter; JOIN'ERY, the art of the joiner; JOIN'-HAND, running hand; JOIN'ING, the act of joining: a seam: a joint; JOINT, a joining: the place where, or mode in which, two or more things join, as two rails, two pieces of timber connected by mortises and tenons, &c.: the flexible hinge of cloth or leather connecting the back of a book with its sides: (_geol._) a crack intersecting a mass of rock: a knot: a hinge: a seam: a place of resort for tramps: (_U.S._) an opium-den: the place where two bones are joined: (_cook._) the part of the limb of an animal cut off at the joint.--_adj._ joined, united, or combined: shared among more than one.--_v.t._ to unite by joints: to fit closely: to provide with joints: to cut into joints, as an animal.--_v.i._ to fit like joints.--_adj._ JOINT'ED, having joints.--_ns._ JOINT'ER, the largest kind of plane used by a joiner: a bent piece of iron for riveting two stones together; JOINT'ING-RULE, a long, straight-edged rule used by bricklayers for keeping their work even.--_adv._ JOINT'LY, in a joint manner: unitedly or in combination: together.--_ns._ JOINT'-OIL, the synovia, a viscid secretion for lubricating the articular surfaces; JOINT'-STOCK, stock held jointly or in company; JOINT'-STOOL (_Shak._), a stool made of parts inserted in each other; JOINT'-TEN'ANCY, the ownership of land or goods along with one or more persons; JOINT'-TEN'ANT, one who is owner of land or goods along with others; JOINT'URE, property joined to or settled on a woman at marriage to be enjoyed after her husband's death.--_v.t._ to settle a jointure upon.--_ns._ JOINT'[=U]RESS, JOIN'TRESS, a woman on whom a jointure is settled.--JOIN BATTLE, to engage in battle.--OUT OF JOINT, dislocated, (_fig._) disordered; PUT ONE'S NOSE OUT OF JOINT, to supplant in another's love or confidence; SECOND JOINT, the middle piece of a fly fishing-rod: the thigh of a fowl--opp. to the leg or drumstick, the first joint; UNIVERSAL JOINT, a contrivance by which one part of a machine is able to move freely in all directions, as in the ball-and-socket joint. [O. Fr.

_joindre_--L. _jung[)e]re_, _junctum_.]

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