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JACTITATION (of marriage), jak-ti-t[=a]'shun, _n._ a false pretence of being married to another. [L. _jactit[=a]re_, -_[=a]tum_, to brag, freq. of _jact[=a]re_, to throw.]

JACULATION, jak-[=u]-l[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of throwing or hurling, as a dart.--_v.t._ JAC'ULATE, to dart, throw.--_n._ JAC'UL[=A]TOR.--_adj._ JAC'UL[=A]TORY, darting or throwing out suddenly: ejaculatory. [L.

_jacul[=a]ri_, -_[=a]tus_, to throw as a dart--_jaculum_, a dart--_jac[)e]re_, to throw.]

JADE, j[=a]d, _n._ a mare, esp. an old and sorry one: a worthless nag: a woman--in contempt or irony.--_v.t._ to tire: to harass:--_pr.p._ jad'ing; _pa.p._ jad'ed.--_adv._ JAD'EDLY.--_n._ JAD'ERY, the tricks of a jade.--_adj._ JAD'ISH, worn out: vicious: unchaste--applied to a woman.

[Scot. _yad_, _yaud_; Ice. _jalda_, a mare.]

JADE, j[=a]d, _n._ a dark-green stone used for ornamental purposes--applied both to _jadeite_ and _nephrite_. [Fr.,--Sp. _ijada_, the flank--L. _ilia_.

It was believed to cure pain of the side.]

JAG, jag, _n._ a notch: a ragged protuberance: (_bot._) a cleft or division: (_Scot._) a stab.--_v.t._ to cut into notches: to stab or pierce:--_pr.p._ jag'ging; _pa.p._ jagged.--_adjs._ JAG'GED, JAG'GY, notched, rough-edged, uneven.--_adv._ JAG'GEDLY.--_ns._ JAG'GEDNESS; JAG'GER, a brass wheel with a notched edge for cutting cakes, &c., into ornamental forms--also JAG'GING-[=I]'RON. [Celt.; W., Gael., Ir. _gag_, a cleft.]

JAG, jag, _n._ a load: a saddle-bag: a quantity: (_U.S._) as much liquor as one can carry.--_n._ JAG'GER, a peddler.

JAGGERY, jag'[.e]r-i, _n._ a kind of coarse, dark-coloured sugar made in the East Indies from the sap of the coco-nut palm. [Hind. _shakkar_, Sans.


JAGHIR, JAGHIRE, ja-g[=e]r', _n._ the government revenues of a tract of land assigned with power to administer.--_n._ JAGHIR'DAR, the holder of such. [Hind.]

JAGUAR, jag'[=u]-ar, or jag-war', _n._ a powerful beast of prey, allied to the leopard, found in South America. [Brazilian, _jaguara_.]

JAH, ja, _n._ Jehovah. [Heb.]

JAIL, j[=a]l, _n._ a prison.--_ns._ JAIL'-BIRD, GAOL'-BIRD, a humorous name for one who is or has been confined in jail; JAIL'ER, GAOL'ER, one who has charge of a jail or of prisoners, called also a turnkey; JAIL'-F[=E]'VER, GAOL'-F[=E]'VER, typhus fever, so called because once common in jails.--BREAK JAIL, to force one's way out of prison; COMMISSION OF JAIL DELIVERY, one of the commissions issued to judges of assize and judges of the Central Criminal Court in England. [O. Fr. _gaole_ (Fr. _geole_)--Low L. _gabiola_, a cage, dim. of Low L. _gabia_, a cage, a corr. of _cavea_, a cage--L. _cavus_, hollow.]

JAIN, j[=a]n, _n._ an adherent of JAIN'ISM, or a member of a heterodox Hindu sect, allied to ancient Buddhism: a style of architecture developed about 450 A.D., with pseudo-arch and dome, built in horizontal courses and of pointed section. [Hind. _jina_, a deified saint.]

JAKES, j[=a]ks, _n._ (_Shak._) a privy.--Also _Mrs Jones_.

JALAP, jal'ap, _n._ the purgative root of a plant first brought from _Jalapa_ or Xalapa, in Mexico.--_adj._ JALAP'IC--_n._ JAL'APIN, a glucoside resin, one of the purgative principles of jalap.

JALOUSE, jal-[=oo]z', _v.i._ (_Scot._) to suspect. See JEALOUS.

JALOUSIE, zhal-oo-z[=e]', _n._ a Venetian blind. [Fr.,--_jalousie_, jealousy.]

JAM, jam, _n._ a conserve of fruit boiled with sugar. [Ety. dub.; perh.

from _jam_, to squeeze.]

JAM, jam, _v.t._ to press or squeeze tight:--_pr.p._ jam'ming; _pa.p._ jammed.--_n._ a crush, squeeze. [Cf. _cham_p.]

JAMAICA-PEPPER, ja-m[=a]'ka-pep'[.e]r, _n._ Allspice (q.v.).

JAMB, jam, _n._ the sidepiece or post of a door, fireplace, &c. [Fr.

_jambe_, perh. Celt. _cam_, bent.]

JAMBE, jam, _n._ armour for the JAM'BEAUS, leggings; JAMBIERES', leg-pieces of leather, &c. [Fr. _jambe_, leg.]

JAMBEE, jam-b[=e]', _n._ an 18th-century light cane.

JAMBOK, jam'bok, _n._ a long lash made of hippopotamus hide, &c. [S. Afr.]

JAMBONE, jam'b[=o]n, _n._ a lone hand in euchre, played only by agreement, in which the player lays his cards on the table and must lead one chosen by his opponent, scoring 8 points if he takes all the tricks.

JAMBOREE, jam-b[=o]-r[=e], _n._ in euchre, a lone hand of the 5 highest cards, by agreement scoring 16 points for the holder: (_slang_) a boisterous frolic, a spree.

JAMBU, jam'b[=oo], _n._ the rose-apple tree.

JAMBUL, jam'bul, _n._ a small Indian evergreen tree.

JAMDANI, jam-da'ni, _n._ a variety of Dacca muslin woven in designs of flowers.

JAMEWAR, jam'e-war, _n._ a Cashmere shawl with coloured patterns: the goat's-hair cloth of Cashmere.

JAMPAN, jam'pan, _n._ a sedan-chair borne on bamboo poles by four bearers.--_n._ JAMPANEE', its bearer.

JAMRACH, jam'rak, _n._ a place where wild animals are kept for sale--from a London dealer's name.

JANE, j[=a]n, _n._ (_Spens._) a small silver Genoese coin: jean. [Low L.

_Janua_, L. _Genua_, Genoa.]

JANGLE, jang'l, _v.i._ to sound discordantly as in wrangling: to wrangle or quarrel.--_v.t._ to cause to sound harshly.--_n._ discordant sound: contention.--_ns._ JANG'LER; JANG'LING. [O. Fr. _jangler_; imit., like _jingle_ and _chink_.]

JANITOR, jan'i-tor, _n._ a doorkeeper: a porter:--_fem._ JAN'ITRIX. [L., from _janua_, a door.]

JANIZARY, jan'i-zar-i, _n._ a soldier of the old Turkish foot-guards (c.

1330-1826), formed originally of renegade prisoners and of a tribute of children taken from Christian subjects--also JAN'ISSARY, JAN'IZAR.--_adj._ JANIZ[=A]'RIAN. [Fr. _Janissaire_--Turk, _yeni_, new, _'asker_, army.]

JANKER, jang'ker, _n._ (_Scot._) a long pole on two wheels used for transporting logs.

JANN, jan,_ n._ one of the lowest of the five orders of Mohammedan genii.

JANNOCK, jan'ok, _adj._ (_prov._) straightforward.

JANNOCK, jan'ok, _n._ oaten bread, a cake.

JANSENISM, jan'sen-izm, _n._ a system of evangelical doctrine deduced from Augustine by Cornelius _Jansen_ (1585-1638), Roman Catholic Bishop of Ypres, essentially a reaction against the ordinary Catholic dogma of the freedom of the will and that of merely sufficient grace, maintaining that interior grace is irresistible, and that Christ died for all.--_n._ JAN'SENIST, a believer in Jansenism.


JANUARY, jan'[=u]-ar-i, _n._ the first month of the year, dedicated by the Romans to JAN'US, the god of opening, with a double head that looked both ways.--_adjs._ JAN'UFORM, two-faced; JAN'US-FACED, double-dealing: deceitful. [L. _Januarius_--_Junus_.]

JAP, jap, _n._ and _adj._ (_coll._) for JAPANESE', of or belonging to _Japan:_ the language of Japan: a native of Japan.

JAPAN, ja-pan', _v.t._ to varnish after the manner of the JAPANESE', or people of _Japan:_ to make black and glossy:--_pr.p._ japan'ning; _pa.p._ japanned'.--_n._ work japanned: the varnish or lacquer used in japanning.--_ns._ JAPAN'-EARTH, or _Terra japonica_, gambier; JAPAN'NER.--JAPAN LACQUER, or BLACK JAPAN, a hard jet-black lacquer, for sheet-metal, made of asphaltum, linseed-oil, and varnish; JAPANNED LEATHER, same as patent leather (see PATENT).

JAPE, j[=a]p, _v.i._ to jest, joke.--_v.t._ to mock.--_n._ a jest, joke, trick. [O. Fr. _japer_.]

JAPHETIC, ja-fet'ik, _adj._ a term formerly applied in ethnology to European peoples, the supposed descendants of _Japhet_, as opposed to Hamitic and Semitic.

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