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_giessen_, Goth. _giutan._ The Ger. _einguss_ is an exact parallel to _ingot_.]


INGRAIN, in'gr[=a]n', _v.t._ the same as ENGRAIN.--_adj._ dyed in the yarn or thread before manufacture.

INGRATE, in'gr[=a]t, _n._ (_Milt._) one who is ungrateful.--_adj._ INGRATE'FUL, unthankful.

INGRATIATE, in-gr[=a]'shi-[=a]t, _v.t._ to commend to grace or favour (used reflexively, and followed by with): to secure the good-will of another. [L.

_in_, into, _gratia_, favour.]

INGRATITUDE, in-grat'i-t[=u]d, _n._ unthankfulness: the return of evil for good. [Low L. _ingratitudo_--L. _ingratus_, unthankful.]

INGREDIENT, in-gr[=e]'di-ent, _n._ that which enters into compound: a component part of anything. [Fr.,--L. _ingrediens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _ingredi_--_in_, into, _gradi_, to enter.]

INGRESS, in'gres, _n._ entrance: power, right, or means of entrance.--_n._ INGRESS'ION. [L. _ingressus_--_ingredi_.]


INGROSS, in-gr[=o]s', _v.t._ (_Shak._). Same as ENGROSS.

INGROWING, in'gr[=o]-ing, _adj._ growing inward.--_n._ IN'GROWTH.

INGUILTY, in-gilt'i, _adj._ (_Shak._) not guilty.

INGUINAL, ing'gwin-al, _adj._ relating to the groin. [L.

_inguinalis_--_inguen_, _inguinus_, the groin.]


INGURGITATE, in-gur'ji-t[=a]t, _v.t._ to swallow up greedily, as in a gulf.--_n._ INGURGIT[=A]'TION. [L. _ingurgit[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_in_, into, _gurges_, a whirlpool.]

INHABIT, in-hab'it, _v.t._ to dwell in: to occupy.--_v.i._ (_Shak._) to dwell.--_adj._ INHAB'ITABLE, that may be inhabited.--_ns._ INHAB'ITANCE, INHAB'ITANCY, the act of inhabiting: actual residence; INHAB'ITANT, one who inhabits: a resident.--_adj._ resident.--_ns._ INHABIT[=A]'TION, the act of inhabiting: dwelling-place: (_Milt._) population; INHAB'ITER (_B._), an inhabitant; INHAB'ITIVENESS, love of locality and home; INHAB'ITRESS, a female inhabitant. [Fr.,--L., from _in_, in, _habit[=a]re_, to dwell.]

INHALE, in-h[=a]l', _v.t._ to draw in the breath, to draw into the lungs, as air.--_adjs._ INH[=A]'LANT, INH[=A]'LENT.--_ns._ INHAL[=A]'TION, the drawing into the lungs, as air, or fumes; INHAL'ER. [L. _inhal[=a]re_, to breathe upon--_in_, upon, _hal[=a]re_, to breathe.]

INHARMONIOUS, in-har-m[=o]'ni-us, _adj._ discordant, unmusical.--_adjs._ INHARMON'IC, -AL, wanting harmony: inharmonious.--_adv._ INHARM[=O]'NIOUSLY.--_ns._ INHARM[=O]'NIOUSNESS; INHAR'MONY, want of harmony.

INHAUST, in'hast, _v.t._ (_humorous_) to drink in. [L. _in_, in, _haur[=i]re_, _haustum_, to draw.]

INHEARSE, in-h[.e]rs'; _v.t._ (_Shak._) to enclose in a hearse, to bury.

INHERE, in-h[=e]r', _v.i._ to stick fast: to remain firm in.--_ns._ INHER'ENCE, INHER'ENCY, a sticking fast: existence in something else: a fixed state of being in another body or substance.--_adj._ INHER'ENT, sticking fast: existing in and inseparable from something else: innate: natural.--_adv._ INHER'ENTLY. [L. _inhaer[=e]re_--_in_, in, _haer[=e]re_, to stick.]

INHERIT, in-her'it, _v.t._ to take as heir or by descent from an ancestor: to possess.--_v.i._ to enjoy, as property.--_adj._ INHER'ITABLE, same as HERITABLE.--_ns._ INHER'ITANCE, that which is or may be inherited: an estate derived from an ancestor: hereditary descent: natural gift: possession; INHER'ITOR, one who inherits or may inherit: an heir:--_fem._ INHER'ITRESS, INHER'ITRIX. [O. Fr. _enheriter_--Low L. _heredit[=a]re_, to inherit--L. _in_, in, _heres_, an heir.]

INHESION, in-h[=e]'zhun. Same as INHERENCE.

INHIBIT, in-hib'it, _v.t._ to hold in or back: to keep back: to check.--_n._ INHIBI'TION, the act of inhibiting or restraining: the state of being inhibited: prohibition: a writ from a higher court to an inferior judge to stay proceedings.--_adj._ INHIB'ITORY, prohibitory. [L.

_inhib[=e]re_, _-hibitum_--_in_, in, _hab[=e]re_, to have.]

INHOLDER, in-h[=o]ld'[.e]r, _n._ (_Spens._) an inhabitant.

INHOOP, in-h[=oo]p', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to confine, as in a hoop or enclosure.

INHOSPITABLE, in-hos'pit-a-bl, _adj._ affording no kindness to strangers.--_ns._ INHOS'PITABLENESS, INHOSPITAL'ITY, want of hospitality or courtesy to strangers.--_adv._ INHOS'PITABLY.

INHUMAN, in-h[=u]'man, _adj._ barbarous: cruel: unfeeling.--_n._ INHUMAN'ITY, the state of being inhuman: barbarity: cruelty.--_adv._ INH[=U]'MANLY.

INHUME, in-h[=u]m', _v.t._ to inter.--_n._ INHUM[=A]'TION, the act of depositing in the ground: burial. [L. _inhum[=a]re_--_in_, in, _humus_, the ground.]

INIMICAL, in-im'i-kal, _adj._ like an enemy, not friendly: contrary: repugnant.--_adv._ INIM'ICALLY. [L. _inimicalis_--_inimicus_--_in_, not, _amicus_, friendly.]

INIMITABLE, in-im'it-a-bl, _adj._ that cannot be imitated: surpassingly excellent.--_ns._ INIMITABIL'ITY, INIM'ITABLENESS, the quality of being inimitable.--_adv._ INIM'ITABLY.

INION, in'i-on, _n._ the external occipital protuberance:--_pl._ IN'IA.


INIQUITY, in-ik'wi-ti, _n._ want of equity or fairness: injustice: wickedness: a crime: one of the names of the Vice, the established buffoon of the old Moralities.--_adj._ INIQ'UITOUS, unjust: unreasonable: wicked.--_adv._ INIQ'UITOUSLY. [Fr.,--L. _iniquitatem_--_iniquus_, unequal--_in_, not, _aequus_, equal.]

INITIAL, in-ish'al, _adj._ commencing: placed at the beginning.--_n._ the letter beginning a word, esp. a name.--_v.t._ to put the initials of one's name to:--_pr.p._ init'ialing (-alling); _pa.p._ init'ialed (-alled).--_v.t._ INIT'I[=A]TE, to make a beginning: to instruct in principles: to acquaint with: to introduce into a new state or society.--_v.i._ to perform the first act or rite.--_n._ one who is initiated.--_adj._ fresh: unpractised.--_n._ INITI[=A]'TION, act or process of initiating: act of admitting to any society, by instructing in its rules and ceremonies.--_adj._ INIT'I[=A]TIVE, serving to initiate: introductory.--_n._ an introductory step: the power or right of commencing.--_adj._ INIT'I[=A]TORY, tending to initiate: introductory.--_n._ introductory rite. [L. _initialis_--_initium_, a beginning, _in[=i]re_, _in[=i]tum_--_in_, into, _[=i]re_, _[=i]tum_, to go.]

INJECT, in-jekt', _v.t._ to throw into: to cast on: to make to pass in or into.--_ns._ INJEC'TION, act of injecting or throwing in or into: the act of filling the vessels of an animal body with any liquid: a liquid to be injected into any part of the body; INJEC'TOR, one who injects: something used for injecting, especially an apparatus by which a stream of water is forced into a steam-boiler. [L. _injic[)e]re_, _injectum_--_in_, into, _jac[)e]re_, to throw.]

INJELLY, in-jel'i, _v.t._ (_Tenn._) to place, as if in jelly.

INJOINT, in-joint', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to join.

INJUDICIOUS, in-j[=oo]-dish'us, _adj._ void of or wanting in judgment: imprudent: inconsiderate.--_adj._ INJUDIC'IAL, not according to law-forms.--_adv._ INJUDIC'IOUSLY.--_n._ INJUDIC'IOUSNESS.

INJUNCTION, in-jungk'shun, _n._ act of enjoining or commanding: an order: a precept: exhortation: an introductory writ by which a superior court stops or prevents some inequitable or illegal act being done--called in Scotland an _interdict_: (_Milt._) conjunction. [Low L. _injunction-em_--_in_, in, _jung[)e]re_, _junctum_, to join.]

INJURE, in'j[=oo]r, _v.t._ to wrong, harm: to damage: to annoy.--_n._ IN'JURER, one who injures.--_adj._ INJU'RIOUS, tending to injure: unjust: wrongful: mischievous: damaging reputation.--_adv._ INJU'RIOUSLY.--_ns._ INJU'RIOUSNESS; IN'JURY, that which injures: wrong: mischief: annoyance: (_Pr. Bk._) insult, offence. [Fr. _injurier_--L. _injuri[=a]ri_--_injuria_, injury--_in_, not, _jus_, _juris_, law.]

INJUSTICE, in-jus'tis, _n._ violation or withholding of another's rights or dues: wrong: iniquity.

INK, ingk, _n._ a coloured fluid used in writing, printing, &c.--_v.t._ to daub with ink.--_ns._ INK'-BAG, -SAC, a sac in some cuttle-fishes, containing a black viscid fluid; INK'-BOTT'LE, an inkstand: a bottle for holding ink placed in an inkstand; INK'HOLDER, INK'STAND, a vessel for holding ink; INK'HORN (_obs._), an inkholder, formerly of horn: a portable case for ink, &c.; INK'HORN-MATE (_Shak._), a bookish man; INK'INESS; INK'-POT, an inkholder.--_adj._ pedantic.--_ns._ INK'ING-TA'BLE, a table or flat surface used for supplying the inking-roller with ink during the process of printing; INK'ING-ROLL'ER, a roller covered with a composition for inking printing types; INK'-STONE, a kind of stone containing sulphate of iron, used in making ink.--_adj._ INK'Y, consisting of or resembling ink: blackened with ink.--_n._ PRINT'ING-INK (see PRINT).--CHINA INK, INDIAN INK, a mechanical mixture of the purest and densest lampblack, with a solution of gum or gelatine; INVISIBLE or SYMPATHETIC INK, a kind of ink which remains invisible on the paper until it is heated.--SLING INK (_slang_), to write: to earn one's bread by writing. [O. Fr. _enque_ (Fr.

_encre_)--Low L. _encaustum_, the purple-red ink used by the later Roman emperors--Gr. _engkauston_--_engkaiein_, to burn in. See ENCAUSTIC.]

INKLE, ingk'l, _n._ (_Shak._) a kind of broad linen tape. [M. E. _liniolf_, _inniolf_, allied to O. Fr. _lignel_, shoemakers' thread, _ligne_, thread--L. _linea_, _linum_, flax.]

INKLING, ingk'ling, _n._ a hint or whisper: intimation.--_v.i._ INK'LE, to have a hint of. [M. E. _inclen_, to hint at, which Skeat suspects to be corrupted from Dan. _ymte_, to mutter; cf. Ice. _ym-ta_, to mutter; ultimately imitative.]

IN-KNEED, in'-n[=e]d, _adj._ knock-kneed.

INLACE, in-l[=a]s', _v.t._ to embellish, as with lace: to lace.

INLAND, in'land, _n._ the interior part of a country.--_adj._ remote from the sea: carried on or produced within a country: confined to a country: (_Shak._) refined, polished.--_n._ IN'LANDER, one who lives inland.--INLAND NAVIGATION, passage of boats or vessels on rivers, lakes, or canals within a country; INLAND REVENUE, internal revenue, derived from excise, stamps, income-tax, &c. [A.S. _inland_, a domain--_in_ and _land_.]

INLAY, in-l[=a]', _v.t._ to ornament by laying in or inserting pieces of metal, ivory, &c.--_pa.p._ INLAID'.--_n._ pieces of metal, ivory, &c. for inlaying.--_ns._ INLAY'ER; INLAY'ING.

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