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IMPALE, im-p[=a]l', _v.t._ to fence in with stakes: to shut in: to put to death by spitting on a stake.--_n._ IMPALE'MENT, an enclosed space: (_her._) the marshalling side by side of two escutcheons combined in one.

[Fr. _empaler_--L. _in_, in, _palus_, a stake.]

IMPALPABLE, im-pal'pa-bl, _adj._ not perceivable by touch: not coarse: not easily understood.--_n._ IMPALPABIL'ITY.--_adv._ IMPAL'PABLY.

IMPANATION, im-p[=a]-n[=a]'shun, _n._ a term used to express the local union of the body of Christ with the consecrated bread in the Eucharist; but later specially used of Luther's doctrine of Consubstantiation (q.v.).--_adj._ IMP[=A]'NATE, embodied in bread. [From Low L.

_impan[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_in_, in, _panis_, bread.]


IMPARADISE, im-par'a-d[=i]s, _v.t._ (_Milt._) to put in a paradise or state of extreme felicity, to make perfectly happy:--_pr.p._ impar'ad[=i]sing; _pa.p._ impar'ad[=i]sed.

IMPARITY, im-par'i-ti, _n._ want of parity or equality: indivisibility into equal parts.--_adjs._ IMPARIDIG'ITATE, having an uneven number of digits; IMPARIPIN'NATE, unequally pinnate; IMPARISYLLAB'IC, not consisting of an equal number of syllables. [L. _impar_--_in_, not, _par_, equal.]

IMPARK, im-park', _v.t._ to enclose in a park.

IMPARLANCE, im-parl'ans, _n._ (_Spens._) parley.--_v.i._ IMPARL', to hold a consultation. [O. Fr. _emparlance_--_emparler_, to talk.]

IMPART, im-part', _v.t._ to bestow a part of: to give: to communicate: to make known.--_v.i._ to give a part.--_ns._ IMPART[=A]'TION, the act of imparting; IMPART'MENT (_Shak._), the act of imparting: that which is imparted, disclosure. [O. Fr. _empartir_--L. _impart[=i]re_--_in_, on, _pars_, _partis_, a part.]

IMPARTIAL, im-par'shal, _adj._ not favouring one more than another: just: (_Shak._) partial.--_ns._ IMPARTIAL'ITY, IMPAR'TIALNESS, quality of being impartial: freedom from bias.--_adv._ IMPAR'TIALLY.

IMPARTIBLE, im-part'i-bl, _adj._ capable of being imparted.--_n._ IMPARTIBIL'ITY.

IMPARTIBLE, im-part'i-bl, _adj._ not partible: indivisible.--_n._ IMPARTIBIL'ITY.

IMPASSABLE, im-pas'a-bl, _adj._ not capable of being passed.--_ns._ IMPASSABIL'ITY, IMPASS'ABLENESS.--_adv._ IMPASS'ABLY.

IMPASSIBLE, im-pas'i-bl, _adj._ incapable of passion or feeling.--_ns._ IMPASSIBIL'ITY, IMPASS'IBLENESS, quality of being impassible. [Fr.,--L.

_impassibilis_,--_in_, not, _pati_, _passus_, to suffer.]

IMPASSION, im-pash'un, _v.t._ to move with passion.--_adjs._ IMPASS'IONABLE, IMPASS'ION[=A]TE, IMPASS'IONED, moved by strong passion or feeling: animated: excited; IMPASS'IVE, not susceptible of pain or feeling.--_adv._ IMPASS'IVELY.--_ns._ IMPASS'IVENESS, IMPASSIV'ITY.

[Through Low L.--L. _in_, in, _passion-em_, passion.]

IMPASTE, im-p[=a]st', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to knead into a paste: to lay colours on thick.--_ns._ IMPAST[=A]'TION, act of impasting: that which is made into paste; IMPAS'TO, in painting, the thick laying on of pigments.

[Low L. _impast[=a]re_--_in_, into, _pasta_, paste.]

IMPATIENT, im-p[=a]'shent, _adj._ not able to endure or to wait: fretful: restless.--_n._ IMP[=A]'TIENCE, want of patience.--_adv._ IMP[=A]'TIENTLY.

IMPAVE, im-p[=a]v', _v.t._ (_Wordsworth_) to pave.

IMPAVID, im-pav'id, _adj._ fearless.--_adv._ IMPAV'IDLY, fearlessly: dauntlessly. [L. _impavidus_--_in_, not, _pavidus_, fearing.]

IMPAWN, im-pawn', _v.t._ to pawn or deposit as security.

IMPEACH, im-p[=e]ch', _v._t to charge with a crime: to cite before a court for official misconduct: to call in question: (_Spens._) to impede.--_adj._ IMPEACH'ABLE, liable to impeachment: chargeable with a crime.--_ns._ IMPEACH'ER, one who impeaches; IMPEACH'MENT, an exceptional form of process whereby the House of Commons may obtain redress for any high crimes and misdemeanours committed by peers and ministers of the Crown: (_Shak._) hinderance, obstruction. [O. Fr. _empescher_, to hinder (Fr. _empecher_, It. _impacciare_); either from L. _imping[)e]re_, to strike against, or _impedic[=a]re_, to fetter--thus cognate either with _impinge_ or _impede_.]

IMPEARL, im-p[.e]rl', _v.t._ to adorn with or as with pearls: to make like pearls.

IMPECCABLE, im-pek'a-bl, _adj._ not liable to error or to sin.--_ns._ IMPECCABIL'ITY, IMPECC'ANCY.--_adj._ IMPECC'ANT, doing no sin.

IMPECUNIOUS, im-pe-k[=u]ni-us, _adj._ having no money: poor.--_n._ IMPECUNIOS'ITY.

IMPEDE, im-p[=e]d', _v.t._ to hinder or obstruct.--_n._ IMP[=E]'DANCE, hinderance, esp. in electricity an apparent increase of resistance due to induction in a circuit.--_adj._ IMPED'IBLE, capable of being impeded.--_n._ IMPED'IMENT, that which impedes: hinderance: a defect preventing fluent IMPEDIMENT'A, military baggage, baggage generally.--_adjs._ IMPEDIMEN'TAL, IMPED'ITIVE, causing hinderance. [L.

_imped[=i]re_--_in_, in, _pes_, _pedis_, a foot.]

IMPEL, im-pel', _v.t._ to urge forward: to excite to action: to instigate:--_pr.p._ impel'ling; _pa.p._ impelled'.--_adj._ IMPEL'LENT, impelling or driving on.--_n._ a power that impels.--_n._ IMPEL'LER. [L.

_impell[)e]re_, _impulsum_--_in_, on, _pell[)e]re_, to drive.]

IMPEND, im-pend', _v.i._ to threaten: to be about to happen.--_ns._ IMPEND'ENCE, IMPEND'ENCY, the state of impending: near approach.--_adj._ IMPEND'ENT, imminent: ready to act or happen. [L. _impend[=e]re_--_in_, on, _pend[=e]re_, to hang.]

IMPENETRABLE, im-pen'e-tra-bl, _adj._ incapable of being pierced: preventing another body from occupying the same space at the same time: not to be impressed in mind or heart.--_n._ IMPENETRABIL'ITY, one of the essential properties of matter, implying that no two bodies can at the same time occupy the same space.--_adv._ IMPEN'ETRABLY.

IMPENITENT, im-pen'i-tent, _adj._ not repenting of sin.--_n._ one who does not repent: a hardened sinner.--_n._ IMPEN'ITENCE.--_adv._ IMPEN'ITENTLY.

IMPENNATE, im-pen'[=a]t, IMPENNOUS, im-pen'us, _adj._ wingless: having very short wings useless for flight. [L. _in_, not, _penna_, a wing.]

IMPERATIVE, im-per'a-tiv, _adj._ expressive of command: authoritative: peremptory: obligatory.--_adv._ IMPER'ATIVELY.--IMPERATIVE MOOD, the form of a verb expressing command or advice; CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE (see under CATEGORY). [L. _imperativus_--_imper[=a]re_, to command--_in_, in, _par[=a]re_, to prepare.]

IMPERATOR, im'p[=e]-r[=a]-tor, _n._ a commander: a ruler: an emperor.--_adj._ IMPERAT[=O]'RIAL. [L.,--_imper[=a]re_, to command.]

IMPERCEPTIBLE, im-p[.e]r-sep'ti-bl, _adj._ not discernible: insensible: minute.--_ns._ IMPERCEP'TIBLENESS, IMPERCEPTIBIL'ITY.--_adv._ IMPERCEP'TIBLY.--_adjs._ IMPERCEP'TIVE, not perceiving; IMPERCIP'IENT, having no power to perceive.

IMPERFECT, im-p[.e]r'fekt, _adj._ incomplete: defective: not fulfilling its design: liable to err.--_adv._ IMPER'FECTLY.--_ns._ IMPER'FECTNESS, IMPERFEC'TION.

IMPERFORATE, -d, im-p[.e]r'fo-r[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ not pierced through: having no opening.--_adj._ IMPER'FORABLE, that cannot be perforated or bored through.--_n._ IMPERFOR[=A]'TION.

IMPERIAL, im-p[=e]'ri-al, _adj._ pertaining to an empire or to an emperor: sovereign, supreme: commanding, of superior size or excellence.--_n._ a tuft of hair on the lower lip (from its use by Napoleon III.): a kind of dome, as in Moorish buildings: an outside seat on a diligence: a size of writing-paper, 22 30 in.; also of printing-paper, 22 32 in.--_v.t._ IMP[=E]'RIALISE, to make imperial.--_ns._ IMP[=E]'RIALISM, the power or authority of an emperor: the spirit of empire; IMP[=E]'RIALIST, one who belongs to an emperor: a soldier or partisan of an emperor; IMPERIAL'ITY, imperial power, right, or privilege.--_adv._ IMP[=E]'RIALLY.--_n._ IMP[=E]'RIUM, a military chief command: empire.--IMPERIAL CITY, Rome: one of those cities in the German Empire which owed allegiance to none but the emperor, which exercised suzerain rights within their own territories, and had the right of sitting and voting in the imperial diet; IMPERIAL INSTITUTE of the United Kingdom, the Colonies, and India, an institution designed to commemorate the Jubilee of Queen Victoria (1887). [Fr.,--L.

_imperialis_--_imperium_, sovereignty.]

IMPERIL, im-per'il, _v.t._ to put in peril: to endanger.--_n._ IMPER'ILMENT.

IMPERIOUS, im-p[=e]'ri-us, _adj._ assuming command: haughty: tyrannical: authoritative: (_obs._) imperial.--_adv._ IMP[=E]'RIOUSLY.--_n._ IMP[=E]'RIOUSNESS. [L. _imperiosus_.]

IMPERISHABLE, im-per'ish-a-bl, _adj._ indestructible: everlasting.--_ns._ IMPER'ISHABLENESS, IMPERISHABIL'ITY.--_adv._ IMPER'ISHABLY.

IMPERMANENCE, im-per'man-ens, _n._ want of permanence.--_adj._ IMPER'MANENT.

IMPERMEABLE, im-p[.e]r'm[=e]-a-bl, _adj._ not permitting passage: impenetrable.--_ns._ IMPERMEABIL'ITY, IMPER'MEABLENESS.--_adv._ IMPER'MEABLY.--_n._ IMPER'ME[=A]TOR, a device in a steam-engine for forcing lubricating oil uniformly into the cylinder.

IMPERSEVERANT, im-per-sev'[.e]r-ant, _adj._ (_Shak._) strongly persevering.

IMPERSONAL, im-p[.e]r'sun-al, _adj._ not having personality: (_gram._) not varied according to the persons.--_n._ IMPERSONAL'ITY.--_adv._ IMPER'SONALLY.--_v.t._ IMPER'SON[=A]TE, to invest with personality or the bodily substance of a person: to ascribe the qualities of a person to: to personify: to assume the person or character of, esp. on the stage.--_adj._ personified.--_ns._ IMPERSON[=A]'TION; IMPER'SON[=A]TOR.

IMPERTINENT, im-p[.e]r'ti-nent, _adj._ not pertaining to the matter in hand: trifling: intrusive: saucy: impudent.--_n._ IMPER'TINENCE, that which is impertinent: intrusion: impudence, over-forwardness: (_law_) matter introduced into an affidavit, &c., not pertinent to the matter.--_adv._ IMPER'TINENTLY.

IMPERTURBABLE, im-p[.e]r-tur'ba-bl, _adj._ that cannot be disturbed or agitated: permanently quiet.--_n._ IMPERTURBABIL'ITY.--_adv._ IMPERTUR'BABLY.--_n._ IMPERTURB[=A]'TION. [L. _imperturbabilis_--_in_, not, _perturbare_, to disturb.]

IMPERVIABLE, im-p[.e]r'vi-a-bl, IMPERVIOUS, im-p[.e]r'vi-us, _adj._ not to be penetrated.--_ns._ IMPER'VIABLENESS, IMPERVIABIL'ITY, IMPER'VIOUSNESS.--_adv._ IMPER'VIOUSLY.

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