BRIGHT, br[=i]t, _adj._ shining: full of light: clear: beautiful: cheerful: clever: illustrious.--_adv._ (_Shak._) brightly: clearly.--_v.t._ BRIGHT'EN, to make bright or brighter.--_v.i._ to grow bright or brighter: to clear up.--_adv._ BRIGHT'LY.--_n._ BRIGHT'NESS.--_adj._ BRIGHT'SOME, bright: brilliant. [A.S. _beorht_; cog. with Goth. _bairhts_, clear, L.
_flagr_-_[=a]re_, to flame.]
BRIGHT'S-DISEASE, br[=i]ts'-diz-[=e]z', _n._ a generic name for a group of diseases of the kidneys, which may be defined as comprising cases where structural changes in the kidneys, usually inflammatory, but without suppuration, lead to the presence of albumen in the urine. [From Dr Richard _Bright_ (1789-1858).]
BRIGUE, brig, _v.i._ to intrigue.--_n._ strife, intrigue.--_n._ BRIGU'ING, canvassing. [Fr. _brigue_; derivation uncertain.]
BRILL, bril, _n._ a fish of the same kind as the turbot, spotted with white. [Ety. unknown.]
BRILLIANT, bril'yant, _adj._ sparkling: glittering: splendid.--_n._ a diamond of the finest cut (as opposed to _rose-cut_ or other patterns).--_ns._ BRILL'IANCY, BRILL'IANCE.--_adv._ BRILL'IANTLY.--_n._ BRILL'IANTNESS.[Fr. _brillant_, pr.p. of _briller_, to shine, which, like Ger. _brille_, an eyeglass, is from Low L. _beryllus_, a beryl.]
BRIM, brim, _n._ the margin or brink of a river or lake: the upper edge of a vessel: the rim of a hat.--_v.t._ to fill to the brim.--_v.i._ to be full to the brim:--_pr.p._ brim'ming; _pa.p._ brimmed.--_adj._ BRIM'FUL, full to the brim.--_n._ BRIM'FULNESS (_Shak._), fullness to the top.--_adjs._ BRIM'LESS, without a brim; BRIMMED, brimful: having a brim--used in composition.--_n._ BRIM'MER, a bowl full to the brim or top.--_adj._ BRIM'MING. [M. E. _brymme_--_bremman_, to roar.]
BRIMSTONE, brim'st[=o]n, _n._ sulphur: (_fig._) a virago.--FIRE AND BRIMSTONE! an ejaculation. [Lit. burning stone; from A.S. _brne_, a burning--_byrnan_, to burn, and STONE; cf. Ger. _bernstein_.]
BRINDED, brin'ded, BRINDLED, brin'dld, _adj._ marked with spots or streaks.--_n._ BRIN'DLE, state of being brindled. [See BRAND.]
BRINE, br[=i]n, _n._ salt water: the sea.--_ns._ BRINE'-PIT, a pit or pan in which brine is evaporated, so as to form salt: a salt spring; BRINE'-SHRIMP, a small crustacean.--_adjs._ BRIN'ISH, like brine: somewhat salt; BRIN'Y, pertaining to brine or to the sea: salt.--THE BRINY (_slang_), the sea. [A.S. _brne_, a burning; applied to salt liquor, from its burning, biting quality.]
BRING, bring, _v.t._ to fetch: to carry: to procure: to occasion: to draw or lead:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ brought (brawt).--BRING ABOUT, to bring to pass, effect; BRING DOWN, to humble; BRING FORTH, to give birth to, produce; BRING HOME, to prove, to impress; BRING IN, to introduce; BRING OFF, to bring away, as by a boat from a ship, to rescue; BRING ON, to cause to advance; BRING OUT, to express: to produce before the public, as a book, a play, a subscription: to introduce a young woman formally into so-called society; BRING OVER, to convert; BRING ROUND, to restore from illness; BRING TO, to check the course of, as a ship, by trimming the sails so as to counteract each other; BRING UNDER, to subdue; BRING UP, to rear or educate. [A.S. _bringan_, to carry, to bring; allied perh. to BEAR.]
BRINJARRY, brin-zhar'i, _n._ a travelling dealer in grain and salt in Southern India. [Hind. _b[=a]nj[=a]ra_.]
BRINK, bringk, _n._ the edge or border of a steep place or of a river: (_fig._) the very verge of time, at the very point of something--e.g. TO BE ON THE BRINK OF DEATH. [Dan. _brink_, declivity; Ice. _bringa_, a hillock.]
BRIO, br[=i]'o, _n._ liveliness, vivacity. [It. _brio_.]
BRIOCHE, bri-osh', _n._ a sponge-cake. [Fr.]
BRIONY. Same as BRYONY.
BRIQUETTE, bri-ket', _n._ a brick-shaped block of coal formed from coal-dust. [Fr. _briquette_, dim. of _brique_, a BRICK.]
BRISK, brisk, _adj._ full of life and spirit: active: sharp: effervescing, as liquors.--_v.t._ to enliven, freshen.--_v.i._ to cheer up.--_adjs._ BRISK'ISH, BRISK'Y, (_Shak._).--_adv._ BRISK'LY.--_n._ BRISK'NESS. [Dr Murray notes that the word is first found in the end of the 16th century; prob. W. _brysg_, swift of foot; cf. Gael. _brisg_, Ir. _briosg_.]
BRISKET, brisk'et, _n._ the breast of an animal: the part of the breast next to the ribs. [Fr. _brechet_, _brichet_.]
BRISTLE, bris'l, _n._ a short, stiff hair, as of swine.--_v.i._ to stand erect, as bristles.--_v.t._ to cover, as with bristles: to make bristly:--_pr.p._ bris'tling; _pa.p._ brist'led.--_adj._ BRISTLED (bris'ld), furnished with bristles.--_n._ BRIST'LINESS.--_adj._ BRIST'LY, set with bristles: rough.--TO SET UP ONE'S BRISTLES, to show temper. [A.S.
_byrst_; Scot. _birse_; cog. with Ger. _borste_, Ice. _burst_.]
BRISTOL-BOARD, bris'tul-b[=o]rd, _n._ a smooth pasteboard.--_ns._ BRIS'TOL-BRICK, an earthy material for scouring cutlery, like bath-brick; BRIS'TOL-D[=I]'AMOND, a kind of crystal found near Bristol. [From the town of _Bristol_, in England.]
BRISURE, bri-zh[=u]r', _n._ (_fort._) any part of a rampart or parapet which breaks off at an angle from the general direction: (_her._) a variation of a coat-of-arms, showing the relation of a younger to the main line. [Fr.--_briser_, to break.]
BRITANNIA-METAL, brit-an'i-a-met'l, _n._ a metallic alloy largely used in the manufacture of spoons, &c.
BRITANNIC, brit-an'ik, _adj._ pertaining to _Britannia_ or Great Britain: British.--_adj._ BRITISH, in ethnography, Old Celtic as opposed to Anglo-Saxon: pertaining to Great Britain or its people--_ns._ BRIT'ISHER, a British subject (Amer.); BRIT'ON, a native of Britain.
BRITTLE, brit'l, _adj._ apt to break: easily broken: frail.--_ns._ BRITT'LENESS; BRITT'LE-STARS, or _Sand-stars_, one of the classes of Echinodermata, including forms not far removed from starfishes. [A.S.
_breotan_, to break.]
BRITZKA, BRITZSKA, brits'ka, _n._ an open four-wheeled carriage with shutters to close at pleasure, and only one seat.--Also BRITSCHKA, BRITSKA.
[Polish _bryczka_, dim. of _bryka_, a wagon.]
BROACH, br[=o]ch, _n._ a tapering, pointed instrument, used chiefly for boring: a spit: a church spire.--_v.t._ to pierce as a cask, to tap: to open up or begin: to utter.--_n._ BROACH'ER, a broach or spit: one who broaches or utters.--TO BROACH THE ADMIRAL, to steal some liquor from a cask while being carried by rail or otherwise, or when in store; TO BROACH TO, to turn a ship to windward. [Fr. _brocher_, to pierce, _broche_, an iron pin--L. _brocchus_, a projecting tooth.]
BROAD, brawd, _adj._ wide: large, free or open: outspoken: coarse, indelicate: of pronunciation, e.g. a broad accent.--_advs._ BROAD, BROAD'LY.--_ns._ BROAD'-AR'ROW, a mark, thus ([Broad arrow]), stamped on materials belonging to Government; BROAD'-BRIM, a hat with a broad brim, such as those worn by Quakers: (_coll._) a Quaker.--_adj._ BROAD'CAST, scattered or sown abroad by the hand: dispersed widely.--_adv._ by throwing at large from the hand, only in phrases, as, 'to scatter broadcast,'
&c.--_v.t._ to scatter freely.--_n._ BROAD'CLOTH, a fine kind of woollen fulled cloth, used for men's garments.--_v.t._ BROAD'EN, to make broad or broader.--_v.i._ to grow broad or extend in breadth.--_adj._ BROAD'-EYED (_Shak._), having a wide or extended survey.--_ns._ BROAD'-GAUGE (see GAUGE); BROAD'NESS.--_n.pl._ BROADS, lake-like expansions of rivers.--_ns._ BROAD'SIDE, the side of a ship: all the guns on one side of a ship of war, or their simultaneous discharge: a sheet of paper printed on one side, otherwise named BROAD'SHEET; BROAD'SWORD, a cutting sword with a broad blade: a man armed with such a sword.--BROAD CHURCH, a party within the Church of England which advocates a broad and liberal interpretation of dogmatic definitions and creed subscription--the name was first used in 1833 by W. J. Conybeare. [A.S. _brad_, Goth. _braids_.]
BROBDINGNAGIAN, brob-ding-n[=a]'ji-an, _n._ an inhabitant of the fabulous region of _Brobdingnag_ in _Gulliver's Travels_, the people of which were of great stature--hence a gigantic person.--_adj._ gigantic.--_adj._ BROBDINGNAG', immense.
BROCADE, brok-[=a]d', _n._ a silk stuff on which figures are wrought.--_adj._ BROCAD'ED, woven or worked in the manner of brocade: dressed in brocade. [It. _broccato_, Fr. _brocart_, from It. _broccare_, Fr. _brocher_, to prick, stitch; from root of BROACH.]
BROCAGE, br[=o]k'[=a]j, _n._ Obsolete spelling of BROKAGE (q.v. under BROKER).
BROCARD, brok'ard, _n._ an elementary law or principle: a canon: (_Fr._) a gibe. [Fr. _brocard_, Low L. _brocarda_, from _Brocard_ or Burchard, Bishop of Worms, who published a book of ecclesiastical rules.]
BROCCOLI, brok'o-li, _n._ a cultivated kind of cabbage resembling cauliflower, of which it is originally a hardy variety. [It.; _pl._ of _broccolo_, a sprout, dim. of _brocco_, a skewer, a shoot.]
BROCH, broh, _n._ the local name applied in the north of Scotland to the ancient dry-built circular castles, known also to the Gaelic-speaking people as _duns_, and to antiquaries as _Pictish towers_.--Also BROGH and BROUGH. [Old Norse _borg_; A.S. _burh_.]
BROCH, br[=o]ch, obsolete spelling of BROACH.
BROCHURE, bro-sh[=oo]r', _n._ a pamphlet. [Lit. a small book stitched, Fr.--_brocher_, to stitch--_broche_, a needle. See BROACH.]
BROCK, brok, _n._ a badger--hence, from the smell, a dirty, stinking fellow.--_adj._ BROCKED (_Scot._), variegated, having a mixture of black and white. [From the Celt., as in Gael. _broc_, a badger, which is from Gael. _breac_, speckled.]
BRODE, br[=o]d, _adv._ (_Spens._). Same as ABROAD.
BRODEKIN, BRODKIN, br[=o]d'kin, _n._ a buskin. [Fr. _brodequin_.]
BROG, brog, _n._ a pointed steel instrument used for piercing holes: (_Scot._) an awl.--_v.t._ to prick. [Ety. dub.; the Gael. _brog_; an awl, is prob. borrowed.]
BROGUE, br[=o]g, _n._ a stout coarse shoe: a dialect or manner of pronunciation, esp. the Irish. [Ir. and Gael. _brog_, a shoe.]
BROIDER, broid'[.e]r, BROIDERY, broid'[.e]r-i. Same as EMBROIDER, EMBROIDERY.--BROIDERED (_B._) = _Embroidered_.
BROIL, broil, _n._ a noisy quarrel: a confused disturbance--(_Scot._) BRUL'YIE, BRUL'ZIE.--_n._ BROIL'ER, one who stirs up broils. [Fr.
_brouiller_, to trouble.]
BROIL, broil, _v.t._ to cook over hot coals: to grill.--_v.i._ to be greatly heated. [Ety. dub.]
BROKE, br[=o]k, _pa.t._ and old _pa.p._ of BREAK.--_p.adj._ BROK'EN, rent asunder: infirm: humbled or crushed: dispersed, routed: altered in direction: shattered in estate or position: incomplete, fragmentary: uncertain.--_adjs._ BROK'EN-BACKED, having the back broken, applied to a ship so loosened in her frame as to droop at both ends; BROK'EN-DOWN, decayed, ruined in character or strength; BROK'EN-HEART'ED, crushed with grief: greatly depressed in spirit.--_adv._ BROK'ENLY.--_ns._ BROK'EN-MAN, one under outlawry, esp. in the Highlands and Border country; BROK'EN-MEAT, the leavings of a banquet; BROK'ENNESS.--_adj._ BROK'EN-WIND'ED, having short breath or disordered respiration, as a horse.
BROKER, br[=o]k'[.e]r, _n._ one employed to buy and sell for others: a second-hand dealer: a pander: a commissioner.--_v.i._ BROKE, to bargain, negotiate: (_Shak._) to act as a pander or go-between:--_pr.p._ br[=o]k'ing; _pa.p._ br[=o]ked.--_ns._ BROK'ERAGE, BROK'AGE, the business of a broker: the commission charged by a broker: a commission charged for transacting business for others; BROK'ERY, the business of a broker.--_p.adj._ BROK'ING, doing business as a broker: practised by brokers. [M. E. _brocour_--A.S. _brucan_; Ger. _brauchen_, to use, to profit.]
BROMATE. See BROMINE.