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BOTHY, BOTHIE, both'i, _n._ a humble cottage or hut: a temporary house for men engaged in some common work, esp. the barely furnished quarters provided for farm-servants, generally unmarried men, in the eastern and north-eastern counties of Scotland.--The BOTHY SYSTEM is apparently economical, but is detrimental to health and to morality.

BOTONe, BOTTONY, bot'un-i, _adj._ (_her._) having buds or knobs at the extremity, applied to a cross having each arm terminated in three buds, like trefoil. [O. Fr. See BUTTON.]

BO-TREE, b[=o]'-tr[=e], _n._ the name given in Ceylon to the Pipal or Peepul of India (_Ficus religiosa_), held sacred by the Buddhists, and planted close by every temple. [Singh. _bo_, from Pali _bodhi_, perfect knowledge.]

BOTS, BOTTS, botz, _n._ the larvae of the botfly found in the flesh and in the intestines of animals.--_n._ BOT'FLY, a family of dipterous insects, resembling the blue-bottle fly, which deposit their eggs on cattle. [Ety.

unknown; hardly conn. with BITE.]

BOTTINE, bot'[=e]n, _n._ a high boot, a half-boot. [Fr., dim. of _botte_, a boot.]

BOTTLE, bot'l, _n._ a bundle of hay.--TO LOOK FOR A NEEDLE IN A BOTTLE OF HAY, to engage in a hopeless se_arch._ [O. Fr. _botel_.]

BOTTLE, bot'l, _n._ a hollow vessel for holding liquids: the contents of such a vessel: the habit of drinking.--_v.t._ to enclose in bottles.--_n._ BOTT'LE-CHART, one which purports to show the track of sealed bottles thrown from ships into the sea.--_p.adj._ BOTT'LED, enclosed in bottles: shaped or protuberant like a bottle: kept in restraint.--_ns._ BOTT'LE-GLASS, a coarse green glass used in the making of bottles; BOTT'LE-GOURD, or _False Calabash_, a climbing, musky-scented Indian annual, whose fruit is shaped like a bottle, an urn, or a club.--_adjs._ BOTT'LE-GREEN, dark green in colour, like bottle-glass.--BOTT'LE-HEAD, BOTT'LE-NOSED, having a rounded prominent head, with a short snout, as a certain genus of whale.--_ns._ BOTT'LE-HOLD'ER, one who attends upon a boxer at a prize-fight, a backer or supporter generally; BOTT'LE-IMP, an imp supposed to be confined in a bottle; BOTT'LE-WASH'ER, one whose business it is to wash out the bottles, a factotum generally.--A THREE-BOTTLE MAN, one who could drink three bottles without losing his decorum.--TO BOTTLE OFF, to draw from the cask and put into bottles; TO BOTTLE UP (one's wrath, &c.), to keep enclosed as in a bottle; TO BRING UP ON THE BOTTLE, to rear an infant artificially rather than by the breast; TO PASS THE BOTTLE, to make the drink go round; TO PASS THE BOTTLE OF SMOKE, to acquiesce in some falsehood, to make pretence. [O. Fr. _bouteille_, dim.

of _botte_, a vessel for liquids--Low L. _butis_, a vessel.]

BOTTOM, bot'um, _n._ the lowest part of anything: that on which anything rests or is founded: the sitting part of the human body: the foot of a page, &c.: low land, as in a valley: the keel of a ship, hence the vessel itself: the fundamental character of anything, as physical stamina, financial resources, &c.: the portion of a wig hanging down over the shoulder, as in 'full-bottom'--full-bottomed wig: (_Shak._) a ball of thread.--_v.t._ to found or rest upon: (_Shak._) to wind round or upon.--_adj._ BOTT'OMED.--_ns._ BOTT'OM-GLADE, a glade or open space in a bottom or valley; BOTT'OM-GRASS (_Shak._) grass growing on bottom lands.--_adj._ BOTT'OMLESS.--_n._ BOTT'OMRY, a contract by which money is borrowed on the security of a ship or bottom.--BOTTOMLESS PIT--hell.--AT BOTTOM, in reality.--FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE HEART, from the very heart.--TO BE AT THE BOTTOM OF, to be the real origin of; TO STAND ON ONE'S OWN BOTTOM, to be independent of; TO TOUCH BOTTOM, to reach the lowest point.

[A.S. _botm_; Ger. _boden_; conn. with L. _fundus_, bottom, Gael. _bonn_, the sole.]


BOUDOIR, b[=oo]d'war, _n._ a lady's private room. [Fr.--_bouder_, to pout, to be sulky.]

BOUFFANT, boof'ang, _adj._ puffed out, in dressmaking. [Fr.]


BOUGAINVILLaeA, b[=oo]g-[=a]n-vil-[=e]'a, _n._ a neotropical genus of Nyctaginaceae, frequently trained over trellises or under the roofs of greenhouses, their triplets of flowers almost concealed by rosy or purple bracts. [From the first French circumnavigator of the globe, Louis Antoine de _Bougainville_ (1729-1811).]

BOUGH, bow, _n._ a branch of a tree: the gallows. [A.S. _bog_, _boh_, an arm, the shoulder (Ger. _bug_, the shoulder, the bow of a ship)--A.S.

_bugan_, to bend.]

BOUGHT, bawt, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of BUY.--BOUGHT'EN in an archaic form.

BOUGHT, bowt, _n._ a bight or bend: (_Spens._) a twist or coil: the bend of a sling in which the stone is placed. [See BIGHT.]

BOUGIE, b[=oo]'zhi, _n._ an instrument made of elastic, gum, wax, or metal, for distending contracted mucous canals, as the gullet, bowels, or urethra.

[Fr. a 'wax candle,' because the instrument was orig. made of waxed linen, from _Bougie_ in Algeria.]

BOUILLABAISSE, b[=oo]-lya-b[=a]s', _n._ a Provencal kind of fish chowder, familiar through Thackeray's appreciative ballad. [Fr.]

BOUILLI, b[=oo]'-y[=e], _n._ boiled or stewed meat.--_n._ BOUILLON (b[=oo]-yong), soup. [Fr. See BOIL.]

BOULDER, b[=o]ld'[.e]r, _n._ a large stone rounded by the action of water: (_geol._) a mass of rock transported by natural agencies from its native bed.--_adj._ containing boulders.--_n._ BOULD'ER-CLAY (see TILL, 4). [Acc.

to Wedgwood, from Swed. _bullra_, Dan. _buldre_, to roar like thunder, as large pebbles do.]

BOULEVARD, b[=oo]l'e-var, _n._ a broad walk or promenade bordered with trees, originally applied to those formed upon the demolished fortifications of a town.--_n._ BOUL'EVARDIER, a frequenter of the boulevards. [Fr.--Ger. _bollwerk_. See BULWARK.]

BOULEVERSEMENT, b[=oo]l-vers-mang, _n._ an overturning. [Fr.]

BOULT, b[=o]lt, _v.t._ (_Spens._). Same as BOLT (2).

BOUN, BOWNE, bown, _v.t._ (used _refl._) to prepare one's self, to have recourse to.--_v.i._ to prepare, dress: to set out, to go to a place--(_Spens._) BOUND. [_Boun_, earlier form of _bound_--revived by Scott.]

BOUNCE, bowns, _v.i._ to jump or spring suddenly: to bound like a ball, to throw one's self about: (_obs._) to beat: to burst into or out of a room, &c.: to boast, to exaggerate.--_n._ a heavy, sudden blow: a leap or spring: a boast: a bold lie.--_adv._ and _interj._ expressing sudden movement.--_n._ BOUNC'ER, one who bounces: something big: a bully: a liar.--_adj._ BOUNC'ING, large and heavy: lusty: swaggering. [Dut.

_bonzen_, to strike, from _bons_, a blow.]

BOUND, bownd, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of BIND, confined, bandaged: intimately connected with--'bound up in:' of books, having a cover of, as 'bound in morocco,' &c. (with _in_): under obligation or necessity to, as 'bound to win.'--_n._ BOUND'-BAIL'IFF, a sheriff's officer, so called from his bond given to the sheriff for the discharge of his duty.

BOUND, bownd, _n._ a limit or boundary: the limit of anything, as patience--'to break bounds,' to go beyond what is reasonable or allowable: (_pl._) a border-land, land generally within certain understood limits, the district.--_v.t._ to set bounds to: to limit, restrain, or surround.--_n._ BOUND'ARY, a visible limit: border: termination.--_p.adj._ BOUND'ED, restricted, cramped.--_n._ BOUND'ER, a boisterous or overbearing person.--_adj._ BOUND'LESS, having no limit: vast.--_n._ BOUND'LESSNESS.

[O. Fr. _bonne_--Low L. _bodina_, of doubtful origin; cf. Bret. _bonn_, a boundary.]

BOUND, bownd, _v.i._ to spring or leap.--_n._ a spring or leap.--_p.adj._ BOUND'ING, moving forward with a bound: leaping.--BY LEAPS AND BOUNDS, by startlingly rapid stages. [Fr. _bondir_, to spring, in O. Fr. to resound--L. _bombit[=a]re_. See BOOM, the sound.]

BOUND, bownd, _adj._ ready to go--as in 'outward bound,' &c. [Ice. _buinn_, pa.p of _bua_, to prepare.]

BOUNDEN, bownd'n, _adj._ binding: required: obligatory. [From BIND.]

BOUNTY, bown'ti, _n._ liberality in bestowing gifts: the gift bestowed: money offered as an inducement to enter the army, or as a premium to encourage any branch of industry.--_adjs._ BOUN'TEOUS, BOUN'TIFUL, liberal in giving: generous.--_advs._ BOUN'TEOUSLY, BOUN'TIFULLY.--_ns._ BOUN'TEOUSNESS, BOUN'TIFULNESS; BOUN'TIHOOD.--LADY BOUNTIFUL, a character in Farquhar's _Beaux' Stratagem_, now used for the great lady of any district. [O. Fr. _bontet_ (_bonte_), goodness--L.


BOUQUET, b[=oo]k'[=a], _n._ a bunch of flowers: a nosegay: the perfume exhaled by wine. [Fr. _bosquet_, dim. of _bois_, a wood--It. _bosco_. See BOSCAGE, BUSH.]

BOURASQUE, b[=oo]-rask', _n._ a tempest. [Fr. _bourrasque_; It. _borasco_, a storm.]

BOURBONIST, b[=oo]r'bun-ist, _n._ an adherent of the _Bourbons_, the old French royal dynasty.

BOURD, b[=oo]rd, _n._ (_Spens._) a jest, sport.--_n._ BOURD'ER (_obs._), a jester. [O. Fr. _bourde_, origin unknown.]

BOURDON, b[=oo]r'dun, _n._ the refrain of a song: a bass stop in an organ or harmonium. [See BURDEN.]

BOURDON, b[=oo]r'dun, _n._ (_obs._) a pilgrim's staff: a club. [Fr.--Low L.

_burdon-em_, a mule.]

BOURG, burg, _n._ Same as BURGH, BOROUGH.

BOURGEOIS, bur-jois', _n._ a kind of printing type, larger than brevier and smaller than longprimer. [Fr.--perh. from the name of the typefounder.]

BOURGEOISIE, b[=oo]rzh'waw-z[=e], _n._ the middle class of citizens, esp.

traders. [From Fr. _bourgeois_, a citizen, often taken as a typical word for the mercantile middle class--used also adjectively, like such in manners or ways of thinking.]

BOURGEON, bur'jun, _v.i._ to put forth sprouts or buds: to grow. [Fr.

_bourgeon_, a bud, shoot.]

BOURIGNIAN, b[=oo]r-in'yan, _adj._ of or pertaining to Antoinette _Bourignon_ (1616-80), a religious visionary who made religion consist in inward emotion, not in knowledge or practice.--BOURIGN'IANISM was strong in Scotland about the beginning of the 18th century, and ministers at ordination renounced it down till 1889.


BOURN, BOURNE, b[=o]rn, or b[=oo]rn, _n._ a boundary, a limit, or goal: (_Keats_) domain. [Fr. _borne_, a limit. See BOUND (2).]

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