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_atirer_, put in order--_a tire_, in a row--_a_ (L. _ad_), to, and _tire_, _tiere_, order, dress. See TIER.]

ATTITUDE, at'ti-t[=u]d, _n._ posture, or position: gesture: any condition of things or relation of persons viewed as expressing some thought, feeling, &c.--_adj._ ATTITUD'INAL.--_n._ ATTITUDIN[=A]'RIAN, one who studies attitudes.--_v.i._ ATTITUD'INISE, to assume affected attitudes.--_n._ ATTITUDIN[=I]'SER.--TO STRIKE AN ATTITUDE, to assume a position or figure to indicate a feeling or emotion not really felt. [Fr.

or It. from L. _aptitudin-em_, _aptus_, fit.]

ATTOLLENT, at-tol'lent, _adj._ lifting up, raising.--_n._ a muscle with this function. [L. _attollens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _attoll[)e]re_, to lift up--_ad_, to, _toll[)e]re_, to lift.]

ATTORNEY, at-tur'ni, _n._ one legally authorised to act for another--hence the sense of the phrases 'in person' and 'by attorney:' one legally qualified to manage cases in a court of law: a solicitor--a solicitor or attorney prepares cases and does general law business, while a barrister pleads before the courts: (_pl._) ATTOR'NEYS.--_v.t._ ATTOR'NEY (_Shak._), to perform by proxy, to employ as a proxy.--_ns._ ATTOR'NEY-GEN'ERAL, the first ministerial law-officer of the Crown in England and Ireland: the title of the king's attorney in the duchies of Lancaster and Cornwall, and the county palatine of Durham: in the United States, one of the seven officials who constitute the president's cabinet, the head of the department of Justice; ATTOR'NEYSHIP, ATTOR'NEYISM, ATTOR'NEYDOM.--ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, or PUBLIC ATTORNEY, a professional and duly qualified legal agent; ATTORNEY IN FACT, or PRIVATE ATTORNEY, one duly appointed by _letter_ or _power of attorney_ to act for another in matters of contract, money payments, and the like.--LETTER WARRANT, or POWER OF ATTORNEY, the formal instrument by one person authorising another to perform certain acts for him. [O. Fr. _atorne_--Low L.

_attornatus_--_atorn[=a]re_, to commit business to another. See TURN.]

ATTRACT, at-trakt', _v.t._ to draw to or cause to approach: to allure: to entice: to draw forth.--_adj._ ATTRACT'ABLE, that may be attracted.--_n._ ATTRAC'TION, act of attracting: the force which draws or tends to draw bodies or their particles to each other: that which attracts.--_adj._ ATTRACT'IVE, having the power of attracting: alluring.--_advs._ ATTRACT'IVELY, ATTRACT'INGLY.--_ns._ ATTRACT'IVENESS, ATTRACTABIL'ITY; ATTRACT'OR, ATTRACT'ER, an agent of attraction. [L. _attrah[)e]re_, _attractus_--_ad_, to, _trah[)e]re_, to draw.]

ATTRAHENT, at'tra-hent, _adj._ attracting or drawing.--_n._ that which attracts. [L. _attrahens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _attrah[)e]re_. See ATTRACT.]

ATTRAP, at-trap', _v.t._ (_Spens._) to adorn with trappings: to dress or array. [L. _ad_, to, and TRAP.]

ATTRIBUTE, at-trib'[=u]t, _v.t._ to ascribe, assign, or consider as belonging.--_adj._ ATTRIB'UTABLE.--_ns._ AT'TRIBUTE, that which is attributed: that which is inherent in, or inseparable from, anything: that which can be predicated of anything: a quality or property; ATTRIB[=U]'TION, act of attributing: that which is attributed: commendation.--_adj._ ATTRIB'UTIVE, expressing an attribute.--_n._ a word denoting an attribute. [L. _attribu[)e]re_, -_tributum_--_ad_, to, _tribu_-_[)e]re_, to give.]

ATTRIST, at-trist', _v.t._ (_obs._) to sadden. [Fr.--L. _ad_, to, _tristis_, sad.]

ATTRITE, at-tr[=i]t', _adj._ worn by rubbing or friction: (_theol._) repentant through fear of punishment, not yet from the love of God.--_n._ ATTRI'TION, the rubbing of one thing against another: a wearing by friction: (_theol._) a defective or imperfect sorrow for sin. [L.

_attritus_--_atter_-_[)e]re_--_ad_, and _ter[)e]re_, _tritum_, to rub.]

ATTUNE, at-t[=u]n', _v.t._ to put in tune: to make one sound accord with another: to arrange fitly: to make musical.--_n._ ATTUNE'MENT. [L. _ad_, to, and TUNE.]

ATWAIN, a-tw[=a]n', _adv._ in twain: (_arch._) asunder. [Prep. _a_, and TWAIN.]

ATWEEN, a-tw[=e]n', _adv._ (_Spens._) between. [Prep. _a_, and TWAIN.]

ATWIXT, a-twikst', _adv._ (_Spens._) betwixt, between. [Pfx. _a_-, and _'twixt_, BETWIXT.]

AUBADE, [=o]-bad', _n._ a musical announcement of dawn: a sunrise song.

[Fr. _aube_, dawn--L. _alba_, white.]

AUBERGE, [=o]-b[.e]rj', _n._ an inn.--_adj._ AUBERG'ICAL (_H.

Walpole_).--_n._ AUBERGISTE ([=o]-b[.e]rj-[=e]st'). [Fr., of Teut. origin.


AUBERGINE, [=o]'ber-j[=e]n, _n._ the fruit of the egg-plant, the brinjal.

[Fr. dim. of _auberge_, a kind of peach--Sp. _alberchigo_--Ar. _al_, the, _persigo_--L. _persicum_, a peach.]

AUBURN, aw'burn, _adj._ reddish brown. [The old meaning was a light yellow, or lightish hue; Low L. _alburnus_, whitish--L. _albus_, white.]

AUCTION, awk'shun, _n._ a public sale in which the bidder offers an increase on the price offered by another, and the articles go to him who bids highest.--_v.t._ to sell by auction.--_adj._ AUC'TIONARY.--_n._ AUCTIONEER', one who is licensed to sell by auction.--_v.t._ to sell by auction.--DUTCH AUCTION, a kind of mock auction at which the salesman starts at a high price, and comes down till he meets a bidder. [L.

_auction_-_em_, an increasing--_aug[=e]re_, _auctum_, to increase.]

AUCTORIAL, awk't[=o]r-i-al, _adj._ of or pertaining to an author or his trade. [L. _auctor_.]

AUDACIOUS, aw-d[=a]'shus, _adj._ daring: bold: impudent.--_adv._ AUD[=A]'CIOUSLY.--_ns._ AUD[=A]'CIOUSNESS, AUDACITY (aw-das'i-ti). [Fr.

_audacieux_--L. _audax_--_aud[=e]re_, to dare.]

AUDIBLE, awd'i-bl, _adj._ able to be heard.--_ns._ AUD'IBLENESS, AUDIBIL'ITY.--_adv._ AUD'IBLY.--_n._ AUD'IENCE, the act of hearing: a judicial hearing: admittance to a hearing: a ceremonial interview: an assembly of hearers: a court of government or justice in Spanish America, also the territory administered by it--Sp. _audiencia_.--_adj._ AUD'IENT, listening: paying attention.--_n._ a hearer. [L. _audibilis_--_aud[=i]re_, to hear, conn. with Ger. _ous_, _[=o]tos_, the ear.]

AUDIOMETER, awd-i-om'et-[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring and recording differences in the power of hearing.

AUDIPHONE, awd'i-f[=o]n, _n._ an instrument which is pressed against the upper front teeth, the convex side outwards, in order to communicate sounds to the teeth and bones of the skull, thence to the organs of hearing.

AUDIT, awd'it, _n._ an examination of accounts by one or more duly authorised persons: a calling to account generally: a statement of account: (_obs._) a periodical settlement of accounts: (_obs._) audience, hearing.--_v.t._ to examine and verify by reference to vouchers, &c.--_ns._ AUDI'TION, the sense of hearing: the act of hearing: (_rare_) something heard; AUD'ITOR, a hearer: one who audits accounts:--_fem._ AUD'ITRESS; AUDIT[=O]R'IUM, in an opera-house, public hall, or the like, the space allotted to the hearers: the reception-room of a monastery; AUD'ITORSHIP.--_adj._ AUD'ITORY, relating to the sense of hearing.--_n._ an audience: a place where lectures, &c., are heard.--AUDIT ALE, an ale of special quality brewed for some Oxford and Cambridge colleges; orig. for use on the day of audit. [L. _auditus_, a hearing--_aud[=i]re_, to hear.


AUGEAN, aw-j[=e]'an, _adj._ filthy: difficult. [From _Augeas_, a fabled king of Elis in Greece, whose stalls, containing 3000 oxen, and uncleaned for thirty years, were swept out by Hercules in one day by his turning the river Alpheus through them.]

AUGER, aw'g[.e]r, _n._ a carpenter's tool used for boring holes in wood.--_n._ AU'GER-BIT, an auger that fits into a carpenter's brace (see BRACE). [A corr. of _nauger_, an auger, A.S. _nafugar_--_nafu_, a nave of a wheel, _gar_, a piercer. See NAVE (of a wheel), GORE, a triangular piece.]

AUGHT, awt, _n._ a whit: ought: anything: a part. [A.S. _a-wiht_, contr. to _aht_, whence _[=o]ht_, _[=o]ght_, and _ought_. Shakespeare, Milton, and Pope use _ought_ and _aught_ without distinction. _Awiht_ is from _a_, _o_, ever, and _wiht_, creature, a wight, a thing.]

AUGITE, aw'j[=i]t, _n._ one of the Pyroxene group of minerals, closely allied to hornblende, usually of a greenish colour, occurring crystallised in prisms, and forming an essential component of many igneous rocks.--_adj._ AUGIT'IC. [Gr. _aug[=e]_, brightness.]

AUGMENT, awg-ment', _v.t._ to increase: to make larger.--_v.i._ to grow larger.--_n._ AUG'MENT, increase: (_gram._) the prefixed vowel to the past tenses of the verb in Sanskrit and Greek. Sometimes applied also to such inflectional prefixes as the _ge-_ of the German perfect participle.--_adjs._ AUGMENT'ABLE, AUGMENT'ATIVE, having the quality or power of augmenting.--_n._ (_gram._) a word formed from another to express increase of its meaning.--_ns._ AUGMENT[=A]'TION, increase: addition: (_her._) an additional charge in a coat-of-arms bestowed by the sovereign as a mark of honour: (_mus._) the repetition of a melody in the course of the piece in notes of greater length than the original: (_Scots law_) an increase of stipend obtained by a parish minister by an action raised in the Court of Teinds against the titular and heritors; AUGMENT'ER. [L.

_augmentum_, increase--_aug[=e]re_, to increase, Gr. _auxan-ein_.]

AUGUR, aw'gur, _n._ among the Romans, one who gained knowledge of secret or future things by observing the flight and the cries of birds: a diviner; a soothsayer.--_v.t._ to foretell from signs.--_v.i._ to guess or conjecture: to forebode.--_adj._ AU'GURAL.--_ns._ AU'GURSHIP; AU'GURY, the art or practice of auguring: an omen.--The words AU'GURATE and AUGUR[=A]'TION are obsolete. [L.; prob. from _avis_, bird, and root, _gar_, in L.

_garr[=i]re_, to chatter, Sans. _gir_, speech.]

AUGUST, aw-gust', _adj._ venerable: imposing: sublime: majestic--_adv._ AUGUST'LY.--_n._ AUGUST'NESS. [L. _augustus_--_aug[=e]re_, to increase, honour.]

AUGUST, aw'gust, _n._ the eighth month of the year, so called after the Roman emperor _Augustus_ Caesar.

AUGUSTAN, aw-gust'an, _adj._ pertaining to the Emperor Augustus, or to the time in which he reigned (31 B.C.-14 A.D.)--the most brilliant age in Roman literature, hence applied to any similar age, as the reign of Anne in English, or that of Louis XIV. in French literature: classic: refined.

AUGUSTINE, aw-gust'in, AUGUSTINIAN, aw-gus-tin'i-an, _n._ one of an order of monks who derive their name and rule from St Augustine: (_theol._) one who holds the opinions of St Augustine, esp. on predestination and irresistible grace.--_adj._ AUGUSTIN'IAN, of or relating to St Augustine.--_n._ AUGUSTIN'IANISM.

AUK, awk, _n._ a genus of web-footed sea-birds, with short wings used only as paddles, found in the northern seas. The Great Auk is supposed to have become extinct in 1844. [Ice. _alka_.]

AULA, aw'la, _n._ a hall.--_adj._ AUL[=A]'RIAN, relating to a hall.--_n._ at Oxford, a member of a hall, as distinguished from a collegian.--AULA REGIS, also called _Curia Regis_, a name used in English history for a feudal assembly of tenants-in-chief, for the Privy Council, and for the Court of King's Bench. [L. _aula_, a hall.]

AULD, awld, _adj._ (_Scot._) old.--_adjs._ AULD'-FAR'RANT (lit.

'_favouring_ the old'), old-fashioned, wise beyond their years, as of children; AULD'-WARLD, old-world, ancient.--AULD LANGSYNE, old long since, long ago.

AULIC, awl'ik, _adj._ pertaining to a royal court.--AULIC COUNCIL (Ger.

_Reichshofrath_), a court or personal council of the Holy Roman Empire, established in 1501 by Maximilian I., and co-ordinate with the Imperial Chamber (_Reichskammergericht_). [L. _aulicus_--_aula_, Gr. _aul[=e]_, a royal court.]

AUMAIL, aw-m[=a]l', _v.t._ to enamel: (_Spens._) to figure or variegate.


AUMBRY, awm'bri, _n._ Same as AMBRY.

AUMIL, o'mil, _n._ Same as AMILDAR.

AUMUCE, aw'm[=u]s, _n._ Same as AMICE.

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