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ANOINT, an-oint', _v.t._ to smear with ointment or oil: to consecrate with oil.--_n._ ANOINT'MENT, the act of anointing or state of being anointed.--THE ANOINTED, the Messiah. [= _an_+_oint_. See OINTMENT.]

ANOMALY, an-om'al-i, _n._ irregularity: deviation from rule: (_astron._) the angle measured at the sun between a planet in any point of its orbit and the last perihelion.--_adjs._ ANOMALIST'IC, -AL, anomalous: departing from established rules: irregular.--_n._ ANOM'ALITE, an irregular mineral.--_adj._ ANOM'ALOUS, irregular: deviating from rule.--ANOMALISTIC YEAR, the interval that elapses between two successive passages of the earth through its perihelion, or point of nearest approach to the sun = 365 days 6 hr. 13 min. 49 sec., being 4 min. 39 sec. longer than the sidereal year. [Gr. _an[=o]malos_--_a_, _an_, neg., and _homalos_, even--_homos_, same.]

ANON, an-on', _adv._ in one (instant): immediately.

ANONYMOUS, an-on'im-us, _adj._ wanting a name: not having the name of the author, as distinguished from _pseudonymous_, when another than his real name has been given.--_ns._ AN'ONYM, a person whose name is not given: a pseudonym; ANONYM'ITY, the quality or state of being anonymous.--_adv._ ANON'YMOUSLY. [Gr. _an[=o]nymos_--_a_, _an_, neg., and _onoma_, name.]

ANOTHER, an-u_th_'[.e]r, _adj._ not the same: a different or distinct (thing or person): one more: a second: one more of the same kind: any other.--ONE ANOTHER, now used as a compound reciprocal pronoun (of two or more); ONE WITH ANOTHER, taken all together, taken on the average.--YOU'RE ANOTHER, the vulgar _Tu quoque_. [Orig. _an other_.]

ANSERINE, an's[.e]r-[=i]n, or -in, _adj._ relating to the goose or goose-tribe: stupid, silly. [L. _anserinus_, _anser_.]

ANSWER, an's[.e]r, _v.t._ to reply to: to satisfy or solve: to repay: to suit: to suffer the consequences of.--_v.i._ to reply: to reply favourably: to act in conformity with, as 'to answer the helm:' to be accountable for (with _for_): to correspond: to be advantageous to: to turn out well.--_n._ a reply: a solution.--_adj._ AN'SWERABLE, able to be answered: accountable: suitable: equivalent: proportional (with _to_).--_adv._ AN'SWERABLY.--_n._ AN'SWERER.--_adv._ AN'SWERLESS. [A.S. _andswar-ian_--_andswaru_; _and-_, against, _swerian_, to swear.]

ANT, ant, _n._ a small insect: the emmet or pismire.--_ns._ ANT'-BEAR, one of the largest species of the ant-eaters, found in the swampy regions in Central and Southern America, also called the _Great Ant-eater_; ANT'-COW (see APHIDES); ANT'-EAT'ER, a genus of edentate South American quadrupeds, feeding on insects, and chiefly on ants, which they procure by means of their very long cylindrical tongue covered with a viscid saliva; ANT'-HILL, the hillock raised by ants to form their nest: also figuratively applied, as to the earth; ANT'-THRUSH, a general name applied to birds of tropical and sub-tropical countries which feed to a large extent on ants. [A contr.

of EMMET--A.S. _aemete_.]

AN'T, a contr. of _aren't_, _are not_; colloquial for _am not_, _is not_, _has not_.--AN'T = _on't_, _on it_ (_Shak._).

ANTACID, ant-as'id, _n._ a medicine which counteracts acidity.--_adj._ possessing such quality. [Gr. _anti_, against, and ACID.]

ANTAGONISM, ant-ag'on-izm, _n._ a contending or struggling against: opposition (with _to_, and also _with_).--_n._ ANTAGONIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ ANTAG'ONISE, to struggle violently against: to counteract the action of an opposite muscle.--_p.adj._ ANTAG'ONISED, made antagonistic, opposed beyond hope of reconciliation.--_n._ ANTAG'ONIST, one who contends or struggles with another: an opponent.--_adjs._ ANTAG'ONIST, ANTAGONIST'IC, contending against: opposed to.--_adv._ ANTAGONIS'TICALLY. [Gr. _anti_, against--_ag[=o]n_, contest. See AGONY.]

ANTALKALI, ant-al'ka-li, _n._ anything that counteracts the action of an alkali. [_Ant-_ and ALKALI.]

ANTARCTIC, ant-arkt'ik, _adj._ opposite the Arctic: relating to the south pole or to south polar regions.--_adj._ ANTARCT'ICAL.--_adv._ ANTARCT'ICALLY (_obs._). [Gr. _anti_, opposite, and ARCTIC.]

ANTARTHRITIC, ant-ar-thrit'ik, _adj._ counteracting gout. [Gr. _anti_, against, and ARTHRITIC.]

ANTASTHMATIC, ant-ast-mat'ik, _adj._ counteracting asthma. [Gr. _anti_, against, and ASTHMATIC.]

ANTECEDENT, an-te-s[=e]d'ent, _adj._ going before in time: prior.--_n._ that which precedes in time: (_gram._) the noun or pronoun to which a relative pronoun refers: (_logic_) a statement or proposition from which another is logically deduced: (_math._) the antecedent of a ratio is the first of two terms which compose the ratio--the first and third in a series of four proportionals: (_pl._) previous principles, conduct, history, &c.--_n._ ANTECED'ENCE.--_adv._ ANTECED'ENTLY. [L. _antecedent-em_; _ante_, before, _ced[)e]re_, _cessum_, to go.]

ANTECESSOR, an-te-ses'sor, _n._ (_rare_) a predecessor.

ANTECHAMBER, an'te-ch[=a]m-b[.e]r, _n._ a chamber or room leading to the chief apartment. [Fr. _anti-chambre_, _ante-chambre_.]

ANTECHAPEL, an'te-cha-pl, _n._ the outer part of the west end of a college chapel. [L. _ante_, before, and CHAPEL.]

ANTEDATE, an'te-d[=a]t, _n._ a date assigned which is earlier than the actual date.--_v.t._ to date before the true time: to assign an event to an earlier date: to bring about at an earlier date: to be of previous date: to accelerate: to anticipate. [L. _ante_, before, and DATE.]

ANTEDILUVIAN, -AL, an-te-di-l[=u]'vi-an, -al, _adj._ existing or happening before the Deluge or Flood: resembling the state of things before the Flood: very old-fashioned, primitive.--_adv._ ANTEDIL[=U]'VIALLY.--_n._ ANTEDIL[=U]'VIAN, one who lived before the Flood: one who lives to be very old. [See DELUGE.]

ANTEFIX, an'te-fiks, _n._ (usually in _pl._) term in ancient architecture, used of the ornamental tiles placed on the eaves of buildings to conceal the ends of the common or roofing tiles:--_pl._ AN'TEFIXES, AN'TEFIXA.--_adj._ AN'TEFIXAL. [L. _ante_, before, in front, and _fixum_, _fig[)e]re_, to fix.]

ANTELOPE, an'te-l[=o]p, _n._ a quadruped belonging to the hollow-horned section of the order of Ruminants, differing from the goat in its beardless chin--a gregarious, peaceable animal, remarkable for grace, agility, and swiftness. [O. Fr. _antelop_--L. _antalopus_--Gr. _antholops_, of which the origin is uncertain, perhaps from Gr. _anthein_, to blossom, shine, and _[=o]ps_, eye, and thus equivalent to 'bright-eyes.']

ANTELUCAN, an-te-l[=oo]'kan, _adj._ before dawn or daylight. [L.

_antelucanus_--_ante_, before, _lux_, _luc-is_, light.]

ANTEMERIDIAN, an-te-me-ri'di-an, _adj._ before midday or noon. [See MERIDIAN.]

ANTEMUNDANE, an-te-mun'd[=a]n, _adj._ before the existence or creation of the world. [L. _ante_, before, and MUNDANE.]

ANTENATAL, an-te-n[=a]'tal, _adj._ existing before birth.--_n._ AN'TE-NA'TI, those born before a certain time, as opposed to _Post'-na'ti_, those born after it--of Scotsmen born before 1603, and Americans before the Declaration of Independence (1776). [L. _ante_, before, and NATAL.]

ANTE-NICENE, an'te-n[=i]'s[=e]n, _adj._ before the first general council of the Christian Church held at Nice or Nicaea in Bithynia, 325 A.D.

ANTENNae, an-ten'[=e], the feelers or horns of insects, crustaceans, and myriopods.--_adjs._ ANTENN'AL, ANTENN'ARY, ANTENN'IFORM, ANTENNIF'EROUS. [L. _antenna_, a sailyard, the L. translation of Aristotle's _keraiai_, horns of insects, a word also used of the projecting ends of sailyards.]

ANTENUPTIAL, an-te-nupsh'al, _adj._ before nuptials or marriage. [L.

_ante_, before, and NUPTIAL.]

ANTEORBITAL, an-te-or'bit-al, _adj._ situated in front of the eyes. [L.

_ante_, before, and ORBIT, eye-socket.]

ANTEPASCHAL, an-te-pas'kal, _adj._ relating to the time before Easter. [L.

_ante_, before, and PASCHAL.]

ANTEPAST, an'te-past, _n._ (_obs._) something to whet the appetite: a foretaste. [L. _ante_, before, and _pastum_, _pasc[)e]re_, to feed.]

ANTEPENDIUM, an-te-pend'i-um, _n._ a frontlet, forecloth, frontal, or covering for an altar, of silk, satin, or velvet, often richly embroidered.

[L. _ante_, before, and _pend-[)e]re_, to hang.]

ANTEPENULT, an-te-pen'ult, _n._ the syllable before the penult or next ultimate syllable of a word: the last syllable of a word but two.--_adj._ ANTEPENULT'IMATE. [L. _ante_, before, and PENULT.]

ANTEPRANDIAL, an-te-prand'i-al, _adj._ before dinner. [L. _ante_, before, and _prandium_, dinner.]

ANTERIOR, an-t[=e]'ri-or, _adj._ before, in time or place: in front.--_ns._ ANTERIOR'ITY, ANT[=E]'RIORNESS.--_adv._ ANT[=E]'RIORLY. [L.; comp. of _ante_, before.]

ANTEROOM, an'te-r[=oo]m, _n._ a room before another: a room leading into a principal apartment. [L. _ante_, before, and ROOM.]

ANTEVENIENT, an-te-v[=e]'ni-ent, _adj._ coming before, preceding. [L.

_antevenient-em_; _ante_, before, _ven-[=i]re_, to come.]

ANTHELION, ant-h[=e]l'yun, _n._ a luminous coloured ring observed by a spectator on a cloud or fog-bank over against the sun:--_pl._ ANTHEL'IA.

[Gr. _anti_, opposite, _h[=e]lios_, the sun.]

ANTHELMINTIC, an-thel-mint'ik, _adj._ destroying or expelling worms. [Gr.

_anti_, against, and _helmins_, _helminthos_, a worm.]

ANTHEM, an'them, _n._ a piece of sacred music sung in alternate parts: a piece of sacred music set to a passage from Scripture: any song of praise or gladness.--_v.t._ to praise in an anthem.--_adv._ AN'THEMWISE. [A.S.

_antefn_--Gr. _antiph[=on]a_--_anti_, in return, _ph[=o]ne_, the voice. See ANTIPHON.]


ANTHER, an'th[.e]r, _n._ the top of the stamen in a flower which contains the pollen or fertilising dust.--_adjs._ AN'THERAL; ANTHERIF'EROUS, bearing anthers; ANTH'EROID, resembling an anther. [L. _anthera_, which meant a medicine extracted from flowers, and consisting esp. of the internal organs of flowers--Gr. _anth[=e]ros_, flowery--_anthos_, a flower.]

ANTHERIDIUM, an-ther-id'i-um, _n._ the male reproductive organs of many cryptogams, as ferns, horse-tails, mosses, &c. [L. _anthera_, and _-idium_, Gr. dim. ending.]

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