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DUM-DUM, dum'-dum, _n._ a soft-nosed expanding bullet, first made at _Dum Dum_ in British India.

DUMOSE, d[=u]'m[=o]s, _adj._ thorny--also D[=U]'MOUS.--_n._ DUMOS'ITY. [L.

_dumus_, a thorn-bush.]

DUMP, dump, _v.t._ to throw down: to unload.--_n._ a thud: a place for the discharge of loads, or for rubbish: (_pl._) money (_slang_). [Cf. Dan.

_dumpe_, Norw. _dumpa_, to fall plump.]

DUMP, dump, _n._ dullness or gloominess of mind, ill-humour, low spirits--now only used in the _pl._: (_Shak._) a melancholy strain, any tune.--_adj._ DUMP'ISH, depressed in spirits.--_adv._ DUMP'ISHLY.--_n._ DUMP'ISHNESS. [Prob. related to Old Dut. _domp_, mist; or Ger. _dumpf_, gloomy.]

DUMP, dump, _n._ a deep hole in a river-bed, a pool. [Prob. Norse _dump_, a pit.]

DUMPLING, dump'ling, _n._ a kind of thick pudding or mass of paste. [Dim.

of _dump_, in _dumpy_.]

DUMPY, dump'i, _adj._ short and thick.--_n._ a dumpy person or animal, esp.

one of a breed of very short-legged fowls.--_n._ DUMPI'NESS.--_v.t._ DUM'PLE, to make or cook, as a dumpling: to bend into a dumpy shape.--_n._ DUMP'Y-LEV'EL, a spirit-level used in surveying, having a short telescope with a large aperture. [From a provincial form _dump_, a clumsy piece.]

DUN, dun, _adj._ of a dark colour, partly brown and black: dark.--_v.t._ (_U.S._) to cure and brown, as cod.--_v.i._ to become dun-coloured.--_ns._ DUN'-BIRD, the pochard; DUN'-COW, the shagreen ray; DUN'-D[=I]V'ER, the merganser; DUN'-FISH, codfish cured by dunning.--_adj._ DUN'NISH, somewhat dun. [A.S. _dun_, most prob. Celt.; W. _dwn_, dusky, Gael. _donn_, brown.]

DUN, dun, _v.t._ to demand a debt with din or noise: to urge for payment:--_pr.p._ dun'ning; _pa.p._ dunned.--_n._ one who duns: a demand for payment. [Allied to DIN.]

DUN, dun, _n._ a hill: a fortified mound. [A.S. _dun_--Celt.; in many place-names, as _Dun_bar, _Don_caster.]

DUNCE, duns, _n._ one slow at learning: a stupid person.--_ns._ DUNCE'DOM, the class of dunces; DUN'CERY, stupidity; DUN'CIAD, the epic of dunces, the world of dunces--name of a famous poem by Pope.--_adjs._ DUN'CISH, DUNCE'-LIKE. [_Duns_ Scotus (died 1308), the Subtle Doctor, leader of the schoolmen, from him called _Dunses_, who opposed classical studies on the revival of learning--hence any opposer of learning, a blockhead.]

DUNCH, dunsh, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to push with the elbow: to gore with the horns, as a bull. [Hardly related to Sw. _dunka_, to beat; Dan. _dunke_, a thump.]

DUNDER, dun'd[.e]r, _n._ lees, dregs.

DUNDERFUNK, dun'd[.e]r-fungk, _n._ ship-biscuit, soaked in water, mixed with fat and molasses, and baked in a pan.--Also DAN'DYFUNK.

DUNDERHEAD, dun'd[.e]r-hed, _n._ a stupid person--also DUN'DERPATE.--_adj._ DUN'DERHEADED.--_n._ DUN'DER-HEADISM.

DUNDREARY, dun-dr[=e]r'i, _adj._ like Lord _Dundreary_--in Sothern's creation of the part, a lisping and brainless dandy, wearing long side-whiskers.

DUNE, d[=u]n, _n._ a low hill of sand on the seashore. [An earlier form of _down_, a hill.]

DUNG, dung, _n._ the excrement of animals: refuse litter mixed with excrement.--_v.t._ to manure with dung.--_v.i._ to void excrement.--_ns._ DUNG'-BEE'TLE, the dor-beetle: (_pl._) the scarabaeoid beetles generally; DUNG'-FORK, a fork used for moving stable manure; DUNG'HILL, a heap of dung: any mean situation; DUNG'MERE, a manure-pit.--_adj._ DUNG'Y. [A.S.

_dung_; cf. Dan. _dynge_, a heap; Ger. _dung_.]

DUNGAREE, dung'ga-ri, _n._ a coarse Indian calico: (_pl._) trousers of such.--Also DUNG'EREE. [Hindi.]

DUNGEON, dun'jun, _n._ (_orig._) the principal tower of a castle: a close, dark prison: a cell under ground.--_v.t._ to confine in a dungeon.--_n._ DUN'GEONER, a gaoler. [O. Fr. _donjon_--Low L. _domnion-em_--L. _dominus_, a lord.]

DUNKER, dungk'[.e]r, _n._ a member of a sect of German-American Baptists who practise triple immersion.--Also TUNK'ER. [Ger.]

DUNLIN, dun'lin, _n._ the red-backed sandpiper. [A dim. of _dun_.]

DUNLOP, dun-lop', _n._ a rich cheese made of unskimmed milk--from _Dunlop_ in Ayrshire.

DUNNAGE, dun'[=a]j, _n._ on shipboard, a name applied to loose wood of any kind laid in the bottom of the hold to keep the cargo out of the bilge-water, or wedged between parts of the cargo to keep them steady.

[Ety. unknown.]

DUNNIEWASSAL, DUNIWASSAL, dun-i-was'al, _n._ (_Scot._) a gentleman of inferior rank. [Gael. _duin' uasal_--_duine_, a man, _uasal_, gentle.]

DUNNING, dun'ing, _n._ the process of browning and curing cod-fish.

DUNNOCK, dun'ok, _n._ the hedge-sparrow.

DUNNY, dun'i, _adj._ (_prov._) deaf.

DUNSTABLE, dun'sta-bl, _n._ a hat, bonnet, &c. of plaited straw, first made at _Dunstable_ in Bedfordshire.--DUNSTABLE ROAD, HIGHWAY, anything plain and direct.

DUNT, dunt, _n._ (_Scot._) a blow or stroke, the wound made by such.--_v.t._ to strike, beat. [See DINT.]

DUNT, dunt, _n._ (_prov._) the gid or sturdy in sheep, &c.

DUO, d[=u]'o, _n._ a song in two parts. [L. _duo_, two.]

DUODECAHEDRON, d[=u]-o-dek-a-h[=e]'dron, _n._ Same as DODECAHEDRON.

DUODECENNIAL, d[=u]-o-de-sen'i-al, _adj._ occurring every twelve years. [L.

_duodecim_, twelve, _annus_, year.]

DUODECIMAL, d[=u]-o-des'i-mal, _adj._ computed by twelves: twelfth: (_pl._) a method of calculating the area of a rectangle when the length and breadth are stated in feet and inches.--_adjs._ DUODECIM'FID, divided into twelve parts; DUODEC'IMO, formed of sheets folded so as to make twelve leaves.--_n._ a book of such sheets--usually written 12mo.--DUODECIMAL SCALE, the name given to the division of unity into twelve equal parts. [L.

_duodecim_, twelve--_duo_, two, and _decem_, ten.]

DUODECUPLE, d[=u]-o-dek'[=u]-pl, _adj._ twelvefold: consisting of twelve.

[L. _duodecim_, _plic[=a]re_, to fold.]

DUODENARY, d[=u]-[=o]-den'a-ri, _adj._ relating to twelve, twelvefold.

DUODENUM, d[=u]-o-d[=e]'num, _n._ the first portion of the small intestines, so called because about twelve fingers'-breadth in length:--_pl._ DUOD[=E]'NA.--_adj._ DUOD[=E]'NAL. [Formed from L.

_duodeni_, twelve each.]

DUOLITERAL, d[=u]-[=o]-lit'er-al, _adj._ consisting of two letters.

DUOLOGUE, d[=u]'[=o]-log, _n._ a piece spoken between two.

DUOMO, d[=u]-[=o]'mo, _n._ a cathedral. [It. See DOME.]

DUP, dup, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to undo a door. [From _do_ and _up_. Cf. _don_ and _doff_.]

DUPE, d[=u]p, _n._ one easily cheated: one who is deceived or misled.--_v.t._ to deceive: to trick.--_n._ DUPABIL'ITY.--_adj._ D[=U]'PABLE.--_n._ D[=U]'PERY, the art of deceiving others. [Fr. _dupe_; of uncertain origin.]

DUPION, d[=u]'pi-on, _n._ a cocoon spun by two silkworms together, also the silk of such.--Also DOU'PION. [Fr.]

DUPLEX, d[=u]'pleks, _adj._ twofold: double.--_adjs._ D[=U]'PLE, double: twofold; D[=U]'PLICATE, double: twofold.--_n._ another thing of the same kind: a copy or transcript.--_v.t._ to double: to fold.--_n._ DUPLIC[=A]'TION.--_adj._ D[=U]'PLICATIVE.--_ns._ D[=U]'PLICATURE, a doubling: anything doubled: the fold of a membrane; DUPLIC'ITY, doubleness: insincerity of heart or speech: deceit; D[=U]'PLY, a second reply in Scots law.--THE DUPLICATION OF THE CUBE was a problem eagerly discussed by the early Greek geometers. [L. _duplic[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_duplex_--_duo_, two, _plic[=a]re_, to fold.]

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