DOZE, d[=o]z, _v.i._ to sleep lightly, or to be half-asleep: to be in a dull or stupefied state.--_v.i._ to spend in drowsiness (with _away_).--_n._ a short light sleep.--_adj._ DOZED, drowsy.--_v.t._ D[=O]'ZEN (_Scot._), to stupefy.--_v.i._ to become stupefied.--_ns._ D[=O]'ZER; D[=O]'ZINESS; D[=O]'ZING.--_adj._ D[=O]'ZY, drowsy. [From a Scand. root, seen in Ice. _dusa_, Dan. _dose_, to dose.]
DOZEN, duz'n, _adj._ two and ten, or twelve.--_n._ a collection of twelve articles.--_adj._ DOZ'ENTH.--BAKER'S DOZEN, DEVIL'S DOZEN, thirteen. [O.
Fr. _dozeine_--L. _duodecim_--_duo_, two, and _decem_, ten.]
DRAB, drab, _n._ a low, sluttish woman: a whore.--_v.i._ to associate with bad women.--_ns._ DRAB'BER, one who herds with drabs; DRAB'BINESS.--_adjs._ DRAB'BISH, DRAB'BY, sluttish. [Celt.; Gael. _drabag_; Ir. _drabog_, slut.]
DRAB, drab, _n._ thick, strong, gray cloth: a gray or dull-brown colour, perh. from the muddy colour of undyed wool. [Fr. _drap_, cloth--Low L.
_drappus_, prob. Teut.]
DRABBET, drab'et, _n._ a coarse linen fabric made at Barnsley.
DRABBLE, drab'l, _v.t._ to besmear with mud and water.--_n._ DRABB'LING, a manner of fishing for barbels with a rod and long line passed through a piece of lead. [Cf. _drivel_, _dribble_; prob. conn. with _drab_, a low woman.]
DRABBLER, drab'ler, _n._ an additional piece of canvas, laced to the bottom of the bonnet of a sail, to give it greater depth.
DRACANTH, drak'anth, _n._ gum tragacanth.
DRACaeNA, dra-s[=e]'na, _n._ the tree which produces the resin called Dragon's-blood.--_n._ DRAC[=I]'NA, the red resin of dragon's-blood used to colour varnishes--also DRACINE', DRAC[=O]'NIN. [Low L. _dracaena_, a she-dragon--Gr. _drakaina_, fem. of _drak[=o]n_, dragon.]
DRACHM, dram, _n._ See DRACHMA, DRAM.
DRACHMA, drak'ma, _n._ an ancient Greek weight, and silver coin of different values: a modern Greek coin = above 9d. sterling. [Gr.
_drachm[=e]_--_drassesthai_, to grasp with the hand.]
DRACO, dr[=a]'k[=o], _n._ a northern constellation: a dragon-lizard.
DRACONIAN, dra-k[=o]'nyan, _adj._ severe, as was the legislation, of _Draco_, the Athenian archon (621 B.C.).--Also DRACON'IC.
DRACONTIUM, dr[=a]-kon'shi-um, _n._ a genus of American araceous plants: the root of the skunk-cabbage. [Gr.,--_drak[=o]n_, a dragon.]
DRACUNCULUS, dr[=a]-kun'k[=u]-lus, _n._ a herbaceous genus of _Araceae_; a dragonet or goby of genus _Callionymus_: a genus of worms, the guinea-worm.
[L., dim, of _draco_, a dragon.]
DRAD, drad, _p.adj._ or _n._ form used by Spenser for _dread_ and _dreaded_.
DRAFF, draf, _n._ dregs: the refuse of malt that has been brewed from.--_adjs._ DRAFF'ISH, DRAFF'Y, worthless. [Prob. related to Dut.
_draf_, Ger. _traber_.]
DRAFT, draft, _n._ anything drawn: a selection of men from an army, &c.: an order for the payment of money: lines drawn for a plan: a rough sketch: the depth to which a vessel sinks in water.--_v.t._ to draw an outline of: to compose and write: to draw off: to detach.--_ns._ DRAFT'-BAR, a swingle-tree, the bar to which the coupling of a railway-carriage is attached; DRAFT'-HORSE, a horse used for drawing the plough, heavy loads, &c., in distinction to a carriage or saddle horse; DRAFT'-OX, an ox used for drawing loads; DRAFTS'MAN, one who draws plans or designs; DRAFTS'MANSHIP. [A corr. of DRAUGHT.]
DRAFTS, drafts, _n.pl._ a game. [See DRAUGHTS.]
DRAG, drag, _v.t._ to draw by force: to draw slowly: to pull roughly and violently: to explore with a drag-net or hook.--_v.i._ to hang so as to trail on the ground: to be forcibly drawn along: to move slowly and heavily:--_pr.p._ drag'ging; _pa.p._ dragged.--_n._ a net or hook for dragging along to catch things under water: a heavy harrow: a device for guiding wood to the saw: a mail-coach: a long open carriage, with transverse or side seats: a contrivance for retarding carriage-wheels in going down slopes: any obstacle to progress: an artificial scent (anise-seed, &c.) dragged on the ground for foxhounds trained to the pursuit (DRAG'-HOUNDS) to follow: (_billiards_) a push somewhat under the centre of the cue-ball, causing it to follow the object-ball a short way.--_ns._ DRAG'-BAR, a strong iron bar for connecting railway-carriages together--also DRAW'-BAR; DRAG'-BOLT, a strong bolt passing through the drag-bar of railway-carriages, and serving to fasten the coupling; DRAG'-CHAIN, the chain that connects engine and tender, or carriages and wagons, with one another; DRAG'-MAN, a fisherman who uses a drag-net; DRAG'-NET, a net to be dragged or drawn along the bottom of water to catch fish; DRAGS'MAN, the driver of a drag or coach. [A.S. _dragan_; Ger.
_tragen_. Acc. to Curtius, nowise conn. with L. _trah[)e]re_.]
DRAGANTIN, dra-gan'tin, _n._ a mucilage obtained from gum tragacanth.
DRAGGLE, drag'l, _v.t._ or _v.i._ to make or become wet and dirty by dragging along the ground.--_n._ DRAGG'LE-TAIL, a slut.--_adj._ DRAGG'LE-TAILED. [Freq. of _drag_, and a doublet of _drawl_.]
DRAGOMAN, drag'o-man, _n._ an interpreter or guide in Eastern countries:--_pl._ DRAG'OMANS. [Fr., from Ar. _tarjuman_--_tarjama_, to interpret. See TARGUM.]
DRAGON, drag'un, _n._ a fabulous winged serpent: the constellation Draco: a fierce person: the flying lizard of the East Indies.--_ns._ DRAG'ONET, a little dragon: a genus of fishes of the goby family; DRAG'ON-FLY, an insect with a long body and brilliant colours.--_v.t._ DRAG'ONISE, to turn into a dragon: to watch like a dragon.--_adjs._ DRAG'ONISH, DRAG'ON-LIKE.--_n._ DRAG'ONISM, watchful guardianship.--_adj._ DRAGONNe (_her._), like a dragon in the hinder part, and a lion or the like in the fore part.--_ns._ DRAG'ON'S-BLOOD, the red resinous exudation of several kinds of trees in the W. and E. Indies, used for colouring; DRAG'ON'S-HEAD, a plant of genus _Dracocephalum_, of the mint family (_Labiatae_): (_her._) tenne or tawny when blazoning is done by the heavenly bodies; DRAG'ON-SHELL, a cowry; DRAG'ON'S-WORT, tarragon or snake-weed; DRAG'ON-TREE (same as DRACaeNA).
[Fr.,--L. _draco_, _draconis_--Gr. _drak[=o]n_, from aorist of _derk-esthai_, to look.]
DRAGONNADE, drag-on-[=a]d', _n._ the persecution of French Protestants under Louis XIV. by raids of dragoons: abandonment of a place to the violence of soldiers. [Fr., from _dragon_, dragoon.]
DRAGOON, dra-g[=oo]n', _n._ formerly a soldier trained to fight either on horseback or on foot, now applied only to heavy cavalry as opposed to hussars and lancers.--_v.t._ to give up to the rage of soldiers: to compel by violent measures.--_n._ DRAGOON'-BIRD, the umbrella-bird. [Fr. See DRAGON.]
DRAGSMAN. See DRAG.
DRAIL, dr[=a]l, _n._ the iron bow of a plough from which the traces draw: a piece of lead round the shank of the hook in fishing.--_v.i._ to draggle.
DRAIN, dr[=a]n, _v.t._ to draw off by degrees: to filter: to clear of water by drains: to make dry: to drink dry: to exhaust.--_v.i._ to flow off gradually.--_n._ a watercourse: a ditch: a sewer: (_slang_) a drink: exhausting expenditure.--_adj._ DRAIN'ABLE.--_ns._ DRAIN'AGE, the drawing off of water by rivers or other channels: the system of drains in a town; DRAIN'AGE-BASIN, the area of land which drains into one river; DRAIN'AGE-TUBE, a tube of silver, india-rubber, glass, &c., introduced by a surgeon into a wound or abscess to draw off pus, &c.; DRAIN'ER, a utensil on which articles are placed to drain; DRAIN'ING-EN'GINE, a pumping-engine for mines, &c.; DRAIN'ING-PLOUGH, a form of plough used in making drains; DRAIN'-PIPE; DRAIN'-TILE; DRAIN'-TRAP, a contrivance for preventing the escape of foul air from drains, but admitting the water into them. [A.S.
_dreahnigan_--_dragan_, to draw.]
DRAKE, dr[=a]k, _n._ the male of the duck.--_n._ DRAKE'STONE, a flat stone thrown along the surface of water so as to graze it and then rebound. [Ety.
dub.; cf. prov. Ger. _draak_; O. High Ger. _antrahho_, Ger. _enterich_, the first element usually explained as _eend_, _end_, _anut_, 'duck.']
DRAKE, dr[=a]k, _n._ a dragon: a fiery meteor: a beaked galley, or Viking ship of war: an angler's name for species of _Ephemera_. [A.S. _draca_, dragon--L. _draco_.]
DRAM, dram, _n._ a contraction of DRACHM: 1/16th of an oz. avoirdupois: formerly, with apothecaries, 1/8th of an oz.: as much raw spirits as is drunk at once.--_v.i._ to drink a dram.--_v.t._ to give a dram to.--_ns._ DRAM'-DRINK'ER; DRAM'-SHOP. [Through Fr. and L., from Gr. _drachm[=e]_. See DRACHMA.]
DRAMA, dram'a, _n._ a story of human life and action represented by actors imitating the language, dress, &c. of the original characters: a composition intended to be represented on the stage: dramatic literature: theatrical entertainment: a series of deeply interesting events.--_adjs._ DRAMATIC, -AL, belonging to the drama: appropriate to or in the form of a drama: with the force and vividness of the drama.--_adv._ DRAMAT'ICALLY.--_n._ DRAMAT'ICISM.--_adj._ DRAM'AT[=I]SABLE.--_n._ DRAMATIS[=A]'TION, the act of dramatising: the dramatised version of a novel or story.--_v.i._ DRAM'AT[=I]SE, to compose in, or turn into, the form of a drama or play.--_n._ DRAM'ATIST, a writer of plays.--DRAM'ATIS PERS[=O]'Nae (-[=e]), the characters of a drama or play. [L.,--Gr. _drama_, _dramatos_--_draein_, to do.]
DRAMATURGY, dram'a-tur-ji, _n._ the principles of dramatic composition: theatrical art.--_ns._ DRAM'ATURGE, DRAM'ATURGIST, a playwright.--_adj._ DRAM'ATURGIC. [Through Fr. from Gr. _dramatourgia_, _dramatourgos_, playwright--_drama_, and _ergon_, a work.]
DRAMMOCK, dram'ok, _n._ meal and water mixed raw.
DRANK, drangk, _pa.t._ of DRINK.
DRANT, drant, _v.i._ and _v.t._ (_prov._) to drawl, to drone.--_n._ a droning tone.
DRAPER, dr[=a]p'[.e]r, _n._ one who deals in drapery or cloth:--_fem._ DRAP'ERESS.--_n._ DRAP-DE-BERRY, a woollen cloth, coming from _Berry_ in France.--_v.t._ DRAPE, to cover with cloth.--_p.adj._ DRAP'ERIED, draped.--_n._ DRAP'ERY, cloth goods: hangings of any kind: the draper's business: (_art_) the representation of the dress of human figures.--_v.t._ to drape.--_n._ DRAP'ET (_Spens._), cloth, coverlet. [Fr.
_drapier_--_drap_, from a Teut. root. See DRAB.]
DRAPPIE, DRAPPY, drap'i, _n._ (_Scot._) a little drop, esp. of spirits.
DRASTIC, dras'tik, _adj._ active, powerful.--_n._ a medicine that purges quickly or thoroughly.--_adv._ DRAS'TICALLY. [Gr. _drastikos_--_draein_, to act, to do.]
DRAT, drat, _v.t._ a minced oath used to express vexation, as 'Drat the boy!' [Aphetic from God rot!]
DRATCHELL, drach'el, _n._ (_prov._) a slut.--Also DROTCH'ELL.
DRAUGHT, draft, _n._ act of drawing: force needed to draw: the act of drinking: the quantity drunk at a time: outline of a picture: that which is taken in a net by drawing: a chosen detachment of men: a current of air: the depth to which a ship sinks in the water.--_v.t._ (more commonly DRAFT), to draw out.--_n._ DRAUGHT'-EN'GINE, the engine over the shaft of a coal-pit.--_n.pl._ DRAUGHT'-HOOKS, large iron hooks fixed on the cheeks of a cannon-carriage.--_ns._ DRAUGHT'-HOUSE (_B._), a sink, privy; DRAUGHT'INESS; DRAUGHT'-NET, a drag-net.--_n.pl._ DRAUGHTS, a game in which two persons make alternate moves (_draughts_) on a checkered board, called the DRAUGHT'BOARD, with pieces called DRAUGHTS'MEN--U.S. _checkers_, Scot.
_dambrod_.--_n._ DRAUGHTS'MAN (see DRAFTSMAN).--_adj._ DRAUGHT'Y, full of draughts or currents of air. [M. E. _draht_--A.S. _dragan_, to draw. See DRAG, _v._, and DRAW.]
DRAVE, dr[=a]v, old _pa.t._ of DRIVE.