DISRUPT, dis-rupt', _v.t._ to burst asunder, to break up.--_n._ DISRUP'TION, the act of breaking asunder: the act of bursting and rending: breach: in Scottish ecclesiastical history, the separation of the party who became the Free Church from the Established Church for the sake of spiritual independence (1843).--_adj._ DISRUP'TIVE, causing, or accompanied by, disruption. [L. _disruptus_, _diruptus_, _dirump[)e]re_--_dis_, asunder, _rump[)e]re_, to break.]
DISS, dis, _n._ an Algerian reedy grass used for cordage.
DISSATISFACTORY, dis-sat-is-fak'tor-i, _adj._ causing dissatisfaction: unable to give content.--_ns._ DISSATISFAC'TION, state of being dissatisfied: discontent: uneasiness; DISSATISFAC'TORINESS.
DISSATISFY, dis-sat'is-f[=i], _v.t._ not to satisfy: to make discontented: to displease.--_adj._ DISSAT'ISFIED, discontented: not pleased.
DISSEAT, dis-s[=e]t', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to deprive of, or remove from, a seat.
DISSECT, dis-sekt', _v.t._ to cut asunder: to cut into parts for the purpose of minute examination: to divide and examine: to analyse and criticise (often hostilely, as a man's character or motives).--_adj._ DISSECT'IBLE.--_ns._ DISSECT'ING; DISSEC'TION, the act or the art of cutting in pieces a plant or animal in order to ascertain the structure of its parts: anatomy.--_adj._ DISSECT'IVE, tending to dissect.--_n._ DISSECT'OR.--DISSECTED MAP, PICTURE, a map or picture on a board cut into pieces, so that the putting of them together forms a puzzle. [L.
_dissec[=a]re_, _dissectum_--_dis_, asunder, _sec[=a]re_, to cut.]
DISSEIZE, dis-s[=e]z', _v.t._ to deprive of seizin or possession of an estate of freehold: to dispossess wrongfully.--_ns._ DISSEIZ'IN; DISSEIZ'OR.
DISSEMBLE, dis-sem'bl, _v.t._ to represent a thing as unlike what it actually is: to put an untrue semblance upon: to disguise: to conceal: (_Shak._) to make unlike.--_v.i._ to assume a false appearance: to play the hypocrite: to dissimulate--_ns._ DISSEM'BLANCE (_rare_), want of resemblance: the act of dissembling; DISSEM'BLER; DISSEM'BLING.--_p.adj._ deceiving, hypocritical.--_adv._ DISSEM'BLINGLY. [O. Fr. _dessembler_, to be unlike, from L. _dissimul[=a]re_--_dissimilis_, unlike--_dis_, neg., and _similis_, like.]
DISSEMINATE, dis-sem'i-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to sow or scatter abroad: to propagate: to diffuse.--_n._ DISSEMIN[=A]'TION.--_adj._ DISSEM'INATIVE.--_n._ DISSEM'INATOR. [L. _disseminare_, _-[=a]tum_--_dis_, asunder, _semin[=a]re_, to sow--_semen_, _seminis_, seed.]
DISSENT, dis-sent', _v.i._ to think differently: to disagree in opinion: to differ (with _from_).--_n._ the act of dissenting: difference of opinion: a protest by a minority: a differing or separation from an established church.--_ns._ DISSEN'SION, disagreement in opinion: discord: strife; DISSENT'ER, one who separates on conscientious grounds from the service and worship of an established church: a nonconformist; DISSENT'ERAGE, condition of dissenters; DISSENT'ERISM (_rare_).--_adj._ DISSEN'TIENT, declaring dissent: disagreeing.--_n._ one who disagrees: one who declares his dissent.--_p.adj._ DISSENT'ING.--_adv._ DISSENT'INGLY.--_adj._ DISSEN'TIOUS (_Shak._), disposed to discord, contentious. [Fr.,--L. _dissent[=i]re_, _dissensum_--_dis_, apart from, _sent[=i]re_, to think.]
DISSEPIMENT, dis-sep'i-ment, _n._ (_bot._) a partition in compound ovaries formed by the union of the sides of their carpels.--_adj._ DISSEPIMENT'AL.
[Low L. _dissepimentum_, a partition--L. _dissaep[=i]re_--_dis_, apart, _sep[=i]re_, to hedge in.]
DISSERTATE, dis'er-t[=a]t, _v.i._ to discourse--(_arch._) DISSERT'.--_n._ DISSERT[=A]'TION, a formal discourse: a treatise.--_adjs._ DISSERT[=A]'TIONAL, DISSERT[=A]'TIVE.--_n._ DIS'SERT[=A]TOR. [Fr.,--L.
_dissert[=a]re_, inten. of _disser[)e]re_, to discuss--_dis_, _ser[)e]re_, to put in a row.]
DISSERVE, dis-serv', _v.t._ to do the opposite of serving: (_rare_) to injure.--_n._ DISSERV'ICE, injury: mischief: an ill turn.--_adj._ DISSERV'ICEABLE. [O. Fr. _desservir_--L. _dis_, neg., _serv[=i]re_, to serve.]
DISSETTLE, dis-set'l, _v.t._ to unsettle.--_adj._ DISSETT'LED.--_n._ DISSETT'LEMENT.
DISSEVER, dis-sev'[.e]r, _v.t._ to sever: to part in two: to separate: to disunite.--_ns._ DISSEV'ERANCE, DISSEVER[=A]'TION, DISSEV'ERMENT, a dissevering or parting.--_p.adj._ DISSEV'ERED, disunited. [O. Fr.
_dessevrer_--L. _dis_, apart, _seper[=a]re_, to separate.]
DISSHEATHE, dis-sh[=e]th', _v.t._ to unsheathe.
DISSIDENT, dis'i-dent, _adj._ dissenting.--_n._ a dissenter.--_n._ DISS'IDENCE, disagreement. [L. _dissidens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _dissid[=e]re_--_dis_, apart, _sed[=e]re_, to sit.]
DISSIGHT, dis-s[=i]t', _n._ an unsightly object.
DISSILIENT, dis-sil'yent, _adj._ (_bot._) bursting open with elastic force.--_n._ DISSIL'IENCE. [L. _dissiliens_, _-entis_--_dis_, asunder, _sal[=i]re_, to leap.]
DISSIMILAR, dis-sim'i-lar, _adj._ not similar: unlike in any respect: of different sorts.--_ns._ DISSIMILAR'ITY, DISSIMIL'ITUDE, unlikeness: want of resemblance.--_adv._ DISSIM'ILARLY.--_ns._ DISSIMIL[=A]'TION, the act of rendering dissimilar; DISSIM'ILE, the opposite of a simile, a comparison by contrast.
DISSIMULATE, dis-sim'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to pretend the contrary of: to pretend falsely: to conceal.--_v.i._ to practise dissimulation, play the hypocrite.--_ns._ DISSIMUL[=A]'TION, the act of dissembling: a hiding under a false appearance: false pretension: hypocrisy; DISSIMUL[=A]'TOR. [L.
_dissimul[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to dissimulate--_dis_, neg., _similis_, like.]
DISSIPATE, dis'i-p[=a]t, _v.t._ to scatter: to squander: to waste.--_v.i._ to separate and disappear: to waste away: (_coll._) to be dissolute in conduct.--_adj._ DISS'IPABLE, that may be dissipated.--_p.adj._ DISS'IPATED, dissolute, esp. addicted to drinking.--_n._ DISSIP[=A]'TION, dispersion: state of being dispersed: scattered attention: a dissolute course of life, esp. hard drinking.--_adj._ DISS'IPATIVE, tending to dissipate or disperse: connected with the dissipation of energy. [L.
_dissip[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_dis_, asunder, and obs. _sup[=a]re_, which appears in _insip[)e]re_, to throw into.]
DISSOCIATE, dis-s[=o]'shi-[=a]t, _v.t._ to separate from a society or company: to disunite: to separate.--_n._ DISSOCIABIL'ITY.--_adjs._ DISS[=O]'CIABLE, not sociable: ill associated: incongruous: capable of being dissociated; DISS[=O]'CIAL, not social.--_v.t._ DISS[=O]'CIALISE, to make unsocial.--_n._ DISSOCI[=A]'TION.--_adj._ DISS[=O]'-CIATIVE (_chem._), tending to dissociate. [L. _dissoci[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_dis_, asunder, _soci[=a]re_, to unite.]
DISSOLUBLE, dis'ol-[=u]-bl, or dis-zol'[=u]-bl, _adj._ dissolvable.--_ns._ DISSOLUBIL'ITY, DISSOL'UBLENESS, capacity of being dissolved.
DISSOLVE, di-zolv', _v.t._ to loose asunder: to separate or break up: to put an end to (as a parliament): to melt: to destroy, as by fire: (_arch._) to resolve, as doubts.--_v.i._ to break up: to waste away: to crumble: to melt.--_adj._ DISS'OL[=U]TE, loose, esp. in morals: lewd: licentious.--_adv._ DISS'OL[=U]TELY.--_ns._ DISS'OL[=U]TENESS; DISSOL[=U]'TION, the breaking up of an assembly: change from a solid to a liquid state: a melting: separation of a body into its original elements: decomposition: destruction: death; DISSOL[=U]'TIONISM; DISSOL[=U]'TIONIST.--_ns._ DISSOLVABIL'ITY, DISSOLV'ABLENESS.--_adjs._ DISSOLV'ABLE, DISSOLV'IBLE, capable of being dissolved or melted.--_n._ and _adj._ DISSOLV'ENT, a solvent having the power to melt. [L.
_dissolv[)e]re_, _-solutum_--_dis_, asunder, _solv[)e]re_, _sol[=u]tum_, to loose.]
DISSONANT, dis'o-nant, _adj._ not agreeing or harmonising in sound: without concord or harmony: disagreeing.--_n._ DISS'ONANCE, disagreement of sound: want of harmony: discord: disagreement: (_spec._) a combination of musical sounds which produces beats--also DISS'ONANCY. [Fr.,--L. _dissonans_, _-antis_--_dis_, apart, _son[=a]re_, to sound.]
DISSUADE, dis-sw[=a]d', _v.t._ to advise against: to try to divert from anything by advice or persuasion: to succeed in persuading not to.--_ns._ DISSU[=A]'DER; DISSU[=A]'SION.--_adj._ DISSU[=A]'SIVE, tending to dissuade.--_n._ that which tends to dissuade.--_adv._ DISSU[=A]'SIVELY.--_n._ and _adj._ DISSU[=A]'SORY (_rare_). [Fr.,--L.
_dissuad[=e]re_--_dis_, apart, _suad[=e]re_, _suasum_, to advise.]
DISSUNDER, dis-sun'd[.e]r, _v.t._ to sunder.
DISSYLLABLE, dis-sil'a-bl, _n._ a word of only two syllables.--_adj._ DISSYLLAB'IC.--_n._ DISSYLLABIFIC[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ DISSYLLAB'IFY, to make into two syllables.--_n._ DISSYLL'ABISM, the character of having only two syllables. [Through Fr. and L. from Gr. _di-_, twice, _syllab[=e]_, a syllable.]
DISSYMMETRY, dis-sim'e-tri, _n._ want of symmetry.--_adjs._ DISSYMMET'RIC, -AL, of similar shape, but not capable of being superposed, as right and left hand gloves, crystals with different optical properties, &c.
DISTAFF, dis'taf, _n._ the stick which holds the bunch of flax, tow, or wool in spinning.--DISTAFF SIDE, the female part of a family. [A.S.
_distaef_, from _dise_ = Low Ger. _diesse_, the bunch of flax on the staff; and _staef_ = Eng. staff. See DIZEN.]
DISTAIN, dis-t[=a]n', _v.t._ to stain: to sully. [O. Fr. _desteindre_, to take away the colour of--L. _dis_, neg., and _ting[)e]re_, to stain. See STAIN.]
DISTAL, dis'tal, _adj._ (_anat._) at the end.--_adv._ DIS'TALLY. [Formed on the analogy of _central_, from DISTANCE.]
DISTANCE, dis'tans, _n._ a space or interval between: remoteness: opposition: reserve of manner: in horse-racing, the space measured back from the winning-post which a horse, in heat-races, must reach when the winner has covered the whole course, in order to run in the final heat.--_v.t._ to place at a distance: to leave at a distance behind.--_adj._ DIS'TANCELESS, not allowing a distant view--said of hazy weather: having no indications of distance--said of certain pictures.--KEEP ONE AT A DISTANCE, to treat with reserve; KEEP ONE'S DISTANCE, to abstain from familiarity with, to keep aloof from. [See DISTANT.]
DISTANT, dis'tant, _adj._ at a certain distance: remote, in time, place, or connection: not obvious: indistinct: reserved in manner.--_adv._ DIS'TANTLY. [Fr.,--L. _distans_, _-tantis_--_dis_, apart, _stans_, _stantis_, pr.p. of _st[=a]re_, to stand.]
DISTASTE, dis-t[=a]st', _n._ oppositeness or aversion of taste: dislike of food: dislike: disgust.--_v.t._ (_arch._) to dislike: (_obs._) to offend: (_Shak._) to spoil the taste of.--_v.i._ (_Shak._) to be distasteful.--_adj._ DISTASTE'FUL, nauseous to the taste: unpleasant: (_Shak._) indicating distaste.--_adv._ DISTASTE'FULLY.--_n._ DISTASTE'FULNESS.
DISTEMPER, dis-tem'p[.e]r, _n._ a coarse mode of painting, in which the colours are mixed in a watery glue, white of egg, &c., chiefly used in scene-painting and in staining paper for walls.--Also DESTEM'PER. [Same ety. as succeeding word.]
DISTEMPER, dis-tem'p[.e]r, _n._ a morbid or disorderly state of body or mind: disease, esp. of animals, specifically a typhoid inflammation of the mucous membranes of young dogs: ill-humour.--_v.t._ to derange the temper: to disorder or disease.--_adj._ DISTEM'PERATE, not temperate, immoderate: diseased.--_n._ DISTEM'PERATURE (_arch._), want of proper temperature: intemperateness, disturbance: uneasiness of mind: indisposition.--_p.adj._ DISTEM'PERED, disordered: intemperate, ill-humoured, put out of sorts. [O.
Fr. _destemprer_, to derange--L. _dis_, apart, _temper[=a]re_, to govern.]
DISTEND, dis-tend', _v.t._ to stretch in all directions: to swell.--_v.i._ to swell.--_n._ DISTENSIBIL'ITY, capacity for distension.--_adjs._ DISTEN'SIBLE, that may be stretched; DISTEN'SIVE, capable of stretching or of being stretched; DISTENT' (_Spens._), distended.--_ns._ DISTEN'TION, DISTEN'SION, act of distending or stretching: state of being stretched: (_rare_) breadth. [Fr.,--L. _distend[)e]re_--_dis_, asunder, _tend[)e]re_, _tensum_ or _tentum_, to stretch.]
DISTHENE, dis'th[=e]n, _n._ cyanite--so called from its positive and negative electric properties. [Gr. _di-_, two, _sthenos_, strength.]
DISTHRONE, dis-thr[=o]n', _v.t._ (_obs._) to dethrone--(_Spens._) DISTHR[=O]N'ISE.
DISTICH, dis'tik, _n._ a couple of lines or verses, making complete sense: a couplet.--_adj._ having two rows.--_adj._ DIS'TICHOUS (_bot._), arranged in two rows. [L.,--Gr. _distichos_--_dis_, twice, _stichos_, a line.]
DISTIL, dis-til', _v.i._ to fall in drops; to flow gently: to use a still.--_v.t._ to let or cause to fall in drops: to convert a liquid into vapour by heat, and then to condense it again: to extract the spirit or essential oil from anything by evaporation and condensation:--_pr.p._ distil'ling; _pa.p._ distilled'.--_adj._ DISTIL'LABLE.--_ns._ DISTIL'L[=A]TE, the product of distillation; DISTILL[=A]'TION, the act of distilling.--_adj._ DISTIL'LATORY, of or for distilling.--_ns._ DISTIL'LER; DISTIL'LERY, a place where distilling is carried on; DISTIL'LING, the action of the verb _distil_, distillation; DISTIL'MENT (_Shak._), that which is distilled.--DESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION, the collection of the volatile matters released when a substance is destroyed by heat in a close vessel (as coal in making gas); FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION, the separation by distilling liquids having different boiling-points, the heat being gradually increased and the receiver changed. [O. Fr. _distiller_--L.
_distill[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, down, _still[=a]re_, to drop--_stilla_, a drop.]
DISTINCT, dis-tingkt', _adj._ separate: different: well-defined: clear: (_Spens._, _Milt._) adorned.--_adj._ DISTINCTIVE, marking or expressing difference.--_adv._ DISTINCT'IVELY.--_n._ DISTINCT'IVENESS.--_adv._ DISTINCT'LY.--_ns._ DISTINCT'NESS; DISTINCT'URE, distinctness. [See DISTINGUISH.]
DISTINCTION, dis-tingk'shun, _n._ separation or division: that which distinguishes or gives distinction: difference: eminence: characteristic dignity and elegance of style: honourable treatment.