DINGO, ding'g[=o], _n._ the native dog of Australia.
DINGY, DINGEY, ding'gi, _n._ the smallest ship's boat: in India, a canoe.
[Beng. _ding[=i]_, a boat.]
DINGY, din'ji, _adj._ of a dim or dark colour: dull: soiled.--_n._ DIN'GINESS. [Acc. to Skeat = _dungy_.]
DINIC, din'ik, _adj._ relating to vertigo or dizziness.--_n._ a remedy for dizziness. [Gr. _dinos_, whirling.]
DINK, dingk, _adj._ (_Scot._) braw, trim.--_v.t._ to dress neatly.
DINMONT, din'mont, _n._ a Border name for a wether between the first and second shearing.
DINNER, din'[.e]r, _n._ the chief meal of the day: a feast.--_ns._ DINNERETTE', a little dinner; DINN'ER-HOUR.--_adj._ DINN'ERLESS.--_ns._ DINN'ER-T[=A]'BLE; DINN'ER-TIME; DINN'ER-WAG'ON, a set of light movable shelves for a dining-room. [O. Fr. _disner_, prop. breakfast. See DINE.]
DINNLE, din'l, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to tingle.--_n._ a thrill.--Also DIN'DLE.
DINOCERAS, d[=i]-nos'er-as, _n._ an extinct genus of mammals found in Wyoming, approaching the elephant in size, and named from three pairs of osseous protuberances on the skull. [Formed from Gr. _deinos_, terrible, _keras_, horn.]
DINORNIS, d[=i]-nor'nis, _n._ a genus of large extinct birds, the bones of which are found in New Zealand. [Formed from Gr. _deinos_, terrible, and _ornis_, a bird.]
DINOSAUR, d[=i]'no-sawr, _n._ a gigantic extinct reptile, which attained a length of eighty feet. [Formed from Gr. _deinos_, terrible, and _sauros_, lizard.]
DINOTHERIUM, d[=i]-no-th[=e]'ri-um, _n._ an extinct animal of huge size, with elephant-like tusks and trunk. [Gr. _deinos_, terrible, _th[=e]rion_, a beast.]
DINT, dint, _n._ a blow or stroke: the mark of a blow (often DENT): force: power (as in 'by dint of').--_v.t._ to make a dint in. [A.S. _dynt_, a blow; Scot. _dunt_, a blow with a dull sound, Ice. _dyntr_.]
DIOCESE, d[=i]'[=o]-s[=e]s, _n._ the circuit or extent of a bishop's jurisdiction.--_adj._ DIOCESAN (d[=i]-os'es-an, or d[=i]'[=o]-s[=e]-san), pertaining to a diocese.--_n._ a bishop as regards his diocese: one of the clergy in the diocese. [Through Fr. and L. from Gr. _dioik[=e]sis_, _dioikein_, to keep house--_di_, for _dia_, sig. completeness, _oikein_, to manage a household--_oikos_, a house.]
DIODON, d[=i]'o-don, _n._ a genus of globe-fishes which have all their teeth consolidated on the jaws, so as to make them like the beak of a bird.
[Gr. _dis_, twice, double, _odous_, _odontos_, a tooth.]
DIOECIA, d[=i]-[=e]'shi-a, _n._ a class of plants having the stamens on one plant and the pistils on another.--_adjs._ DIOE'CIOUS, DIOE'CIAN.--_adv._ DIOE'CIOUSLY.--_n._ DIOE'CIOUSNESS. [Gr. _di-_, twice, _oikos_, a house.]
DIOGENIC, d[=i]-o-jen'ik, _adj._ resembling the Cynic philosopher _Diogenes_ (412-323 B.C.), cynical.
DIONaeA, d[=i]-[=o]-n[=e]'a, _n._ Venus's fly-trap: an American insectivorous plant. [L., from Gr., a name of Aphrodite or Venus, from her mother _Di[=o]n[=e]_.]
DIONYSIA, d[=i]-o-niz'i-a, _n.pl._ dramatic and orgiastic festivals in honour of _Dionysus_ (Bacchus), god of wine.--_adjs._ DIONYS'IAC, DIONYS'IAN.
DIOPHANTINE, d[=i]-o-fan't[=i]n, _adj._ pertaining to the Alexandrian mathematician _Diophantus_ (c. 275 A.D.).--DIOPHANTINE ANALYSIS, the part of algebra which treats of finding particular rational values for general expressions under a surd form.
DIOPSIDE, d[=i]-op'sid, _n._ a grayish and readily cleavable variety of pyroxene. [Gr., _dia_, through, _opsis_, a view.]
DIOPSIS, d[=i]-op'sis, _n._ a genus of dipterous insects, of the fly family.
DIOPTASE, d[=i]-op't[=a]s, _n._ emerald copper ore.
DIOPTRATE, d[=i]-op'tr[=a]t, _adj._ (_entom._) divided transversely.
DIOPTRIC, -AL, d[=i]-op'trik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to dioptrics.--_ns._ DIOP'TER, an ancient form of theodolite: the index-arm of a graduated circle; DIOP'TRICS, the part of optics which treats of the transmission of light from one medium to another.--DIOPTRIC SYSTEM, in lighthouses (as opposed to _reflecting system_), illumination from a central lamp whose rays are transmitted through a combination of lenses. [Gr. _dia_, through, _opt-_, as in _opsesthai_, to see, &c.]
DIORAMA, d[=i]-[=o]-ra'ma, _n._ an exhibition of pictures, illuminated, and viewed through an opening in the wall of a darkened chamber.--_adj._ DIORAM'IC. [Gr. _dia_, through, _horama_, a sight.]
DIORISM, d[=i]'[=o]-rizm, _n._ distinction, definition.--_adjs._ DIORIS'TIC, -AL.--_adv._ DIORIS'TICALLY. [Gr. _diorizein_, to divide, _dia_, through, _horos_, a boundary.]
DIORITE, d[=i]'o-r[=i]t, _n._ a crystalline granular igneous rock composed of feldspar and hornblende. [Gr. _diorizein_, to distinguish--_dia_, through, _horos_, a boundary.]
DIORTHOSIS, d[=i]-or-th[=o]'sis, _n._ (_surg._) the reduction of a dislocation, the correction of a deformity: a critical revision of a text.--_adj._ DIORTHROT'IC. [Gr., _dia_, through, _orthos_, straight.]
DIOSCOREA, di-os-k[=o]r'e-a, _n._ a genus of twining plants, containing the yams.--_n._ DIOSCOR[=A]'CEae, the order to which Dioscorea belongs.--_adj._ DIOSCOR[=A]'CEOUS. [From the 1st-cent. Greek physician _Dioscorides_.]
DIOSCURI, di-os-k[=u]'ri, _n.pl._ Castor and Pollux, as sons of Jupiter.
[Gr. _Dios_, gen. of Zeus (Jupiter), and _koros_ (Ion. _kouros_), a son, a lad.]
DIOSMOSIS, d[=i]-oz-m[=o]'zis, _n._ the transfusion of a liquid through a membrane.--Also DIOS'MOSE. [Gr. _dia_, through, _[=o]smos_, a pushing--_[=o]thein_, to thrust.]
DIOTA, d[=i]-[=o]'ta, _n._ a two-handled Roman vase.
DIOTHELISM, d[=i]-oth'e-lizm, _n._ the doctrine that Christ during His life on earth possessed two wills, a human and a divine--opp. to _Monothelism_--also DYOTH'ELISM.--_n._ DIOTH'ELITE, one who holds this.
DIOXIDE, d[=i]-oks'[=i]d, _n._ an oxide containing two equivalents of oxygen to one of a metal. [Gr. _di-_, twice, and _oxide_.]
DIP, dip, _v.t._ to dive or plunge into any liquid for a moment: to lower and raise again (as a flag): to baptise by immersion.--_v.i._ to sink: to enter slightly: to look cursorily: to incline downwards:--_pr.p._ dip'ping; _pa.p._ dipped.--_n._ inclination downwards: a sloping: (_geol._) the angle a stratum of rock makes with a horizontal plane: a bath: a candle made by dipping a wick in tallow.--DIP OF THE HORIZON, the angle of the horizon below the level of the eye; DIP OF THE NEEDLE, the angle a balanced magnetic needle makes with the plane of the horizon, measured by the DIPPING NEEDLE, or _Compass_. [A.S. _dyppan_, causal of _dpan_, to plunge in--_deop_, deep; cf. Dan. _dyppe_; Ger. _taufen_, to immerse.]
DIPCHICK, dip'chik, _n._ Same as DABCHICK.
DIPETALOUS, d[=i]-pet'a-lus, _adj._ having two petals. [Gr. _di-_, twice, and _petal_.]
DIPHTHERIA, dif-th[=e]'ri-a, _n._ a throat disease in which the air-passages become covered and impeded with a leathery membrane, and a dangerous fever is present.--_adj._ DIPHTHERIT'IC. [A coinage of 1859 from Gr. _diphthera_, leather.]
DIPHTHONG, dif'thong, or dip'thong, _n._ two vowel-sounds pronounced as one syllable.--_adj._ DIPHTHONG'AL, relating to a diphthong.--_adv._ DIPHTHONG'ALLY.--_n._ DIPHTHONG[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ DIPH'THONGISE. [Through Fr. from Gr. _diphthongos_, with two sounds--_di-_, twice, _phthongos_, sound.]
DIPHYCERCAL, dif-i-ser'kal, _adj._ having the tail symmetrical (of fishes).--Also DIPH'YCERC. [Formed from Gr. _diphy[=e]s_, of double nature, _kerkos_, a tail.]
DIPHYLLOUS, d[=i]-fil'us, _adj._ having two leaves. [Gr. _di-_, twice, and _phyllon_, a leaf.]
DIPHYODONT, dif'i-[=o]-dont, _adj._ having two sets of teeth.--_n._ a mammal possessing such.
DIPHYSITE, dif'i-s[=i]t, _n._ one who holds the doctrine of DIPH'YSITISM, or the belief of the existence of two natures in Christ, a divine and a human--opp. to _Monophysite_; less correctly DIOPH'YSITE, DIOPHYS'ITISM.
[Gr. _di-_, two, _physis_, nature.]
DIPLEIDOSCOPE, di-pl[=i]'d[=o]-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument for ascertaining the moment of passage of the sun or a star over the meridian. [Formed from Gr. _diploos_, double, _eidos_, appearance, _skopein_, to view.]
DIPLEX, d[=i]'pleks, _adj._ pertaining to the transmission of two simultaneous messages over one wire in the same direction.
DIPLOE, dip'l[=o]-[=e], _n._ (_anat._) the spongy tissue between the hard inner and outer tables of the skull.