DESPITE, de-sp[=i]t', _n._ a looking down upon with contempt: violent malice or hatred.--_prep._ in spite of: notwithstanding.--_adj._ DESPITE'FUL.--_adv._ DESPITE'FULLY.--_n._ DESPITE'FULNESS.--_adj._ DESPIT'EOUS (_Spens._). [O. Fr. _despit_ (mod. _depit_)--L.
DESPOIL, de-spoil', _v.t._ to spoil completely: to strip: to bereave: to rob.--_ns._ DESPOIL'ER; DESPOLI[=A]'TION, DESPOIL'MENT. [O. Fr.
_despoiller_ (mod. _depouiller_)--L. _despoli[=a]re_--_de_, inten., and _spolium_, spoil.]
DESPOND, de-spond', _v.i._ to lose hope or courage: to despair.--_ns._ DESPOND'ENCE, DESPOND'ENCY, state of being without hope: dejection.--_adj._ DESPOND'ENT, desponding: without courage or hope: sad.--_advs._ DESPOND'ENTLY; DESPOND'INGLY. [L. _despond[=e]re_, to promise, to give up or devote to, to give up or resign, to lose courage, to despond--_de_, away, and _spond[=e]re_, to promise.]
DESPOT, des'pot, _n._ one invested with absolute power: a tyrant.--_n._ DES'POTAT, a territory governed by a despot.--_adjs._ DESPOT'IC, -AL, pertaining to or like a despot: having absolute power: tyrannical.--_adv._ DESPOT'ICALLY.--_ns._ DESPOT'ICALNESS, DES'POTISM, absolute power: tyranny; DESPOTOC'RACY, government by a despot. [O. Fr. _despot_--Low L.
_despotus_--Gr. _despot[=e]s_, a master.]
DESPUMATE, de-sp[=u]'m[=a]t, or des'p[=u]-m[=a]t, _v.i._ to throw off in foam or scum.--_n._ DESPUM[=A]'TION. [L. _despum[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, off, and _spuma_, foam.]
DESQUAMATE, des'kwa-m[=a]t, _v.i._ to scale off.--_n._ DESQUAM[=A]'TION, a scaling off: the separation of the cuticle or skin in scales.--_adjs._ DESQUAM'ATIVE, DESQUAM'ATORY. [L. _desquam[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, off, and _squama_, a scale.]
DESSE, des, _n._ (_Spens._) a dais.
DESSERT, dez-[.e]rt', _n._ fruits, confections, &c., served at the close of an entertainment after the rest has been taken away.--_ns._ DESSERT'-SERV'ICE, the dishes used for dessert; DESSERT'-SPOON, a spoon smaller than a table-spoon and larger than a tea-spoon, used not so much for dessert as for pudding. [O. Fr. _dessert_, _desservir_, to clear the table--_des_, away, and _servir_, to serve--L. _serv[=i]re_.]
DESSIATINE, DESSYATINE, des'ya-tin, _n._ a Russian measure of land, 2.7 English acres. [Russ. _desyatina_, a measure of land, a tenth; _desyati_, ten.]
DESTEMPER. See DISTEMPER (1).
DESTINE, des'tin, _v.t._ to ordain or appoint to a certain use or state: to fix: to doom--also DES'TINATE (_obs._).--_ns._ DESTIN[=A]'TION, the purpose or end to which anything is destined or appointed: end: purpose: design: fate: place to which one is going; DES'TINY, the purpose or end to which any person or thing is destined or appointed: unavoidable fate: necessity.
[Fr.,--L. _destin[=a]re_--_de_, inten., and root _sta-_, in _st[=a]re_, to stand.]
DESTITUTE, des'ti-t[=u]t, _adj._ left alone: forsaken: in want, needy--_v.t._ to forsake: to deprive.--_n._ DESTITU'TION, the state of being destitute: deprivation of office: poverty. [L. _destitu[)e]re_, _-[=u]tum_--_de_, away, and _statu[)e]re_, to place.]
DESTROY, de-stroy', _v.i._ to unbuild or pull down: to overturn: to ruin: to put an end to:--_pr.p._ destroy'ing:--_pa.p._ destroyed'.--_n._ DESTROY'ER. [O. Fr. _destruire_ (Fr. _detruire_)--L. _destru[)e]re_, _destructum_--_de_, down, and _stru[)e]re_, to build.]
DESTRUCTION, de-struk'shun, _n._ act of destroying: overthrow: physical or moral ruin: death: a destructive plague.--_adj._ DESTRUC'TIBLE, liable to be destroyed.--_ns._ DESTRUCTIBIL'ITY, DESTRUC'TIBLENESS.--_n._ DESTRUC'TIONIST, one engaged in destruction: one who believes in the final annihilation of the damned.--_adj._ DESTRUC'TIVE, causing destruction: mischievous: ruinous: deadly.--_adv._ DESTRUC'TIVELY.--_ns._ DESTRUC'TIVENESS; DESTRUC'TIVIST, a representative of destructive principles, as in Biblical criticism; DESTRUC'TOR, a destroyer: a furnace for burning up refuse.
DESUDATION, des-[=u]-d[=a]'shun, _n._ a violent sweating: an eruption of small pimples on children. [L. _desud[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, _de_, inten., and _sud[=a]re_, to sweat.]
DESUETUDE, des'we-t[=u]d, _n._ disuse: discontinuance of custom, habit, or practice. [L. _desuetudo_--_desu[=e]tum_, _desuesc[)e]re_--_de_, neg., and _suesc[)e]re_, to become used.]
DESULPHUR, de-sul'fur, _v.t._ to free of sulphur: to take sulphur out of the ore--also DESUL'PHUR[=A]TE, DESUL'PHURISE.--_n._ DESULPHUR[=A]'TION.
DESULTORY, des'ul-tor-i, _adj._ jumping from one thing to another: without rational or logical connection: rambling: hasty: loose.--_adv._ DES'ULTORILY.--_n._ DES'ULTORINESS. [L. _desultorius_, of or pertaining to a vaulter, inconstant, _desultor_, a vaulter, _desil[=i]re_, _-sultum_, to leap--_de_, from, and _sal[=i]re_, to jump.]
DETACH, de-tach', _v.t._ to unfasten: to take from or separate: to withdraw: to send off on special service.--_v.i._ to separate one's self.--_adj._ DETACH'ABLE.--_p.adj._ DETACHED', unconnected: separate: free from care, passion, ambition, and worldly bonds.--_adv._ DETACH'EDLY.--_ns._ DETACH'EDNESS; DETACH'MENT, state of being separated: that which is detached, as a body of troops. [Fr. _detacher_--_de_, neg., and root of _attach_.]
DETAIL, de-t[=a]l', _v.t._ to relate minutely: to enumerate: to set apart for a particular service.--_v.i._ to give details about anything.--_n._ (de-t[=a]l', or d[=e]'t[=a]l) a small part: an item: a particular account.--_adj._ DETAILED', giving full particulars: exhaustive.--IN DETAIL, circumstantially, point by point. [O. Fr. _detailler_--_de_, inten., and _tailler_, to cut. See TAILOR.]
DETAIN, de-t[=a]n', _v.t._ to hold from or back: to stop: to keep: to keep in custody.--_ns._ DETAIN'ER, one who detains: (_law_) the holding of what belongs to another: a warrant to a sheriff to keep in custody a person already in confinement: DETAIN'MENT (same as DETENTION). [O. Fr.
_detenir_--L. _detin[=e]re_--_de_, from, and _ten[=e]re_, to hold.]
DETECT, de-tekt', _v.t._ (_lit._) to uncover--hence to discover: to find out.--_adjs._ DETECT'ABLE, DETECT'IBLE.--_ns._ DETECT'ER, -OR, one who detects: an apparatus for detecting something, as a detector-lock, which shows if it has been tampered with; DETEC'TION, discovery of something hidden: state of being found out.--_adj._ DETECT'IVE, employed in detecting.--_n._ a policeman employed in the investigation of special cases of crime, or in watching special classes of wrong-doers, usually not in uniform.--PRIVATE DETECTIVE, one employed by a private person to gain information, or to watch his interests. [L. _detectum_, _deteg[)e]re_--_de_, neg., and _teg[)e]re_, _tectum_, to cover.]
DETENTION, de-ten'shun, _n._ act of detaining: state of being detained: confinement: delay.--_n._ DETENT', something to check motion: a catch, esp.
in a clock or watch. [See DETAIN.]
DETER, de-t[.e]r', _v.t._ to frighten from: to hinder or prevent:--_pr.p._ deter'ring; _pa.p._ deterred'.--_n._ DETER'MENT. [L. _deterr[=e]re_--_de_, from, _terr[=e]re_, to frighten.]
DETERGE, de-t[.e]rj', _v.t._ to wipe off; to cleanse (as a wound).--_ns._ DETERG'ENCE, DETERG'ENCY.--_adj._ DETERG'ENT, cleansing: purging.--_n._ that which cleanses. [L. _deterg[=e]re_, _detersum_--_de_, off, and _tergere_, to wipe.]
DETERIORATE, de-t[=e]'ri-o-r[=a]t, _v.t._ to make worse.--_v.i._ to grow worse.--_p.adj._ DET[=E]'RIORATED, spoilt: of inferior quality.--_n._ DETERIOR[=A]'TION, the act of making worse: the state of growing worse.--_adj._ DET[=E]'RIORATIVE.--_n._ DETERIOR'ITY (_obs._), worse state.
[L. _deterior[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to make worse--_deterior_, worse--obs.
_deter_, lower--_de_, down; cf. _inter-ior_.]
DETERMINE, d[=e]-t[.e]r'min, _v.t._ to put terms or bounds to: to limit: to fix or settle the form or character of: to influence; to put an end to: to define.--_v.i._ to come to a decision: to resolve.--_adj._ DETER'MINABLE, capable of being determined, decided, or finished.--_ns._ DETER'MINABLENESS, DETERMINABIL'ITY.--_adj._ DETER'MINANT, serving to determine.--_n._ that which serves to determine: in mathematical analysis, a symbolical method used for different processes, as for the solution of equations by inspection.--_adj._ DETER'MIN[=A]TE, determined or limited: fixed: decisive.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to determine.--_adv._ DETER'MIN[=A]TELY.--_n._ DETERMIN[=A]'TION, that which is determined or resolved on: end: direction to a certain end: resolution: fixedness of purpose: decision of character.--_adjs._ DETER'MIN[=A]TIVE, that determines, limits, or defines; DETER'MINED, firm in purpose: fixed: resolute.--_adv._ DETER'MINEDLY.--_n._ DETER'MINISM, the doctrine that all things, including the will, are determined by causes--the converse of free-will: necessitarianism.--_n._ DETER'MINIST.--_adj._ DETERMINIS'TIC.
[Fr.,--L. _determin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, neg., and _terminus_, a boundary.]
DETERRENT, de-t[.e]r'ent, _adj._ serving to deter.--_n._ anything that deters or prevents. [See DETER.]
DETERSION, de-t[.e]r'shun, _n._ act of cleansing. [See DETERGE.]
DETERSIVE, de-t[.e]r'siv, _n._ Same as DETERGENT.
DETEST, de-test', _v.t._ to hate intensely.--_adj._ DETEST'ABLE, worthy of being detested: extremely hateful: abominable.--_n._ DETEST'ABLENESS.--_adv._ DETEST'ABLY.--_n._ DETEST[=A]'TION, extreme hatred. [Fr.,--L. _detest[=a]ri_--_de_, inten., and _test[=a]ri_, to call to witness, execrate--_testis_, a witness.]
DETHRONE, de-thr[=o]n', _v.t._ to remove from a throne.--_ns._ DETHRONE'MENT; DETHRONIS[=A]'TION.
DETONATE, det'o-n[=a]t, _v.i._ to explode.--_v.t._ to cause to explode.--_ns._ DETON[=A]'TION, an explosion with report; DET'ONATOR, a detonating substance: an apparatus for the explosion of a detonating substance, as a percussion-cap.--DETONATING POWDER, powder, such as the fulminates, which explodes easily by impact or heating, and which may be used to cause other substances to explode. [L. _deton[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, down, and _ton[=a]re_, to thunder.]
DETORT, de-tort', _v.t._ to distort.--_ns._ DETOR'SION, DETOR'TION. [L.
_detorqu[=e]re_, _detortum_; _de_, away, and _torquere_, twist.]
DETOUR, de-t[=oo]r', _n._ a winding: a circuitous way. [Fr. _de_, for L.
_dis_, asunder, and _tour_, a turning.]
DETRACT, de-trakt', _v.t._ to take away, abate: to defame.--_v.i._ to take away reputation (with _from_): to reduce in degree: diminish.--_ns._ DETRACT'ER, -OR:--_fem._ DETRACT'RESS.--_adv._ DETRACT'INGLY.--_n._ DETRAC'TION, depreciation: slander.--_adjs._ DETRACT'IVE, DETRAC'TIOUS, DETRACT'ORY, tending to detract: derogatory. [L. _de_, from, and _trah[)e]re_, to draw.]
DETRAIN, de-tr[=a]n', _v.t._ to set down out of a railway train, as troops.--_v.i._ to come out of a train.
DETRIMENT, det'ri-ment, _n._ diminution: damage: loss.--_adj._ DETRIMENT'AL. [L. _detrimentum_--_de_, off, and _ter[)e]re_, _tritum_, to rub.]
DETRITUS, de-tr[=i]'tus, _n._ a mass of substance gradually rubbed or worn off solid bodies: an aggregate of broken or loosened fragments, esp. of rock.--_n._ DETRI'TION, a wearing away. [L.,--_de_, off, and _ter[)e]re_, _tritum_, to rub.]
DETRUDE, de-tr[=oo]d', _v.t._ to thrust down.--_n._ DETRU'SION. [L. _de_, down, and _trud[)e]re_, to thrust]
DETRUNCATE, de-trung'k[=a]t, _v.t._ to cut off from the trunk: to lop off: to shorten.--_n._ DETRUNC[=A]'TION. [L. _detrunc[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, off, _trunc[=a]re_, lop.]
DETUMESCENCE, d[=e]-t[=u]-mes'ens, _n._ diminution of swelling--opp. to _Intumescence_.
DEUCE, d[=u]s, _n._ a card or die with two spots: (_lawn tennis_) a term denoting that each side has gained three points ('forty all').--_n._ DEUCE'-ACE, a throw of two dice, one of which turns up deuce and the other ace. [Fr. _deux_, two--L. _duos_, accus. of _duo_, two.]
DEUCE, d[=u]s, _n._ the devil--in exclamatory phrases.--_adj._ DEUCED (d[=u]'sed, or d[=u]st), devilish: excessive.--_adv._ confoundedly.
DEUTEROCANONICAL, d[=u]'t[.e]r-o-ka-non'ik-al, _adj._ pertaining to a second canon of inferior authority--the O. T. Apocrypha and the N. T.