DEPLANTATION, d[=e]-plan-t[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of clearing from plants or of transplanting.
DEPLETE, de-pl[=e]t', _v.t._ to empty, reduce, exhaust.--_n._ DEPL[=E]'TION, the act of emptying or exhausting: (_med._) the act of relieving congestion or plethora, by purging, blood-letting, or reduction of the system by abstinence.--_adjs._ DEPL[=E]'TIVE, DEPL[=E]'TORY. [L.
_depl[=e]re_, _depl[=e]tum_, to empty, _de_, neg., _pl[=e]re_, to fill.]
DEPLICATION, dep-li-k[=a]'shun, _n._ an unfolding or unplaiting.
DEPLORE, de-pl[=o]r', _v.t._ to feel or express deep grief for.--_adj._ DEPLOR'ABLE, lamentable: sad.--_n._ DEPLOR'ABLENESS.--_adv._ DEPLOR'ABLY.--_n._ DEPLOR[=A]'TION (_obs._), lamentation.--_adv._ DEPLOR'INGLY. [Fr.,--L. _deplor[=a]re_--_de_, inten., _plor[=a]re_, to weep.]
DEPLOY, de-ploy', _v.t._ to unfold: to open out or extend.--_v.i._ to open: to extend from column into line, as a body of troops.--_ns._ DEPLOY', DEPLOY'MENT. [Fr. _deployer_--L. _dis_, apart, and _plic[=a]re_, to fold.
Doublet of DISPLAY.]
DEPLUME, de-pl[=oo]m', _v.t._ to take the plumes or feathers from.--_n._ DEPLUM[=A]'TION.
DEPOLARISE, de-p[=o]'lar-[=i]z, _v.t._ to deprive of polarity.--_n._ DEPOLARIS[=A]'TION.
DEPONE, de-p[=o]n', _v.t._ to testify upon oath. [L. _depon[)e]re_--_de_, down, and _pon[)e]re_, to place.]
DEPONENT, de-p[=o]'nent, _adj._ (_gram._) applied to verbs with a passive form but an active signification.--_n._ one who makes a deposition, esp.
under oath, or whose written testimony is used as evidence in a court of justice. [L., pr.p. of _depon[)e]re_.]
DEPOPULATE, de-pop'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to deprive of population, to dispeople.--_v.i._ to become dispeopled.--_adj._ depopulated.--_ns._ DEPOPUL[=A]'TION, act of depopulating: havoc: destruction; DEPOP'ULATOR.
[L. _depopul[=a]ri_, _depopul[=a]tus_--_de_, inten., and _popul[=a]ri_, to spread over a country, said of a hostile people (L. _populus_)--hence to ravage, to destroy. Some make it a freq. of _spoli[=a]re_, to plunder.]
DEPORT, de-p[=o]rt', _v.t._ to transport, to exile: to behave.--_ns._ DEPORT[=A]'TION, transportation, exile; DEPORT'MENT, carriage, behaviour.
[Fr.,--L. _deport[=a]re_--_de_, away, and _port[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to carry.]
DEPOSE, de-p[=o]z', _v.t._ to remove from a high station: to degrade: to strip: to attest: (_Shak._) to examine on oath.--_adj._ DEPOS'ABLE.--_n._ DEPOS'AL. [Fr.,--L. _de_, from, _paus[=a]re_, to pause, (late) to place.]
DEPOSIT, de-poz'it, _v.t._ to put or set down: to place: to lay up or past: to entrust.--_n._ that which is deposited or put down: (_geol._) rocks produced by precipitation from a fluid medium, by settling from a solution in water: something entrusted to another's care, esp. money put in a bank: a pledge: a bailment where one entrusts goods to another to be kept without recompense--in Scots law, DEPOSIT[=A]'TION.--_ns._ DEPOS'ITARY, a person with whom anything is left for safe keeping: a guardian--sometimes DEPOS'ITORY.--_adj._ DEPOS'ITIVE.--_ns._ DEPOS'ITOR; DEPOS'ITORY, a place where anything is deposited--sometimes DEPOS'ITARY. [Fr.,--L. _depositum_, placed--_depon[)e]re_, from _de_, and _pon[)e]re_, to put down.]
DEPOSITION, dep-o-zish'un, _n._ act of deposing: act of deponing: declaration, testimony taken authoritatively, to be used as a substitute for the production of the witness in open court: removal: act of depositing: what is deposited, sediment.
DEPOT, dep'[=o], de'p[=o], or d[=e]'p[=o], _n._ a place of deposit: a storehouse: a military station where stores are kept and recruits trained: the headquarters of a regiment: the portion of a regiment that remains at home when the rest go on foreign service: (_U.S._) a railway station. [Fr.
_depot_--L. _depon[)e]re_, _-positum_.]
DEPRAVE, de-pr[=a]v', _v.t._ to make bad or worse: to corrupt.--_n._ DEPRAV[=A]'TION, act of depraving: state of being depraved: depravity.--_adj._ DEPR[=A]VED', corrupt.--_adv._ DEPR[=A]V'EDLY.--_ns._ DEPR[=A]V'EDNESS; DEPRAVE'MENT, vitiation.--_adv._ DEPR[=A]V'INGLY.--_n._ DEPRAV'ITY, a vitiated or corrupt state of moral character: extreme wickedness: corruption: (_theol._) the hereditary tendency of man toward sin: original sin. [Fr.,--L. _deprav[=a]re_--_de_, inten., _pravus_, bad.]
DEPRECATE, dep're-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to try to ward off by prayer: to desire earnestly the prevention or removal of: to regret deeply: to argue against.--_adj._ DEP'RECABLE, that is to be deprecated.--_n._ DEPREC[=A]'TION, act of deprecating, earnest prayer, esp. a special petition against some evil, in litanies.--_adv._ DEP'RECATINGLY.--_adjs._ DEP'RECATIVE, DEP'RECATORY, tending to avert evil by prayer: having the form of prayer.--_n._ DEP'RECATOR. [L. _deprec[=a]ri_, _deprec[=a]tus_--_de_, away, and _prec[=a]ri_, to pray.]
DEPRECIATE, de-pr[=e]'shi-[=a]t, _v.t._ to lower the worth of: to undervalue: to disparage.--_v.i._ to fall in value.--_n._ DEPRECI[=A]'TION, the falling of value: disparagement.--_adjs._ DEPR[=E]'CIATIVE, DEPR[=E]'CIATORY, tending to depreciate or lower.--_n._ DEPR[=E]'CIATOR.
[L. _depreti[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, down, and _pretium_, price.]
DEPREDATE, dep're-d[=a]t, _v.t._ to plunder or prey upon: to rob: to lay waste: to devour.--_ns._ DEPRED[=A]'TION, act of plundering: state of being depredated; DEP'REDATOR.--_adj._ DEP'REDATORY. [L. _depraed[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_--_de_, inten., and _praed[=a]ri_--_praeda_, plunder.]
DEPREHEND, dep're-hend, _v.t._ to catch, seize: to apprehend. [Through Fr.
from L. _deprehend[)e]re_--_de_, and _prehend[)e]re_, to take.]
DEPRESS, de-pres', _v.t._ to press down: to let down: to lower: to humble: to make subject: to dispirit or cast a gloom over.--_n._ DEPRES'SANT (_med._), a sedative.--_p.adj._ DEPRESSED', pressed down: lowered: humbled: dejected: dispirited.--_adj._ DEPRES'SING, able or tending to depress.--_adv._ DEPRES'SINGLY.--_ns._ DEPRES'SION, a falling in or sinking: a lowering: a fall of the barometer: a hollow: abasement: dejection; DEPRES'SOR, an oppressor: a muscle that draws down: a surgical instrument for squeezing down a soft part. [L. _deprim[)e]re_, _-pressum_--_de_, down, and _prim[)e]re_, to press.]
DEPRIVE, de-pr[=i]v', _v.t._ to take away from one his own: in take from: to dispossess: to degrade (a clergyman) from office: to bereave.--_n._ DEPRIV[=A]'TION, act of depriving: state of being deprived: degradation from office: loss: bereavement: suffering from hardship.--_adj._ DEPRIV'ATIVE.--_n._ DEPRIVE'MENT. [Low L. _depriv[=a]re_, to degrade--L.
_de_, from, and _priv[=a]re_, to deprive--_privus_, one's own.]
DE PROFUNDIS, d[=e] pr[=o]-fun'dis, 'Out of the depths,' the first words of the 130th Psalm--also used as a name for this penitential psalm. [L.]
DEPTH, depth, _n._ deepness: the measure of deepness down or inwards: a deep place: the sea: the middle, as depth of winter: abstruseness: extent of sagacity and penetration.--_adj._ DEPTH'LESS, having no depth.--OUT OF ONE'S DEPTH, in water where one cannot touch bottom: in water too deep for one's safety: beyond one's faculties.--THE DEPTHS, the lowest pitch of humiliation and misery. [Not in A.S.; Skeat makes it Ice. _dp_, from _djupr_, deep.]
DEPURATE, dep'[=u]-r[=a]t, _v.t._ to purify: sometimes to render impure.--_ns._ DEPUR[=A]'TION; DEP'URATOR.--_adj._ DEP'URATORY. [Low L.
_depur[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to purify--L. _de_, and _pur[=a]re_, to purify--_purus_, pure.]
DEPUTE, de-p[=u]t', _v.t._ to appoint or send, as a substitute or agent: to send with a special commission: to make over one's powers to another.--_adj._ in Scotland, appointed deputy (as in _sheriff-depute_--often called simply the _depute_).--_n._ DEPUT[=A]'TION, act of deputing: the person or persons deputed or appointed to transact business for another: persons sent to state a case before a government official.--_v.t._ DEP'UTISE, to appoint as deputy.--_v.i._ to act as such.--_n._ DEP'UTY, one deputed or appointed to act for another: a delegate or representative, or substitute. [Fr.,--L. _deput[=a]re_, to cut off, (late) to select.]
DERACINATE, de-ras'i-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to pluck up by the roots. [Fr.
_deraciner_--L. _de_, and _radix_, _rad[)i]cis_, a root.]
DERAIL, de-r[=a]l', _v.t._ to cause to leave the rails.--_n._ DERAIL'MENT.
DERAIN, de-r[=a]n', _v.t._ to prove: to justify: to win by fighting: to prepare for battle: to arrange in order of battle.--Also DERAIGN', DARRAIN', DARRAYNE'. [O. Fr. _derainier_, _desraisnier_--Late L.
_deration[=a]re_, to vindicate--L. _de_ or _dis_, and _ration[=a]re_, to discourse; _ratio_, reason.]
DERANGE, de-r[=a]nj', _v.t._ to put out of place or order: to disorder.--_p.adj._ DERANGED', disordered: insane.--_n._ DERANGE'MENT, disorder; insanity. [Fr. _deranger_--_de_ (L. _dis_), asunder, and _ranger_, to rank.]
DERAY, de-r[=a]', _v.t._ to derange.--_v.i._ to go wild.--_n._ tumult, disorder. [O. Fr. _desreer_--_des_, neg., and _rei_, _roi_, order. See ARRAY.]
DERBEND, der'bend, _n._ a wayside Turkish guardhouse.
DERBY, dar'bi, _n._ a great horse-race held annually on the Derby Day, on the Wednesday before Whitsuntide, on Epsom Downs, near London, so called from the Derby stakes, instituted by the Earl of _Derby_ in 1780; a rounded felt hat with narrow brim.--_ns._ DER'BYSHIRE-NECK, a form of the disease _goitre_, occurring in Derbyshire; DER'BYSHIRE-SPAR, a fluorspar found in Derbyshire.
DER-DOING, der-d[=oo]'ing, _adj._ (_Spens._) doing daring deeds. [See DERRING-DOE.]
DERELICT, der'e-likt, _adj._ forsaken: abandoned.--_n._ anything forsaken or abandoned.--_n._ DERELIC'TION, act of forsaking, unfaithfulness or remissness: state of being abandoned: land gained from the water by a change of water-line. [L. _derelinqu[)e]re_, _-lictum_,--_de_, inten., and _linqu[)e]re_, to leave.]
DERELIGIONISE, d[=e]-r[=e]-lij'on-[=i]z, _v.t._ to make irreligious.
DERIDE, de-r[=i]d', _v.t._ to laugh at: to mock.--_n._ DERID'ER.--_adj._ DERID'INGLY. [L. _derid[=e]re_--_de_, inten., and _rid[=e]re_, to laugh.]
DERISION, de-rizh'un, _n._ act of deriding: mockery: a laughing-stock.--_adjs._ DER[=I]'SIVE, DER[=I]S'ORY, mocking.--_adv._ DER[=I]'SIVELY.--_n._ DER[=I]'SIVENESS.
DERIVE, de-r[=i]v', _v.t._ to draw from, as water from a river; to take or receive from a source or origin: to infer: (_ety._) to trace a word to its root.--_adj._ DER[=I]V'ABLE.--_adv._ DER[=I]V'ABLY.--_adj._ DER'IVATE, derived.--_n._ a derivative.--_n._ DERIV[=A]'TION, act of deriving: a drawing off or from: the tracing of a word to its original root: that which is derived: descent or evolution of man or animals.--_adj._ DERIV[=A]'TIONAL.--_n._ DERIV[=A]'TIONIST.--_adj._ DERIV'ATIVE, derived or taken from something else: not radical or original.--_n._ that which is derived: a word formed from another word.--_adv._ DERIV'ATIVELY. [O. Fr.
_deriver_--L. _deriv[=a]re_--_de_, down from, _rivus_, a river.]
DERM, d[.e]rm, _n._ the skin--also DER'MA, DER'MIS.--_adjs._ DER'MAL, DER'MIC, DERMAT'IC, pertaining to the skin: consisting of skin.--_n._ DERMATOG'RAPHY, anatomical description of the skin--also DERMOG'RAPHY.--_adjs._ DER'MATOID, of the form of skin: skin-like; DERMATOLOG'ICAL.--_ns._ DERMATOL'OGIST; DERMATOL'OGY, the branch of physiology which treats of the skin; DER'MATOPHYTE, a parasitic fungus on the skin; DER'MATOSKEL'ETON, the bony integument of many reptiles, insects, and crustaceans--also DERMOSKEL'ETON.--_adj._ DERMOGAS'TRIC, connecting the skin and the stomach. [Gr. _derma_, _dermatos_, the skin--_derein_, to flay.]
DERN, d[.e]rn, _adj._ secret: hidden: (_Shak._) dreadful--also DEARN.--_adjs._ DERN'FUL, DEARN'FUL, solitary: mournful.--_advs._ DERN'LY, DEARN'LY, secretly: sorrowfully: grievously. [M. E. _dern_, _daerne_--A.S.
_dyrne_, _derne_, secret.]
DEROGATE, der'o-g[=a]t, _v.i._ to lessen by taking away: to detract.--_adj._ (_Shak._) degenerate.--_adv._ DER'OG[=A]TELY (_Shak._), in a derogatory manner.--_n._ DEROG[=A]'TION, a taking from: detraction: depreciation.--_adv._ DEROG'ATORILY.--_n._ DEROG'ATORINESS.--_adj._ DEROG'ATORY, detracting: injurious. [L. _derog[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to repeal part of a law--_de_, down from, and _rog[=a]re_, to propose a law.]
DERRICK, der'ik, _n._ an apparatus for lifting weights, closely resembling a crane.--FLOATING DERRICK, a derrick mounted on a special boat: a beam supported at an angle between the perpendicular and horizontal, with tackle for raising heavy weights. [From _Derrick_, the name of a hangman in the early part of the 17th century.]