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DEMOCRACY, de-mok'ra-si, _n._ a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people collectively, and is administered by them or by officers appointed by them: the people, esp. the common people in the United States, the democratic party--also DEMOC'RATY (_Milt._).--_n._ DEM'OCRAT, one who adheres to or promotes democracy as a principle: a member of the democratic party in the United States, who preserve carefully the local liberties of states and of individuals, opposing national centralisation, and supporting a wide franchise, low tariff duties for the interests of the revenue rather than protection, and a limited public expenditure.--_adjs._ DEMOCRAT'IC, -AL, relating to democracy: insisting on equal rights and privileges for all.--_adv._ DEMOCRAT'ICALLY.--_adj._ DEMOCRATIF[=I]'ABLE, capable of being made democratic.--_v.t._ DEMOCRATISE', to render democratic.--_n._ DEMOC'RATIST, a democrat. [O.

Fr.,--Gr. _d[=e]mokratia_--_d[=e]mos_, the people, and _kratein_, to rule--_kratos_, strength.]

DEMOGORGON, d[=e]-mo-gor'gon, _n._ a mysterious deity or diabolical magician first mentioned about 450 A.D., and regarded as an object of terror. [Gr. _daim[=o]n_, deity, _gorgos_, terrible.]

DEMOGRAPHY, d[=e]-mog'ra-fi, _n._ vital and social statistics, as applied to the study of nations and races.--_n._ DEMOG'RAPHER.--_adj._ DEMOGRAPH'IC. [Gr. _d[=e]mos_, the people, _graphein_, to write.]

DEMOISELLE, dem-wa-zel', _n._ (_Shak._) a young lady: a crane-like bird of peculiarly graceful form. [Fr. See DAMSEL.]

DEMOLISH, de-mol'ish, _v.t._ to destroy, lay in ruins, to ruin.--_n._ DEMOLI'TION, act of pulling down: ruin. [Fr. _demolir_--L. _demol[=i]ri_, to throw down--_de_, down, and _mol[=i]ri_, to build--_moles_, a heap.]

DEMOLOGY, de-mol'o-j[=i], _n._ same as DEMOGRAPHY: the theory of the origin and development of nations. [Gr. _d[=e]mos_, the people, _logia_, a discourse.]

DEMON, d[=e]'mon, _n._ an evil spirit, a devil: sometimes like DaeMON, a friendly spirit or good genius:--_fem._ D[=E]'MONESS.--_adjs._ DEM[=O]'NIAC, DEM[=O]N[=I]'ACAL, pertaining to or like demons or evil spirits: influenced by demons.--_ns._ DEM[=O]'NIAC, a human being possessed by a demon or evil spirit.--_adv._ DEMON[=I]'ACALLY.--_n._ DEMON[=I]'ACISM, state of being a demoniac.--_adj._ DEM[=O]'NIAN (_Milt._).--_ns._ DEM[=O]'NIANISM, DEM[=O]'NIASM, possession by a demon.--_v.t._ D[=E]'MONISE, to convert into a demon: to control or possess by a demon.--_ns._ D[=E]'MONISM, a belief in demons; D[=E]'MONIST, a believer in demons; DEMONOC'RACY, the power of demons; DEMONOL'ATRY, the worship of demons; DEMONOL'ATER, one who worships such; DEMONOLOGY, an account of, or the study of, demons and their agency.--_adjs._ DEMONOLOG'IC, -AL.--_ns._ DEMONOL'OGIST, a writer on demonology; DEMONOM[=A]'NIA, a form of mania in which the subject believes himself possessed by devils; DEMON'OMY, the dominion of demons; D[=E]'MONRY, demoniacal influence. [L. _daemon_--Gr.

_daim[=o]n_, a spirit, genius; in N. T. and Late Greek, a devil.]

DEMONETISE, d[=e]-mon'e-t[=i]z, _n._ to divest of value as money.--_n._ DEMONETIS[=A]'TION.

DEMONSTRATE, de-mon'str[=a]t, _v.t._ to show or point out clearly: to prove with certainty.--_adj._ DEMON'STRABLE, that may be demonstrated.--_ns._ DEMON'STRABLENESS, DEMONSTRABIL'ITY.--_adv._ DEMON'STRABLY.--_ns._ DEMONSTR[=A]'TION, a pointing out: proof beyond doubt: expression of the feelings by outward signs: expression of sympathy with political or social opinions, with a man or body of men, by a mass-meeting, a procession, &c.: show: a movement of troops or ships to exhibit military intention, or in war to deceive the enemy.--_adj._ DEMON'STRATIVE, making evident: proving with certainty: of the nature of proof: given to the manifestation of one's feelings.--_adv._ DEMON'STRATIVELY.--_ns._ DEMON'STRATIVENESS; DEM'ONSTRATOR, one who proves beyond doubt: one who teaches: (_anat._) one who teaches anatomy from the dissected parts.--_adj._ DEMON'STRATORY, demonstrative. [L. _demonstr[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, inten., and _monstr[=a]re_, to show.]

DEMORALISE, de-mor'al-[=i]z, _v.t._ to corrupt in morals: to lower the _morale_--that is, to deprive of spirit and confidence: to throw into confusion.--_n._ DEMORALIS[=A]'TION, act of demoralising: corruption or subversion of morals.--_p.adj._ DEMORAL[=I]S'ING.

DEMOS, d[=e]'mos, _n._ the people, esp. the lower classes.--_adj._ DEMOT'IC, pertaining to the people: popular: in Egypt. ant., of a kind of writing distinguished from the hieratic, or priestly, and from hieroglyphics. [Gr.]

DEMOSTHENIC, de-mos-then'ik, _adj._ of or like _Demosthenes_, the Athenian orator: eloquent.

DEMPSTER. Same as DEEMSTER (q.v. under DEEM).

DEMPT, demt (_Spens._). _Pa.p._ of DEEM.

DEMULCENT, de-mul'sent, _adj._ soothing. [L. _demulcent-em_--_de_, and _mulc[=e]re_, to stroke, to soothe.]

DEMUR, de-mur', _v.i._ to hesitate from uncertainty or before difficulty: to object:--_pr.p._ demur'ring; _pa.p._ demurred'.--_n._ a stop: pause, hesitation.--_adj._ DEMUR'RABLE.--_ns._ DEMUR'RAGE, an allowance made for undue delay or detention of a vessel in port: compensation paid by the freighter to the owner of the same: allowance for undue detention of railway-wagons, &c.; DEMUR'RER, one who demurs: (_law_) a plea in law that, even if the opponent's facts are as he says, they yet do not support his case. [Fr. _demeurer_--L. _demor[=a]ri_, to loiter, linger--_de_, inten., and _mor[=a]ri_, to delay--_mora_, delay.]

DEMURE, de-m[=u]r', _adj._ sober: staid: modest: affectedly modest: making a show of gravity.--_adv._ DEMURE'LY.--_n._ DEMURE'NESS. [O. Fr. _de (bons) murs_, of good manners--L. _de_, of, _mores_, manners.]

DEMY, de-m[=i]', _n._ a size of paper 22 by 17 in.; in the United States 21 by 16 in. [Fr. _demi_--L. _dimidium_, half--_di_, apart, _medius_, the middle.]

DEMY, de-m[=i]', _n._ a holder of certain scholarships in Magdalen College, Oxford.--_n._ DEMY'SHIP. [Ety. same as above.]

DEN, den, _n._ the hollow lair of a wild beast: a kind of pit, a cave: a haunt of vice or misery: (_coll._) a private retreat for work: (_prov._) a narrow valley.--_v.i._ to retire to a den. [A.S. _denn_, a cave, and _denu_, a valley.]

DEN, den, _n._ (_obs._) for good-e'en, good-even.

DENARY, den'ar-i, _adj._ containing ten.--_n._ the number ten.--_n._ DEN[=A]'RIUS, the chief Roman silver coin under the Republic, divided into ten asses, and worth 9-2/5d. [L. _denarius_--_deni_--_decem_, ten.]

DENATIONALISE, de-nash'un-al-[=i]z, _v.t._ to deprive of national rights.--_n._ DENATIONALIS[=A]'TION.

DENATURALISE, de-nat'[=u]-ral-[=i]z, _v.t._ to make unnatural; to deprive of naturalisation.

DENAY, de-n[=a]', _obs._ form of DENY, DENIAL.

DENDRACHATE, den'dra-k[=a]t, _n._ arborescent agate.--MOSS'-AG'ATE. [Gr.

_dendron_, tree, _achat[=e]s_, agate.]

DENDRIFORM, den'dri-form, _adj._ having the appearance of a tree. [Formed from Gr. _dendron_, a tree, and L. _forma_, form.]

DENDRITE, den'dr[=i]t, _n._ a mineral in which are figures resembling plants.--_adjs._ DENDRIT'IC, -AL, tree-like, arborescent: marked with branching figures like plants. [Gr. _dendrit[=e]s_, of a tree--_dendron_, a tree.]

DENDRODONT, den'dr[=o]-dont, _n._ a fish of extinct fossil genus _Dendrodus_, having teeth of dendritic structure.--_adj._ having such teeth.--_n._ DENDRODEN'TINE, the form of branched dentine seen in compound teeth, produced by the interblending of the dentine, enamel, and cement.

[Gr. _dendron_, a tree, and _odous_, _odontos_, tooth.]

DENDROID, den'droid, _adj._ having the form of a tree. [Gr. _dendron_, a tree, and _eidos_, form.]

DENDROLITE, den'dro-l[=i]t, _n._ a petrified or fossil plant. [Gr.

_dendron_, a tree, and _lithos_, a stone.]

DENDROLOGY, den-drol'o-ji, _n._ a treatise on trees: the natural history of trees.--_adj._ DENDROLOG'ICAL.--_n._ DENDROL'OGIST. [Gr. _dendron_, a tree, and _logia_, a discourse.]

DENDROMETER, d[.e]n-drom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for ascertaining the height of a tree. [Gr. _dendron_, tree, _metron_, measure.]

DENE, d[=e]n, _n._ a small valley.--_n._ DENE'-HOLE, an ancient artificial excavation in the chalk formations of Kent and Essex. [A form of _dean_.

Cf. DEN.]

DENEGATION, d[=e]-ne-g[=a]'shun, _n._ denial. [L. _deneg[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to deny--_de_, inten., and _neg[=a]re_, to deny.]

DENGUE, deng'g[=a], _n._ an acute tropical epidemic fever, seldom fatal--also _breakbone-fever_, _dandy-fever_. [The Spanish _dengue_, refusing, prudery, from L. _deneg[=a]re_, to deny, seems to have been confused with _dandy-fever_.]

DENIAL, de-n[=i]'al, _n._ act of denying or saying no: contradiction: refusal: rejection.--_adj._ DEN[=I]'ABLE, that may be denied.--_n._ DEN[=I]'ER, one who denies.

DENIER, de-n[=e]r', _n._ (_Shak._) an old small French silver coin: also later, a copper coin of the value of 1/12 sou--hence a very trifling sum.

[Fr.,--L. _denarius_.]

DENIGRATION, de-ni-gr[=a]'shun, _n._ a making or becoming black--esp. the blackening of a man's character.--_v.t._ DEN'IGRATE (_obs._). [L. _de_, inten., _nigr[=a]re_, to blacken, _niger_, black.]

DENIM, den'im, _n._ coloured twilled cotton goods for overalls, &c.

DENITRATE, d[=e]-n[=i]'tr[=a]t, _v.t._ to free from nitric acid.--_ns._ DENITR[=A]'TION; DEN[=I]'TRIFICATOR.

DENIZEN, den'i-zn, _n._ an inhabitant (human or animal): one admitted to the rights of a citizen.--_v.t._ to make a denizen of: to provide with occupants.--_v.i._ to inhabit.--_ns._ DENIZ[=A]'TION, act of making one a citizen; DEN'IZENSHIP. [O. Fr. _deinzein_--_deinz_, _dens_ (Fr. _dans_), within--L. _de intus_, from within.]

DENNET, den'et, _n._ a light gig.

DENOMINATE, d[=e]-nom'in-[=a]t, _v.t._ to give a name to: to call.--_adj._ DENOM'INABLE.--_n._ DENOMIN[=A]'TION, the act of naming: a name or title: a collection of individuals called by the same name: a sect.--_adj._ DENOMIN[=A]'TIONAL, belonging to a denomination or sect.--_n._ DENOMIN[=A]'TIONALISM, a denominational or class spirit or policy: devotion to the interests of a sect.--_adj._ DENOM'INATIVE, giving or having a title.--_adv._ DENOM'INATIVELY.--_n._ DENOM'INATOR, he who, or that which, gives a name: (_arith._) the lower number in a vulgar fraction, which names the parts into which the integer is divided. [L. _de_, and _nomin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to name--_nomen_, a name.]

DENOTE, d[=e]-n[=o]t', _v.t._ to note or mark off: to indicate by a sign: to signify or mean: (_log._) to indicate the objects comprehended in a class.--_adj._ DEN[=O]'TABLE.--_n._ DENOT[=A]'TION, that which a word names or indicates, in contradistinction to that which it _connotes_ or signifies.--_adj._ DEN[=O]'TATIVE.--_adv._ DEN[=O]'TATIVELY.--_n._ DEN[=O]TE'MENT (_Shak._), a sign or indication. [Fr.,--L. _denot[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, inten., and _not[=a]re_, to mark--_nota_, a mark or sign.]

DeNOUEMENT, d[=a]-n[=oo]'mong, _n._ the unravelling of a plot or story: the issue, event, or outcome. [Fr. _denouement_ or _denoument_; _denouer_, to untie--_de_, neg., and _nouer_, to tie--L. _nodus_, a knot.]

DENOUNCE, de-nowns', _v.t._ to inform against or accuse publicly: (_U.S._) to claim the right of working a mine, as being abandoned or insufficiently worked.--_ns._ DENOUNCE'MENT (same as DENUNCIATION); DENOUNC'ER. [Fr.

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