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DEBONAIR, deb-o-n[=a]r', _adj._ of good appearance and manners: elegant: courteous: gay.--_adv._ DEBONAIR'LY.--_n._ DEBONAIR'NESS. [Fr. _de_, of, _bon_, good, _air_, appearance, manner.]

DEBOSH, de-bosh', an old form of _debauch_.

DEBOUCH, de-b[=oo]sh', _v.i._ to march out from a narrow pass or confined place.--_ns._ DEBOUCH'MENT, the act of debouching; DEBOUCHURE', the mouth of a river or strait. [Fr. _deboucher_--_de_, from, _bouche_, the mouth--L.

_bucca_, the cheek.]

DeBOUCHe, de-boo-sh[=a]', _n._ an opening, a passage: a market. [Fr.]

DEBRIS, de-br[=e]', _n.sing._ and _pl._ rubbish: ruins: a mass of rocky fragments. [Fr., from _briser_, akin to _bruise_.]

DEBRUISED, de-br[=oo]zd', _p.adj._ (_her._) surmounted or partly covered by one of the ordinaries. [O. Fr. _debrusier_--_de_, apart, _brusier_, to break.]

DEBT, det, _n._ what one owes to another: what one becomes liable to do or suffer: a state of obligation or indebtedness: a duty: (_B._) a sin.--_p.adj._ DEBT'ED (_Shak._), indebted, obliged to.--_ns._ DEBT'EE, a creditor; DEBT'OR, one who owes a debt: the side of an account on which debts are charged.--DEBT OF HONOUR, a debt not recognised by law, but binding in honour--esp. gambling and betting debts; DEBT OF NATURE, death.--ACTIVE DEBT, a debt due to one, as opposed to _Passive debt_, a debt one owes; FLOATING DEBT, miscellaneous public debt, like exchequer and treasury bills, as opposed to _Funded debt_, that which has been converted into perpetual annuities like consols in Britain.--IN ONE'S DEBT, under a pecuniary obligation to one. [O. Fr. _dette_--L. _debitum_, _deb[=e]re_, to owe.]

DeBUT, de-bu' (_u_ sounded as in Scot. _gude_), _n._ a beginning or first attempt: a first appearance before the public, as of an actor, &c.--_n._ DeBUTANT', one who makes his first appearance before the public:--_fem._ DeBUTANTE'. [Fr. _debut_, a first stroke--_debuter_--_de_, from, _but_, aim, mark.]

DECACHORD, dek'a-kord, _n._ an ancient musical instrument with ten strings: anything having ten parts. [Gr. _dekachordos_--_deka_, ten, and _chord[=e]_, a string.]

DECACUMINATED, d[=e]-ka-k[=u]'mi-n[=a]-ted, _adj._ having the top cut off.

DECADE, dek'[=a]d, DECAD, dek'ad, _n._ a group of ten, esp. a series of ten years.--_adj._ DEC'ADAL. [Fr. _decade_--Gr. _dekas_--_deka_, ten.]

DECADENCE, dek'a-dens, or de-k[=a]'-, DEC'ADENCY (or de-k[=a]'-), _n._ state of decay: a term for a school in modern French literature not distinguished for vigour or originality.--_adj._ DEC'ADENT (or de-k[=a]'-), decaying.--_n._ something decaying or decayed. [Fr.,--Low L. _decadentia_, from L. _de_, down--_cad[)e]re_, to fall.]

DECAGON, dek'a-gon, _n._ a plane figure of ten angles and sides.--_adj._ DECAG'ONAL. [Gr. _deka_, and _g[=o]nia_, an angle.]

DECAGRAMME, DECAGRAM, dek'a-gram, _n._ a weight of ten grammes, equal to 0.353 oz. [Fr.,--Gr. _deka_, ten, and _gramma_, a weight; L. _granum_, a grain.]

DECAGYNIA, dek-a-jin'i-a, _n._ a class of plants in the Linnaean system having ten pistils.--_adjs._ DECAGYN'IAN, DECAG'YNOUS. [Gr. _deka_, ten, _gyn[=e]_, a woman.]

DECAHEDRON, dek-a-h[=e]'dron, _n._ a solid figure having ten faces.--_adj._ DECAH[=E]'DRAL. [Gr. _deka_, and _hedra_, a seat.]

DECALCIFY, de-kal'si-f[=i], _v.i._ to deprive of lime: to take the calcareous matter out of bones, teeth, &c.--_n._ DECALCIFIC[=A]'TION. [L.

_de_, away from, _calx_, _calcis_, lime, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

DECALCOMANIA, d[=e]-kal-k[=o]-m[=a]'ni-a, _n._ the process of transferring pictures to marble, glass, wood, &c. [Fr.]

DECALITRE, dek'a-l[=e]t-[.e]r, _n._ a French measure, ten litres: equal to 2 imperial gallons. [Fr.,--Gr. _deka_, ten, and _litra_, a pound.]

DECALOGUE, dek'a-log, _n._ the ten commandments.--_n._ DECAL'OGIST. [Gr.

_deka_, ten, _logos_, a discourse.]

DECAMERON, de-kam'e-ron, _n._ Boccaccio's hundred tales, supposed to be told in ten days.--_adj._ DECAMERON'IC. [From Gr. _deka_, ten, _h[=e]mera_, a day.]

DECAMETRE, dek'a-m[=e]t-[.e]r, _n._ a French measure of ten metres, or 32.8 feet. [Fr. _decametre_--Gr. _deka_, ten, _metron_, a measure. See METRE.]

DECAMP, de-kamp', _v.i._ to go away, esp. secretly.--_n._ DECAMP'MENT. [Fr.


DECANAL, dek'an-al, _adj._ pertaining to a dean or deanery.

DECANDRIA, de-kan'dri-a, _n._ a class of plants in the Linnaean system having ten stamens.--_adjs._ DECAN'DRIAN, DECAN'DROUS. [Gr. _deka_, ten, and _an[=e]r_, _andros_, a man.]

DECANGULAR, dek-ang'g[=u]-lar, _adj._ having ten angles. [Gr. _deka_, ten, and L. _angulus_, an angle.]

DECANT, de-kant', _v.t._ to pour off, leaving sediment: to pour from one vessel into another.--_ns._ DECANT[=A]'TION; DECANT'ER, an ornamental bottle for holding decanted liquor. [Fr. _decanter_ (It.

_decantare_)--_de_, from, and Low L. _cantus_, a side or corner.]

DECAPHYLLOUS, dek-a-fil'us, _adj._ having ten leaves. [Gr. _deka_, ten, _phyllon_, a leaf.]

DECAPITATE, de-kap'i-t[=a]t, _v.t._ to take the head from: to behead.--_n._ DECAPIT[=A]'TION. [Low L. _decapit[=a]re_--L. _de_, from, and _caput_, _capitis_, the head.]

DECAPOD, dek'a-pod, _n._ one of the shellfish which have ten feet or claws, as the crab.--_adjs._ DECA'PODAL, DECA'PODOUS. [Gr. _deka_, ten, and _pous_, _podos_, a foot.]

DECARBONATE, de-kar'bon-[=a]t, _v.t._ to deprive of carbon--also DECAR'BONISE, DECAR'BURISE.--_ns._ DECARBONIS[=A]'TION, DECARBURIS[=A]'TION. [_De_, from, _carbon_.]

DECASTICH, dek'a-stik, _n._ a poem of ten lines. [Gr. _deka_, ten, and _stichos_, a row, a verse.]

DECASTYLE, dek'a-st[=i]l, _n._ a portico with ten columns in front. [Gr.

_deka_, ten, _stylos_, a column.]

DECASYLLABIC, dek-a-sil-ab'ik, _adj._ having ten syllables. [Gr. _deka_, ten, _syllab[=e]_, a syllable.]

DECAUDATE, de-kaw'd[=a]t, _v.t._ to cut off the tail of. [L. _de_, and _cauda_, tail.]

DECAY, d[=e]-k[=a]', _v.i._ to fall away from a state of health or excellence: to waste away.--_v.t._ to cause to waste away: to impair.--_n._ a falling into a worse or less perfect state: a passing away: loss of fortune: (_obs._) misfortune.--_p.adj._ DECAYED', reduced in circumstances.--_n._ DECAYED'NESS. [O. Fr. _decair_--L. _de_, from _cad[)e]re_, to fall.]

DECEASE, d[=e]-s[=e]s', _n._ death.--_v.i._ to die.--_p.adj._ DECEASED', dead. [O. Fr. _deces_ (Fr. _deces_)--L. _decessus_--_de_, away, _ced[)e]re_, _cessum_, to go.]

DECEIT, de-s[=e]t', _n._ act of deceiving: anything intended to mislead another: fraud: falseness.--_adj._ DECEIT'FUL, full of deceit: disposed or tending to deceive: insincere.--_adv._ DECEIT'FULLY.--_n._ DECEIT'FULNESS.

[O. Fr., from L. _decip[)e]re_, _deceptum_, to deceive.]

DECEIVE, de-s[=e]v', _v.t._ to mislead or cause to err: to cheat: to disappoint.--_adj._ DECEIV'ABLE, that may be deceived: exposed to imposture.--_n._ DECEIV'ABLENESS.--_adj._ DECEIV'ABLY.--_n._ DECEIV'ER.

[Fr. _decevoir_--L. _decip[)e]re_, _deceptum_--_de_, from _cap[)e]re_, to take, catch.]

DECEMBER, de-sem'b[.e]r, _n._ the tenth month among the Romans, who began their year with March: with us, the twelfth month of the year.--_adj._ DECEM'BERLY, wintry, cold.--_n._ DECEM'BRIST, one of those who took part in the Russian conspiracy of December 1825. [L. _decem_, ten.]

DECEMDENTATE, d[=e]-sem-den't[=a]t, _adj._ having ten points or teeth.

DECEMFID, d[=e]-sem'fid, _adj._ divided into ten parts.

DECEMLOCULAR, d[=e]-sem-lok'[=u]-lar, _adj._ ten-celled.

DECEMPEDAL, d[=e]-sem'ped-al, _adj._ having ten feet.

DECEMVIR, de-sem'vir, _n._ one of ten magistrates who at one time had absolute power in ancient Rome:--_pl._ DECEM'VIRS, or (L.) DECEMVIRI (d[=e]-sem'vi-r[=i]).--_adj._ DECEM'VIRAL.--_n._ DECEM'VIR[=A]TE, a body of ten men in office: the term of office of decemvirs. [L. _decem_, ten, and _vir_, a man.]

DECENNARY, de-sen'ar-i, _n._ a period of ten years--also DECENN'IUM.--_adj._ DECENN'IAL, consisting of or happening every ten years.

[L. _decem_, ten, and _annus_, a year.]

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