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CYCLOSIS, s[=i]-kl[=o]'sis, _n._ circulation, as of blood.

CYCLYOLOSTOMOUS, s[=i]-klos't[=o]-mus, _adj._ round-mouthed, as a lamprey.

CYCLOSTYLE, s[=i]'klo-st[=i]l, _n._ an apparatus for multiplying copies of a writing. [Formed from Gr. _kyklos_, circle, and STYLE.]


CYGNET, sig'net, _n._ a young swan. [Acc. to Diez, a dim. of Fr. _cygne_, whose old form _cisne_ (Sp. _cisne_, a swan) is from Low L. _cecinus_, not conn. with L. _cygnus_, Gr. _kyknos_, a swan.]

CYLINDER, sil'in-d[.e]r, _n._ a solid circular or roller-like body, whose ends are equal parallel circles: (_mech._) applied to many cylindrical parts of machines, as any rotating cylindrical portion of a printing-press.--_adjs._ CYLINDR[=A]'CEOUS, somewhat cylindrical; CYLIN'DRIC, -AL, having the form or properties of a cylinder.--_n._ CYLINDRIC'ITY.--_adj._ CYLIN'DRIFORM, in the form of a cylinder.--_n._ CYL'INDROID, a body like a cylinder, but having its base elliptical. [Gr.

_kylindros_, _kylindein_, to roll.]

CYMA, s[=i]'ma, _n._ a moulding of the cornice, an ogee.--_ns._ CYM'AGRAPH, an instrument for tracing the outline of mouldings; CYM[=A]'TIUM, a cyma.

[Gr. _kyma_, a billow.]

CYMAR, si-mar', _n._ a loose light dress worn by ladies. [See CHIMER.]

CYMBAL, sim'bal, _n._ a hollow brass, basin-like, musical instrument, beaten together in pairs.--_ns._ CYM'BALIST, a cymbal-player; CYM'BALO, the dulcimer.--_adj._ CYM'BIFORM, boat-shaped. [L. _cymbalum_--Gr.

_kymbanon_--_kymb[=e]_, the hollow of a vessel.]

CYME, s[=i]m, _n._ a young shoot: (_bot._) term applied to all forms of inflorescence which are definite or centrifugal.--_adjs._ CYM'OID, CYM'OSE, CYM'OUS. [L. _cyma_--Gr. _kyma_, a sprout.]

CYMOPHANE, s[=i]'m[=o]-f[=a]n, _n._ chrysoberyl.--_adj._ CYMOPH'ANOUS, opalescent. [Formed from Gr. _kyma_, wave, _phainein_, to show.]

CYMRIC, kim'rik, _adj._ Welsh.--_n._ CYM'RY, the Welsh, [W. _Cymru_, Wales.]

CYNANCHE, si-nang'k[=e], _n._ a name of various diseases of the throat or windpipe, esp. quinsy. [Gr., _ky[=o]n_, a dog, _anchein_, to throttle.]

CYNIC, -AL, sin'ik, -al, _adj._ dog-like: surly: snarling: austere; misanthropic.--_ns._ CYNAN'THROPY, lycanthropy; CYN'IC, one of a sect of philosophers founded by Antisthenes of Athens (born c. 444 B.C.), characterised by an ostentatious contempt for riches, arts, science, and amusements--so called from their morose manners: a morose man: a snarler; CYN'ICISM, surliness: contempt for human nature: heartlessness, misanthropy.--_adv._ CYN'ICALLY.--_n._ CYN'ICALNESS. [Gr. _kynikos_, dog-like--_ky[=o]n_, _kynos_, a dog; cf. L. _can-is_.]

CYNOCEPHALUS, s[=i]-no-sef'al-us, _n._ the dog-faced baboon: a race of men with dogs' heads. [Gr. _ky[=o]n_, _kynos_, dog, _kephal[=e]_, head.]

CYNOSURE, sin'o-sh[=oo]r, or s[=i]', _n._ the dog's tail, a constellation (_Ursa minor_) containing the north-star; hence anything that strongly attracts attention or admiration. [Gr. _ky[=o]n_, _kynos_, a dog, _oura_, a tail.]

CYPERUS, sip-[=e]'rus, _n._ a tropical genus of _Cyperaceae_.--_adj._ CYPER[=A]'CEOUS, belonging to, or like, sedge plants. [From Gr. _kypeiros_, sedge.]


CY PRES, s[=e] pr[=a], in the law of charitable trusts in England, the principle of applying the money to some object _as near as possible_ to the one specified, when this has become impracticable. [O. Fr.]

CYPRESS, s[=i]'pres, _n._ an evergreen tree whose branches used to be carried at funerals; hence a symbol of death.--_adj._ CYP'RINE. [O. Fr.

_cipres_ (Fr. _cypres_)--L. _cupressus_--Gr. _kyparissos_.]

CYPRIAN, sip'ri-an, _adj._ belonging to the island of _Cyprus_: lewd, licentious--Cyprus being the place where Venus was worshipped.--_n._ a native of Cyprus--also CYP'RIOT: a lewd woman.

CYPRUS, s[=i]'prus, _n._ a thin, transparent, black stuff, a kind of crape.--_n._ CY'PRUS-LAWN (_Milt._). [Prob. named from the island of _Cyprus_.]

CYRENAIC, s[=i]-rin-[=a]'ik, _adj._ pertaining to _Cyrene_, or to the hedonism of its philosopher Aristippus, a pupil of Socrates.

CYRILLIC, sir-il'ik, _adj._ pertaining to the alphabet attributed to St _Cyril_ (9th cent.), distinguished from the other Slavonic alphabet, the Glagolitic.

CYST, sist, _n._ a bag in animal bodies containing morbid matter.--_adjs._ CYST'IC, CYST'IFORM, CYSTOID', having the form of, or contained in, a cyst or bag.--_ns._ CYS'TICLE, a small cyst; CYST[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the bladder; CYS'TOCELE, a hernia formed by the protrusion of the bladder; CYST[=O]'MA, a tumour containing cysts; CYSTOT'OMY, the operation of cutting into the bladder to remove extraneous matter. [Low L. _cystis_--Gr.

_kystis_, a bladder.]

CYTHEREAN, sith-e-r[=e]'an, _adj._ pertaining to Venus. [L.

_Cythereus_--_Cythera_, an island in the aegean Sea (now _Cerigo_), celebrated for the worship of Venus.]

CYTISUS, sit'i-sus, _n._ a group of hardy leguminous shrubby plants, with yellow, white, or purple flowers, chiefly in the warmer temperate parts of the Old World. [Gr. _kytisos_.]

CYTOBLAST, s[=i]'to-blast, _n._ the nucleus or germinal spot of a cellule, from which the organic cell is developed.--_n._ CYTOGEN'ESIS, cell-formation. [Gr. _kytos_, a vessel, _blastanein_, to bud.]

CZAR, TSAR, tsar, or zar, _n._ the emperor of Russia:--_fem._ CZARI'NA, TSARI'NA.--_ns._ CZAR'EVITCH, TSAR-, a son of a czar.--CESAR'EVITCH is the title of the eldest son, and CESAREV'NA, of his wife.--_ns._ CZAREV'NA, TSAREV'NA, a daughter of a czar. [Russ. _tsari_, a king; conn. with Ger.

_kaiser_, ult. from L. _caesar_, a king or emperor.]

CZARDAS, zar'das (Hung. pron. char'dosh), _n._ a Hungarian national dance, consisting of two sections--a slow movement called a _lassu_ or _lassan_, and a quick step, the _friss_ or _friska_.

CZECH, tshek, _n._ a member of the most westerly branch of the Slavic family of races, the term including the Bohemians, or Czechs proper, the Moravians, and the Slovaks: the language of the Czechs, Bohemian, closely allied to Polish.--_adj._, also CZECH'IC.


the fourth letter in our alphabet, as well as in the Phoenician, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, from which last it was immediately derived--its sound the soft dental mute: (_mus._) the second note in the natural scale.

DAB, dab, _v.t._ to strike gently with something soft or moist, to smear:--_pr.p._ dab'bing; _pa.p._ dabbed.--_n._ a gentle blow: a small lump of anything soft or moist: a species of flounder of light-brown colour, with small dark spots and rough, close-set scales.--_ns._ DAB'BER, a sort of pad for dabbing ink on engraved wood blocks or plates; DAB'CHICK, a small water-fowl, a kind of grebe. [First about 1300; cf. Old Dut.

_dabben_, to pinch; Ger. _tappe_, a pat. Confused with DAUB and TAP.]

DAB, dab, _n._ an expert person.--_n._ DAB'STER (_coll._). [Prob. a corr.

of ADEPT.]

DABBLE, dab'l, _v.t._ to spatter with moisture.--_v.i._ to play in water with hands or feet: to do anything in a trifling way.--_n._ DABB'LER, one who does things superficially.--_adv._ DABB'LINGLY. [Freq. of DAB.]

DA CAPO, da ka'p[=o], a term in music, frequently placed at the end of a movement, indicating that the performer must return to the beginning of the music--usually written _D.C._ [It., 'from the beginning'--L. _de_, from, _caput_, head.]

DACE, d[=a]s, DARE, d[=a]r, DART, dart, _n._ a small river fish of the carp family, and of the same genus as the roach, chub, minnow, &c. [M. E.

_darce_--O. Fr. _dars_--Low L. _dardus_, a dart or javelin--of Teut.

origin. So called from its quickness.]

DACHSHUND, daks'hoond, _n._ a badger-dog. [Ger. _dachs_, a badger, _hund_, dog.]

DACKER, dak'[.e]r, DAKER, d[=a]'k[.e]r, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to lounge, saunter.--Also DAIK'ER.

DACOIT, da-koit', _n._ one of a gang of robbers in India and Burma--also DAKOIT'.--_ns._ DACOIT'Y, DACOIT'AGE, robbery by gang-robbers, brigandage.

[Hind. _d[=a]k[=a][=i]t_, a robber.]

DACRYOMA, dak-ri-[=o]'ma, _n._ stoppage of the tear duct. [Formed from Gr.

_dakry_, a tear.]

DACTYL, dak'til, _n._ in Latin and Greek poetry, a foot of three syllables, one long followed by two short, so called from its likeness to the joints of a finger; in English, a foot of three syllables, with the first accented, as _mer_'rily, _vi_'olate.--_adjs._ DAC'TYLAR, DACTYL'IC, relating to or consisting chiefly of dactyls.--_ns._ DACTYL'IOMANCY, divination by means of a finger-ring; DAC'TYLIST; DACTYLOG'RAPHY, the science of finger-rings; DACTYLOL'OGY, the art of talking with the fingers, like the deaf and dumb. [L. _dactylus_--Gr. _daktylos_, a finger.]

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