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CRICK, krik, _n._ a spasm or cramp of the muscles, esp. of the neck. [Prob.


CRICKET, krik'et, _n._ a saltatory, orthopterous insect, allied to grasshoppers and locusts. [O. Fr. _criquet_; cf. Dut. _krekel_, Ger.


CRICKET, krik'et, _n._ an outdoor game played with bats, a ball, and wickets, between two sides of eleven each.--_v.i._ to play at cricket.--_ns._ CRICK'ETER, one who plays at cricket; CRICK'ET-MATCH, a match at cricket. [Fr. _criquet_; further ety. dub. Not the A.S. _crycc_, a stick.]

CRICKET, krik'et, _n._ (_Scot._) a low stool.

CRICOID, kr[=i]'koid, _adj._ (_anat._) ring-shaped. [Gr. _krikos_, a ring, and _eidos_, form.]

CRIED, kr[=i]d, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of CRY.--_n._ CR[=I]'ER, one who cries or proclaims, esp. an officer whose duty is to make public proclamations.--CRIED DOWN, or _Decried_, denounced, belittled; CRIED UP, extolled.

CRIME, kr[=i]m, _n._ a violation of law: an act punishable by law: offence: sin.--_adjs._ CRIME'FUL, criminal; CRIME'LESS, without crime, innocent; CRIMINAL (krim'-), relating to crime: guilty of crime: violating laws.--_n._ one guilty of crime.--_ns._ CRIM'INALIST, one versed in criminal law; CRIMINAL'ITY, guiltiness.--_adv._ CRIM'INALLY.--_v.t._ CRIM'IN[=A]TE, to accuse.--_n._ CRIMIN[=A]'TION, act of criminating: accusation.--_adjs._ CRIM'IN[=A]TIVE, CRIM'IN[=A]TORY, involving crimination or accusation.--_ns._ CRIMINOL'OGIST; CRIMINOL'OGY, that branch of anthropology which treats of crime and criminals.--_adj._ CRIM'INOUS, criminal--now chiefly in the phrase 'a criminous clerk.'--_n._ CRIM'INOUSNESS.--CRIMINAL CONVERSATION, often CRIM. CON., adultery.

[Fr.,--L. _crimen_.]

CRIMINE, CRIMINI, krim'i-ne, _interj._ an ejaculation of surprise or impatience.

CRIMP, krimp, _adj._ made crisp or brittle.--_v.t._ to wrinkle: to plait: to make crisp: to seize or decoy sailors or soldiers.--_n._ one who presses or decoys.--_ns._ CRIMP'AGE, act of crimping; CRIMP'ER, one who or that which crimps or corrugates; CRIMP'ING-[=I]'RON, an iron instrument used for crimping hair; CRIMP'ING-MACHINE', a machine for forming crimps or plaits on ruffles.--_v.t._ CRIMP'LE, to contract or draw together: to plait: to curl. [A dim. of _cramp_; Dut. _krimpen_, to shrink.]

CRIMSON, krim'zn, _n._ a deep red colour, tinged with blue: red in general.--_adj._ deep red.--_v.t._ to dye crimson.--_v.i._ to become crimson: to blush. [M. E. _crimosin_--O. Fr. _cramoisin_; from Ar.

_qermazi_, the cochineal insect, from which it is made.]

CRINAL, kr[=i]'nal, _adj._ of or belonging to the hair.--_adjs._ CRIN'ATE, -D, having hair; CRINICUL'TURAL, relating to the culture or growth of the hair; CRINIG'EROUS, hairy; CR[=I]'NITE, hairy: (_bot._) resembling a tuft of hair. [L. _crinalis_--_crinis_, the hair.]

CRINE, kr[=i]n, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to shrink or shrivel. [Gael. _cron_, dry.]

CRINGE, krinj, _v.i._ to bend or crouch with servility: to submit: to fawn: to flatter with mean servility.--_n._ a servile obeisance.--_ns._ CRINGE'LING, CRIN'GER, one who cringes.--_adv._ CRIN'GINGLY, in an obsequious manner. [Related to A.S. _crincan_, _cringan_, to shrink. Cf.

CRANK, weak.]

CRINGLE, kring'gl, _n._ a small piece of rope worked into the bolt-rope of a sail, and containing a metal ring or thimble. [Teut.; cf. Ger.



CRINKLE, krink'l, _v.t._ to twist, wrinkle, crimp.--_v.i._ to wrinkle up, curl.--_n._ a wrinkle.--_adj._ CRINK'LY, wrinkly.--_n._ and _adj._ CRINK'UM-CRANK'UM, a word applied familiarly to things intricate or crooked.

CRINOIDEA, kr[=i]-noid'[=e]-a, a class of _Echinodermata_, sometimes called feather-stars or sea-lilies, and well known in fossil forms as encrinites or stone-lilies.--_n._ CRI'NITE, a fossil crinoid.--_adjs._ and _ns._ CRINOID', CRINOID'EAN.--_adj._ CRINOID'AL. [Gr.

_krinon_, a lily, and _eidos_, form.]

CRINOLINE, krin'o-lin, _n._ a name originally given by the French _modistes_ to a stiff fabric of horse-hair, employed to distend women's attire: a hooped petticoat or skirt made to project all round by means of steel-wire: a netting round ships as a guard against torpedoes.--_n._ CRIN'OLETTE, a small crinoline causing the dress to project behind only--akin to the _bustle_ and _dress-improver_.--_adj._ CRIN'OLINED. [Fr., _crin_--L. _crinis_, hair, and _lin_--L. _linum_, flax.]

CRINOSE, kr[=i]'n[=o]s, _adj._ hairy. [L. _crinis_, hair.]

CRIO-SPHINX, kr[=i]'[=o]-sfingks, _n._ a ram-headed sphinx. [Gr. _krios_, a ram, _sphingx_, a sphinx.]

CRIPPLE, krip'l, _n._ a lame person.--_adj._ lame.--_v.t._ to make lame: to lame: disable, impair the efficiency of.--_ns._ CRIPP'LEDOM; CRIPP'LING, a prop set up as a support against the side of a building. [A.S. _crypel_; conn. with CREEP.]

CRISIS, kr[=i]'sis, _n._ point or time for deciding anything, the decisive moment or turning-point:--_pl._ CRISES (kr[=i]'s[=e]z). [Gr. _krisis_, from _krinein_, to separate.]

CRISP, krisp, _adj._ curling closely: having a wavy surface: so dry as to be crumbled easily: brittle, or short, as 'crisp cakes,' &c.: fresh and bracing, as 'crisp air:' firm, the opposite of limp or flabby, as a 'crisp style' in writing.--_v.t._ to curl or twist: to make crisp or wavy.--_adjs._ CRIS'P[=A]TE, -D, having a crisped or wavy appearance.--_ns._ CRISP[=A]'TION; CRISP'ATURE, a curling; CRISP'ER, one who or that which crisps; CRISP'ING-[=I]'RON, -PIN, a curling-iron.--_adv._ CRISP'LY.--_n._ CRISP'NESS.--_adj._ CRISP'Y. [A.S.,--L. _crispus_.]

CRISPIN, kris'pin, _n._ a shoemaker, from _Crispin_ of Soissons, the patron saint of shoemakers, martyred 25th October 287.

CRISS-CROSS, kris'-kros, _n._ a mark formed by two lines in the form of a cross, as the signature of a person unable to write his name: a child's game played on a slate, the lines being drawn in the form of a cross.--_v.i._ to intersect frequently.

CRISTATE, kris't[=a]t, _adj._ crested.--_n._ CRIS'TA, a crest.--_adjs._ CRIS'TIFORM; CRISTIM'ANOUS, having crested claws.

CRITERION, kr[=i]-t[=e]'ri-on, _n._ a means or standard of judging: a test: a rule, standard, or canon:--_pl._ CRIT[=E]'RIA. [Gr., from _krit[=e]s_, a judge.]

CRITH, krith, _n._ a chemical unit of mass for gases, the mass of one litre of hydrogen. [Gr. _krith[=e]_, barley.]

CRITHOMANCY, krith'o-man-si, _n._ divination by the meal strewed over the victims of sacrifice. [Gr. _krith[=e]_, barley, and _manteia_, divination.]

CRITIC, krit'ik, _n._ one skilled in estimating the quality of literary or artistic work: a professional reviewer: one skilled in textual or biblical criticism, literature, the fine arts, &c.: a fault-finder.--_adj._ CRIT'ICAL, relating to criticism: discriminating: captious: decisive.--_adv._ CRIT'ICALLY.--_ns._ CRIT'ICALNESS, CRITICAL'ITY; CRIT'ICASTER, CRIT'ICKIN, a petty critic.--_adj._ CRITIC[=I]S'ABLE.--_v.t._ CRIT'ICISE, to pass judgment on: to censure.--_ns._ CRIT'ICISM, the art of judging, esp. in literature or the fine arts: a critical judgment or observation; CRITIQUE (kri-t[=e]k'), a critical examination of any production: a review.--CRITICAL ANGLE, the least angle of incidence at which a ray is totally reflected; CRITICAL PHILOSOPHY, that of Kant as based on a critical examination of the faculty of knowledge; CRITICAL POINT, that temperature below which a substance may, and above which it cannot, be liquefied by pressure alone.--HIGHER or HISTORICAL CRITICISM, as distinguished from _Textual_ or _Verbal criticism_, the inquiry into the composition, date, and authenticity of the books of Scripture, from historical and literary considerations. [Gr. _kritikos_--_krinein_, to judge.]

CROAK, kr[=o]k, _v.i._ to utter a low hoarse sound, as a frog or raven: to grumble: to forebode evil: to utter croakingly: (_slang_) to die.--_n._ the sound of a frog or raven.--_n._ CROAK'ER.--_adv._ CROAK'ILY.--_n._ CROAK'ING.--_adj._ CROAK'Y. [From the sound. Cf. CRAKE, CROW.]

CROAT, kr[=o]'at, _n._ a native of _Croatia_, esp. one serving as a soldier in the Austrian army.

CROCEOUS, kr[=o]'shi-us, _adj._ saffron-coloured.

CROCHE, kr[=o]'she, _n._ one of the buds or knobs at the top of a deer's horn. [Fr.]

CROCHET, kr[=o]'sh[=a], _n._ a kind of handiwork in fancy worsted, cotton, or silk--an extensive system of looping, by means of a small hook.--_v.i._ to do such work. [Fr. _crochet_--_croche_, _croc_, a hook.]

CROCIDOLITE, kro-sid'o-l[=i]t, _n._ a mineral consisting mainly of silicate of iron, in asbestos-like fibres. [From Gr. _krokis_, _-idos_, cloth, and _lithos_, stone.]

CROCK, krok, _n._ a pot or jar.--_n._ CROCK'ERY, earthenware: vessels formed of baked clay. [A.S. _croc_; Ger. _krug_; perh. of Celt. origin, as in W. _crochan_, a pot, Gael. _krogan_, a pitcher.]

CROCK, krok, _n._ dirt, smut.--_v.i._ to dirty.

CROCK, krok, _n._ an old ewe: an old horse. [Cf. Norw. and Sw. _krake_, a poor beast.]

CROCKET, krok'et, _n._ (_archit._) an ornament on the angles of spires, canopies, &c., like curled leaves or flowers.

CROCODILE, krok'o-d[=i]l, _n._ a genus of large amphibious saurian reptiles, including the crocodile of the Nile, and also the alligators and gavials.--_adj._ and _n._ CROCODIL'IAN.--_n._ CROCODIL'ITY, captious arguing.--CROCODILE TEARS, affected tears, hypocritical grief--from the old story that crocodiles (which have large lachrymal glands) shed tears over the hard necessity of killing animals for food. [O. Fr. _cocodrille_--L.

_crocodilus_--Gr. _krokodeilos_, a lizard.]

CROCUS, kr[=o]'kus, _n._ a bulbous plant with brilliant yellow or purple flowers: (_slang_) a quack doctor. [L. _crocus_--Gr. _krokos_; prob. of Eastern origin, as Heb. _karkom_, and Ar. _kurkum_, saffron.]

CROFT, kroft, _n._ a small piece arable land adjoining a dwelling: a kind of small farm.--_ns._ CROFT'ER; CROFT'ING. [A.S. _croft_; perh. cog. with Dut. _kroft_, or with Gael. _croit_.]


CROMA, kr[=o]'ma, _n._ (_mus._) an eighth note, or quaver.--Also CROME.

CROME, kr[=o]m, CROMB, kr[=oo]m, _n._ a hook or crook.--_v.t._ to draw with such. [Cf. Dut. _kram_.]

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