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COUP, kowp, _v.t._ to exchange or barter.--_n._ COUP'ER, a dealer. [Scot., from Ice., _kaupa_, to buy.]

COUP, kowp, _v.t._ to overturn. [Scot.; perh. originally the same word as COPE.]

COUPe, k[=oo]-p[=a], _n._ the front part of a French stagecoach: a four-wheeled carriage seated for two inside, with a separate seat for the driver: the front compartment of a railway carriage.--_adj._ COUPED (_her._), cut evenly off, as the head or limb of an animal. [Fr. _couper_, to cut.]

COUPEE, koo-p[=e]', _n._ in dancing, a salute to a partner, while resting on one foot and swinging the other backward or forward. [Fr.,--_couper_, to cut.]

COUPLE, kup'l, _n._ that which joins two things together: two of a kind joined together, or connected: two: one pair at a dance: a pair: esp. of married or betrothed persons: (_statics_) a pair of equal forces acting on the same body in opposite and parallel directions.--_v.t._ to join together.--_v.i._ to pair sexually.--_ns._ COUP'LEMENT, union: a couple; COUP'LER, one who or that which couples or unites; COUP'LET, two lines of verse that rhyme with each other; COUP'LING, that which connects, an appliance for transmitting motion in machinery; COUP'LING-BOX, the box or ring of metal connecting the contiguous ends of two lengths of shafts; COUP'LING-PIN, a pin or bolt used in coupling machinery.--_adj._ WELL-COUPLED, of a horse, well formed at the part where the back joins the rump. [O. Fr. _cople_--L. _copula_.]

COUPON, k[=oo]'pong, _n._ a billet, check, or other slip of paper cut off from its counterpart: one of a series of tickets which are vouchers that certain payments will be made or services be performed, at various times or places, in consideration of money paid: a dividend or interest warrant presented for payment by holders of debentures. [Fr.,--_couper_, to cut off.]

COUPURE, koo-p[=u]r', _n._ an entrenchment made by the besieged behind a breach: a passage cut to facilitate sallies. [Fr.,--_couper_, to cut.]

COURAGE, kur'[=a]j, _n._ the quality that enables men to meet dangers without fear: bravery: spirit.--_interj._ take courage!--_adj._ COUR[=A]'GEOUS, full of courage: brave.--_adv._ COUR[=A]'GEOUSLY.--_n._ COUR[=A]'GEOUSNESS.--DUTCH COURAGE, a fictitious courage induced by drinking; PLUCK UP ONE'S COURAGE, to nerve one's self to something daring; THE COURAGE OF ONE'S CONVICTIONS, courage to act up to or consistently with one's opinions. [O. Fr. _corage_ (Fr. _courage_), from L. _cor_, the heart.]

COURANT, k[=oo]-rant', _adj._ (_her._) in a running attitude.--_ns._ COURANTE', COURANT', an old dance with a kind of gliding step. [See CURRENT.]

COURAP, koo-rap', _n._ an itching skin disease, common in India, with eruptions on face, breast, groin, &c.

COURB, k[=oo]rb, _v.i._ (_Shak._) to bend, stoop to supplicate.--_adj._ (_Shak._) bent. [Fr.,--L. _curv[=a]re_, to bend.]

COURBARIL, koor'ba-ril, _n._ gum anime.

COURBETTE. Same as CURVET. [Fr.,--It. _corvetta_.]

COURE, obsolete form of COWER.

COURIER, k[=oo]'ri-[.e]r, _n._ a runner: a messenger: a state messenger: a travelling attendant: a frequent title of newspapers. [Fr.,--L.

_curr[)e]re_, to run.]

COURSE, k[=o]rs, _n._ the act of running: the road or tract on which one runs: the direction pursued: a voyage: a race: regular progress from point to point: habitual method of procedure: a prescribed series, as of lectures, &c.: each of the successive divisions of a meal, as dinner: conduct: a range of bricks or stones on the same level in building: (_naut._) one of the sails bent to a ship's lower yards, as the main-sail, called the _main-course_, the fore-sail or _fore-course_, and the cross-jack or _mizzen-course_: (_pl._) the menses.--_v.t._ to run, chase, or hunt after.--_v.i._ to move with speed, as in a race or hunt.--_ns._ COURS'ER, a runner: a swift horse: one who courses or hunts; COURS'ING, hunting with greyhounds; COURS'ING-JOINT, a joint between two courses of masonry.--IN COURSE, in regular order: (_coll._) of course; OF COURSE, by natural consequence, or by settled rule. [Fr. _cours_--L. _cursus_, from _curr[)e]re_, _cursum_, to run.]

COURT, k[=o]rt, _n._ a space enclosed: a space surrounded by houses: the palace of a sovereign: the body of persons who form his suite or council: attention: civility, as 'to pay court:' (_law_) the hall of justice; the judges and officials who preside there: any body of persons assembled to decide causes, whether civil, military, or ecclesiastical.--_v.t._ to pay attentions to: to woo: to solicit: to seek.--_ns._ COURT'-BAR'ON, the assembly of freehold tenants of a manor under a lord; COURT'-CARD (see COAT-CARD); COURT'-CUP'BOARD (_Shak._), a movable cupboard or sideboard on which plate was displayed; COURT'-DAY, a day on which a judicial court sits; COURT'-DRESS, the special regulation costume worn on state or ceremonious occasions; COURT'-DRESS'ER, a flatterer.--_adj._ COURTEOUS (kurt'yus), of court-like manners: polite: respectful: obliging.--_adv._ COURTEOUSLY (kurt'-).--_ns._ COURTEOUSNESS, (kurt'-); COURT'-FOOL, a fool or jester, formerly kept at court for amusement; COURT'-GUIDE, a guide to, or directory of, the names and residences of the nobility in a town; COURT'-HAND, a modification of the Norman handwriting, as distinguished from the modern or Italian handwriting, in use in the English law-courts from the 16th century to the reign of George II.; COURT'-HOUSE, a building where the law-courts are held; COURT'IER, one who frequents courts or palaces: one who courts or flatters; COURT'IERISM, the behaviour or practices of a courtier.--_adv._ COURT'IERLY.--_ns._ COURT'ING, paying addresses to a woman, wooing; (_Spens._) attendance at court; COURT'-LEET, a court of record held in a manor before the lord or his steward; COURT'LET, a petty court.--_adj._ COURT'-LIKE, courtly: polite.--_ns._ COURT'LINESS; COURT'LING, a hanger-on at court.--_adj._ COURT'LY, having manners like those at a court: elegant.--_ns._ COURT'-MAR'TIAL, a court held by officers of the army or navy for the trial of offences against military or naval laws:--_pl._ COURTS'-MAR'TIAL; one improvised in time of war round an upturned drum for summary judgment is a DRUMHEAD COURT-MARTIAL; COURT'-PLAS'TER, sticking-plaster made of silk, originally applied as patches on the face by ladies at court; COURT'-ROLL, the record of a court of justice; COURT'SHIP, courtly behaviour: the act of wooing with intention to marry; COURT'-SWORD, a light dress-sword worn as part of court-dress; COURT'YARD, a court or enclosed ground before a house.--COURT HOLY WATER, empty compliments: (_obs._) flattery. [O. Fr. _cort_ (Fr.

_cour_)--Low L. _cortis_, a courtyard--L. _cors_, _cohors_, an enclosure; akin to Gr. _chortos_, an enclosed place, L. _hortus_, a garden. See YARD.]

COURTESAN, -ZAN, k[=o]rt'e-zan, or kurt'e-zan, _n._ a court-mistress: a woman of the town, a whore. [Fr.,--It. _cortigiana_.]

COURTESY, kort'e-si, or kurt'e-si, _n._ courtliness: elegance of manner: an act of civility or respect: a curtsy: (_law_) the life interest which the surviving husband has in the real or heritable estate of his wife.--_v.i._ to make a curtsy.--_pr.p._ court'esying; _pa.p._ court' COURT'ESY-T[=I]'TLES, titles really invalid, but allowed by the usage of society--as to children of peers. [O. Fr. _courtoisie_.]

COUSCOUS, kus'kus, _n._ an African dish of granulated flour steamed over broth. [Ar. _kuskus_.]

COUSIN, kuz'n, _n._ formerly a kinsman generally; now, the son or daughter of an uncle or aunt: a term used by a sovereign in addressing another, or to one of his own noblemen: something kindred or related to another.--_ns._ COUS'IN-GER'MAN, a first cousin: something closely related; COUS'INHOOD, COUS'INSHIP.--_adj._ COUS'INLY, like, or having the relation of, a cousin.--_n._ COUS'INRY, cousins collectively.--FIRST COUSINS, children of brothers and sisters--also called _Cousins-german_, _Full cousins_; FIRST COUSIN ONCE REMOVED, the son or daughter of a cousin-german--sometimes loosely called _Second cousin_; SECOND COUSINS, the children of first cousins. [Fr.,--L. _consobrinus_--_con_, sig. connection, and _sobrinus_ for _sororinus_, applied to the children of sisters--_soror_, a sister.]

COUTEAU, koo-t[=o]', _n._ a large knife.--COUTEAU DE CHASSE, a hunting-knife. [Fr.]

COUTER, k[=oo]'t[.e]r, _n._ (_slang_) a sovereign. [Said to be from Gipsy _cuta_, a gold piece.]

COUTH, k[=oo]th (_Spens._), obsolete _pa.t._ of CAN. [See COULD.]

COUTHIE, k[=oo]th'i, _adj._ friendly, kindly. [Scot.]

COUVADE, k[=oo]-vad', _n._ a custom among savages in many parts of the world for the father to take to his bed at the birth of a child, and submit to certain restrictions of food, &c. [Erroneously attributed to the Basques; the O. Fr. _couvade_, from _couver_, to hatch, never having had this special meaning.]

COVE, k[=o]v, _n._ a small inlet of the sea: a bay: a cavern or rocky recess: (_archit._) a concave arch or vault.--_v.t._ to overarch, and thus form a hollow.--_adj._ COVED, formed with an arch.--_n._ COVE'LET, a small cove. [A.S. _cofa_, a room; Ice. _kofi_, Ger. _koben_.]

COVE, k[=o]v, _n._ (_slang_) a fellow, a customer:--_fem._ COV'ESS--_dim._ COV'EY. [Prob. conn. with CHAP.]

COVEN, k[=o]v'en, _n._ a muster of witches.--_n._ COV'ENTREE, a point of muster before a Scottish mansion.

COVENANT, kuv'e-nant, _n._ a mutual agreement: the writing containing the agreement: an engagement entered into between God and a person or a people--the _Old Covenant_, the Jewish dispensation; the _New Covenant_, the new relation to God opened up by Jesus Christ.--_v.i._ to enter into an agreement: to contract or bargain.--_n._ COV'ENANT-BREAK'ER, one who violates a covenant.--_adj._ COV'ENANTED, holding a position under a covenant or contract.--_ns._ COVENANTEE', the person to whom a covenant is made; COV'ENANTER (usually in Scot. COVENANT'ER), one who signed or adhered to the _Scottish National Covenant_ of 1638--the _Solemn League and Covenant_ of 1643 was in effect an international treaty between Scotland and England for securing civil and religious liberty; COV'ENANTOR, that party to a covenant who subjects himself to the penalty of its breach.--COVENANT OF GRACE, REDEMPTION, that by which life is freely offered to sinners on condition of faith in Christ; COVENANT OF WORKS, that made with Adam as federal representative of the human race on condition of obedience. [O. Fr.,--L. _con_, together, and _ven[=i]re_, to come.]

COVENT, kov'ent, _n._ (_Shak._) a convent.

COVENTRY, kuv'ent-ri, _n._--in phrase, TO SEND TO COVENTRY = to shut a man out of any special society.

COVER, kuv'[.e]r, _v.t._ to hide: to clothe: to extend over: to brood or sit on: to be sufficient for: to protect: to table a coin of equal value in wagering: to copulate with--esp. of a stallion: to screen: to aim directly at.--_v.i._ to spread over so as to conceal something: to lay a table for a meal: to put one's hat on.--_n._ that which protects: undergrowth, thicket, concealing game, &c.: the table requisites for one person--plate, knife, fork, napkin, &c.: deceitfulness: a swindler's confederate.--_adj._ COV'ERED, intended or used for shelter or concealment: roofed over: with the hat on.--_ns._ COVER'ED-WAY; COV'ERT-WAY (_fort._), a path about thirty feet wide outside the ditch of a fort, and so far sunk below the crest of the glacis as to afford cover or shelter to the soldiers; COVER'ING, anything that covers.--_adj._ COV'ERT, covered: concealed: secret.--_n._ a place that covers or affords protection.--_ns._ COV'ERT-COAT, a short light overcoat; COV'ERT-COAT'ING, cloth for such.--_adv._ COV'ERTLY, in a covered or concealed manner.--_n._ COV'ERTURE, covering, shelter: (_law_) the condition of a married woman as legally under the protection of her husband.--COVER INTO, to transfer into; COVER SHORTS, to buy in such stocks as have been sold short, in order to meet one's engagements, &c.; COVER THE BUCKLE, to execute a difficult step in dancing. [Fr. _couvrir_ (It.

_coprire_)--L. _co-oper[=i]re_--_con_, and _oper[=i]re_, to cover.]

COVERLET, kuv'[.e]r-let, _n._ a bedcover.--Also COV'ERLID. [Fr.

_couvrelit_, _couvre_, _lit_--L. _lectum_, a bed.]

COVET, kuv'et, _v.t._ to desire or wish for eagerly: to wish for what is unlawful.--_v.i._ to desire (with _for_).--_adjs._ COV'ETABLE; COV'ETED.--_adv._ COV'ETINGLY.--_ns._ COV'ETISE (_obs._), covetousness: ardent desire; COV'ETIVENESS (_obs._), acquisitiveness.--_adj._ COV'ETOUS, inordinately desirous: avaricious.--_adv._ COV'ETOUSLY.--_n._ COV'ETOUSNESS. [O. Fr. _coveiter_ (Fr. _convoiter_)--L.

_cupiditat-em_--_cup[)e]re_, to desire.]

COVEY, kuv'i, _n._ a brood or hatch of partridges: a small flock of birds--said of game: a party, a set. [O. Fr. _covee_--L. _cub[=a]re_, to lie down.]

COVIN, kuv'in, _n._ a compact: a conspiracy.--_adjs._ COV'INOUS, COV'ENOUS, deceitful. [O. Fr. _covin_--Late L. _convenium_--L. _convena_, a meeting--_con_, together, _ven[=i]re_, to come.]

COVING, k[=o]'ving, _n._ the projection of upper stories over lower: the vertical sides connecting the jambs with the breast of a fireplace. [See COVE.]

COW, kow, _n._ the female of the bovine animals: the female of certain other animals, as the elephant, &c.--older plurals, _Kine_ and _Kye_, the latter now only Scotch.--_ns._ COW'-BANE, the water-hemlock, often destructive to cattle; COW'-BERR'Y, the red whortleberry; COW'-BIRD, -BUNT'ING, an American starling which accompanies cattle, and drops its eggs into other birds' nests; COW'-BOY, a boy who has the care of cows: (_U.S._) a man who has the charge of cattle on a ranch; COW'-CALF, a female calf; COW'-CATCH'ER (_U.S._), an apparatus on the front of railway engines to throw off obstacles; COW'-CHER'VIL, -PARS'LEY, -WEED, an umbelliferous European plant of the hedges and woods; COW'FEEDER, a dairyman, cowherd; COW'-GRASS, the zigzag clover: a variety of red clover; COW'-HEEL, an ox-foot stewed to a jelly; COW'HERD, one who herds cows; COW'HIDE, the hide of a cow: the hide of a cow made into leather: a coarse whip made of twisted strips of cowhide.--_v.t._ to whip with a cowhide.--_n._ COW'-HOUSE, a place in which cows are stalled, a byre.--_adj._ COW'ISH, like a cow: (_Shak._) cowardly.--_ns._ COW'-LEECH, a cow-doctor; COW'LICK, a tuft of turned-up hair on the forehead; COW'-PARS'NIP, an umbelliferous plant, used as food for hogs and cattle; COW'-PLANT, a perennial plant of Ceylon, with a milky juice; COW'-POX, a disease which appears in pimples on the teats of the cow, the matter thereof used for vaccination; COW'-TREE, a South American tree that produces a nourishing fluid resembling milk; COW'-WHEAT, a genus of annual plants, with yellow flowers and seeds somewhat like grains of wheat. [A.S. _cu_, pl. _c_; Ger. _kuh_; Sans.


COW, kow, _v.t._ to subdue: keep under: to dishearten.--_adjs._ COWED, depressed; COW'ISH (_Shak._), easily cowed, timorous: mean. [Perh. from Ice. _kuga_; Dan. _kue_, to subdue.]

COWAN, kow'an, _n._ (_Scot._) a mason who never served an apprenticeship: one who tries to enter a mason's lodge, or the like, surreptitiously.

COWARD, kow'ard, _n._ a faint-hearted person: one without courage.--_v.t._ to intimidate.--_adjs._ COW'ARD, COW'ARDLY, afraid of danger: timid: mean.--_ns._ COW'ARDICE, want of courage: timidity.--COW'ARDREE (_Spens._); COW'ARDLINESS.--_adv._ COW'ARDLY.--_n._ COW'ARDSHIP (_Shak._), the quality of being a coward. [O. Fr. _couard_ (It. _codardo_)--L. _cauda_, a tail.]


COWER, kow'er, _v.i._ to sink down through fear, &c.: to crouch, for protection or in fear.--_adv._ COW'ERINGLY. [Cf. Ice. _kura_, Dan. _kure_, to lie quiet.]

COWHAGE, kow'[=a]j, _n._ the hairs of the pods of a tropical climbing plant of the bean family, administered as a mechanical vermifuge, the pods themselves or the plant. [Hind. _kaw[=a]nch_, _ko[=a]nch_.]

COWL, kowl, _n._ a cap or hood: a monk's hood: the badge of monkhood: a monk: a cover for a chimney.--_v.t._ to make a monk of: to cover like a cowl.--_adj._ COWLED, wearing a cowl. [A.S. _cufle_; Ice. _cofl_; akin to L. _cucullus_, hood.]

COWL-STAFF, kowl'-staf, _n._ (_Shak._) a staff or pole on which a basket or vessel is supported between two persons. [O. Fr. _cuvele_--L. _cupella_, dim. of _cupa_, a cask, and staff.]

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