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COOMB, COMB, k[=oo]m, _n._ a measure of capacity = 4 bushels. [A.S. _cumb_, a measure.]

COON, k[=oo]n, _n._ the raccoon: a sly fellow.--A GONE COON, one whose case is hopeless. [U.S.]

COONTIE, COONTY, k[=oo]n'ti, _n._ the arrowroot plant of Florida.

COOP, k[=oo]p, _n._ a tub, cask, or barrel: a box or cage for fowls or small animals.--_v.t._ to confine in a coop: to shut up or confine.--_n._ COOP'ER, one who makes tubs, casks, &c.: a mixture of stout and porter.--_v.t._ to repair (tubs, &c.): to prepare, patch up.--_ns._ COOP'ERAGE, the work or workshop of a cooper: the sum paid for a cooper's work; COOP'ERING; COOP'ERY, the business of a cooper. [A.S. _cpe_, a basket; cf. Ger. _kufe_.]

COOPER, k[=oo]p'[.e]r, _n._ a floating grog-shop.--_v.i._ to supply fishing-boats at sea with liquor. [See COPER.]

CO-OPERATE, k[=o]-op'[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.i._ to work together.--_n._ CO-OPER[=A]'TION, joint operation; the association of a number of persons for the cheaper purchasing of goods, or for carrying on some branch of industry.--_adjs._ CO-OP'ER[=A]TIVE, CO-OP'ERANT, working together.--_n._ CO-OP'ER[=A]TOR.--CO-OPERATING GRACE (_theol._), the R.C., Arminian, and Socinian doctrine that the human will co-operates with the divine in the matter of saving grace. [CO-, together, and OPERATE.]

CO-OPT, k[=o]-opt', _v.t._ to elect into any body by the votes of its members.--_ns._ CO-OPT[=A]'TION, CO-OP'TION.--_adj._ CO-OP'TATIVE. [L.

_coopt[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_co-_, together, _opt[=a]re_, to choose.]

CO-ORDINATE, k[=o]-or'di-n[=a]t, _adj._ holding the same order or rank.--_v.t._ to make co-ordinate.--_n._ a co-ordinate element: each of a system of two or more magnitudes used to define the position of a point, line, or plane, by reference to a fixed system of lines, points, &c.--_n._ CO-OR'DINANCE, a joint ordinance.--_adv._ CO-OR'DINATELY.--_ns._ CO-OR'DINATENESS, the state of being co-ordinate: equality of rank, &c.; CO-ORDIN[=A]'TION, state of being co-ordinate.--_adj._ CO-OR'DINATIVE, indicating co-ordination.

COOST, kust, a Scotch form of CAST.

COOT, k[=oo]t, _n._ a short-tailed water-fowl, with a characteristic white spot--an extension of the bill--on the forehead; hence called _bald_, as in phrase, 'bald as a coot.' [M. E. _cote_; cf. Dut. _koet_.]

COOT, kut, _n._ (_Scot._) the ankle.--_adj._ COOT'IE, having legs clad with feathers. [Scot.; cf. Dut. _koot_; Flem. _keute_.]

COP, kop, _n._ a conical ball of thread on a spindle--also COP'PIN: (_obs._) a top or head of anything.--_adj._ COPPED, rising to a cop or head. [A.S. _cop_, _copp_.]

COP, kop, _v.t._ (_slang_) to capture.--_ns._ COP, COP'PER (_slang_), a policeman.

COPAIBA, ko-p[=a]'ba, _n._ a balsam obtained from an American tree, much used in medicine.--Also COPAI'VA. [Sp.,--Braz.]

COPAL, k[=o]'pal, _n._ a resinous substance used in varnishes. [Sp.,--Mex.

_copalli_, resins generally.]

COPARTNER, k[=o]-part'ner, _n._ a joint partner.--_ns._ COPART'NERSHIP, COPART'NERY, COPAR'CENER, COPAR'CENARY. [L. _co-_, together, and PARTNER.]

COPATAIN, kop'a-t[=a]n, _adj._ (_Shak._) of a hat, high-crowned like a sugar-loaf.


COPE, k[=o]p, _n._ a covering: a cap or hood: anything spread overhead: a coping: an ecclesiastical vestment worn over the alb or surplice in processions, at solemn lauds and vespers, but not by the celebrant at mass, semicircular, without sleeves and with a hood, fastened across the breast with a clasp or morse, the straight edge usually ornamented with a broad orphrey.--_v.t._ to cover with a cope.--_ns._ COPE'-STONE, COP'ING-STONE, the stone which copes or tops a wall; COP'ING, the covering course of masonry of a wall. [From root of CAP.]

COPE, k[=o]p, _v.t._ to barter or exchange. [Cf. Dut. _koopen_.]

COPE, k[=o]p, _v.i._ to contend.--_v.t._ to vie with, esp. on equal terms or successfully: to match.--_n._ COPES'MATE (_Shak._), a companion. [Fr.

_couper_--L. _colaphus_, a blow with the fist.]

COPECK, KOPECK, k[=o]'pek, _n._ a Russian copper coin, worth from to 1/3 of a penny English. [Russ.]

COPER, k[=o]p'[.e]r, _n._ a ship employed in surreptitiously supplying strong drink to deep-sea fishermen--often spelt COOPER.--_v.i._ to supply liquor in such a way. [Dut. _kooper_--_koopen_, to trade; cf. Ger.

_kaufen_, to buy; A.S. _ceapan_.]

COPERNICAN, ko-p[.e]r'ni-kan, _adj._ relating to _Copernicus_, the famous Prussian astronomer (1473-1543), or to his system.

COPHOSIS, k[=o]-f[=o]'sis, _n._ total deafness. [Gr.,--_k[=o]phos_, deaf.]

COPHOUSE, kop'hows, _n._ a tool-house.


COPIOUS, k[=o]'pi-us, _adj._ plentiful: overflowing: not concise.--_adv._ C[=O]'PIOUSLY.--_n._ C[=O]'PIOUSNESS. [L. _copiosus_--_copia_, plenty--_co-_, inten., and _ops_, _opis_, wealth.]

COPLAND, kop'land, _n._ a piece of ground terminating in a cop or acute angle.

COPOPSIA, k[=o]-pop'si-a, _n._ fatigue of sight. [Gr. _k[=o]phos_, dull, _opsis_, sight.]

CO-PORTION, k[=o]-por'shun, _n._ (_Spens._) equal portion or share.

COPOS, kop'os, _n._ a morbid lassitude. [Gr.]

COPPER, kop'[.e]r, _n._ a moderately hard metal of a fine red colour, perhaps the first metal employed by man: money made of copper--e.g. 'a copper' = a penny or halfpenny: a vessel made of copper.--_adj._ made of copper: copper-coloured.--_v.t._ to cover with copper.--_adj._ COPP'ER-BOTT'OMED, having the bottom covered with copper, as a ship--_n._ COPP'ER-CAP'TAIN, one who styles himself captain without grounds.--_adjs._ COPP'ER-FACED, faced with copper, as type; COPP'ER-FAS'TENED, fastened with copper bolts.--_ns._ COPP'ER-HEAD, a United States snake: (_U.S._) a northern sympathiser with the South in the Civil War; COPP'ERING, the act of sheathing with copper: a covering of copper.--_adjs._ COPP'ERISH, COPP'ERY, C[=U]'PREOUS, containing or like copper.--_ns._ COPP'ER-NICK'EL, arsenical nickel, niccolite; COPP'ER-NOSE, a red nose caused by intemperance; COPP'ERPLATE, a plate of polished copper on which something has been engraved: an impression taken from the plate; COPP'ER-PYR[=I]'TES, a double sulphide of copper and iron of yellow hue; COPP'ER-SMITH, a smith who works in copper; COPP'ER-WORK, a place where copper is wrought or manufactured; COPP'ERWORM, the ship-worm.--HOT COPPERS, parched tongue and throat after a bout of drinking. [Low L. _cuper_--L. _cuprum_, a contr. of _cyprium aes_, 'Cyprian brass,' because found in _Cyprus_.]

COPPERAS, kop'[.e]r-as, _n._ sulphate of iron, used in dyeing black, or making ink. [Fr. _couperose_ (It. _copparosa_)--L. _cupri rosa_, rose of copper--so Diez.]

COPPICE, kop'is, COPSE, kops, _n._ a wood of small growth for periodical cutting.--_n._ COPSE'WOOD.--_adj._ COP'SY. [O. Fr. _copeiz_, wood newly cut--Low L. _colp[=a]re_, to cut--L. _colaphus_, a blow with the fist.]

COPPIN. See COP (1).

COPPLE, kop'l, _n._ (_obs._) a crest on a bird's head.--_n._ COPP'LE-CROWN.--_adj._ COPP'LE-CROWNED.

COPPLE-STONE, an obsolete form of COBBLE-STONE.

COPRA, kop'ra, _n._ the dried kernel of the coco-nut, yielding coco-nut oil. [Port., from Malay.]

CO-PRESENCE, ko-prez'ens, _n._ presence together.--_adj._ CO-PRES'ENT.

COPROLITE, kop'ro-l[=i]t, _n._ fossilised excrement of animals in Palaeozoic, Mesozoic, and Tertiary strata.--_adj._ COPROLIT'IC. [Gr.

_kopros_, dung, _lithos_, a stone.]

COPROLOGY, kop-rol'oj-i, _n._ the unclean in literature and art. [Gr.

_kopros_, dung, _logia_, discourse.]

COPROPHAGAN, kop-rof'a-gan, _n._ a dung-beetle.--_n._ COPROPH'AGIST, a dung-eater.--_adj._ COPROPH'AGOUS, dung-eating. [Gr. _kopros_, dung, _phagein_, to eat.]


COPT, kopt, _n._ a Christian descendant of the ancient Egyptians.--_adj._ COP'TIC.--_n._ the language of the Copts. [A corr. of Gr. _Aigyptios_, Egyptian.]

COPULA, kop'[=u]-la, _n._ that which joins together: a bond or tie: (_logic_) the word joining the subject and predicate.--_adj._ COP'ULAR.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ COP'UL[=A]TE, to unite in sexual commerce.--_n._ COPUL[=A]'TION, act of copulating.--_adj._ COP'UL[=A]TIVE, uniting.--_n._ (_gram._) a conjunction that unites ideas as well as words.--_adj._ COP'UL[=A]TORY. [L.,--_co-_, together, _ap-[)e]re_, to join.]

COPY, kop'i, _n._ an imitation from an original pattern, a transcript: that which is imitated: a specimen of penmanship to be imitated: the original work from which an imitation or reproduction is made: manuscript for printing.--_v.t._ to write, paint, &c. after an original: to imitate: to transcribe:--_pa.p._ cop'ied.--_ns._ COP'IER, COP'YER, one who copies: an imitator; COP'Y-BOOK, a book in which copies are written or printed for imitation; COP'YHOLD (_Eng. law_), a species of estate or right of holding land, for which the owner can only show the copy of the rolls originally made by the steward of the lord's court; COP'YHOLDER, one who has a tenure of land by copyhold; COP'YING-PRESS, a machine for copying manuscript letters by pressure; COP'YISM, the practice of the copyist; COP'YIST, one whose business is to copy documents; COPY'RIGHT, the exclusive right of an author or his heirs to multiply copies of a written or printed composition, or of a work of art (for books in England the term is forty-two years, or the life of the author and seven years, whichever is longer).--_adj._ protected by copyright.--_v.t._ to secure the copyright of.--A COPY OF VERSES, a set of verses, esp. a college exercise. [Fr. _copie_, from L.

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