COMPLEXION, kom-plek'shun, _n._ disposition: colour: quality: colour or look of the skin, esp. of the face: general appearance, temperament, or texture: (_Shak._) bodily constitution.--_v.t._ to give a colour to.--_adjs._ COMPLEX'IONAL, pertaining to the complexion; COMPLEX'IONED, having a certain complexion, or temperament; COMPLEX'IONLESS, colourless: pale. [Fr.,--L. _complexio_, a combination, physical structure of body--_complecti_, _complexus_, to embrace--_plect[)e]re_, to plait.]
COMPLIANCE, kom-pl[=i]'ans, _n._ a yielding: agreement: complaisance: assent: submission (in bad sense).--_adj._ COMPL[=I]'ABLE, disposed to comply.--_n._ COMPL[=I]'ANCY, compliance.--_adj._ COMPL[=I]'ANT, yielding: pliant: civil.--_adv._ COMPL[=I]'ANTLY.--IN COMPLIANCE WITH, in agreement with. [See COMPLY.]
COMPLICATE, kom'pli-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to twist or plait together: to render complex: to entangle.--_adj._ complex: involved.--_n._ COM'PLICACY, the quality or state of being complicated.--_adj._ COM'PLICATED, intricate, confused.--_n._ COMPLIC[=A]'TION, an intricate blending or entanglement.--_adj._ COM'PLICATIVE, tending to complicate.--COMPLICATED FRACTURE, a fracture where there is some other injury (e.g. a flesh wound not communicating with the fracture, a dislocation, a rupture of a large blood-vessel); COMPLICATION OF DISEASES, a number of diseases present at the same time. [L. _com_, together, and _plic[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to fold.]
COMPLICE, kom'plis, _n._ (_Shak._) an associate: an accomplice.--_n._ COMPLIC'ITY, state or condition of being an accomplice: complexity.
COMPLIMENT, kom'pli-ment, _n._ an expression of regard or praise: delicate flattery: an expression of formal respect or civility: a present.--_v.t._ COMPLIMENT', to pay a compliment to: to express respect for: to praise: to flatter: to congratulate: to make a present.--_v.i._ to make compliments.--_adjs._ COMPLIMENT'AL, expressing or implying compliment; COMPLIMENT'ARY, conveying, or expressive of, civility or praise: using compliments.--_n._ COMPLIMENT'ER, one who pays compliments.--COMPLIMENTS OF THE SEASON, compliments appropriate to special times, as Christmas and birthdays; LEFT-HANDED COMPLIMENT, a saying intended to seem a compliment, but in reality the reverse; PAY, or PRESENT, ONE'S COMPLIMENTS, to give one's respects or greeting. [Fr. _compliment_--L. _complementum_. See COMPLY.]
COMPLINE, COMPLIN, kom'plin, _n._ the 7th and last service of the day, at 9 P.M., completing the canonical hours. [O. Fr. _conplie_ (mod.
_complies_)--L. _completa_ (_hora_).]
COMPLISH, kom'plish, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to accomplish.
COMPLOT, kom'plot, _n._ a conspiracy.--_v.i._ COMPLOT', to plot together, to conspire.--_v.t._ to plan.--_pr.p._ complot'ting; _pa.p._ complot'ted.
COMPLUVIUM, kom-pl[=oo]'vi-um, _n._ a quadrangular open space in the middle of a Roman house, which carried the rain-water from the roofs to a basin (_impluvium_) placed below. [L.]
COMPLY, kom-pl[=i]', _v.i._ to yield to the wishes of another: to agree or consent to (_with_):--_pr.p._ comply'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ complied'.--_n._ COMPL[=I]'ER, one who complies.--_p.adj._ COMPLY'ING, compliant. [It. _complire_, to fulfil, to suit, to offer courtesies--L.
_compl[=e]re_, to fulfil.]
COMPO, kom'p[=o], _n._ a mixture of whiting, resin, and glue for ornamenting walls and cornices; a bankrupt's composition. [Abbrev. of COMPOSITION.]
COMPONENT, kom-p[=o]'nent, _adj._ making up: forming one of the elements of a compound.--_n._ one of the elements of a compound.--_n._ COMP[=O]'NENCY.--_adj._ COMPONENT'AL. [L. _compon[)e]re_.]
COMPORT, kom-p[=o]rt', _v.i._ to agree, suit (_with_).--_v.t._ to bear one's self: to behave.--_n._ manner of acting.--_ns._ COMPORT'ANCE (_Spens._); COMPORT'MENT, behaviour. [L. _comport[=a]re_--_com_, together, and _port[=a]re_, to carry.]
COMPOSE, kom-p[=o]z', _v.t._ to form by putting two or more parts or things together: to place in proper order, to put together, to arrange artistically the elements of a landscape for painting: to settle or set at rest: to soothe: to set up or place types in order for printing: to originate or write as author, to set to music.--_p.adj._ COMPOSED', settled, quiet, calm.--_adv._ COMPOS'EDLY.--_ns._ COMPOS'EDNESS; COMPOS'ER, a writer, an author, esp. of a piece of music.--_adj._ COM'POSITE, made up of two or more distinct parts: (_archit._) a blending of the Ionic and the Corinthian orders: (_bot._) belonging to the natural order _Compositae_, having compound or composite flowers--heads of flowers composed of a number of florets on a common receptacle, surrounded by bracts forming a leafy involucre, like single flowers.--_adv._ COM'POSITELY.--_ns._ COM'POSITENESS; COMPOS'ING-STICK, an instrument with a sliding adjustment, used for holding printing-types before they are put on the galley; COMPOS'ITION, the act of putting together, or that which is put together: the thing composed, as a work in literature, music, or painting: mental constitution: artistic manner, style in writing or painting: a coming together or agreement, an arrangement or compromise: a certain percentage which creditors agree to accept in lieu of the full payment of a bankrupt's debts: (_mech._) the compounding of two velocities or forces into a single velocity or force which shall be their equivalent.--_adj._ COMPOS'ITIVE.--_ns._ COMPOS'ITOR, one who puts together, or sets up, types for printing; COM'POST, COMPOST'URE (_Shak._) a mixture for manure: a kind of plaster; COMP[=O]'SURE, calmness: self-possession: tranquillity.--COMPOSITE CANDLE, one made of a mixture of stearic acid and the stearin of coco-nut oil; COMPOSITE CARRIAGE, a railway-carriage with compartments of different classes; COMPOSITE PORTRAIT, a single portrait produced by combining those of a number of persons; COMPOSITION OF A FELONY, the act of abstaining from prosecution for some consideration--itself punishable by fine and imprisonment. [Fr. _composer_, from L. _cum_, and _paus[=a]re_, to cease, to rest.]
COMPOS MENTIS, kom'pos ment'is, _adj. phrase_, in one's right mind--sometimes merely COMPOS. [L.]
COMPOSSIBLE, kom-pos'i-bl, _adj._ possible in co-existence with something else.--_n._ COMPOSSIBIL'ITY. [L. _com-_, and POSSIBLE.]
COMPOT, kom'pot, _n._ fruit preserved in syrup. [Fr. _compote_.]
COMPOTATION, kom-po-t[=a]'shun, _n._ a carouse together.--_ns._ COMPOT[=A]'TIONSHIP; COM'POTATOR, a bottle-companion.--_adj._ COMPOT'ATORY.
[L. _compotationem_--_com_, together, _pot[=a]re_, to drink.]
COMPOUND, kom-pownd', _v.t._ to mix or combine: to settle or adjust by agreement.--_v.i._ to agree, or come to terms: to bargain in the lump.--_adj._ COM'POUND, mixed or composed of a number of parts: not simple, dealing with numbers of various denominations of quantity, &c., as in 'compound addition,' &c.; or with processes more complex than the simple process, as in 'compound proportion,' &c.--_n._ a mass made up of a number of parts: the usual name in India for the enclosure in which a house stands, with its outhouses, yard, and garden: a compounded drug.--_n._ COMPOUND'ER.--COMPOUND ENGINE, a condensing engine in which the mechanical action of the steam is begun in one cylinder, and ended in a larger cylinder; COMPOUND FRACTURE, a broken bone, communicating with a co-existing skin wound; COMPOUND HOUSEHOLDER, one who pays his rates in his rent, the landlord being immediately chargeable with them; COMPOUND INTEREST, the charge made where--the interest not being paid when due--it is added to the principal, forming the amount upon which the subsequent year's interest is computed; COMPOUND QUANTITY (_alg._), a quantity consisting of more than one term, as _a + b_; COMPOUND TIME (_mus._), time in which each bar is made up of two or more simple bars. [O. Fr., from L.
_compon[)e]re_--_com_, together, _pon[)e]re_, to place.]
COMPREHEND, kom-pre-hend', _v.t._ to seize or take up with the mind, to understand: to comprise or include.--_ns._ COMPREHENSIBIL'ITY, COMPREHEN'SIBLENESS.--_adj._ COMPREHEN'SIBLE, capable of being understood.--_adv._ COMPREHEN'SIBLY.--_n._ COMPREHEN'SION, power of the mind to understand: (_logic_) the intension of a term or the sum of the qualities implied in the term: the inclusion of Nonconformists within the Church of England.--_adj._ COMPREHEN'SIVE, having the quality or power of comprehending much: extensive: full.--_adv._ COMPREHEN'SIVELY.--_n._ COMPREHEN'SIVENESS. [L. _comprehend[)e]re_, to seize.]
COMPRESS, kom-pres', _v.t._ to press together: to force into a narrower space: to condense or concentrate.--_n._ COM'PRESS, soft folds of linen, &c., formed into a pad, and used in surgery to apply any requisite pressure to any part: a wet cloth, covered with waterproof, applied to the skin.--_adj._ COMPRESSED'.--_ns._ COMPRESSIBIL'ITY, COMPRES'SIBLENESS, the property that bodies have of being reduced in volume by pressure--the ratio of the amount of compression per unit volume to the compressing force applied.--_adj._ COMPRES'SIBLE, that may be compressed.--_n._ COMPRES'SION, act of compressing: state of being compressed, condensation.--_adjs._ COMPRES'SIONAL; COMPRES'SIVE, able to compress.--_ns._ COMPRES'SOR, anything that compresses; a muscle that compresses certain parts; COMPRES'SURE.--COMPRESSED-AIR BATH, a strong chamber of iron plates in which a patient can sit, and into which air is driven by a steam-engine to any required pressure; COMPRESSED-AIR MOTOR, any mode of employing air as a motive-power, as in automatic railway-brakes, &c. [L. _compress[=a]re_, _com_, together, and _press[=a]re_, to press--_prem[)e]re_, _pressum_, to press.]
COMPRINT, kom-print', _v.t._ to share in printing--of the former privilege shared with the Stationers' Company and the King's Printer by Oxford and Cambridge.
COMPRISE, kom-pr[=i]z', _v.t._ to contain, include: to sum up.--_adj._ COMPRIS'ABLE.--_n._ COMPRIS'AL, the act of comprising.--_p.adjs._ COMPRISED', included; COMPRIS'ING, including. [Fr. _compris_, pa.p. of _comprendre_--L. _comprehend[)e]re_. See COMPREHEND.]
COMPROMISE, kom'pr[=o]-m[=i]z, _n._ a settlement of differences by mutual concession, adjustment of one's theories or principles.--_v.t._ to settle by mutual agreement and concession: to pledge: to involve or bring into question--to expose one's self to risk of danger or misunderstanding.--_p.adj._ COM'PROMISED, exposed to danger or discredit.
[Fr. _compromis_--L. _compromitt[)e]re_, _-missum_--_com_, together, _promitt[)e]re_, to promise.]
COMPROVINCIAL, kom-pro-vin'shal, _adj._ (_Spens._) belonging to the same province.
COMPT, COMPTER, COMPTIBLE, obs. forms of COUNT, &c.
COMPTROLL, COMPTROLLER. See under CONTROL.
COMPULSE, kom-puls', _v.t._ to compel.--_adjs._ COMPUL'SATORY, COMPUL'SATIVE (_Shak._), compulsory.--_p.adj._ COMPULSED', compelled.--_ns._ COMPUL'SION, the act of compelling: force: necessity: violence; COMPUL'SITOR (_Scots law_), that which compels.--_adj._ COMPUL'SIVE, coercive: with power to compel.--_adv._ COMPUL'SIVELY; COMPUL'SORILY.--_adj._ COMPUL'SORY, compelled: obligatory: compelling. [L.
_compuls[=a]re_, freq. of _compell[)e]re_, to compel.]
COMPUNCTION, kom-pungk'shun, _n._ uneasiness of conscience: remorse: regret: pity.--_adj._ COMPUNC'TIOUS, feeling or causing compunction: repentant: remorseful.--_adv._ COMPUNC'TIOUSLY.--WITHOUT COMPUNCTION, with no feeling of sorrow or regret. [O. Fr.,--L. _compunctio_, _-nis_--_com_, inten., and _pung[)e]re_, _punctum_, to prick.]
COMPURGATION, kom-pur-g[=a]'shun, _n._ the custom, in Anglo-Saxon law, of permitting the accused to call in witnesses to prove his innocency, by joining their oaths to his: evidence in favour of the accused: vindication.--_n._ COM'PURGATOR, one who testifies to the innocency or veracity of another.--_adjs._ COMPURGAT[=O]'RIAL, COMPUR'GATORY. [L.
_compurg[=a]re_, to purify wholly. See PURGE.]
COMPURSION, kom-pur'shun, _n._ a pursing together (_Sterne_).
COMPUTE, kom-p[=u]t', _v.t._ to calculate: to number: to estimate.--_adj._ COMPUT'ABLE, calculable.--_ns._ COM'PUTANT, COMPUT'ER, COM'PUTIST, a calculator; COMPUT[=A]'TION, act of computing: reckoning: estimate.--_adj._ COMPUT'[=A]TIVE, given to computation.--_n._ COM'PUT[=A]TOR. [L.
_comput[=a]re_, from _com_, together, _put[=a]re_, to reckon.]
COMRADE, kom'r[=a]d, _n._ a close companion: an intimate associate--_ns._ COM'RADERY; COM'RADESHIP. [Sp. _camarada_, a roomful, a chamber-mate--L.
_camera_, a chamber.]
COMTISM, komt'ism, _n._ the philosophical system of August _Comte_, the founder of Positivism (1798-1857).--_adj._ COM'TIAN.--_n._ and _adj._ COMT'IST.
COMUS, k[=o]'mus, _n._ a god of mirth: a revel. [L.,--Gr. _k[=o]mos_, a revel.]
CON., kon, a contraction of L. _contra_, against, as in PRO AND CON., for and against.
CON, kon, _v.t._ to study carefully: to commit to memory:--_pr.p._ con'ning; _pa.p._ conned.--_n._ CON'NING, learning by heart; poring over.
[A.S. _cunnian_, to try to know--_cunnan_, to know.]
CON, CONN, kon, kun, _v.t._ to direct the steering of a ship.--_n._ the act of conning.--_ns._ CON'NING, directing the steering; CON'NING-TOW'ER, the pilot-house of a war-ship. [Prob. conn. with preceding.]
CON, kon, _n._ a knock. [Fr. _cogner_, to knock.]
CONACRE, kon'[=a]-k[.e]r, _n._ the custom of letting land in Ireland in small portions for a single crop, the rent paid in money or in labour--also CORN'ACRE.--_v.t._ to sublet in conacre.--_n._ CON'ACREISM.
CONARIUM, k[=o]-n[=a]'ri-um, _n._ the pineal gland of the brain.--_adj._ CON[=A]'RIAL. [Gr. _k[=o]narion_.]
CONATUS, ko-n[=a]'tus, _n._ an effort: an impulse.--_n._ CON[=A]'TION, the faculty of free agency, including desire and volition.--_adj._ CON[=A]'TIVE. [L. _con[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_, to endeavour.]
CONCATENATE, kon-kat'e-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to chain or link together: to connect in a series.--_n._ CONCATEN[=A]'TION, a series of links united: a series of things depending on each other. [L. _con_, together, and _catena_, a chain.]
CONCAUSE, kon'kawz, _n._ a co-operating cause.