CHECKER. See CHEQUER.
CHECKER-BERRY, chek'[.e]r-beri, _n._ an American name for the winter-green (q.v.).
CHECKERS, chek'[.e]rz, _n.pl._ the game of draughts.
CHECKLATON, chek'la-ton, _n._ (_Spens._) a cloth of gold or other rich material.--Also CIC'LATOUN. [O. Fr. _ciclaton_, from Ar., prob. from the same root as _scarlet_.]
CHEDDAR, ched'ar, _n._ an excellent kind of cheese first made in Somersetshire. [From the village of _Cheddar_ in Somersetshire.]
CHEEK, ch[=e]k, _n._ the side of the face below the eye, the fleshy lateral wall of the mouth: effrontery, impudence, as in 'to have the cheek' to do anything, 'to give cheek:' one of the side-posts of a door or window: the cheek-strap of a horse's bridle, the ring at the end of the bit: anything arranged in internal pairs.--_v.t._ to address insolently.--_ns._ CHEEK'BONE, the bone of the cheek; CHEEK'-POUCH, a dilatation of the skin of the cheek, forming a bag outside the teeth, as in monkeys, &c.; CHEEK'-TOOTH, a molar tooth.--_adj._ CHEEK'Y, insolent, saucy.--CHEEK BY JOWL, side by side.--TO ONE'S OWN CHEEK, for one's own private use. [A.S.
_cece_, _ceace_, the cheek, jaw; cf. Dut. _kaak_.]
CHEEP, ch[=e]p, _v.i._ to chirp, as a young bird.--_n._ any similar sound.
[From the sound, like CHIRP.]
CHEER, ch[=e]r, _n._ disposition, frame of mind (with _good_, &c.): joy: a shout of approval or welcome: kind treatment: entertainment: fare, food.--_v.t._ to comfort: to encourage: to applaud: to inspirit--'to cheer up.'--_v.i._ in such phrases as 'How cheer'st thou?'--_refl._ as in 'Cheer thee.'--_n._ CHEER'ER, one who, or that which, cheers.--_adj._ CHEER'FUL, of good spirits: joyful: lively.--_advs._ CHEER'FULLY, CHEER'ILY.--_ns._ CHEER'FULNESS; CHEER'INESS; CHEER'ISHNESS (_Milton_), cheerfulness.--_adj._ CHEER'LESS, without comfort: gloomy.--_n._ CHEER'LESSNESS.--_adj._ CHEER'LY, cheerful.--_adv._ in a cheery manner: heartily.--_adj._ CHEER'Y, cheerful: promoting cheerfulness. [O. Fr. _chiere_, the countenance--Low L.
_cara_, the face.]
CHEESE, ch[=e]z, _n._ a wholesome article of food, made into a round form, from the curd of milk coagulated by rennet, separated from the whey, and pressed into a hard mass.--_ns._ CHEESE'-CAKE, a cake made of soft curds, sugar, and butter, or whipped egg and sugar; CHEESE'-HOP'PER, the larva of a small fly, remarkable for its leaping power, found in cheese; CHEESE'-MITE, a very small insect which breeds in cheese; CHEESE'-MONG'ER, a dealer in cheese; CHEESE'-PAR'ING (_Shak._), paring, or rind, of cheese.--_adj._ mean and parsimonious.--_ns._ CHEESE'-PRESS, a machine in which curds for cheese are pressed; CHEESE'-RENN'ET, the plant Ladies'
bed-straw, so called because used as rennet in curdling milk; CHEESE'-VAT, a vat or wooden case in which curds are pressed; CHEES'INESS.--_adj._ CHEES'Y, having the nature of cheese.--CHEESE IT (_slang_), stop, have done, run off.--GREEN CHEESE, cheese not yet dried.--TO MAKE CHEESES, to whirl round and then sink down suddenly so as to make the petticoats stand out like a cheese. [A.S. _cese_, _cse_, curdled milk (Ger. _kase_)--L.
CHEESE, ch[=e]z, _n._ (_slang_) the correct thing, of excellent quality, [Colonel Yule explains it as Pers. and Hind. _ch[=i]z_, thing, the expression having formerly been common among young Anglo-Indians, e.g.
'These cheroots are the real _ch[=i]z_,' i.e. the real thing.]
CHEETAH, ch[=e]'tah, _n._ an Eastern animal like the leopard, used in hunting. [Hind, _ch[=i]t[=a]_--Sans. _chitraka_, _chitrak[=a]ya_, having a speckled body.]
CHEF, shef, _n._ a master-cook; a reliquary in the shape of a head.--_adj._ chief, as in CHEF D'OEUVRE, masterpiece, [Fr. See CHIEF.]
CHEIROMANCY, k[=i]'ro-man-si, _n._ the art of telling fortunes by the lineaments of the hand--also CHEIROS'OPHY.--_adj._ CHEIROSOPH'ICAL.--_n._ CHEIROS'OPHIST, [Gr. _cheir_, the hand, _manteia_, prophecy.]
CHEIROPTERA, k[=i]-rop't[.e]r-a, _n.pl._ the order of Bats.--_adj._ CHEIROP'TEROUS. [Gr. _cheir_, the hand, _pteron_, a wing.]
CHEIROTHERIUM, k[=i]-ro-th[=e]r'i-um, _n._ the name originally given to the Labyrinthodont, from its peculiar hand-like impressions in the Triassic rocks.--_adj._ CHEIROTH[=E]'RIAN. [Gr. _cheir_, hand, _th[=e]rion_, beast.]
CHELA, k[=e]'la, _n._ the prehensile claw of a crab or scorpion.--_adj._ CH[=E]'LATE.--_n._ CH[=E]'LIFER, the book-scorpion.--_adjs._ CHELIF'EROUS; CH[=E]'LIFORM. [L.,--Gr. _ch[=e]l[=e]_.]
CHELA, ch[=e]'la, _n._ a novice in esoteric Buddhism.--_n._ CH[=E]'LASHIP.
[Hind. _ch[=e]l[=a]_, servant.]
CHELICERA, k[=e]l-is'er-a, _n._ a technical term, usually restricted to the biting organs which form the first pair of appendages in spiders, scorpions, and other Arachnida:--_pl._ CHELIC'ERae (-r[=e]). [Gr.
_ch[=e]l[=e]_, a crab's claw, _keras_, horn.]
CHELONIA, ke-l[=o]'ni-a, _n._ an order of vertebrate animals including the tortoise and turtle.--_adj._ and _n._ CHEL[=O]'NIAN. [Gr. _chel[=o]n[=e]_, a tortoise.]
CHEMISE, she-m[=e]z', _n._ a woman's shirt or sark, a smock or shift.--_n._ CHEMISETTE', a kind of bodice worn by women, the lace or muslin which fills up the open front of a woman's dress. [Fr. _chemise_--Low L. _camisia_, a nightgown, surplice.]
CHEMISTRY, kem'is-tri, formerly CHYM'ISTRY, _n._ the science which treats of the properties of substances both elementary and compound, and of the laws of their combination and action one upon another.--_adjs._ CHEM'IC, -AL (CHEM'ICO-, in many compound words), CHEMIAT'RIC (a Paracelsian term, Gr. _ch[=e]meia_, chemistry, _iatreia_, medical treatment).--_adv._ CHEM'ICALLY.--_n.pl._ CHEM'ICALS, substances which form the subject of chemical effects.--_ns._ CHEM'ISM, chemical action; CHEM'IST, one skilled in chemistry, specially a druggist or apothecary.--CHEMICAL AFFINITY, the name given to the tendency to combine with one another which is exhibited by many substances, or to the force by which the substances constituting a compound are held together; CHEMICAL NOTATION, a method of expressing the composition of chemical substances and representing chemical changes, by certain known symbols and formulae; CHEMICAL WORKS, manufactories where chemical processes are carried on for trade, as _alkali works_, &c. [From ALCHEMY (q.v.).]
CHEMITYPE, kemi'-t[=i]p, _n._ the chemical process for obtaining casts in relief from an engraving.--_n._ CHEM'ITYPY.
CHEMOSH, k[=e]'mosh, _n._ the national god of Moab: any false god.
CHENILLE, she-n[=e]l', _n._ a thick, velvety-looking cord of silk or wool (and so resembling a caterpillar), used in ornamental sewing and manufactured trimmings. [Fr. _chenille_, a caterpillar--L. _canicula_, a hairy little dog, _canis_, a dog.]
CHEQUE, CHECK, chek, _n._ a money order on a banker payable at demand.--_ns._ CHEQUE'-BOOK, a book containing cheque forms given by a bank to its customers; CHEQ'UER, CHECK'ER, a chess-board: alternation of colours, as on a chess-board: (_pl._) draughts: chess-men.--_v.t._ to mark in squares of different colours: to variegate: interrupt.--_adjs._ CHEQ'UERED, CHECK'ERED, variegated, like a chess-board: varying in character.--_ns._ CHEQ'UER-WORK, any pattern having alternating squares of different colours; BLANK'-CHEQUE, a cheque signed by the owner, but without having the amount to be drawn indicated; CROSS'-CHEQUE, an ordinary cheque with two transverse lines drawn across it, which have the effect of making it payable only through a banker. [See CHECK.]
CHERIMOYER, cher-i-moi'er, _n._ a Peruvian fruit resembling the custard-apple.--Also CHIRIMOY'A.
CHERISH, cher'ish, _v.t._ to protect and treat with affection: to nurture, nurse: to entertain in the mind.--_n._ CHER'ISHMENT. [Fr. _cherir_, _cherissant_--_cher_, dear--L. _carus_.]
CHEROOT, she-r[=oo]t', _n._ a cigar not pointed at either end. [Fr.
_cheroute_, representing the Tamil name _shuruttu_, a roll (Colonel Yule).]
CHEROOT. See SHAYA-ROOT.
CHERRY, cher'i, _n._ a small bright-red stone-fruit: the tree that bears it.--_adj._ like a cherry in colour: ruddy.--_ns._ CHERR'Y-BRAND'Y, a pleasant liqueur made by steeping Morello cherries in brandy; CHERR'Y-LAU'REL, the common English name for the _Cerasus Lauro-Cerasus_ of Asia Minor; CHERR'Y-PEPP'ER, a West Indian species of _Capsicum_; CHERR'Y-PIE, a pie made of cherries; the common heliotrope; CHERR'Y-PIT, a game which consists in throwing cherry-stones into a small hole; CHERR'Y-STONE, the hard seed of the cherry. [A.S. _ciris_--L.
_cerasus_--Gr. _kerasos_, a cherry-tree, said to be so named from _Cerasus_, a town in Pontus, from which the cherry was brought.]
CHERRY, cher'i, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to cheer.
CHERSONESE, ker'so-n[=e]z, _n._ a peninsula, [Gr.
_cher-son[=e]sos_--_chersos_, land, dry land, _n[=e]sos_, an island.]
CHERT, ch[.e]rt, _n._ a kind of quartz or flint: hornstone.--_adj._ CHERT'Y, like or containing chert. [Prob. Celt.; Ir. _ceart_, a pebble.]
CHERUB, cher'ub, _n._ a winged creature with human face, represented as associated with Jehovah, esp. drawing his chariot-throne: a celestial spirit: a beautiful child:--_pl._ CHER'UBS, CHER'UBIM, CHER'UBIMS.--_adjs._ CHERU'BIC, -AL, CHERUBIM'IC, angelic.--_adv._ CHERU'BICALLY.--_n._ CHER'UBIN (_Shak._), a cherub. [Heb. _k'r[=u]b_, pl. _k'r[=u]b[=i]m_.]
CHERUP, cher'up, _v.t._ to urge on by chirruping.
CHERVIL, ch[.e]r'vil, _n._ an umbelliferous plant, cultivated as a pot-herb, and used in soups and for a garnish, &c., in the same manner as parsley. In Scotland the plant is commonly called _Myrrh_. [A.S. _cerfille_ (Ger. _kerbel_)--L. _caerefolium_--Gr. _chairephyllon_.]
CHESIL, chez'il, _n._ gravel: shingle: bran.--Also CHISEL. [A.S. _cisil_.]
CHESS, ches, _n._ a game of skill for two persons or parties, played with figures or 'pieces,' which are moved on a chequered board.--_n._ CHESS'-BOARD, the board on which chess is played.--_n.pl._ CHESS'-MEN, pieces used in chess. [Fr. _echecs_; It. _scacchi_; Ger. _schach_. Orig.
from Pers. _shah_, a king.]
CHESS, ches, _n._ one of the parallel planks of a pontoon-bridge--generally in _pl._
CHESSEL, ches'el, _n._ a cheese mould or vat.
CHEST, chest, _n._ a large strong box: the part of the body between the neck and the abdomen, the thorax.--_adj._ CHEST'ED, having a chest: placed in a chest.--_n._ CHEST'-NOTE, in singing or speaking, a deep note, the lowest sound of the voice. [A.S. _cyst_; Scot. _kist_--L. _cista_--Gr.
CHESTNUT, CHESNUT, ches'nut, _n._ a nut or fruit enclosed in a prickly case: the tree that bears it: (_slang_) a stale joke or story.--_adj._ of a chestnut colour, reddish-brown. [O. Fr. _chastaigne_--L. _castanea_--Gr.
_kastanon_, from _Castana_, in Pontus.]
CHETVERT, chet'vert, _n._ a Russian dry measure, equal to 8 _chevteriks_.