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CESTUI, sest'w[=e], _n._ any person who--in such phrases as CESTUI QUE TRUST, a person entitled to the benefit of a trust, a beneficiary in Scots law phraseology. [O. Fr.]


CESTUS, ses'tus, _n._ the girdle of Venus, which had power to awaken love: an ancient boxing-glove loaded with lead or iron. [L.--Gr. _kestos_, a girdle.]


CESURE, s[=e]'z[=u]r, _n._ a breaking off: (_Spens._) a caesura.

CETACEA, se-t[=a]'shi-a, an order of mammals of aquatic habit and fish-like form, including the Toothed whales, or _Odontoceti_, and the Baleen whales, or _Mystacoceti_. To the former belong the Sperm whales, the Bottlenose, the genus Platanista and its allies, and the great family of Dolphins; to the latter, the Right Whale (_Balaena_), the Humpbacks, and the Rorquals.--_n._ CET[=A]'CEAN.--_adj._ CET[=A]'CEOUS.--_n._ CETOL'OGY, that part of zoology which treats of whales. [L.,--Gr. _k[=e]tos_, any sea-monster.]

CETEOSAURUS, set-e-o-saw'rus, _n._ a large dinosaurian reptile belonging to the Jurassic system. [Gr. _k[=e]tos_, whale, _sauros_, lizard.]

CEVADILLA, sev-a-dil'a, _n._ the dark acrid seeds of a Mexican bulbous plant of the lily family, yielding veratrin, formerly used as an anthelmintic: the plant itself.--Also CEBADILL'A. [Sp.,--L. _cib[=a]re_, to feed, _cibus_, food.]

CEYLONESE, s[=e]-lon-[=e]z', _adj._ of or belonging to _Ceylon_.--_n._ a native of Ceylon.

CHABLIS, shab'l[=e], _n._ a celebrated white Burgundy wine made at _Chablis_, near Auxerre, in France.

CHABOUK, tscha'b[=oo]k, _n._ a Persian horsewhip. [Pers.]


CHACK, chak, _n._ a snack or slight hasty meal. [Imit.]

CHACMA, chak'ma, _n._ a South African baboon.

CHACO. Same as Shako.

CHACONNE, shak-on', _n._ an old dance, with slow movement, the music, a series of variations on a ground bass, mostly eight bars in length, appearing in sonatas as well as ballets. [Fr.,--Sp. _chacona_--Basque _chucun_, pretty.]

CHAD, shad, _n._ a kind of fish. [See SHAD.]

CHaeTODON, k[=e]'to-don, _n._ a typical genus of a family of bony fishes, known as Squamipennes. [Gr. _chait[=e]_, hair, _odous_, _odont-_, tooth.]

CHaeTOPOD, k[=e]'to-pod, _n._ a class of worms including familiar types like the Earthworm, the Fisherman's Lobworm, and the Sea-mouse--often included under the title of Annelids or ringed worms. [Gr. _chait[=e]_, hair, and _pous_, _pod-_, foot.]

CHAFE, ch[=a]f, _v.t._ to make hot by rubbing: to fret or wear by rubbing: to cause to fret or rage (with _against_, _at_).--_v.i._ to fret or rage.--_n._ heat caused by rubbing: rage: passion.--_ns._ CHAF'ER (_obs._), a chafing-dish, a saucepan; CHAF'ING-DISH, a dish or vessel in which anything is made hot: a kind of portable grate; CHAF'ING-GEAR, mats, spun-yarn, battens, &c., put upon the rigging and spars of a ship to prevent their being chafed. [Fr. _chauffer_--L.

_calefac[)e]re_--_cal[=e]re_, to be hot, and _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

CHAFER, ch[=a]f'[.e]r, _n._ a kind of beetle, the cockchafer. [A.S.

_cefer_; cog. with Dut. _kever_, Ger. _kafer_.]

CHAFF, chaf, _n._ a general name for the husks of corn or other grain as threshed or winnowed: refuse, or worthless matter: light banter, badinage.--_v.t._ to banter, or tease, by some raillery.--_ns._ CHAFF'-CUT'TER, CHAFF'-EN'GINE, a machine for cutting straw or hay into chaff.--_n._ and _p.adj._ CHAFF'ING.--_adv._ CHAFF'INGLY.--_adjs._ CHAFF'LESS; CHAFF'Y. [A.S. _ceaf_; cf. Dut. _kaf_.]

CHAFFER, chaf'[.e]r, _v.t._ to buy.--_v.i._ to bargain: to haggle about the price.--_ns._ CHAFF'ERER, a haggler about the price; CHAFF'ERY, buying and selling: (_Spens._) haggling. [M. E. _chapfare_, a bargain, from A.S.

_ceap_, price, _faru_, way.]

CHAFFINCH, chaf'insh, _n._ a little song-bird of the finch family. [Said to delight in _chaff_. See FINCH.]


CHAFT, chaft, _n._ (_Scot._ and _Northern English_) the jaw. [Ice.

_kjaptr_; cf. Sw. _kaft_, Dan. _kieft_.]

CHAGAN, kag-an', _n._ an early form of KHAN.

CHAGRIN, sha-gr[=e]n', _n._ that which wears or gnaws the mind: vexation: annoyance.--_v.t._ to vex or annoy.--_p.adj._ CHAGRINED'. [Fr. _chagrin_, shagreen, rough skin, ill-humour.]

CHAIN, ch[=a]n, _n._ a series of links or rings passing through one another: a number of things coming after each other: anything that binds: a connected course or train of events: in surveying, often called Gunter's chain, a measure of 100 links, 66 feet long (10 sq. chains make an acre): (_pl._) fetters, bonds, confinement generally.--_v.t._ to fasten: to fetter: to restrain: (_Shak._) to embrace.--_ns._ CHAIN'-ARM'OUR, chain-mail; CHAIN'-BOLT, a large bolt used to secure the chain-plates to the ship's side; CHAIN'-BRIDGE, a bridge suspended on chains: a suspension-bridge; CHAIN'-C[=A]'BLE, a cable composed of iron links.--_p.adj._ CHAINED, bound or fastened, as with a chain: fitted with a chain.--_n._ CHAIN'-GANG, a gang of convicts chained together.--_adj._ CHAIN'LESS, without chains: [Illustration] unfettered.--_ns._ CHAIN'LET, a small chain; CHAIN'-MAIL, mail or armour made of iron links connected together, much used in Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries; CHAIN'-MOULD'ING, moulding in the form of a chain; CHAIN'-PIER, a pier supported by chains like a CHAIN'-PLATES, on shipboard, iron plates bolted below the channels to serve as attachments for the dead-eyes, through which the standing rigging or shrouds and back-stays are rove and secured.--_ns._ CHAIN'-PUMP, a pump consisting of buckets or plates fastened to an endless iron chain, and used for raising water; CHAIN'-RULE, an arithmetical rule, so called from the terms of the problem being stated as equations, and connected, as if by a chain, so as to obtain by one operation the same result as would be obtained by a number of different operations in simple proportion: the rule for solving problems by compound proportion; CHAIN'-SHOT, two bullets or half-bullets fastened together by a chain, used formerly in naval engagements to destroy rigging, now replaced by case-shot and shrapnel-shell; CHAIN'-STITCH, a peculiar kind of stitch resembling the links of a chain; CHAIN'-WORK, work consisting of threads, cords, &c., wrought with open spaces like the links of a chain: network. [Fr. _chaine_--L. _cat[=e]na_.]

CHAIR, ch[=a]r, _n._ a movable seat for one, with a back to it: a covered vehicle for one person, as a sedan-chair: the seat or office of one in authority, as a judge, a bishop, or the person presiding over any meeting--hence 'to take the chair' = to assume the place of president; 'to address the chair' = to direct one's speech to the chairman; 'to support the chair' = to uphold the authority of the chairman--often, when endangered in a public meeting, asserted by cries of '_Chair!_': the seat from which a professor delivers his lectures, the office or function of a professor--'socialists of the chair' = mere doctrinaire or theoretical advocates of socialism: cast-iron supports for rails under the permanent way in a railway, held by wooden wedges, and spiked on to transverse wooden sleepers.--_v.t._ to place in a seat of authority: to carry publicly in triumph.--_n._ CHAIR'-BED, a kind of chair capable of being turned into a CHAIR'-DAYS (_Shak._), used figuratively to denote the evening of life.--_ns._ CHAIR'MAN, the man who takes the chair, or presides at an assembly or meeting: one who carries a sedan or Bath chair; CHAIR'MANSHIP; CHAIR'-OR'GAN, a corruption of choir-organ (q.v.); CHAIR'WOMAN. [Fr. _chaire_--L.--Gr. _kathedra_.]

CHAISE, sh[=a]z, _n._ a light open carriage for one or more persons: a travelling carriage (see POST-CHAISE).--_adj._ CHAISE'LESS.--_n._ CHAISE-LONGUE, a couch. [Fr., a Parisian pronunciation of _chaire_. See CHAIR.]

CHAL, chal, _n._ fellow: person:--_fem._ CHAI. [Gipsy.]

CHALCEDONY, kal-sed'[=o]-ni, or kal'-, _n._ a beautiful mineral of the quartz family, consisting of quartz with some admixture of opal--it is generally translucent, has a somewhat waxy lustre, and is in colour generally white or bluish-white.--_adj._ CHALCEDON'IC.--_n._ CHALCED'ONYX, an agate formed of a white opaque chalcedony alternating with a grayish translucent chalcedony. [Prob. from _Chalcedon_, in Asia Minor.]

CHALCOGRAPHY, kal-kog'ra-fi, _n._ the art of engraving on copper or brass.--_ns._ CHALCOG'RAPHER, CHALCOG'RAPHIST. [Gr. _chalkos_, copper, _graphein_, to write.]

CHALDAIC, kal-d[=a]'ik, CHALDEE, kal'd[=e], _adj._ relating to _Chaldea_.--_n._ the language of the Chaldeans.--_n._ CHAL'D[=A]ISM, a Chaldaic idiom.--_adj._ CHALD[=E]'AN, Chaldaic.--_n._ a native of Chaldea.

CHALDER, chawl'd[.e]r, _n._ an old Scotch dry measure, containing 16 bolls.

[Prob. a form of CHALDRON.]

CHALDRON, chawl'drun, _n._ an old coal-measure, holding 36 heaped bushels (= 25 cwt.). [Fr. _chaudron_. See CAULDRON.]

CHALET, sha-l[=a]', _n._ a summer hut used by Swiss herdsmen among the Alps: a urinal. [Fr.]

CHALICE, chal'is, _n._ a cup or bowl: a communion-cup.--_adj._ CHAL'ICED, cup-like. [Fr. _calice_--L. _calix_, _calicis_; Gr. _kylix_, a cup. CALYX is a different word, but from the same root.]

CHALK, chawk, _n._ the well-known white substance, a carbonate of lime.--_v.t._ to rub or manure with chalk.--_v.i._ to mark with chalk: in a tavern, to write the score with chalk.--_ns._ CHALK'INESS; CHALK'-PIT, a pit in which chalk is dug; CHALK'-STONE, a stone or piece of chalk: (_pl._) the white concretions formed round the joints in chronic gout.--_adj._ CHALK'Y.--CHALK FOR CHEESE, a small price for a good article.--CHALKING THE DOOR, in Scotland, a form of warning tenants to remove from burghal tenements.--CHALK OUT, to trace out, as with chalk, to plan.--BY A LONG CHALK, by a considerable distance, referring to the habit of scoring with chalk. [A.S. _cealc_, like Fr. _chaux_, is from L. _calx_, limestone.]

CHALLENGE, chal'enj, _v.t._ to call on one to settle a matter by fighting or by any kind of contest: to claim as one's own: to accuse; to object to.--_n._ a summons to a contest of any kind, but esp. a duel: a calling of any one or anything in question: exception to a juror: the demand of a sentry.--_adj._ CHALL'ENGEABLE, that may be challenged.--_n._ CHALL'ENGER, one who challenges to a combat of any kind: a claimant: one who objects, calls in question. [O. Fr. _chalenge_, a dispute, a claim--L. _calumnia_, a false accusation--_calvi_, _calv[)e]re_, to deceive.]

CHALLIS, shal'is, or shal'i, _n._ a fine fabric of silk and worsted used for ladies' dresses. [Fr.]

CHALUMEAU, shal-[=u]-m[=o]', _n._ a musical instrument: a shepherd's pipe.

[Fr.,--O. Fr. _chalemel_--Low L. _calamellus_, dim. of _calamus_, a pipe, a reed.]

CHALYBEAN, ka-lib'[=e]-an, _adj._ (_Milton_) forged by the Chalybes: well tempered.--_adj._ CHALYB'E[=A]TE, containing iron.--_n._ a water or other liquor containing iron. [Gr. _chalyps_, _chalybos_, steel, so called from the _Chalybes_, a nation in Pontus famous for steel.]

CHALYBITE, kal'i-b[=i]t, _n._ native iron protocarbonate--siderite.

CHAM, kam, _n._ an obsolete form of KHAN.

CHAMADE, sham'ad, _n._ a signal inviting a parley. [Fr.]

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